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Environment and energy Authors: Stela STAMATOVA  Anton STEURER
S t a t i s t i c s i n f o c u s 67/2011
In 2009, EU-27 environmental tax revenue rose to 2.4 % of GDP Rebounding from the minimum registered in 2008 after 5 years of decline
Environmental taxes increase the relative cost ETR could stimulate sustainable production and and the prices of activities and products consumption patterns and could help reach harmful for the environment. Consequently, social and environmental goals. environmental taxes provide incentives to The EU-27 raised around 287 billion EUR from reduce the pressures on the environment. In this environmental taxes, corresponding to 6.32% of way, environmental taxes can help in total revenues from taxes and social implementing the 'polluter-pays' principle. contributions (TSC) and 2.43% of GDP in 2009. With resource security, efficiency and related Since 2003 environmental tax revenue as a share environmental concerns high on the EUs of GDP had fallen, reaching a historical agenda, an environmental tax reform (ETR), whichcombinesanincreasedapplicationofemnivniirmonummeonfta2l.3t8ax%rienve2n0u0e8.asEaUs-h2a7reofGDPenvironmental taxes with the reduction of other rebounded from this minimum in 2009. taxes, e.g. on labour, income, or investments, has gained increasing support. Figure 1: Environmental tax revenue by type, EU-27, 1995  2009(EUR and % GDP)
350 000
300 000
250 000
200 000
150 000
100 000
50 000
1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Energy Transport
Source:Eurostat (online data codeenv_ac_tax)
Pollution and resources
2.9
2.8
2.7
2.6
2.5
2.4 2.3
2.2
2.1 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Total env. taxes in % of GDP
Un pour Un
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