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The Handy Cyclopedia of Things Worth Knowing - A Manual of Ready Reference

330 pages
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Ajouté le : 01 décembre 2010
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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Handy Cyclopedia of Things Worth Knowing, by Joseph Triemens This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at Title: The Handy Cyclopedia of Things Worth Knowing A Manual of Ready Reference Author: Joseph Triemens Release Date: December 26, 2006 [EBook #20190] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK HANDY CYCLOPEDIA *** Produced by Don Kostuch [Transcriber's Notes] This is one of the first books I remember reading as a child. Some of the items are thoughtfully written, like how to write checks. Many others are just rumors or careless opinions. Some are "racy" ads. Many articles are lead-ins to the advertisements. Whatever their truth, they are interesting reading, calculated to draw the attention of drug store customers of 1910. The text of the advertisements have been reproduced along with the accompanying graphics. Correct grammar and punctuation has been sacrificed to preserving the original format of the ads. "Mother's Remedies, Over One Thousand Tried and Tested Remedies from Mothers of the United States and Canada" (Gutenberg EText 17439) is a book for a similar audience, but without advertisements. Here are the definitions of some unfamiliar (to me) words. aperients Laxative. averment Assert formally as a fact. biliousness Peevish; irritable; cranky; extremely unpleasant or distasteful. bill of attainder Legislative determination imposing punishment without trial. bodkin Small, sharply pointed instrument to make holes in fabric or leather. carnelian Pale to deep red or reddish-brown. catarrhal Inflammation of a mucous membrane, especially of the respiratory tract, accompanied by excessive secretions. cholera morbus Acute gastroenteritis occurring in summer and autumn; symptoms are severe cramps, diarrhea, and vomiting. conspectus General or comprehensive view; survey; digest; summary. copperas Ferrous sulfate. cumulation Accumulation, heap, mass. diathesis Constitutional predisposition. disseised Dispossess unlawfully or unjustly; oust. emercement (amercement) Fine not fixed by law; inflicting an arbitrary penalty. emoluments Payment for an office or employment; compensation. Erebus Greek Mythology; the dark region of the underworld through which the dead must pass before they reach Hades. erraticism Deviating from the usual conduct or opinion; eccentric; queer. histologist One who does anatomical studies of the microscopic structure of animal and plant tissues. impecuniosity Having little or no money; penniless; poor. indurated Hardened; obstinate; unfeeling. inheres Inherent or innate. intendent Title of various government officials or administrators. Irondequoit Town of western New York on Lake Ontario and Irondequoit Bay, near Rochester. lees Sediment settling during fermentation, especially wine; dregs. luxation Displacement or misalignment of a joint or organ. Marque (letter of) Commission granted by a state to a private citizen to capture and confiscate the merchant ships of another nation. meerschaum Fine, compact, usually white clay-like mineral of hydrous magnesium silicate, H4Mg2Si3O10, used for tobacco pipes, building stone and ornamental carvings. Also called sepiolite. Orfila Mathieu Orfila (1787-1853). Chemist, founder of toxicology. pearlash Potassium carbonate. prosody Study of the metrical structure of verse. Prussian blue Dark blue crystalline hydrated compound, Fe4[Fe(CN)6]3.xH2O; ferric ferrocyanide. putrescible Liable to decay or spoil or become putrid. quassia Shrub or small tree of tropical America, Quassia amara. Prepared form of the heartwood, used as an insecticide and in medicine as a tonic to dispel intestinal worms quoits Game; player throws rings of rope or flattened metal at an upright peg, attempting to encircle it or come as close to it as possible. rotten stone Porous, lightweight, siliceous sedimentary rock; shells of diatoms or radiolarians or of finely weathered chert, used as an abrasive and a polish. saltpetre Potassium nitrate, KNO3. sciatica Pain extending from the hip down the back of the thigh and surrounding area. spatulate Shaped like a spatula; rounded like a spoon. sustension Sustaining. Tete d'armee Head of Army. theine Caffeine. towardliness Apt to learn; promising; docile; tractable; propitious; seasonable. [End Transcriber's Notes] Every Purchase Save You Money AT THE CENTRAL Save money on your Drug Store Merchandise by buying at the Central. We carry everything in Drugs Toilet Article, Rubber Goods, Sundries, Candies, Cigars, etc. You will be surprised at our low prices and quick service and pleased with our complete stocks. We carry a complete line of Burke's Home Remedies. Burke's Home Remedies are sold under the Money Back Guarantee. 3 STORES IN DETROIT CENTRAL DRUG CO. Main Store 219 Woodward Ave. Branch Stores 89 Woodward Ave. Detroit, MICH 153 Grand River Ave. The Handy Cyclopedia Of Things Worth Knowing A Manual of Ready Reference Covering Especially Such Information Of Everyday Use as is often Hardest to Find When Most Needed "Inquire Within About Everything" For alphabetical index see page 277 CHICAGO ALBERT J. DUBOIS 1911 Copyright. 1911, by Joseph Trienens TO OUR PATRONS This little book is presented to you to evidence our appreciation of your patronage. We trust you will examine its contents closely, for you will find within its covers many things that will prove entertaining, instructive and useful. It is new and up-to-date and has been expressly compiled for our patrons. Only matter of real interest and value has been included in its pages. It is a general experience that answers to those questions which arise most often in every-day life are hardest to find. Information on practical subjects is usually just beyond your reach when it is most desired. You will use this little book every day when you "want to know." It is equally valuable to all classes, men as well as women; to workers generally as well as people of leisure. It is the book for the busy housekeeper as well as the woman of fashion. We shall feel amply repaid for the painstaking labor, care and expense which we have bestowed upon this little volume if its constant utility to you more firmly cements your good will to our establishment. Just a few words about the advertisements. They are from concerns of established reputation whose products we freely recommend with full confidence that they are the best of their respective kinds. The index to the advertising section is on pages 5 and 6. Sincerely yours, THE CENTRAL DRUG CO. INDEX TO ADVERTISEMENTS For index of general contents see page Abilena Mineral Water Albany Chemical Co Aleta Hair Tonic Alexander's Asthma Remedy Allen's Cough Balsam Ankle Supports Arch Cushions Astyptodyne Athlophoros Australian Eucalyptus Globulus Oil Bath Cabinets Blair's Pills Blood Berry Gum Page facing inside back cover "Bloom of Youth," Laird's Blue Ribbon Gum Blush of Roses Bonheim's Shaving Cream Borax, Pacific Coast Borden's Malted Milk Brown's Asthma Remedy Brown's Liquid Dressing Brown's Wonder Face Cream Brown's Wonder Salve Bryans' Asthma Remedy Buffalo Lithia Springs Water Buffers, Nail Burnishine Byrud's Corn Cure Byrud's Instant Relief Cabler's (W. P.) Root Juice Calder's Dentine Carmichael's Gray Hair Restorer Carmichael's Hair Tonic Celery-Vesce Chavett Diphtheria Preventive Chavett Solace Chocolates and Bon Bons Coe's Cough Balsam Consumers Company Corsets Coupons Crane's Lotion Crown Headache Powders Daisy Fly Killer "Dead Stuck" for Bugs Delatone Dennos Food Digesto Dissolvene Rubber Garments Downs' Obesity Reducer Drosis Duponts Hair Restorative Dyspepsia Remedy, Graham's Elastic Stockings El Perfecto Veda Rose Rouge Empress Hair Color Restorer Empress Shampoo Soap Euca-Scentol Femaform Cones Golden Remedy for Epilepsy Golden Rule Hair Restorative Goodwin's Corn Salve Goodwin's Foot Powder Gowans Pneumonia Preparation Graves' (Dr.) Tooth Powder Gray's Ointment Great Western Champagne Grube's Corn Remover Guild's Asthma Cure Harvard Athletic Supports Heel Cushions Hegeman's Camphor Ice Hill's Chloride of Gold Tablets Hoag's (Dr.) Cell Tissue Tonic Hollister's Rocky Mountain Tea Hot Water Bottles Hydrox Chemical Company Hygeia Nursing Bottles I-De-Lite Irondequoit Port Wine Jetum Jucket's (Dr.) Salve Karith Kellogg's Asthma Remedy Knickerbocker Spraybrushes Kondon's Catarrhal Jelly Kumyss, Arend-Adamick Lemke's (Dr.) Golden Electric Liniment Lemke's (Dr.) Laxative Herb Tea Lemke's (Dr.) St. Johannis Drops Leslie Safety Razors Louisenbad Reduction Salt Lune de Miel Perfume "Lustr-ite" Toilet Specialties Luxtone Toilet Preparations Mando, Depilatory Manicure Goods Mares Cough Balsam Martel's (Dr.) Female Pills Marvel Syringes Mayr's Stomach Remedy "Meehan's" Razor Stropper Mey's Poultice Mixer Medicine Company Mt. Clemens Bitter Water Musterole Nardine New Bachelor Cigars Noblesse Toilet Preparations Obesity Gaveck Tablets Obesity Reducer, Downs' Olive Oil Orange Blossom Orangeine Ordway (Dr. D. P.) Plasters Oriental Cream Orthopedic Apparatus Palmer's Perfumes Paracamph Peckham's Croup Remedy Perry Davis Painkiller Physiological Tonicum Pinus Medicine Co. Piso's Remedy Planten's Capsules Plexo Toilet Cream Poland Water Pozzoni's Complexion Powder "Queen Bess" Perfume Rat-Nox Razor Stropper, "Meehan's" Razors Rex Bitters Riker's Tooth Powder Roachine Rossman's Pile Cure Saliodin Salted Peanuts Salubrin Samurai Perfumes Sandholm's Skin Lotion Sanford's Inks "Sanitas," Disinfectant Scheffler's Hair Colorine Seguin et Cie Sharp & Smith Shoes for the Lame Shoulder Braces Simplex Vaporizers Skidoo Soap Soaps, Stiefel's Medicinal Solo Rye Sorority Girl Toilet Requisites Sponges Stiefel's Medicinal Soaps St. Jacob's Oil Strong's Arnica Jelly Strong's Arnica Tooth Soap Sweet Babee Nursing Bottle Tailoring for Men Tanglefoot Fly Paper Toilet Paper Tooth Brushes Typewriters Tyrrell's Hygienic Institute Villacabras Mineral Water Virgin Oil of Pine Whittemore's Polishes Wright's Catarrhal Balm Wright's Rheumatic Remedy Young's Victoria Cream SOCIAL FORMS Manners and Customs of Good Society ETIQUETTE OF COURTSHIP AND MARRIAGE. It is a growing custom in America not to announce an engagement until the date of the marriage is approximately settled. Long engagements are irksome to both man and woman, and a man is generally not supposed to ask a girl to marry him until he is able to provide a home for her. This, however, does not prevent long friendships between young couples or a sentimental understanding growing up between them, and it is during this period that they learn to know each other and find out if they are suited for a life's partnership. When a "young man goes a-courting" it generally means that he has some particular girl in mind whom he has singled out as the object of his devotion. A man a-courting is generally on his best behavior, and many a happily married wife looks back on her courting days as the most delightful of her life. At that time the woman is the object of a devotion to which she has as yet conceded nothing. She is still at liberty to weigh and choose, to compare her lover to other men, while the knowledge that she is the ultimate girl that some man is trying to win gives her a pretty sense of self-importance and a feeling that she has come into the heritage of womanhood. Whether it is one of the fictions about courtship or not, it is generally assumed that a young woman is longer in making up her mind than is the young man. When a man finds the right girl he is pretty apt to know it, and it is his business then to start out and persuade her to his point of view. "Neither willing nor reluctant" is the attitude of the young girl. Gifts and Attention. Just what attention a man is privileged to show a young woman to whom he is not engaged, and yet to whom he wishes to express his devotion, is a point a little difficult to define. If she is a bookish girl she will be pleased with gifts of books or the suggestion that they may read the same books so they may talk them over together. She will probably feel complimented if a man discusses with her his business affairs and the problems that are interesting men in their life work. When a man begins to call often and regularly on a girl it is best to have some topic of conversation aside from personalities. When a man is led to spend more money than he can afford in entertaining a girl it is a bad preparation for matrimony. Courtship is a time when a man desires to bring gifts, and it is quite right and fitting that he should do so within reasonable limits. A girl of refined feelings does not like to accept valuable presents from a man at this period of their acquaintance. Flowers, books, music, if the girl plays or sings, and boxes of candy are always permissible offerings which neither engage the man who offers them nor the girl who receives them. This is the time when a man invites a girl to the theater, to concerts and lectures, and may offer to escort her to church. The pleasure of her society is supposed to be a full return for the trouble and expense incurred in showing these small attentions. The Claims of Companionship. A man cannot justly complain if a girl accepts similar favors from other men, for until he has proposed and been accepted he has no claim on her undivided companionship. An attitude of proprietorship on his part, particularly if it is exercised in public, is as bad manners as it is unwise, and a high-spirited girl, although she may find her feelings becoming engaged, is prone to resent it. It should be remembered that a man is free to cease his attentions, and until he has finally surrendered his liberty he should not expect her to devote all her time to him. At this period it is a wise man who makes a friend of a girl's mother, and if he does this he will generally be repaid in a twofold manner. No matter how willful a girl may be, her mother's opinion of her friends always has weight with her. Moreover, what the mother is the girl will in all probability become, and a man has no better opportunity of learning a girl's mental and moral qualities than by knowing the woman who bore and reared her. Engagement and Wedding Rings. The form and material of "the mystic ring of marriage" change but little, and innovations on the plain gold band are rarely successful. The very broad, flat band is now out of date and replaced by a much narrower ring, sufficiently thick, however, to stand the usage of a lifetime. It is generally engraved on the concealed side with the initials of the giver and the date of the marriage. The gold in the ring should be as pure as possible, and the color, which depends on the alloy used, should be unobtrusive, the pale gold being better liked now than the red gold. Many women never remove their wedding ring after it has been put on and believe it is bad luck to do so. There is but one choice for an engagement ring, a solitaire diamond, and clusters or colored stones are not considered in this connection. As after the wedding the engagement ring is used as a guard to the wedding ring, it should be as handsome as possible, and a small, pure stone is a far better choice than a more showy one that may be a little off in color or possess a flaw. Correct Form in Jewelry. On the wedding day the groom often makes the bride a wedding present of some piece of jewelry, and if this is to be worn during the ceremony it should consist of white stones in a thin gold or platinum setting, such as a pendant, bracelet or pin of pearls and diamonds. If a colored stone is preferred--and a turquoise, for instance, adds the touch of blue which is supposed to bring a bride good luck--it should be concealed inside the dress during the services. As a memento of the event a groom often presents his ushers with a scarf pin or watch or cigarette case ornamented with the initials of the bride and groom, and the bride generally makes a similar present to her bridesmaids of some dainty piece of jewelry. Whether this takes the form of a pin, bracelet or one of the novelties that up-to-date jewelers are always showing, it should be the best of its kind. Imitation stones or "silver gilt" have no place as wedding gifts. Wedding Customs. There is no time in a woman's life when ceremonies seem so important as when a wedding in the family is imminent. Whether the wedding is to be a simple home ceremony or an elaborate church affair followed by a reception, the formalities which etiquette prescribes for these functions should be carefully studied and followed. Only by doing so can there be the proper dignity, and above all the absence of confusion that should mark the most important episode in the life of a man or woman. Wedding customs have undergone some changes of late years, mostly in the direction of simplicity. Meaningless display and ostentation should be avoided, and, if a girl is marrying into a family much better endowed in worldly goods than her own, she should have no false pride in insisting on simple festivities and in preventing her family from incurring expense that they cannot afford. The entire expenses of a wedding, with the exception of the clergyman's fee and the carriage which takes the bride and groom away for their honeymoon, are met by the bride's family, and there is no worse impropriety than in allowing the groom to meet or share any of these obligations. Rather than allow this a girl would show