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Will They Engage? Political Knowledge, Participation and Attitudes ...

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15 pages
  • cours - matière potentielle : seniors
Will They Engage? Political Knowledge, Participation and Attitudes of Generations X and Y Suzanne Soule Center for Civic Education Paper Prepared for the 2001 German and American Conference, “Active Participation or a Retreat to Privacy.”
  • levels of education
  • census estimates of the voting age population
  • data from a variety of sources
  • turnout
  • political knowledge
  • knowledge
  • life cycles
  • life- cycles
  • age
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1
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Science Bowl Questions – Biology, Set 2
1.
a) 4
b) 6
c) 8
2.
3.
a)
b)
4.
5.
6.
7.
Multiple Choice: The several types of white blood cells are sometime collectively referred to as:
Hemerythrin Hemocyanin, ANSWER: Hemoglobin,
with the letter "H". Name two of these substances.
Short Answer: There are three substances found in human blood which carry oxygen and which begin
ANSWER: C -- 7 weeks
d) 21 weeks
c) 7 weeks
b) 3 weeks
a) 1 week
the body RESERVE of red corpuscles to be replaced? Is it:
Multiple Choice: When a human donor gives a pint of blood, it usually requires how many weeks for
ANSWER: B – spleen
d) kidneys
c) liver
b) spleen
a) pancreas
organ of the human body? Is it the:
Multiple Choice: Surplus red blood cells, needed to meet an emergency, are MAINLY stored in what
ANSWER: D -- all of the above
d) all of the above
c) mechanical damage
hemolysis
fag-eh-seh-toe-sis) pron: phagocytosis (
eh-rith-reh-sites) in human blood? Is it
pron: Multiple Choice: Of the following, which mechanisms are important in the death of erythrocytes (
ANSWER: B -- 120 Days
d) 360 days
c) 200 days
b) 120 days
a) 10 days
average lifetime of how many days. Is it:
Multiple Choice: Once the erythrocytes enter the blood in humans, it is estimated that they have an
ANSWER: B -- 6
d) 10
blood? Is it:
Multiple Choice: The adult human of average age and size has approximately how many quarts of
Biology Science Bowl Questions2
-
8.
a)
b)
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
a)
b)
c)
medullary cavity ANSWER: A --
d) epiphysis
periosteum
cancellous bone
medullary cavity
the:
Multiple Choice: When looking at the cross section of the human tibia, one finds the RED marrow in
ANSWER: D -- Thrombin
d) thrombin
pron: less-ah-thin) c) lecithin (
b) histamine
pron: ah-den-ah-seen) a) adenosine (
which starts the clotting process. The substance which starts the clotting is:
Multiple Choice: When a wound occurs in humans, the platelets in the blood activate a substance
ANSWER: clotting or blocking leaks from blood vessels
huma blood? Short Answer: What is the primary function of the platelets in
ANSWER: A -- contain DNA
d) are between 1/2 and 1/3 the diameter of the red cell
c) have little ability to synthesize proteins
b) are roughly disk-shaped
a) contain DNA
Multiple Choice: Which of the following statements concerning platelets is INCORRECT. Platelets:
ANSWER: C – platelets
d) erythrocytes
c) platelets
b) red cells
a) white cells
Multiple Choice: The smallest of the FORMED elements of the blood are the:
leukopenia ANSWER: B --
lew-kO-high-per-e-ah) pron: leukohyperia ( d)
lew-kee-me-ah) pron: c) leukemia (
lew-kO-pea-nee-ah) pron: leukopenia (
lew-kO-sigh-toe-sis) pron: leukocytosis (
humans is known as:
Multiple Choice: The condition in which there is a DECREASE in the number of white blood cells in
ANSWER: B -- leukocytes
throm-bow-cites) pron: thrombocytes ( d)
eh-rith-rah-blast) pron: c) erythroblasts (
lew-kah-cites) pron: b) leukocytes (
eh-rith-row-cites) pron: a) erythrocytes (
Biology Science Bowl Questions3
-
14.
a)
b)
c)
15.
16.
17.
18.
a)
c)
19.
Bryophyta bry-eh-fites) or pron: ANSWER: Bryophytes (
Short Answer: Mosses and liverworts comprise this subdivision of plants. Name this plant subdivision.
Ranvier ANSWER: B -- Nodes of
Babinet d) nodes of
collaterals
ron-vee-ay) pron: Ranvier ( b) nodes of
glial
more. These interruptions are called the:
Multiple Choice: In most axons, the myelin sheath is interrupted at intervals of about 1 millimeter or
ANSWER: A -- frontal
d) occipital
c) temporal
b) parietal
a) frontal
Multiple Choice: In which cerebral lobes is the speech center located? Is it the:
ANSWER: A -- hypothalamus
d) cerebellum
callosum c) corpus
b) midbrain
a) hypothalamus
brain is the:
sleep and the body's use of fat and water are influenced by this region of the brain. This region of the
Multiple Choice: In the human brain, body temperature, metabolism, heart rate, sexual development,
ANSWER: B -- Midbrain
d) cerebellum
callosum c) corpus
b) midbrain
a) hypothalamus
pupil in bright light is the:
impulses and also is the origin of many of the involuntary acts of the eye such as the narrowing of the
Multiple Choice: The part of the human brain which is an important relay station for the sensory
ANSWER: D – Epiphysis
eh-pif-eh-sis) pron: d) epiphysis (
pron: per-E-ahs-tee-em) periosteum (
cancellous bone
medullary canal
area is called the:
Multiple Choice: Lengthening of long bones in humans occurs in a particular area of the bone. This
Biology Science Bowl Questions4
-
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
metaphas is known as: Multiple Choice: In cell division, the phase following the
Telophase ANSWER: D --
telophase d)
c) anaphase
b) metaphase
prO-phase) pron: a) prophase (
reconstituted and the nucleolus reappears. This phase of cell division is known as:
centrioles duplicate and split, the nuclear membrane becomes chromosomes become attenuated, the
Multiple Choice: During the final stage of cell division, the mitotic apparatus disappears, the
Caecum Cecum or ANSWER:
finds the appendix.
junction of the small intestine into the side of the large intestine. At the lower portion of this pouch one
Short Answer: Name the sac-like, blind pouch of the large intestine, situated below the level of the
ANSWER: caterpillar
Short Answer: The larval form of butterflies and moths is more commonly known as what?
ANSWER: B -- Tooth Decay
d) liver
c) kidneys
b) tooth decay
a) human heart
Cariology is the study of the: Multiple Choice:
ANSWER: Carbon Dioxide or CO2
gas.
disturbances which can include confusion, headache, low blood pressure and hypothermia. Name this
A LARGE AMOUNT OF THI SUBSTANCE. Narcosis due to this gas is characterized by mental
activity of the heart, the blood vessels, and the respiratory system. WORKING MUSCLES PRODUCE
Short Answer: In the more highly developed animals, such as humans this gas is used to regulate the
ANSWER: Oncology
science concerned with the study of tumors?
Multiple Choice: What eight-letter name starting with the letter "O" is given to that branch of medical
ANSWER: Calcium
this element.
enzymatic steps involved in blood coagulation and is the most important element of bone salt. Name
rhythmicity. It also plays a essential role in several of the muscular contraction, and to assure cardiac
permeability of cell membranes, to regulate nerve and muscle excitability, to help maintain normal
element with the fewest number of clues. This element is required to insure the integrity and
Short Answer: In the mammalian body, this element plays many important roles. Try to identify this
ANSWER: Bubonic Plague or Black Death
by fleas from rats to humans What is the more common name for this disease?
pestis, is transmitted Yersinia Short Answer: This disease, caused by infection with the gram-negative
Biology Science Bowl Questions5
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c)
29.
30.
31.
b)
c)
32.
a)
33.
34.
35.
b)
leucine glutelin and
edestin a) peptone and
Multiple Choice: The major fibrous proteins are:
ANSWER: B – Two
d) four
c) three
b) two
a) one
Multiple Choice: In most species of Paramecium there are how many contractile vacuoles? Is it:
ANSWER: C -- Congenital Disorders
d) none of the above
c) congenital disorders
b) bacteria-related diseases
a) virus-related diseases
Huntington's chorea are both: Multiple Choice: Sickle cell anemia and
ANSWER: B -- collagen
d) keratin
c) fatty acids
b) collagen
elastin
body structures. Is this material:
the organic matter of skin, tendons, bones, and teeth, and occurs as fibrous inclusions in most other
Multiple Choice: This major protein component of connective tissue in mammals comprises most of
Coleoptera ANSWER: A --
teh-rah) pron: dip- Diptera ( d)
high-meh-nop-teh-rah) pron: Hymenoptera (
or-tho-op-teh-rah) pron: Orthoptera (
kO-lee-op-teh-rah) pron: Coleoptera ( a)
Multiple Choice: The order of insects which includes beetles is known as:
ANSWER: Cerebrospinal Fluid
four cavities or ventricles of the brain.
Multiple Choice: Name the clear watery liquid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord and fills the
ANSWER: Zygote
fertilized cell is called what?
Short Answer: All cells of an organism find their lineage from a single fertilized cell. This single
ANSWER: B -- Anaphase
extophase d)
telophase
b) anaphase
a) prophase
Biology Science Bowl Questions6
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c)
36.
37.
38.
39.
c)
40.
41.
42.
a) skin
mel-eh-toe-nin) is produced by the: pron: Melatonin ( Multiple Choice:
ANSWER: D -- STIMULATORY
d) stimulatory
c) association
b) motor
a) sensory
Multiple Choice: Which of the following is NOT a type of neuron?
ANSWER: C -- sodium and potassium ions
d) potassium and phosphate ions
c) sodium and potassium ions
b) calcium and phosphate ions
a) lead and calcium ions
Multiple Choice: The resting potential of a neuron is dependent on what two ions?
ANSWER: A – SYNAPSE
d) dendrite
Nissl bodies
b) axon
a) synapse
Multiple Choice: Which of the following are NOT part of a neuron?
ANSWER: D -- maternal grandmother
d) maternal grandmother
c) grand mothers
b) paternal grandfather
a) mother's parents
my-toe-chon-dria)? Is it your:
pron: Multiple Choice: From which grandparent or grandparents did you inherit your mitochondria (
ANSWER: A -- Attach the ribs to the sternum
intervertebral disks of the backbone d) forms the
pinna of the ear c) is found in the
b) cover the ends of the femur
a) attach the ribs to the sternum
Costal cartilage: Multiple Choice:
ANSWER: Cortex
pericycle. internally by the cells of the
Short Answer: Name the outer portion of a stem or root, bounded externally by the epidermis, and
ANSWER: D -- Myosin and Actin
d) myosin and actin
valine and lysine
Biology Science Bowl Questions7
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43.
44.
45.
c)
46.
c)
47.
ANSWER: A -- OVIDUCT
d) ovary
c) uterus
b) vagina
a) oviduct
Multiple Choice: Fertilization of the ovum by the sperm usually occurs in the:
ANSWER: C -- SUSPENSORY LIGAMENTS
d) vagina
suspensory ligaments
b) uterus
a) oviduct
Multiple Choice: Which of the following structures is directly attached to the ovary?
ANSWER: D -- ALL OF THE ABOVE
d) all of the above
gastro-intestinal tract
b) ovaries
a) pancreas
Multiple Choice: Which of the following tissues secrete hormones?
ANSWER: D -- MSH – MELANOCYTES
meh-lan-o-cite) pron: melanocytes ( d) MSH -
c) LH - ovary or testis
b) ACTH - anterior pituitary
a) TSH - thyroid gland
Multiple Choice: Select the hormone INCORRECTLY paired with its target.
ANSWER: D -- ALL OF THE ABOVE
d) all of the above
c) involved in the metabolism of glucose
b) a protein
a) secreted by the pancreas
Multiple Choice: Which of the following statements is TRUE of insulin? Is it:
ANSWER: B -- PINEAL GLAND
d) pituitary gland
c) liver
b) pineal gland
Biology Science Bowl Questions8
-
48.
49.
a)
50.
c)
51.
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
52.
a)
c)
53.
54.
kren) pron: en-de- c) endocrine system (
b) digestive system
a) muscular system
el) cells are found in the: pron: glee- Glial ( Multiple Choice:
ANSWER: C -- EPIDERMIS
d) no dead cells are in the skin
c) epidermis
b) dermis
a) subcutaneous tissue
Multiple Choice: A layer of dead skin cells is found in the:
ANSWER: B -- PROPHASE
Teleophase d)
Meterphase
b) Prophase
Interphase
Synapsis and crossing over of chromosomes occurs in which phases of meiosis? Multiple Choice:
ANSWER: A -- 1
d) 4
Multiple Choice: The number of mature gametes resulting from meiosis in the female is:
ANSWER: C -- ENDOMETRIUM AND EMBRYO
d) none of the above
endometrium and embryo
b) uterus only
a) embryo only
Multiple Choice: The placenta in humans is derived from the:
ANSWER: A – URETER
epididymus d)
deferens c) vas
b) urethra
ureter
Multiple Choice: Which of the following does sperm NOT travel through?
ANSWER: D -- PROGESTERONE
d) progesterone
c) FSH
b) LH
a) HCG
luteum secretes: corpeus Multiple Choice: The
Biology Science Bowl Questions9
-
55.
56.
57.
c)
58.
59.
a)
60.
ANSWER: C -- ADDUCTORS MOVE A LIMB AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE.
d) Tendons attach muscle to bone.
c) Adductors move a limb away from the midline.
b) Flexors decrease the angle of a joint.
a) Bones contact other bones at joints.
Multiple Choice: Select the INCORRECT statement concerning the muscular system.
ANSWER: B -- MYOSIN BINDS AND RELEASES ACTIN
d) none of the above
c) actin binds and releases myosin
b) myosin binds and releases actin
tropomyosin binds and releases actin
Multiple Choice: The phase of contraction of a muscle occurs when:
ANSWER: A – FEET
d) chest
c) hip
b) skull
a) feet
Multiple Choice: Phalanges are found in the:
ANSWER: C -- TARSALS
d) skull
tarsals
b) vertebral column
a) sternum
Multiple Choice: Which of the following is NOT a component of the human axial skeleton?
ANSWER: B -- IT IS THE FIGHT OR FLIGHT SYSTEM.
d) establishes resting state
c) slows breathing rate
b) It is the fight or flight system.
a) It increases digestive action.
system?
Multiple Choice: Which of the following is an INCORRECT statement about the parasympathetic
ANSWER: D -- AROUND AXONS OF NEURONS
d) around axons of neurons
c) covering muscles
b) covering the brain
a) surrounding tendons
Multiple Choice: Myelin sheaths are found:
ANSWER: D -- NERVOUS SYSTEM
d) nervous system
Biology Science Bowl Questions -
61.
62.
63.
64.
a)
65.
66.
67.
a) gastrula
Multiple Choice: The blastula develops into the:
ANSWER: D -- TRANSLATION
d) translation
c) transformation
transduction b)
a) conjugation
population?
Multiple Choice: Which of the following is NOT a mode of genetic exchange within a bacterial
ANSWER: C -- VIRUSES
d) agents which cause the production of bacteria
c) viruses
b) bacteria precursors
a) bacteria
back-teer-e-o-faj) are: pron: Bacteriophage ( Multiple Choice:
ANSWER: A -- MICROVILLI
d) pseudopodia
c) flagella
b) cilia
microvilli
Multiple Choice: Which structure does NOT play a part in the motion of cells?
ANSWER: D -- SODIUM AND POTASSIUM
d) sodium and potassium
c) potassium and calcium
b) calcium and copper
a) sodium and calcium
Multiple Choice: What ions determine the resting potential of a nerve?
ANSWER: B -- ACTION POTENTIAL
d) contraction
c) relaxation
b) action potential
a) movement of the membrane
what results?
Multiple Choice: When the potential difference across a membrane of a neuron equals the threshold,
ANSWER: A -- SKELETAL
d) all of the above
c) smooth
b) cardiac
a) skeletal
sish-E-um)? pron: sin- syncytium ( Multiple Choice: Which type of muscle is a
10 Biology Science Bowl Questions