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5ERAPPORT
Strategie nationaLe de deVeLoPPement dUraBLe
V
JUIN 2003-JUILLET 2008
Programme d’actionS Changement climatique et énergie
Ministère de l’Écologie, de l’Énergie, 
P L A N C L I M A T
L F, hu  pus 2002,  l’bjf u lu   fi   ss sss  z  ff  s u vu  lls  1990,  s’s pl s u yu pu f  s u’l  s s jusu’ 2012. L vu s sss fçss p hb s j  40%  ç  l y  l’ocde(9). L Pl cl 2004-2012  l plu fçs. il s vlu ul (uls ls u c sl pu l vlpp ubl (cidd) u 13 vb 2006). U up ’ps  s,  jull 2006, u pp u ps ls js pu pv  l’bjf u « fu 4 ». Un plan national d’affectation des quotas (PNAQ),  ppl  l v etS(10)u 13 b 2003,  l  fi  s  œuv : l p uv l p 2005–2007, l s, p p l css up l 26 s 2007, fi l’ll  132,8 lls  s  co2 p  pu l p 2008-2012, s u u  plus  23 lls  s  co2 p pp u lls  us  l p p 2005-2007. L'bjf l 's '   fi pu l s p 2009-2012 u us  l' 2008. Ls ls ' s vs  pj su   fis s l' u 02 s 2007. c hs  pjs sus   fs. e   sp, p ls s s  pu  :
l  u Pl  pl ub (PdU)  2, • l’lss u h s us  co2 u sps s, • l  ’u su suu ’uus fvs (Lubu, esp)  l’l s sss pus (P 2000, Fs xxL). L’bjf
2 0 0 4 W 2 0 1 2
’u  5,75% ’bu  2008 s u. L’f u su   l p l s  pl  l’u . L lv vlpp ubl s ss  pl. U p  u u  l css s pôs    pu l fi s ûs ls  l s hu pf u (tHPe). Su u v ’edF, u f s u « us u bâ »   , ll p l lv  fis ’ ’. e   pf u s bâs, l l PoPe (l  p s s  l plu u) s   ppl l 1 jv 2008, l s  pf u s sus ls s vs u s ls s  pl pus jv 2008. U s l ’p u h lu   lb s l  ’u l   p l’obsv l su ls ffs u huff lu, plu ls ffs sus ’vs  l s vl sus l spsbl u dlu sl u vlpp ubl. ell   vl p l c sl pu l vlpp ubl u l 13 vb 2006 p l P s. L ls  l s  pls ’s s pvu. L css up  ps pu s p l 3 jull 2007 u "lv v" su l’p. P llus, l’onerc  s l 13 spb 2007  J-Lus BorLoo, s ’e, s  l’el, u dvlpp   l’a ubls, l pp 2007 s u « hs lus  sus ss  F ». c pp s ss u P ms  u Pl. e u, l us   ss  l h u up  vl pl pu   œuv l
pl l, up  vl su « l'vlu u û s ps   l'p u h lu ».
1Renforcer la maîtrise de la demande (9) Organisation 1AL’efficacité énergétiquede coopération et des bâtimentsde développement économiques. c l p , plll u ps  hbl hu fis p l’anaH (a l  l’hb), l lssfi s pus, s u l f s pfssls  l ls  ss us s s. P ls sus ull  l’u  pu  l f  l l  l’ publu  u v u pf (10) Emissions l’ s s vs lTrading Scheme hbl u p l.(« système sd’échanges de quotas »). L ls ’us plbls  l sp ’s  pf u    v p s bâs s bl  p ’vl 2008. L’f  l f s pfssls  l l hu(rt) 2005, s u l pp  l rt 2010 v s pusuv.
e   fi, l  u lbl « cerqUaL » pu l l s u l fi nF/bâs s h Hqe  cv,  çu u ul fvbl p ls pfssls. 1BOptimiser les installations de chauffage Ls ps  h s ppls  huff  hus pfs (hus  s, pu s, plhs huffs  pps  hlu…)  s s uvlbls (bs , su  hlu ls p s s
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5ERAPPORTStrategie nationaLe de deVeLoPPement dUraBLeJUIN 2003-JUILLET 2008
VProgramme d’actionS |Changement climatique et énergie
>>> uvlbls...)  u â  pul u  'pô pu ls vssss  fvu s s '  u vlpp s s uvlbls s l'hb (11) Integratedppl. pollution prevention andLs sllus  ls  control ; en français PRIP :vlpp s s vls : Prévention etls pplls qulsl, qulbs, qulPV réduction intégréess s p l’ss qul’er de la pollution.(su l 'sllus s s u h ul). il  v   pu ls pps  hlu  vs l'ppll qulp  p l'aFPac (ass fçs pu ls pps  hlu).
L f s s   u   u  co2 s l lbl Fl V  ps  puv ls ppls pfs pu l bs- l ls sss ’us pllus. efi, u u s  us u s u Face (fs ’ss s hs ’lfi) fi   ls ss  l sus-uls u p mde (îs  l   l) p ls llvs lls.
1CMaîtriser la demande d'électricité dans le résidentiel et le tertiaire
L f u vu uu  l'u s ppls ls  s ls  l'sbl s ups y u s sfiv ' s  us (f. Pl '  l'Ue pu l'ffi u com(2006) 545 u 19 b 2006). Ls ps 'f   p,  pul pu l îs  l  'l ul  l vlpp s ps pls  mde u vu s llvs lls, s pusuv.
, Ministère de l’Écologie, de l’Énergie
1DPromouvoir l'efficacité énergétique dans l'industrie L hh usll   ’ffi s suu  fç sfiv (f. P LoLF 188 « rhh s l   l’ »  s 'bjfs  l’isu fçs u pl (iFP) (us)   l'ademe). e   u s ss ’l, uf ps sss 's ' lvs  l'l s ss usls   luss s l spsf s fis 's '. e vu ’u ls vssss s usls s ls hls pfs, l  'bjfs  l’ademe p   p l’l s pfs s slls uslls  ls. c ls lbls us s l lu usl, l’ademe s l p   l pu l p up ’ vl "m chll"  p l css up.
ds l su  l’us, 130 gWh 's '  f l'bj  fis 's ' u 04/12/2007. aull, l’ademe bu u fi ’u ll ’ps  ss us s l’us. 2 Optimiser les filières énergétiques classiques 2BModerniser le parc de centrales thermiques classiques et développer de nouvelles centrales très performantes U pj  v up  l pfiu s uvlls ls hus  pu 'l  p ' fssl pu ull ls slls  p 
co2  l  'bjfs ufis  pu  sk  co2  js  l'hz 2012-2018 s  pp. il s pvu  publ u ls s llus hls. L'ppl s vs gs slls  bus  iPPc(11)l'sbl u p  ls hus  2007 s fils.
3 Promouvoir les énergies renouvelables (ENR)
3AENR thermiques L pj  p pluull s vssss (PPi)    hlu s ,  vu  l ls ’u bjf fi p l l PoPe (huss  50%  l hlu ’ uvlbl ’ 2010). L Pl hlu  l’ademe s pusu. Ls s  vlpp  bs  s s slls s s, y ps  pusss, s pusuv (f. l  ’bjfs  l’ademe,  bs-), s u l su  l fil bs. L p bss  2007-2010 s's s l  'bjfs pss  l'ademe  l'e, u fi u bjf uul  290 000 s ’uvl pl (p) suppls  bs pu l p. L'bjf fi pu 2010 (80 000 p/) s bu  sp  ubl l sul y bu ls u p p (45 000 p/). Pu  f, s vs    suu u su,  pul su l bls  l ssu, s u'u llu bl s s ademe vs ls pjs ls plus pfs,  u p  vu u u'vl, v p 'u l pu ll ull  hlu bs- p u publ vs  ls slls  ll p v s  plus pss.
L f ’h u bz  hs   vs p l’ u 10 jull 2006. L huff-u sl  u-  pul  my   guy  p  l'p  L ru s vlpp, f u s  pj e-s v ls dom s. L f s hs pu l’uls s s uvlbls s ss  pl : 32 ss s pvus  2008. P llus, l us u vlpp s pus sls s ls ps  p s ss s  suss v l meeddat. 3BENR électriques
L d l   s ps (dgemP) / d  l   s hs us (dideme) s   ’vlu p z phu l pl  vlpp  l'hyl. L'su s zs  vlpp l (Zde) vs  fvs l   . L ul sll u 19 ju 2006 v ls pfs  ssbls ls lus su  p. L'ademe pusu l s p  f s s  l'e. ds pjs  uls lvs  l hb s s v ls ls,  l l pplbl  l'l  ,  l fi  l' u bâ pu ls ups sls phvlïus   lbs. Ls ls hus lsss s ls dom s pls p s ls hus plus pfs. e  ’l hu s ls dom, l s gh Bull, fill  l cp Fçs  gh (gup Buu  hhs lus  s (Brgm))   cHartH (gup edF), pl ull  gulup
l’uu l hu fçs u  ps  pu v 8%  l’l s  gulup  2006. L’pl ’u uvu pj s . 3CLa biomasse et les apports du monde agricole L s  œuv u Pl bbus   l l  p fi ls s  l plu u ( 5,75%  bbus fi 2008, 7% fi 2010  10% fi 2015) s pusu. L’e  u u fisl v pu ls bbus. L’p  bbus s  us   v ls sus pls  ubls. ds l   l hh, ls s ’bjfs  l’ademe p u p  hh  vlpp s u « Bs  bpus ». c l vls  l bss fs, u ppl 'ffs   l pu l pu  300 mW 'l. Ls sss çus s  us ’su  l css  ul  l' (cre). au vu uu, u s l pu l vlpp s pus vls  ls (bss) s . L maP s’s  pu bjf  vlpp ls fils  pu  p  bss (bu, bpus, b  bbus)  l l ul s bls. c l vlpp s huffs-bs, l p "1 000 huffs  lu ul" vlpp p l f l s us fss  F s pusu. L’onF p l s  ss fss sl ls ls s « pus  b » (pus  b  m : (pl  500h fi 2006-bu 2007),  nb (jv 2008).
3DLa production d'énergie Outre-Mer et en Corse L’lfi s ss sls  l pu ’ uvlbl  u- s , v l’sll  pus sls.
4Accroître l'effort de recherche sur les nouvelles technologies
objf : sps 'u lys pl s s fils (hy, pu  sus u co2  h)  bls ls lbs publs, ls pss u su  l', l'a l  l hh (anr)  l'a  l’v usll (aii) s s ps u  ups. L fi ’bjfs  pf us s s  hh  vlpp pu ls ffs fils,  pul pu l p  l sk u co2 s . Ls puvs publs bu  l bls s usls  l’ uu  l hu  l pu  u sk u co2, â  l’ ’u « lub co2 » p l’ademe. Ls ps ss  pls  busbl  u ll pu sps s ls h-us sss  l ffus s pusuv. L’anr  l’ademe bu   pl u fi  l hh s  . P llus, ls us fçs s p l vlpp  l’hy s  s l  ’u plf  us  fils. c plf ps l’v  s l u vu s s pu  u bls  pfu.
7
5ERAPPORT
Strategie nationaLe de deVeLoPPement dUraBLe
VI
JUIN 2003-JUILLET 2008
Programme d’actionS Transports
Ministère de l’Écologie, de l’Énergie, 
1AResponsabiliser les comportements
dvss vs, lls ll  l’ss « epss pu l’v »  ’u spsbls ss s us us. L su u, l’u s ps u s, s ’lls suls v u u u b  vs su ls us (s  5000 s/). ds vs   ls pu vlpp l’us s sps llfs. o pu  s   ls hs « pl  pl s l’ps » (Pde). glbl l’ff  sp  u pss. Ls vs ’u-p   vls ubs  lb sv s vlpp. L   l su   l ul us (dScr)  l’ademe  f u up  vl su l’-u. ds uss s us s l   l’ u ps  u. a  l l’u  l pblu vl pu l ps «  ».
1BDévelopper l’intermodalité
L s  pl s uus fvs s . L’uvu u h  l u s u y ’l l ul  sv s pss fvs. L s pusu s  u sp b. cf u ss u c sl pu l' u  (ciat)  b 2003 l ls  ls   vss  l vlpp  l v ’u s s.
L’ u vlpp s sps llfs     ps  p s l  s s  pjs.
1CAménager les infrastructures
L pl ’ « ifsuus  sps ss », pl p l meeddat s u uvll v s ls pus vlpps s s s pu u ls ps s s fsuus su l bvs. il vs  ps ls s, bls u l’ps lu us, l l’us s bs s l’ s ps, sp u su ls s lus, f  ssbls ls îs ’uv  ls îs ’œuv, bl s ps v l uu sfiu. il fi  s ls  z ups ' s : l f s s  l pu ’uls pls ; l ssbls  l’f ; l vlpp  ps  ’pss ; l psv  l su ’hbs, l psv  l  pub ’sps ; l ss  l hh sfiu. e 2007, ls vu  p su l ps  p u pys  l ls  s  f   us hus (fsuu  l u pys). L vlpp s ps v l   l hh (P  hh  'v s ls sps ss (Predit) -(mnHn), hss)   vlpps. ds fs (nu 2000, ..)  s us hlus ss u îs ’uv  u îs ’œuv   lss. d’ 2010, ls ps p su l’uls u pl u  u gll  l’v, l’pl s suls s hss
« dps vs  bvs »  « rus  llss v l’vfu », u s  spv fi 2008  fi 2010, s u su l pls s s su l u ssus s us ’p  s vlus  bls vu.
Ls uss ls u fsuus   us p l s  œuv u Pl l  lu  l bu, p  2003 (sp  ps s su l su u l). e u, l s  œuv  l v up su l bu b, sps  2006, pv ’bl u ph u bu u vs s fsuus ss ls plus ps  s ls ppls ls. L su  l hh pu s l bu s p ls vhuls us, fvs   l’uu s, lu uss, pusuv.
1DMieux utiliser la tarification et la gestion des infrastructures
U fl   u su l s  pl ’u  ps lus  p   l’p ls  u pp « Bls ». ds ps fs  p llus  us su ls uus a6  a4 pu u ls ps  fi. L’pl  s  ps  fvs l sp s ls  vss. L su  l hh   l’v s u s u s, u   p su ls us hybs  ls bus lfs.
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5ERAPPORT
Strategie nationaLe de deVeLoPPement dUraBLe
VII
JUIN 2003-JUILLET 2008
Programme d’actionS Agriculture et pêche
Ministère de l’Écologie, de l’Énergie, 
Ls s  spsbl u s  h  l’ulu   l ph s su u fu s ju  su l,  lus us  fils,  p s ssus ulls,  vlpp hu s s s u ’u   ls s hs. L’ s ss plus s pps u vlpp ubl pss ss p s pphs sysus, b s s syus  ffs vu  su  ulpls lvs. L maP   puv  2006 l bs   plus h l ps  ss s  ’ fl l’ppp p ss pps svs, u  sp l  l  l Sndd vs. L  ’lb,  l’ss s « ps sss »,   s sll  vlpp ubl,   fl l’pl u s s l pssus u gll  l’ev,  ls vu s’ul hus v ls sp s sus us,  ls plfi ls bs  f ls uls.
1ATrouver de nouveaux modes de gestion pour une agriculture durable
afi  p u fis u
h lu, l maP pp v  l su  l s l ’p p l’lb  pls ’s  l’ulu  l f. e u, ls puvs publs bu  l ffus s bs pus p ’u ls s ’  l subsu s s fssbls s ls pls ls (p pl pu ls ss  ls bâs ’lv, v l’ppu  l’ademe), u l s fils -ls  bss, s u su ls bu  ph.
L maP s’s   f l s  œuv  bs pus bu  l su s
sus   l ul  l’v : • cbu   u hu vu  su s s ls : • Pp  l’l  l ul s u    œuv u s uv ubl  l ssu,   ls ffs su ls zs ps : v vs  bjf ls sus pss  su l 1 pl  l Pac (l) u s l Pl  vlpp ul hl (sus ls lls u l P  l’hb, u ls, sus -vls) • aî l bvs s ls sps ls  fss : u pls ’ (ulu  f) s s   bjf (f sup : p ’s ts). • Fvs u s ubl s ssus fss  fs p ls ffs su l s u p ’u ls u f s syss  su l bls s ssus suppls spbls. Ls ssss  l f, pus l  pl u gll  ppf s sujs. L maP pu l’lb  l vlpp  hs vls  pu,  ls   s ubls : • Puv s pus  ul, spuuss  l’v  s  l pv s pls  s fils : ps ls ps vs  l l ’ l  2005, l’ulu blu v f l’bj ’u 2 pl vs  pl ls sufs s. Plus l, u pssus  « fi s pls » s  us  su. c l’ulu s, l’bjf s ’ 5% s pls  2008   fi u pl  l  l vs u  °2004-2933 « eu ». afi  fvs ls hs ll vs u ulu ubl, ls s u 2 pl  l Pac   blss. • eu s s ubls  s l : l f
 l uv s ss  ul   pl p u llu  s s vu, l’ppu u vlpp  pus ‘‘B’’ s l su llv (ul u P s u 2  2008), l su  l s  pl ’u lbl pu ls pus  l  u  l’l  l’ff ull (P l u-s). • a u vlpp s hs  spsbl sl s pss : u l’ppu  l’fi  l s fs  l s u p s l  u gll ’u fi s pls, l fu  l’u  hs s p vs us lls u cp  F (fl « afi -qul v », su ’u sys   s cpvs),  nF V25-111 u su p  , h s hs  bs pus s ls sus  l’lv u s ls, ss Farre, h  s  vlpp ubl  l fil s pls ls   pfu (oniPPam)…
L maP pu l vlpp ubl  l’ulu,  l f   l ph u pl uu   l’hll l,  pp ls bus  l vs  l Pac u  l vlpp ubl  u vu up u s ls pys ls s vs. ds  pu u f bls u ms   l’sbl s svs s l  s assss  l’ulu, pus u Bl  S  l Pac  ps l’ ’u lu u v l pfss su ls ju  ls bjfs. c lu s pusu, v l s vl,  l fvu s vu u gll  v h s l 2 ss 2008 ls vu ups sus ps fçs u csl. ds l   l p u vlpp ubl, ls fs ups s  us ’ vs ls vs us s sus ps   l sf, l vlpp s
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5ERAPPORTStrategie nationaLe de deVeLoPPement dUraBLeJUIN 2003-JUILLET 2008
VIIProgramme d’actionS |Agriculture et pêche >>> bs pus ls  l’  pls s ls ffs sus  l’ s s uu. l ph (sss sfius, suu s fls sups, 1BPromouvoirvlu s hus  ph). une pêche durableafi ’vlu vs u ph plus ulv, l’uls ’s slfs  spuu  l’v   L s  l’ulu   l pu, u ulb  ls fllls ph fvs l s ubl s  ph  ls ssus pls s ssus hluus  ss su hh, l’s u phs s ls pus  ph pfssll : . u l f s ôls, u L’sll ’u csl pspf   « Pl ’ pu u ph ubl s  l ph   ps  spsbl » l  2008  ’l ls pssus  pp p l’plfi s ps s ps sss.
Ministère de l’Écologie, de l’Énergie, 
1CEngager une démarche de développement durable dans l’aquaculture marine et continentale
L « Pl ’s pu u ph ubl  spsbl » vs l   l vlpp ’u uulu  ul  spuus  l’v. L s  l’ulu   l ph s’s   puv l hh su ls js s psulus s l’v.
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5ERAPPORT
Strategie nationaLe de deVeLoPPement dUraBLe
VIII
JUIN 2003-JUILLET 2008
Programme d’actionS Prévention des risques, des pollutions, et des autres atteintes à la santé et à l’environnement
Ministère de l’Écologie, de l’Énergie,