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Andersonville - A Story of Rebel Military Prisons

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445 pages
ANDERSONVILLE, By John McElroy
The Project Gutenberg EBook of Andersonville, complete, by John McElroy This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net
Title: Andersonville, complete Author: John McElroy Release Date: August 22, 2006 [EBook #3072] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK ANDERSONVILLE, COMPLETE ***
Produced by David Widger
ANDERSONVILLE
A STORY OF REBEL MILITARY PRISONS
FIFTEEN MONTHS A GUEST OF THE SO-CALLED SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY
A PRIVATE SOLDIERS EXPERIENCE
IN RICHMOND, ANDERSONVILLE, SAVANNAH, MILLEN BLACKSHEAR AND FLORENCE
BY JOHN McELROY Late of Co. L. 16th Ill Cav. 1879
TO THE HONORABLE
NOAH H. SWAYNE.
JUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES, A JURIST OF DISTINGUISHED TALENTS AND EXALTED
CHARACTER; ONE OF THE LAST OF THAT ADMIRABLE ARRAY OF PURE PATRIOTS AND SAGACIOUS COUNSELORS, WHO, IN THE YEARS OF THE NATION'S TRIAL, FAITHFULLY SURROUNDED THE GREAT PRESIDENT, AND, WITH HIM, BORE THE BURDEN OF THOSE MOMENTOUS DAYS; AND WHOSE WISDOM AND FAIRNESS HAVE DONE SO MUCH SINCE TO CONSERVE WHAT WAS THEN WON, THIS BOOK IS DEDICATED WITH RESPECT AND APPRECIATION,
BY THE AUTHOR.
CONTENTS:
INTRODUCTION AUTHOR'S PREFACE LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS CHAPTER I.
A STRANGE LAND--THE HEART OF THE ...
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ANDERSONVILLE, By John McElroy
The Project Gutenberg EBook of Andersonville, complete, by John McElroy
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with
almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or
re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net
Title: Andersonville, complete
Author: John McElroy
Release Date: August 22, 2006 [EBook #3072]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK ANDERSONVILLE, COMPLETE ***
Produced by David Widger
ANDERSONVILLE
A STORY OF REBEL MILITARY PRISONS
FIFTEEN MONTHS A GUEST OF THE SO-CALLED
SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY
A PRIVATE SOLDIERS EXPERIENCEIN
RICHMOND, ANDERSONVILLE, SAVANNAH, MILLEN
BLACKSHEAR AND FLORENCE
BY JOHN McELROY
Late of Co. L. 16th Ill Cav.
1879TO THE HONORABLE
NOAH H. SWAYNE.
JUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED
STATES,
A JURIST OF DISTINGUISHED TALENTS AND EXALTEDCHARACTER;
ONE OF THE LAST OF THAT
ADMIRABLE ARRAY OF PURE PATRIOTS AND
SAGACIOUS COUNSELORS,
WHO, IN
THE YEARS OF THE NATION'S TRIAL,
FAITHFULLY SURROUNDED THE GREAT PRESIDENT,
AND, WITH HIM, BORE THE BURDEN
OF
THOSE MOMENTOUS DAYS;
AND WHOSE WISDOM AND FAIRNESS HAVE DONE SO
MUCH SINCE
TO
CONSERVE WHAT WAS THEN WON,
THIS BOOK IS DEDICATED WITH RESPECT AND
APPRECIATION,
BY THE AUTHOR.CONTENTS:
INTRODUCTION
AUTHOR'S PREFACE
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
CHAPTER I.
A STRANGE LAND--THE HEART OF THE APPALACHIANS--THE
GATEWAY OF AN EMPIRE --A SEQUESTERED VALE, AND A PRIMITIVE,
ARCADIAN, NON-PROGRESSIVE PEOPLE.
CHAPTER II.
SCARCITY OF FOOD FOR THE ARMY--RAID FOR
FORAGE-ENCOUNTER WIT THE REBELS --SHARP CAVALRY FIGHT--DEFEAT OF
THE "JOHNNIES"--POWELL'S VALLEY OPENED UP.
CHAPTER III.
LIVING OFF THE ENEMY--REVELING IN THE FATNESS OF THE
COUNTRY--SOLDIERLY PURVEYING AND CAMP
COOKERY-SUSCEPTIBLE TEAMSTERS AND THEIR TENDENCY TO
FLIGHTINESS-MAKING SOLDIER'S BED.CHAPTER IV.
A BITTER COLD MORNING AND A WARM AWAKENING--TROUBLE ALL
ALONG THE LINE-- FIERCE CONFLICTS, ASSAULTS AND
DEFENSE-PROLONGED AND DESPERATE STRUGGLE ENDING WITH A
SURRENDER.
CHAPTER V.
THE REACTION--DEPRESSION--BITTING COLD--SHARP HUNGER AND
SAD REFLEXION.
CHAPTER VI.
"ON TO RICHMOND!"--MARCHING ON FOOT OVER THE
MOUNTAINS-MY HORSE HAS A NEW RIDER--UNSOPHISTICATED MOUNTAIN
GIRLS-DISCUSSING THE ISSUES OF THE WAR--PARTING WITH "HIATOGA
CHAPTER VII.
ENTERING RICHMOND--DISAPPOINTMENT AT ITS
APPEARANCE-EVERYBODY IN UNIFORM--CURLED DARLINGS OF THE CAPITAL--THE
REBEL FLAG--LIBBY PRISON-- DICK TURNER--SEARCHING THE NEW
COMERS.
CHAPTER VIII.
INTRODUCTION TO PRISON LIFE--THE PEMBERTON BUILDING AND
ITS OCCUPANTS-- NEAT SAILORS--ROLL CALL--RATIONS AND
CLOTHING--CHIVALRIC "CONFISCATION."
CHAPTER IX.
BRANS OR PEAS--INSUFFICIENCY OF DARKY TESTIMONY--A GUARD
KILLS A PRISONER--PRISONERS TEAZE THE GUARDS--DESPERATE
OUTBREAK.
CHAPTER X.
THE EXCHANGE AND THE CAUSE OF ITS INTERRUPTION--BRIEF
RESUME OF THE DIFFERENT CARTELS, AND THE DIFFICULTIES THAT
LED TO THEIR SUSPENSION.
CHAPTER XI.
PUTTING IN THE TIME--RATIONS--COOKING UTENSILS--"FIAT
SOUP-"SPOONING"-- AFRICAN NEWSPAPER VENDERS--TRADING
GREENBACKS FOR CONFEDERATE MONEY-- VISIT FROM JOHN
MORGAN.
CHAPTER XII.
REMARKS AS TO NOMENCLATURE--VACC1NATION AND ITS
EFFECTS--"N'YAARKER'S,"-- THEIR CHARACTERISTICS AND THEIRMETHODS OF OPERATING.
CHAPTER XIII.
BELLE ISLE--TERRIBLE SUFFERING FROM COLD AND HUNGER--FATE
OF LIEUTENANT BOISSEUX'S DOG--OUR COMPANY
MYSTERY-TERMINATION OF ALL HOPES OF ITS SOLUTION.
CHAPTER XIV.
HOPING FOR EXCHANGE--AN EXPOSITION OF THE DOCTRINE OF
CHANCES-- OFF FOR ANDERSONVILLE--UNCERTAINTY AS TO OUR
DESTINATION--ARRIVAL AT ANDERSONVILLE.
CHAPTER XV.
GEORGIA--A LEAN AND HUNGRY LAND--DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
UPPER AND LOWER GEORGIA--THE PILLAGE OF ANDERSONVILLE.
CHAPTER XVI.
WAKING UP IN ANDERSONVILLE--SOME DESCRIPTION OF THE
PLACE--OUR FIRST MAIL--BUILDING SHELTER--GEN. WINDER--HIMSELF
AND LINEAGE.
CHAPTER XVII.
THE PLANTATION NEGROS--NOT STUPID TO BE LOYAL--THEIR
DITHYRAMBIC MUSIC-- COPPERHEAD OPINION OF LONGFELLOW.
CHAPTER XVIII.
SCHEMES AND PLANS TO ESCAPE--SCALING THE
STOCKADE-ESTABLISHING THE DEAD LINE--THE FIRST MAN KILLED.
CHAPTER XIX.
CAPT. HENRI WIRZ--SOME DESCRIPTION OF A SMALL-MINDED
PERSONAGE, WHO GAINED GREAT NOTORIETY--FIRST EXPERIENCE
WITH HIS DISCIPLINARY METHOD.
CHAPTER XX.
PRIZE-FIGHT AMONG THE N'YAARKERS--A GREAT MANY
FORMALITIES, AND LITTLE BLOOD SPILT--A FUTILE ATTEMPT TO
RECOVER A WATCH--DEFEAT OF THE LAW AND ORDER PARTY.
CHAPTER XXI.
DIMINISHING RATIONS--A DEADLY COLD RAIN--HOVERING OVER
PITCH PINE FIRES --INCREASE ON MORTALITY--A THEORY OF HEALTH.
CHAPTER XXII.DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ALABAMIANS AND GEORGIANS--DEATH OF
"POLL PARROTT"-- A GOOD JOKE UPON THE GUARD--A BRUTAL
RASCAL.
CHAPTER XXIII.
A NEW LOT OF PRISONERS--THE BATTLE OF OOLUSTEE--MEN
SACRIFICED TO A GENERAL'S INCOMPETENCY--A HOODLUM
REINFORCEMENT--A QUEER CROWD-- MISTREATMENT OF AN
OFFICER OF A COLORED REGIMENT--KILLING THE SERGEANT OF A
NEGRO SQUAD.
CHAPTER XXIV.
APRIL--LONGING TO GET OUT--THE DEATH RATE--THE PLAGUE OF
LICE --THE SO-CALLED HOSPITAL.
CHAPTER XXV.
THE "PLYMOUTH PILGRIMS"--SAD TRANSITION FROM COMFORTABLE
BARRACKS TO ANDERSONVILLE--A CRAZED
PENNSYLVANIAN-DEVELOPMENT OF THE BUTLER BUSINESS.
CHAPTER XXVI.
LONGINGS FOR GOD'S COUNTRY--CONSIDERATIONS OF THE
METHODS OF GETTING THERE--EXCHANGE AND ESCAPE--DIGGING
TUNNELS, AND THE DIFFICULTIES CONNECTED
THEREWITH-PUNISHMENT OF A TRAITOR.
CHAPTER XXVII.
THE HOUNDS, AND THE DIFFICULTIES THEY PUT IN THE WAY OF
ESCAPE-- THE WHOLE SOUTH PATROLLED BY THEM.
CHAPTER XXVIII.
MAY--INFLUX OF NEW PRISONERS--DISPARITY IN NUMBERS
BETWEEN THE EASTERN AND WESTERN ARMIES--TERRIBLE
CROWDING--SLAUGHTER OF MEN AT THE CREEK.
CHAPTER XXIX.
SOME DISTINCTION BETWEEN SOLDIERLY DUTY AND MURDER--A
PLOT TO ESCAPE-- IT IS REVEALED AND FRUSTRATED.
CHAPTER XXX.
JUNE--POSSIBILITIES OF A MURDEROUS CANNONADE--WHAT WAS
PROPOSED TO BE DONE IN THAT EVENT--A FALSE
ALARM-DETERIORATION OF THE RATIONS-- FEARFUL INCREASE OF
MORTALITY.CHAPTER XXXI.
DYING BY INCHES--SEITZ, THE SLOW, AND HIS DEATH--STIGGALL
AND EMERSON-- RAVAGES ON THE SCURVY.
CHAPTER XXXII.
"OLE BOO," AND "OLE SOL, THE HAYMAKER"--A FETID, BURNING
DESERT--NOISOME WATER, AND THE EFFECTS OF DRINKING
IT-STEALING SOFT SOAP.
CHAPTER XXXIII.
"POUR PASSER LE TEMPS"--A SET OF CHESSMEN PROCURED
UNDER DIFFICULTIES-- RELIGIOUS SERVICES--THE DEVOTED
PRIEST-WAR SONG.
CHAPTER XXXIV.
MAGGOTS, LICE AND RAIDERS--PRACTICES OF THESE HUMAN
VERMIN--PLUNDERING THE SICK AND DYING--NIGHT ATTACKS, AND
BATTLES BY DAY--HARD TIMES FOR THE SMALL TRADERS.
CHAPTER XXXV.
A COMMUNITY WITHOUT GOVERNMENT--FORMATION OF THE
REGULATORS--RAIDERS ATTACK KEY BUT ARE BLUFFED
OFF-ASSAULT OF THE REGULATORS ON THE RAIDERS --DESPERATE
BATTLE--OVERTHROW OF THE RAIDERS.
CHAPTER XXXVI.
WHY THE REGULATORS WERE NOT ASSISTED BY THE ENTIRE
CAMP--PECULIARITIES OF BOYS FROM DIFFERENT
SECTIONS-HUNTING THE RAIDERS DOWN--EXPLOITS OF MY LEFT-HANDED
LIEUTENANT--RUNNING THE GAUNTLET.
CHAPTER XXXVII.
THE EXECUTION--BUILDING THE SCAFFOLD--DOUBTS OF THE
CAMPCAPTAIN WIRZ THINKS IT IS PROBABLY A RUSE TO FORCE THE
STOCKADE--HIS PREPARATIONS AGAINST SUCH AN
ATTEMPT-ENTRANCE OF THE DOOMED ONES--THEY REALIZE THEIR FATE--ONE
MAKES A DESPERATE ATTEMPT TO ESCAPE--HIS
RECAPTURE-INTENSE EXCITEMENT--WIRZ ORDERS THE GUNS TO
OPEN-FORTUNATELY THEY DO NOT--THE SIX ARE HANGED--ONE BREAKS
HIS ROPE--SCENE WHEN THE RAIDERS ARE CUT DOWN.
CHAPTER XXXVIII.
AFTER THE EXECUTION--FORMATION OF A POLICE FORCE--ITS
FIRST CHIEF-- "SPANKING" AN OFFENDER.
CHAPTER XXXIX.JULY--THE PRISON BECOMES MORE CROWDED, THE WEATHER
HOTTER, NATIONS POORER, AND MORTALITY GREATER--SOME OF
THE PHENOMENA OF SUFFERING AND DEATH.
CHAPTER XL.
THE BATTLE OF THE 22D OF JULY--THE ARMS OF THE TENNESSEE
ASSAULTED FRONT AND REAR--DEATH OF GENERAL
MCPHERSON-ASSUMPTION OF COMMAND BY GENERAL LOGAN--RESULT OF THE
BATTLE.
CHAPTER XLI.
CLOTHING: ITS RAPID DETERIORATION, AND DEVICES TO
REPLENISH IT--DESPERATE EFFORTS TO COVER
NAKEDNESS-"LITTLE RED CAP" AND HIS LETTER.
CHAPTER XLII.
SOME FEATURES OF THE MORTALITY--PERCENTAGE OF DEATHS TO
THOSE LIVING-- AN AVERAGE MEAN ONLY STANDS THE MISERY
THREE MONTHS--DESCRIPTION OF THE PRISON AND THE CONDITION
OF THE MEN THEREIN, BY A LEADING SCIENTIFIC MAN OF THE SOUTH.
CHAPTER XLIII.
DIFFICULTY OF EXERCISING--EMBARRASSMENTS OF A MORNING
WALK--THE RIALTO OF THE PRISON--CURSING THE SOUTHERN
CONFEDERACY--THE STORY OF THE BATTLE OF SPOTTSYLVANIA
COURTHOUSE.
CHAPTER XLIV.
REBEL MUSIC--SINGULAR LACK OF THE CREATIVE POWER AMONG
THE SOUTHERNERS-- CONTRAST WITH SIMILAR PEOPLE
ELSEWHERE--THEIR FAVORITE MUSIC, AND WHERE IT WAS
BORROWED FROM--A FIFER WITH ONE TUNE.
CHAPTER XLV.
AUGUST--NEEDLES STUCK IN PUMPKIN SEEDS--SOME PHENOMENA
OF STARVATION-- RIOTING IN REMEMBERED LUXURIES.
CHAPTER XLVI.
SURLY BRITON--THE STOLID COURAGE THAT MAKES THE ENGLISH
FLAG A BANNER OF TRIUMPH--OUR COMPANY BUGLER, HIS
CHARACTERISTICS AND HIS DEATH--URGENT DEMAND FOR
MECHANICS--NONE WANT TO GO--TREATMENT OF A REBEL
SHOEMAKER-- ENLARGEMENT OF THE STOCKADE--IT IS BROKEN BY A
STORM-- THE WONDERFUL SPRING.
CHAPTER XLVII.

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