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A History of Art in Chaldæa & Assyria, v. 1

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135 pages
The Project Gutenberg EBook of A History of Art in Chaldæa & Assyria, v. 1, by Georges Perrot and Charles ChipiezThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.orgTitle: A History of Art in Chaldæa & Assyria, v. 1Author: Georges PerrotCharles ChipiezTranslator: Walter ArmstrongRelease Date: February 14, 2009 [EBook #28072]Language: English*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK A HISTORY OF ART IN CHALDÆA ***Produced by Paul Dring, Adrian Mastronardi and the OnlineDistributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net (Thisfile was produced from images generously made availableby The Internet Archive/Canadian Libraries)A HISTORYOFART IN CHALDÆA & ASSYRIAFROM THE FRENCHOFGEORGES PERROT,PROFESSOR IN THE FACULTY OF LETTERS, PARIS; MEMBER OF THE INSTITUTE,ANDCHARLES CHIPIEZ.ILLUSTRATED WITH FOUR HUNDRED AND FIFTY-TWO ENGRAVINGS IN THE TEXTAND FIFTEEN STEEL AND COLOURED PLATES.IN TWO VOLUMES.—VOL. I.TRANSLATED AND EDITED BYWALTER ARMSTRONG, B.A., Oxon.,AUTHOR OF "ALFRED STEVENS," ETC.Lions headLondon: CHAPMAN AND HALL, Limited.New York: A. C. ARMSTRONG AND SON.1884.London:R. Clay, Sons, and Taylor,BREAD STREET HILL.PREFACE.In face of the cordial reception given to the first two volumes of MM. Perrot and Chipiez's History of Ancient Art, ...
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The Project Gutenberg EBook of A History of Art in Chaldæa & Assyria, v. 1, by Georges Perrot and Charles Chipiez This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: A History of Art in Chaldæa & Assyria, v. 1 Author: Georges Perrot Charles Chipiez Translator: Walter Armstrong Release Date: February 14, 2009 [EBook #28072] Language: English *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK A HISTORY OF ART IN CHALDÆA *** Produced by Paul Dring, Adrian Mastronardi and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net (This file was produced from images generously made available by The Internet Archive/Canadian Libraries) A HISTORY OF ART IN CHALDÆA & ASSYRIA FROM THE FRENCH OF GEORGES PERROT, PROFESSOR IN THE FACULTY OF LETTERS, PARIS; MEMBER OF THE INSTITUTE, AND CHARLES CHIPIEZ. ILLUSTRATED WITH FOUR HUNDRED AND FIFTY-TWO ENGRAVINGS IN THE TEXT AND FIFTEEN STEEL AND COLOURED PLATES. IN TWO VOLUMES.—VOL. I. TRANSLATED AND EDITED BY WALTER ARMSTRONG, B.A., Oxon., AUTHOR OF "ALFRED STEVENS," ETC. Lions head London: CHAPMAN AND HALL, Limited. New York: A. C. ARMSTRONG AND SON. 1884. London: R. Clay, Sons, and Taylor, BREAD STREET HILL. PREFACE. In face of the cordial reception given to the first two volumes of MM. Perrot and Chipiez's History of Ancient Art, any words of introduction from me to this second instalment would be presumptuous. On my own part, however, I may be allowed to express my gratitude for the approval vouchsafed to my humble share in the introduction of the History of Art in Ancient Egypt to a new public, and to hope that nothing may be found in the following pages to change that approval into blame. W. A. October 10, 1883. CONTENTS. CHAPTER I. THE GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CHALDÆO-ASSYRIAN CIVILIZATION. PAGE § 1. Situation and Boundaries of Chaldæa and Assyria 1-8 § 2. Nature in the Basin of the Euphrates and Tigris 8-13 § 3. The Primitive Elements of the Population 13-21 § 4. The Wedges 21-33 § 5. The History of Chaldæa and Assyria 33-55 § 6. The Chaldæan Religion 55-89 § 7. The People and Government 89-113 CHAPTER II. THE PRINCIPLES AND GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CHALDÆO-ASSYRIAN ARCHITECTURE. § 1. Materials 114-126 § 2. The General Principles of Form 126-146 § 3. Construction 146-200 § 4. The Column 200-221 § 5. The Arch 221-236 § 6. Secondary Forms 236-260 § 7. Decoration 260-311 § 8. On the Orientation of Buildings and Foundation Ceremonies 311-322 § 9. Mechanical Resources 322-326 § 10. On the Graphic Processes Employed in the Representations of Buildings 327-334 CHAPTER III. FUNERARY ARCHITECTURE. § 1. Chaldæan and Assyrian Notions as to a Future Life 335-355 § 2. The Chaldæan Tomb 355-363 CHAPTER IV. RELIGIOUS ARCHITECTURE. § 1. Attempts to Restore the Principal Types 364-382 § 2. Ruins of Staged Towers 382-391 § 3. Subordinate Types of the Temple 391-398 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. PLATES. I. Babil To face page 154 II. Rectangular Chaldæan temple 370 III. Square double-ramped Chaldæan temple 378 IV. Square Assyrian temple 380 FIG. PAGE 1. Brick from Erech 24 2. Fragment of an inscription engraved upon the back of a statue from Tello 25 3. Seal of Ourkam 38 4. Genius in the attitude of adoration 42 5. Assurbanipal at the chase 45 6. Demons 61 7. Demons 62 8. Eagle-headed divinity 63 9. Anou or Dagon 64 10. Stone of Merodach-Baladan I 73 11. Assyrian cylinder 74 12. Assyrian cylinder 74 13. Gods carried in procession 75 14. Gods carried in procession 76 15. Statue of Nebo 81 16. Terra-cotta statuette 83 17. A Chaldæan cylinder 84 18. The winged globe 87 19. The winged globe with human figure 87 20. Chaldæan cylinder 95 21. Chaldæan cylinder 95 22. The King Sargon and his Grand Vizier 97 23. The suite of Sargon 99 24. The suite of Sargon 101 25. Fragment of a bas-relief in alabaster 105 26. Bas-relief of Tiglath Pileser II 106 27. Feast of Assurbanipal 107 28. Feast of Assurbanipal 108 29. Offerings to a god 109 30. Convoy of prisoners 111 31. Convoy of prisoners 112 32. Babylonian brick 118 33. Brick from Khorsabad 119 34. Temple 128 35. Tell-Ede, in Lower Chaldæa 129 36. Haman, in Lower Chaldæa 131 37. Babil, at Babylon 135 38. A fortress 138 39. View of a town and its palaces 140 40. House in Kurdistan 141 41. Temple on the bank of a river, Khorsabad 142 42. Temple in a royal park, Kouyundjik 143 43. View of a group of buildings, Kouyundjik 145 44. Plan of angle, Khorsabad 147 45. Section of wall through AB in Fig. 44 147 46. Elevation of wall, Khorsabad 148 47. Section in perspective through the south-western part of Sargon's palace at Khorsabad 149 48. Temple at Mugheir 154 49. Upper part of the drainage arrangements of a mound 159 50. Present state of one of the city gates, Khorsabad 161 51. Fortress; from the Balawat gates, in the British Museum 164 52. The palace at Firouz-Abad 170 53. The palace at Sarbistan 170 54. Section through the palace at Sarbistan 171 55. Restoration of a hall in the harem at Khorsabad 174 56. Royal tent, Kouyundjik 175 57. Tent, Kouyundjik 175 58. Interior of a Yezidi house 178 59. Fortress 180 60. Crude brick construction 181 61. Armenian "lantern" 183 62-65. Terra-cotta cylinders in elevation, section and plan 184 66. Outside staircases in the ruins of Abou-Sharein 191 67. Interior of the royal tent 193 68. Tabernacle; from the Balawat gates 194 69. The seal of Sennacherib 196 70. Type of open architecture in Assyria 197 71. Homage to Samas or Shamas 203 72. Sheath of a cedar-wood mast, bronze 205 73. Interior of a house supported by wooden pillars; from the gates of Balawat 206 74. Assyrian capital, in perspective 207 75. Capital; from a small temple 209 76. View of a palace 210 77. Capital; from a small temple 212 78. Capital 212 79. Chaldæan tabernacle 212 80. Ivory plaque found at Nimroud 212 81. The Tree of Life 213 82. Ornamental base, in limestone 214 83. Model of a base, side view 215 84. The same, seen from in front 215 85. Winged Sphinx carrying the base of a column 216 86. Façade of an Assyrian building 216 87, 88. Bases of columns 217 89. Tomb-chamber at Mugheir 222 90. Interior of a chamber in the harem of Sargon's palace at Khorsabad 225 91. Return round the angle of an archivolt in one of the gates of Dour-Saryoukin 227 92. Drain at Khorsabad, with pointed arch 229 93. Sewer at Khorsabad, with semicircular vault 232 94. Sewer at Khorsabad, with elliptical vault 233 95. Decorated lintel 238 96. Sill of a door, from Khorsabad 240 97. Bronze foot, from the Balawat gates, and its socket 243 98, 99. Assyrian mouldings. Section and elevation 245 100. Façade of a ruined building at Warka 246 101. Decoration of one of the harem gates, at Khorsabad 247 102. View of an angle of the Observatory at Khorsabad 249 103. Lateral façade of the palace at Firouz-Abad 251 104. Battlements from an Assyrian palace 251 105. Battlements from the Khorsabad Observatory 252 106. Battlements of Sargon's palace at Khorsabad 255 107. Altar 255 108. Altar in the Louvre 256 109. Altar in the British Museum 257 110. Stele from Khorsabad 258 111. The obelisk of Shalmaneser II. in the British Museum 258 112. Rock-cut stele from Kouyundjik 259 113. Fragment from Babylon 263 114. Human-headed lion 267 115. Bas-relief with several registers 269 116. Ornament painted upon plaster 275 117. Ornament painted upon plaster 275 118. Ornament painted upon plaster 276 119. Plan and elevation of part of a façade at Warka 278 120. Cone with coloured base 279 121, 122. Rosettes in glazed pottery 290 123. Detail of enamelled archivolt 291 124. Detail of enamelled archivolt 292 125. Enamelled brick in the British Museum 293 126. Ornament upon enamelled brick 294 127. Fragment of a glazed brick 295 128. Fragment of a glazed brick 297 129. Ivory tablet in the British Museum 301 130. Fragment of an ivory tablet 301 131. Threshold from Kouyundjik 303 132. Rosette 304 133. Bouquet of flowers and buds 305 134. Painted border 306 135. Fragment of a threshold 306 136. Door ornament 307 137. Palmette 308 138. Goats and palmette 308 139. Winged bulls and palmette 309 140. Stag upon a palmette 310 141. Winged bull upon a rosette 311 142. Stag, palmette, and rosette 311 143. Plan of a temple at Mugheir 312 144. Plan of the town and palace of Sargon at Khorsabad 313 145. General plan of the remains at Nimroud 314 146. Bronze statuette 316 147. Bronze statuette 317 148. Bronze statuette 318 149. Terra-cotta cone 319 150. Terra-cotta cylinder 320 151. The transport of a bull 324 152. Putting a bull in place 326 153. Chaldæan plan 327 154. Assyrian plan; from the Balawat gates in the British Museum 329 155. Plan and section of a fortress 329 156. Plan, section, and elevation of a fortified city 330 157. Plan and elevation of a fortified city 331 158. Fortress with its defenders 333 159, 160. Vases 342 161. Plaque of chiselled bronze. Obverse 350 162. Plaque of chiselled bronze. Reverse 351 163. Tomb at Mugheir 357 164. Tomb at Mugheir 358 165. Tomb at Mugheir 358 166. Tomb, or coffin, at Mugheir 359 167. Map of the ruins of Mugheir 362 168. View of the Birs-Nimroud 367 169-171. Longitudinal section, plan, and horizontal section of the rectangular type of Chaldæan temple 370 172. Map of Warka, with its ruins 371 173. Type of square, single-ramped Chaldæan temple 375 174-176. Transverse section, plan, and horizontal section of a square, single- ramped, Chaldæan temple 377 177-179. Transverse section, plan, and horizontal section of a square, double- ramped Chaldæan temple 378 180-182. Square Assyrian temple. Longitudinal section, horizontal section, and plan 380 183. Map of the ruins of Babylon 383 184. Actual condition of the so-called Observatory, at Khorsabad 387 185. The Observatory restored. Elevation 388 186. The Observatory restored. Plan 389 187. The Observatory. Transverse section through AB 390 188. Plan of a small temple at Nimroud 393 189. Plan of a small temple at Nimroud 393 190. Temple with triangular pediment 394 TAIL-PIECES, &c. Lion's head, gold (French National Library) Title-page Lion's head, glazed earthenware (Louvre) 113 Two rabbits' heads, ivory (Louvre) 334 Cow's head, ivory (British Museum) 363 Eagle, from a bas-relief (British Museum) 398 A HISTORY OF ART IN CHALDÆA AND ASSYRIA
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