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Project Gutenberg's Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 5 of 8, by Various This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 5 of 8 A series of pen and pencil sketches of the lives of more than 200 of the most prominent personages in History Author: Various Editor: Charles F. Horne Release Date: March 30, 2009 [EBook #28455] Language: English *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK GREAT MEN AND FAMOUS WOMEN. *** Produced by Sigal Alon, Christine P. Travers and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net (This file was produced from images generously made available by The Internet Archive/Canadian Libraries) COLUMBUS BEFORE ISABELLA. GREAT MEN AND FAMOUS WOMEN A Series of Pen and Pencil Sketches of THE LIVES OF MORE THAN 200 OF THE MOST PROMINENT PERSONAGES IN HISTORY Vol. V. Copyright, 1894, BY SELMAR HESS EDITED BY CHARLES F. HORNE New-York: Selmar Hess Publisher Copyright, 1894, by Selmar Hess. CONTENTS OF VOLUME V. SUBJECT AUTHOR PAGE ÆNEAS, 12Charlotte M. Yonge, ETHAN ALLEN, Gertrude Van Rensselaer Wickham, 200 KING ARTHUR, 36Rev. S. Baring-Gould, THE CHEVALIER BAYARD, Herbert Greenhough Smith, 145 ST. BERNARD, 60Henry G. Hewlett, ROBERT BRUCE, 105Sir J. Bernard Burke, LL.D., WILLIAM CAXTON, 129 THE CID, 56Henry G. Hewlett, CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS, 131A. R. Spofford, LL.D., CAPTAIN JAMES COOK, Oliver Optic, 188 ST. FRANCIS OF ASSISI, 78George Parsons Lathrop, LL.D., FREDERICK BARBAROSSA, Lady Lamb, 65 VASCO DA GAMA, 139Judge Albion W. Tourgée, THE GRACCHI, 20James Anthony Froude, LL.D., GUSTAVUS VASA, 153Charles F. Horne, HANS GUTENBERG, 121Alphonse de Lamartine, HAROLD, KING OF ENGLAND, 54 WILLIAM HARVEY, 172 HERCULES, Charlotte M. Yonge, 1 JOHN HOWARD, 194Harriet G. Walker, JOAN OF ARC, 113Ella Wheeler Wilcox, LEIF ERICSON, Hjalmar Hjorth Boyesen, 49 ST. LOUIS, 86Henry G. Hewlett, MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS, 159Samuel L. Knapp, MARCO POLO, Noah Brooks, 92 RICHARD CŒUR DE LION, 71 ROLAND, 39 ROLLO THE GANGER, 44Hjalmar Hjorth Boyesen, SIEGFRIED, 31Karl Blind, CAPTAIN JOHN SMITH, Marion Harland, 166 PRINCE CHARLES STUART, 177Andrew Lang, LL.D., THESEUS, 5 ULYSSES, 7Charles F. Horne, SIR WILLIAM WALLACE, 100 ARNOLD VON WINKELRIED, 111 XENOPHON, 15Professor J. Pentland Mahaffy, ZENOBIA, QUEEN OF PALMYRA, Anna Jameson, 26 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS VOLUME V. PHOTOGRAVURES To face ILLUSTRATION ARTIST page COLUMBUS BEFORE ISABELLA, Vacslav BrozikFrontispiece ULYSSES DEFYING THE CYCLOPS, 10Louis-Frederic Schutzenberger THE MOTHER OF THE GRACCHI, 20Gustave Boulanger LEIF ERICSON OFF THE COAST OF VINELAND, 52O. A. Wergeland THE VISION OF ST. BERNARD, Wilhelm Bernatzik 62 THE DEATH OF BARBAROSSA, Wilhelm Beckmann 70 LOUIS IX. OPENS THE JAILS OF FRANCE, 90Luc Olivier Merson ARNOLD WINKELRIED AT SEMPACH, 112Konrad Grob JOAN OF ARC, 118Mme. Zoe-Laure de Chatillon MARY STUART AND RIZZIO, Georg Conrader 162 WOOD-ENGRAVINGS AND TYPOGRAVURES HERCULES AT THE FEET OF OMPHALE, 4J. E. Dantan TRIBUTE TO THE MINOTAUR, 6A. Gendron ZENOBIA CAPTIVE, 26H. Schmalz SIEGFRIED SLAYING THE DRAGON, K. Dielitz 32 THE RUINS OF KING ARTHUR'S CASTLE, Percy Dixon 38 ROLAND AT RONCESVALLES, 42Alphonse de Neuville ROLLO THE RANGER ATTACKS PARIS, 46Alphonse de Neuville EDITH SEARCHING FOR THE BODY OF HAROLD, 56Alphonse de Neuville THE CID ORDERING THE EXECUTION OF AHMED, Alphonse de Neuville 58 RICHARD CŒUR DE LION ON THE FIELD OF ARSUR, Gustave Doré 74 THE VISION OF ST. FRANCIS, 84Chartran THE EDUCATION OF LOUIS IX., 86Chartran GUTENBERG'S INVENTION, 126E. Hillemacher THE FIRST SHEET FROM CAXTON'S PRESS, E. H. Wehnert 130 COLUMBUS RIDICULED AT THE COUNCIL OF SALAMANCA, Nicolo Barabino 134 BAYARD TAKING LEAVE OF THE LADIES OF BRESCIA, 150Alphonse de Neuville ABDICATION OF GUSTAVUS VASA, 156Hersent CAPTAIN SMITH SAVED BY POCAHONTAS, 168Grosch HARVEY DEMONSTRATING THE CIRCULATION OF THE 176Robert Hannah BLOOD, THE FIRST MEETING OF PRINCE CHARLES WITH FLORA 184Alex. Johnstone MACDONALD, DEATH OF CAPTAIN COOK, J. Webber 192 HOWARD RELIEVING A PRISONER, F. Wheatley 198 ETHAN ALLEN AT TICONDEROGA, 204Alonzo Chappel WORKMEN AND HEROES The heights by great men reached and kept Were not attained by sudden flight, But they, while their companions slept, Were toiling upward in the night. —Longfellow. HERCULES By Charlotte M. Yonge ONE MORNING JUPITER BOASTED AMONG THE GODS IN OLYMPUS THAT A SON WOULD THAT DAY BE BORN, IN THE LINE OFHercules. PERSEUS, WHO WOULD RULE OVER ALL THE ARGIVES. JUNO WAS ANGRY AND JEALOUS AT THIS, AND, AS SHE WAS THE GODDESS WHO PRESIDED OVER THE BIRTHS OF CHILDREN, SHE CONTRIVED TO HINDER THE BIRTH OF THE CHILD HE INTENDED TILL THAT DAY WAS OVER, AND TO HASTEN THAT OF ANOTHER GRANDSON OF THE GREAT PERSEUS. THIS CHILD WAS NAMED EURYSTHEUS, AND, AS HE HAD BEEN BORN ON THE RIGHT DAY, JUPITER WAS FORCED TO LET HIM BE KING OF ARGOS, SPARTA, AND MYCENÆ, AND ALL THE DORIAN RACE; WHILE THE BOY WHOM HE HAD MEANT TO BE THE CHIEF WAS KEPT IN SUBJECTION, IN SPITE OF HAVING WONDERFUL GIFTS OF COURAGE AND strength, and a kind, generous nature, that always was ready to help the weak and sorrowful. HIS NAME WAS ALCIDES, OR HERCULES, AND HE WAS SO STRONG AT TEN MONTHS OLD THAT, WITH HIS OWN HANDS, HE STRANGLED TWO SERPENTS WHOM JUNO SENT TO DEVOUR HIM IN HIS CRADLE. HE WAS BRED UP BY CHIRON, THE CHIEF OF THE CENTAURS, A WONDROUS RACE OF BEINGS, WHO HAD HORSES' BODIES AS FAR AS THE FORELEGS, BUT WHERE THE NECK OF THE HORSE WOULD BEGIN HAD HUMAN BREASTS AND SHOULDERS, WITH ARMS AND HEADS. MOST OF THEM WERE FIERCE AND SAVAGE; BUT CHIRON WAS VERY WISE AND GOOD, AND, AS JUPITER MADE HIM IMMORTAL, HE WAS THE TEACHER OF MANY OF THE GREAT GREEK HEROES. WHEN HERCULES WAS ABOUT EIGHTEEN, TWO MAIDENS APPEARED TO HIM—ONE IN A SIMPLE WHITE DRESS, GRAVE, MODEST, AND SEEMLY; THE OTHER SCARCELY clothed BUT TRICKED OUT IN ORNAMENTS, WITH A FLUSHED FACE, AND BOLD, ROVING EYES. THE FIRST TOLD HIM THAT SHE WAS VIRTUE, AND THAT, IF HE WOULD FOLLOW HER, SHE WOULD LEAD HIM THROUGH MANY HARD TRIALS, BUT THAT HE WOULD BE GLORIOUS AT LAST, AND BE BLEST AMONG THE GODS. THE OTHER WAS VICE, AND SHE TRIED TO WILE HIM BY A SMOOTH LIFE AMONG WINE-CUPS AND DANCES AND FLOWERS AND SPORTS, ALL TO BE ENJOYED AT ONCE. BUT THE CHOICE OF HERCULES WAS VIRTUE, AND IT WAS WELL FOR HIM, FOR JUPITER, TO MAKE UP FOR JUNO'S CHEAT, HAD SWORN THAT, IF HE FULFILLED TWELVE TASKS WHICH EURYSTHEUS SHOULD PUT UPON HIM, HE SHOULD BE declared worthy of being raised to the gods at his death. EURYSTHEUS DID NOT KNOW THAT IN GIVING THESE TASKS HE WAS MAKING HIS COUSIN FULFIL HIS COURSE; BUT HE WAS AFRAID OF SUCH A MIGHTY MAN, AND HOPED THAT ONE OF THESE WOULD BE THE MEANS OF GETTING RID OF HIM. SO WHEN HE SAW HERCULES AT ARGOS, WITH A CLUB MADE OF A FOREST-TREE IN HIS HAND, AND CLAD IN THE SKIN OF A LION WHICH HE HAD SLAIN, EURYSTHEUS BADE HIM GO AND KILL A FAR MORE TERRIBLE LION, OF GIANT BROOD, AND WITH A SKIN THAT COULD NOT BE PIERCED, WHICH DWELT IN THE VALLEY OF NEMEA. THE FIGHT WAS A TERRIBLE ONE; THE LION COULD NOT BE WOUNDED, AND HERCULES WAS FORCED TO GRAPPLE WITH IT AND STRANGLE IT IN HIS ARMS. HE LOST A FINGER IN THE STRUGGLE, BUT AT LAST THE BEAST
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