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SO WHAT? LECTURE Dialogue and Nation Building in Contemporary ...

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3 pages
  • leçon - matière potentielle : the past
  • cours magistral
SO WHAT? LECTURE oss the sea. Dialogue and Nation Building in Contemporary Australia UNIVERSITY OF NEW SOUTH WALES 20TH AUGUST 2009 Acknowledgements – Traditional Owners Gadigal people of the Eora Nation Guests – Sir William Deane Chancellor. Vice Chancellor. Professor James Donald. Dean, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. At the beginning of the month I was camped on the banks of the Mary River in Western Arnhemland along with one hundred other Aboriginal and Islander peoples who had met to discuss issues related to the use and management of the water resources across Northern Australia.
  • recognition of traditional owners at parliaments
  • national dialogue
  • traditional owners
  • ancestral lands
  • past
  • australia
  • nation
  • development
  • land
  • government
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In the following excerpt, the writers discuss the rise of fantasy and humor in children's literature in the last half of the nineteenth century. As you read, jot down answers to the numbered analysis questions.
from Children’s Literature in the Elementary School
by CHAR LOTTES. HU C K, SU SANHE P LE R,AN DJAN ETHI C K MAN
A lthough many of the early titles of books for children included the word “amusing,” their main purpose was to instruct or moralize. Undoubtedly, children enjoyed the broad humor in some of thefolktales and the nonsense in Mother Goose, but few books used humor or nonsense before the middle of the nineteenth century. The first stirrings of modern fantasy may be seen in a 1.What main point do tale written by an English clergyman and scientist in the writers make about 1863.The Water Babiesby Charles Kingsley is a strange The Water Babies? mixture of the fanciful overladen with heavy doses of How does the block morality. It is a story of a chimney sweep who has quotation on the next become a water baby with gills. Hidden within this little page support this point? tale was Kingsley’s social 2.According to the concern for the plight of the chimney sweeps, plus his writers, how was attempt to reconcile the new science (Darwin’sOrigin of Kingsley’s book shaped the Specieshad been published in 1859) with his religious by the era in which it belief that salvation can be obtained through love and was written? compassion as easily as through punishment. Obviously,
FromChildren's Literature in the Elementary Schoolby Charlotte S. Huck. Copyright © 1987 by Charlotte S. Huck. Reprinted by permission ofWadsworth, a division of Thomson Learning, www.thomsonrights.com. Fax 800 7302215.
1 Copyright© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
children were intrigued by the story and not its moral lessons. They probably skipped over the following passage or created their own meanings for the lessons of Mrs. Doasyouwouldbedoneby:
. . . for you must know and believe that people’s souls make theirbodies just as a snail makes its shell (I am not joking, my little man; I am in serious solemn earnest). And therefore, when Tom’s soul grew all prickly with naughty tempers, his body could not help growing prickly too, so that nobody would cuddle him or play with him, or even like to look at him. (Kingsley 149)
On a summer day in 1862 an Oxford professor of mathematics, Charles Dodgson, told a story to three little girls on a picnic. According to [Cornelia] Meigs, this “was the real beginning of modern literature for children” (194). For the tale that was told was about Alice, who followed a White Rabbit down a rabbit hole and found herself a part of a remarkable adventure. At the children’s request, Dodgson wrote that story asAlice’s Adventures Undergroundand presented it to his young friends as a Christmas gift in 1864. At the insistence of others, he decided to have it published. By 1865 the artist Tenniel 3.Do the writers present had completed the drawings, andAlice’s Adventures in their ideas by order of 1 Wonderland, published under the pseudonymof Lewis importance or in Carroll, was ready for the host of readers to come. What chronological order? made this story absolutely unique for its time was that it How can you tell? contained not a trace of a lesson or a moral. It was really told first, and then written, purely for enjoyment. And it has delighted both children and adults ever since. Allusions to this book and its companion title, Through the LookingGlass(1871), have become a part of our everyday speech: “jam tomorrow and jam yesterday—but never jam today”; “curiouser and curiouser”; “much of a muchness”; “begin at the beginning, then go on until you’ve come to the end: then stop”; “I’ve believed as many as six impossible things before breakfast”; “O frabjous day”; and many more. Other wellknown fantasies were published near the end of the century. George MacDonald was a friend of Lewis Carroll’s; in fact he was one of the persons who had urged the publication of Alice. However, his own “invented fairytale”At the Back of the North Wind(1871) has much more of the sad
1. pseudonym(s‚dß•nim’): a pen name adopted by a writer.
2 Copyright© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
spiritual quality found in many of Hans Christian Andersen’s fairy tales than the mad inconsistencies of the world of Lewis Carroll. MacDonald’s other works includeThe Princess and the Goblin(1872) andThe Princess and Curdie(1883). “The Light Princess” and “The Golden Key” are wellknown stories from his other books. The Adventures of Pinocchioby Carlo Collodi first 4.What evidence showing appeared in a Rome children’s newspaper in 1881. the popularity of Collodi’s Translated into many languages, it was issued in English fantastic tale can you in 1891 under the titleThe Story of a Puppet,but the title point to in this paragraph? was soon changed back to the originalPinocchio. Children still enjoy this story of the mischievous puppet whose nose grew longer with each lie he told the Blue Fairy. Collodi’s real name was Carlos Lorenzini. The prototype for Mary Poppins, Amelia Bedelia, Miss Pickerell, and all the other eccentric women characters in children’s literature may be found in the nonsensical antics of Mrs. Peterkin and her family. Published in 1880 by Lucretia Hale,The Peterkin Papersprovided children with real humor. One of the most amusing stories, “The Lady Who Put Salt in her Coffee,” appeared in a juvenile magazine as early as 1868. The antics of the Peterkin family were just as exaggerated and as much fun in 1880 as McCloskey’s Homer Price was in the 1940s. In this story, Mrs. Peterkin mistakenly substitutes salt for sugar in her coffee. The whole 5.How does the family troops to the chemist and the herb lady to find out summary of this story what to do. Finally “the lady from Philadelphia” provides the show that children’s answer—make another cup of coffee! books were becoming humorous as the century progressed?
Works Cited Kingsley, Charles. The Water Babies. New York: Platt and Munk, 1863; 1900.
Meigs, Cornelia, et al. A Critical History of Children’s Literature. Rev. ed. New York: Macmillan, 1969.
3 Copyright© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.