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International trade in services

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516 pages
EU 1986-95
Economy and finance
Services
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eurostat
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
IN SERVICES
EU, 1986-95 eurostat
STATISTISCHES AMT DER EUROPAISCHEN GEMEINSCHAFTEN
STATISTICAL OFFICE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
OFFICE STATISTIQUE DES COMMUNAUTÉS EUROPÉENNES
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ou dans des banques de données de type
Y. Franchet
Um Benutzern die Datensuche zu erleich­ vidéotex.
Director-General
tern, hat Eurostat Themenkreise, d. h.
Pour aider l'utilisateur à s'orienter dans eine Untergliederung nach Sachgebieten,
ses recherches, Eurostat a créé les eingeführt. Daneben sind sowohl die
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par sujet. Les documents statistiques et Veröffentlichungen in bestimmte Reihen,
wie zum Beispiel „Jahrbücher", „Kon­ les publications sont répertoriés par
junktur", „Methoden", untergliedert, um série — par exemple, annuaire, conjonc­
den Zugriff auf die statistischen Informa­ ture, méthodologie — afin de faciliter
tionen zu erleichtern. l'accès aux informations statistiques.
Y. Franchet Y. Franchet
Generaldirektor Directeur général INTERNATIONAL TRADE
IN SERVICES
EU, 1986-95
Theme
Economy and finance
Series
Studies and research
STATISTICAL DOCUMENT This document is the final report of a study made by Ms Isabelle Mouillefarine-Huberlant, Mr Paul Baker
and Mr Jon Erdozia.
Ms Maria-Helena Figueira, official of Unit B.5, Eurostat, coordinated this report.
Database management was done by Ms Franca Faes-Cannito and Mr Maurizio Capaccioli.
Secretary responsible for desktop publishing: Ms Annick Champault.
Eurostat
Unit B.5: Balance of payments
L-2920 Luxembourg
Secretariat: Tel.(352)43 01-33548
Fax (352) 43 01-33859
Manuscript completed in September 1997.
The figures included in this publication and supplementary data are available on floppy disk:
'International trade in services and its geographical breakdown — EU, 1986-95.
Diskette version with CUB.X software'.
A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet.
It can be accessed through the Europa server (http://europa.eu.int).
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1997
ISBN 92-828-2114-5
© European Communities, 1997
Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.
Printed in Belgium
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Thank you and please write to:
Balance of Payments, Unit B5
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Eurostat
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Fax 352/4301 - 33859 TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. INTRODUCTION
1. Presentation 9
2. New IMF manual: main changes between BPM4 and BPM5
II. METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS
1. Difficulties of assessing the international market in services 13
1.1. Recording and valuation 1
1.2. Problems linked to the analysis of values
1.3.s of consistency, asymmetries : 14
2. Conceptual framework of the balance of payments4
3. Classification5
3.1. Definitions of the items
3.1.1. Current account
3.1.1.1. Goods
3.1.1.2. Services
3.1.1.2.1. Transportation 1
3.1.1.2.2. Travel6
3.1.1.2.3. Communication services7
3.1.1.2.4. Construction services
3.1.1.2.5. Insurance services
3.1.1.2.6. Financials
3.1.1.2.7. Computer and information services 18
3.1.1.2.8. Royalties and licence fees
3.1.1.2.9. Other business services
3.1.1.2.10. Personal, cultural and recreational services9
3.1.1.2.11. Government services n.i.e
3.1.1.3. Income 20
3.1.1.3.1. Compensation of employees
3.1.1.3.2 Investment income
3.1.1.4. Current transfers
3.1.2. Capital and financial account
3.1.2.1. Capital account
3.1.2.2. Financialt
3.1.3. Net errors and omissions
3.2. Particularities of this publication 20
3.2.1. Breakdown of services1
3.2.2. Current and capital account
3.2.3. Capital account
3.2.4. Financialt
4. Production issues2
4.1.n process
4.2. General approach for data harmonisation4
4.3. Calculation of the European Union (EUR12 and EUR15) balance and data reliability 25
Member States' summary tables - items estimated for EU aggregates from 1992 to 19957
4.4. Information on data sources used in this publication 3II. STATISTICAL TABLES
1. Description of tables 34
2. Formulae and acronyms used in the tables and data availability 35
3. Current account items for 1995: EUR15 + all Member States with Extra EUR15
3.1. Credit8
3.2. Debit 40
3.3. Net2
3.4. Share of each country in the total EUR15 - Credit 4
3.5. Share of eachy in the total5 - Debit6
3.6. Structure of the current account for EUR15 and each Member State - Credit 4
3.7.e of thett for5 and eachr State - Debit 5
4. EUR15 current account items for 1992 to 1995 with partners
4.1. Credit, % credit, debit, % debit, net and cover ratio with World 54
4.2. Credit, % credit, debit, % debit, asymmetry and relative asymmetry with Intra EUR15 60
4.3., % credit, debit, % debit, net and cover ratio with Extra EUR15 6
4.4. Credit, % credit, debit, % debit, net and cover ratio with USA 7
4.5., % credit, debit, % debit, net and cover ratio with Japan8
4.6. to 4.42. Geographical breakdown for each item of services - Credit, debit, net 86
5. EUR12 current account items for 1986 to 1995 with partners
5.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World 100
5.2., debit, asymmetry and relative asymmetry with Intra EUR12 104
5.3. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra EUR12
5.4., debit, net and cover ratio with USA 112
5.5. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Japan6
6. BLEU current account items for 1986 to 1995 with partners
6.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World 12
6.2., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR15
6.3. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra5 13
6.4., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR124
6.5. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra28
6.6., debit, net and cover ratio with USA 142
6.7. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Japan6
7. Denmark current account items for 1986 to 1995 with partners
7.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World 150
8. Germany current account items for 1986 to 1995 with partners
8.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World4
8.2. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR158
8.3., debit, net and cover ratio with Extra5 16
8.4. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR12
8.5., debit, net and cover ratio with Extra2 17
8.6. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with USA
8.7., debit, net and cover ratio with Japan
9. Greece current account items for 1986 to 1995 with partners
9.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World 182
9.2., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR156
9.3. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra5 190
9.4., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR124
-4-9.5. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra EUR12 198
9.6., debit, net and cover ratio with USA 202
9.7. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Japan6
10. Spain current account items for 1986 to 1995 with partners
10.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World 210
10.2., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR154
10.3. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra5
10.4., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR12 22
10.5. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra2
10.6., debit, net and cover ratio with USA 23
10.7. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Japan
11. France current account items for 1986 to 1995 with partners
11.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World8
11.2., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR15 242
11.3. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra56
11.4., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR12 250
11.5. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra24
11.6., debit, net and cover ratio with USA
11.7. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Japan 26
12. Ireland current account items for 1986 to 1995 with partners
12.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World6
13. Italy current account items for 1986 to 1995 with partners
13.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World 27
13.2., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR15
13.3. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra58
13.4., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR12 282
13.5. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra26
13.6. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with USA 290
13.7., debit, net and cover ratio with Japan4
14. Netherlands current account items for 1986 to 1995 with partners
14.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World
14.2., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR15 30
14.3. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra5
14.4. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR12 31
14.5., debit, net and cover ratio with Extra2
14.6. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with USA8
14.7., debit, net and cover ratio with Japan 322
15. Austria current account items for 1992 to 1995 with partners
15.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World6
15.2., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR15 330
15.3. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra54
15.4., debit, net and cover ratio with USA
15.5. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Japan 34
16. Portugal current account items for 1986 to 1995 with partners
16.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World
16.2., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR15 35
16.3. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra5
16.4., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR128
16.5. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra2 362
16.6., debit, net and cover ratio with USA6
16.7. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Japan 370 17. Finland current account items for 1992 to 1995 with partners
17.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World 374
17.2., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR158
17.3. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra5 382
17.4., debit, net and cover ratio with USA6
17.5. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Japan 390
18. Sweden current account items for 1992 to 1995 with partners
18.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World
19. United Kingdom current account items for 1986 to 1995 with partners
19.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World8
19.2., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR15 40
19.3. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra5
19.4., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR12 41
19.5. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra EUR124
19.6., debit, net and cover ratio with USA
19.7. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Japan 422
20. European Institutions current account items for 1986 to 1995 with partners
20.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World6
20.2., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR15 430
20.3. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra5
20.4., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR128
20.5. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra EUR12 44
20.6., debit, net and cover ratio with USA
20.7. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Japan 45
21. United States of America account items for 1986 to 1995 with partners
21.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World4
21.2., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR12
21.3. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra2 462
21.4., debit, net and cover ratio with Japan6
22. Japan current account items for 1986 to 1995 with partners
22.1. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with World 470
22.2., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR154
22.3. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra58
22.4., debit, net and cover ratio with Intra EUR12 48
22.5. Credit, debit, net and cover ratio with Extra2
22.6., debit, net and cover ratio with USA 49
IV. ANNEXES
1. Ecu exchange rates 496
2. Symbols and abbreviations7
3. BOP coding system8
- Items (codes of published items and complete labels)
- Geonomenclature (codes and labels of published zones)9
4. Correspondence table between presentlyd classification (BPM5) and previously
published classification (BPM4) Period 86 - 91 500
5. Balance of payments economic territory2
6. Bibliography 503