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Energy sector in Europe

De
8 pages
Industry, trade and services
Energy
Target audience: Specialised/Technical
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Statistics in focus
Industry, trade and services
Author: Aleksandra STAWIŃSKA
72/2009
Energy sector in Europe
In 2006, the roughly 22 thousand enterprises in
the EU-27's energy sector generated turnover of
approximately EUR 885 billion and employed
over 1.2 million persons, i.e. 3% of the total
industrial workforce. At the same time, these
enterprises generated a value added of
EUR 180 billion, 9% of total industry.
Between 2000 and 2006, apparent labour
productivity increased by 57% and the total
number of enterprises in the energy sector
increased by 52%.
In this period, the highest increase in the total
number of enterprises in the energy sector was
observed in Spain, Portugal and Hungary,
where there were more than 3 times as many
enterprises in 2006 as in 2000.
The highest investment rates in the energy
sector were reported by Slovakia and Romania,
which also posted the highest investment rates
in industry as a whole.
As shown in Figure 1, in all countries, and
therefore in the EU-27 as a whole, the share of the
energy sector in industry in terms of value added is
higher than its share in terms of employment. The
difference is higher than that observed on average
in the industry sector. This indicates higher
apparent labour productivity of the sector than
observed in industry as a whole.
The sector was relatively more important for new
Member States, most of which showed above-
average shares for both value added and
employment. Three of the new Member States
show higher than the average ratio (EU-27 - 2.7) of
value added to employment (Slovakia – 4.5,
Estonia – 3.7, Bulgaria – 3.6).
Figure 1: Value added and employment in 'electricity, gas and hot water supply' (NACE 40)
Share of the total industry (NACE C, D, E) values, EU-27 and Norway, 2006 (%)
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
S
K
B
G
L
T
E
E
L
V
C
Z
P
L
P
T
R
O
A
T
U
K
S
E
F
R
E
U
-
2
7
H
U
B
E
E
S
L
U
F
I
D
K
D
E
N
O
I
T
S
I
N
L
Value added
Number of persons employed
CY, EL, IE and MT: data not available or confidential
Source: Eurostat (
sbs_na_2a_el
)