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University of Salamanca
Faculty of Economics
Department of Business Administration

Doctoral Dissertation

Downsizing effects: a Portuguese evidence

Tânia de Matos Gomes Marques

Isabel Suárez González, PhD.
Pedro Filipe Pereira Pinheiro da Cruz, PhD.
Salamanca, Spain, February 2008




Downsizing effects: a Portuguese evidence
Tânia Marques

Doctoral dissertation, for PhD. graduation, to be presented by permission of the Faculty
of Economics of the University of Salamanca for public examination in the University of

Directed by:
Isabel Suárez González, PhD.
Pedro Filipe Pereira Pinheiro da Cruz, PhD.

University of Salamanca
Faculty of Economics
Department of Business Administration






My research thrill is finally at a special stage. I may now express my gratitude to all
those who helped me during this unique process.

Firstly, I thank my supervisors, Professor Isabel Suárez González and Professor Pedro
Cruz, for all the support, advice, comprehension and knowledge they offered throughout
the last years of research, especially during this dissertation. Their guidance was
valuable and their permanent enthusiasm gave me the strength to never give up and to
step forward.

I want to thank Pablo Muñoz Gallego for his special nature and character that allied
with his professionalism, knowledge and special way of understanding life has always
made me feel as a real part of the department, faculty, university and country.

To Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão do Instituto Politécnico de Leiria for their
trust in my skills and for showing that the public sector is adopting some important
changes in its organizational criteria.

To Salamanca University for all the support and conditions that were offered to me.

I also want to thank the two Portuguese reviewers, Arménio Rego, Phd. And Miguel
Pina e Cunha, Phd., for they useful comments and encouragement.


To my dear friends, Valdemar Ferreira, Otília Bandeira, Justino de Oliveira Marques,
Célia Lopes, Carlos Matos, Sofia Rino, João dos Santos, Pedro Miguel, Tânia Simões,
João Diogo, Luís Lacerda, Álvaro Romão, Rui Silveirinha, Anabela Lopes, Ricardo,
Luís Mendes, Vitor Hugo, Ana Mendes, Catarina Neves, Inês Lisboa and Catarina
Carvalho. I must truly be grateful for their presence, everyone with a particular and
special role, in my life.

I would also like to express my gratitude to Anabela, Nelson, Nelsinho, José and
Baptista for their affection and support. They have shown me a more and more denoting
meaning of what it is to have a real family.

To my father, José, wherever he is. I felt his love and guidance every single day all the
way through these last years of doubt, fear and insecurity.

I am also extremely grateful to my beloved mother, Natália, who have always been by
my side, in the happy and the painful moments, despite the difficulties and the lack of
time I had to be with her when she needed me.

Moreover, I would like to thank Pedro. Many thanks for your love, care and friendship
through the last years we shared together. Day after day, you taught me the meaning of
an unlimited, free and real life. Being with you, made me a better human being. Thank
you for being unique.
Salamanca, February 2008.
Tânia Marques


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