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The Hudson - Three Centuries of History, Romance and Invention

211 pages
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Ajouté le : 08 décembre 2010
Lecture(s) : 25
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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Hudson, by Wallace Bruce This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at Title: The Hudson Three Centuries of History, Romance and Invention Author: Wallace Bruce Release Date: February 22, 2006 [EBook #17823] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE HUDSON *** Produced by Curtis Weyant, Lesley Halamek and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at (This file was produced from images generously made available by Cornell University Digital Collections) [Transcriber's Note] THE HUDSON Three Centuries of History, Romance and Invention BY WALLACE BRUCE Centennial Edition Published by BRYANT UNION COMPANY NEW YORK COPYRIGHT 1907 BY WALLACE BRUCE CONTENTS CENTENNIAL GREETING. PAGE HISTORY, ROMANCE AND I NVENTION 9-39 10 11 12 15 16 18 19 19 20 21 23 23 24 27 28 28 30 31 34 38 39 An Open Book The Hudson and the Rhine The Half Moon Its Discovery First Description Names of the Hudson Hills and Mountains Sources of the Hudson First Settlement The West India Company Original Manors and Patents New Amsterdam The Dutch and the English New York A Page of Patriotism Sons of Liberty Greater New York Hudson River Steamboats Day Line Steamers The Old Reaches Five Divisions of the Hudson NEW YORK TO ALBANY. DESBROSSES S TREET P IER TO FORTY-S ECOND S TREET 41-43 Historic River Front A Great Panorama Statue of Liberty—Stevens Castle FORTY-S ECOND TO 41 41 42 43-48 43 45 46 46 TO ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-NINTH Weehawken, Hamilton and Burr Riverside Drive and Park Columbia University General Grant's Tomb ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-NINTH S T . Y ONKERS 49-50 49 52 56 57 58 59-96 60 61 62 63 66 67 70 72 73 74 75 77 79 80 81 82 83 84 87 88 91 92 93-94 95 97-103 98 99 100 102 Washington Heights The Palisades Island of Manhattan Spuyten Duyvel Creek Yonkers Y ONKERS TO WEST P OINT Hastings and Dobbs Ferry Tappan Zee and Piermont Irvington and "Sunnyside" Washington Irving The Headless Horseman Tarrytown and Tappan Sleepy Hollow Nyack Ossining Croton River and Reservoir Haverstraw Stony Point Peekskill Story of Captain Kidd The Highlands Dunderberg Anthony's Nose Fort Clinton and Fort Montgomery Beverley House Arnold's Flight Buttermilk Falls West Point Military Academy Plateau Buildings and Memorials Fort Putnam WEST P OINT TO NEWBURGH Northern Gate of Highlands "Undercliff" Storm King Cornwall and "Idlewild" NEWBURGH TO P OUGHKEEPSIE 104-128 104 105 106 107 109 110 113 118 119 120 121 129-146 130 130 135 136 138 142 147-168 147 149 151 152 154 156 157 158 160 160 162 163 164 165 169-172 169 170 171 173-185 173 173 176 177 Washington's Headquarters Refusing the Crown Suffering of Soldiers Cessation of Hostilities Marquis de Lafayette Centennial Celebration Fishkill Duyvel's Dans Kammer "Locust Grove" The Storm Ship Poughkeepsie P OUGHKEEPSIE TO KINGSTON Hyde Park Mount Hymettus Rhinecliff City of Kingston The Senate House The Southern Catskills KINGSTON TO CATSKILL Montgomery Place Story of Steam Navigation Robert Fulton The "Clermont" Tivoli Saugerties The Livingston Country The "Shad Industry" Germantown Man in the Mountain New York City Water Supply The Clover Reach Catskill Otis Elevating Railway CATSKILL TO HUDSON Hudson Columbia Springs Claverack and Hillsdale HUDSON TO ALBANY Athens The Ice Industry Anthony Van Corlear The Mahican Tribe The Mahicans, Delawares and Iroquois The Old Van Rensselaer House Albany 178 180 181 THE UPPER HUDSON. ALBANY TO S ARATOGA 186-191 187 189 190 191-201 192 197-201 198 199 201 202-210 202 203 204 205 206 210 Saratoga Historic Saratoga Mount McGregor S ARATOGA TO THE ADIRONDACKS Saratoga to Lake George LAKE GEORGE TO THE ADIRONDACKS Ticonderoga Bluff Point Plattsburgh and the Saranacs S OURCE OF THE HUDSON The Tahawas Club The Upper Ausable Haystack and Camp Colden The Deserted Village Indian Pass Tahawas GEOLOGY, TIDES AND CONDENSED P OINTS 211-224 211-215 215 216-224 Geological Formation The Hudson Tide Condensed Points—New York to Albany ROBERT FULTON'S "CLERMONT" 1807 [page 7] 1907—1909 CENTENNIAL GREETING Hendrick Hudson and Robert Fulton are closely associated in the history of our river, and more particularly at this time, as the dates of their achievements unite the centennial of the first successful steamer in 1807, with the tri-centennial of the discovery of the river in 1609. In fact, these three centuries of navigation, with rapidly increasing development in later years, might be graphically condensed— "Half Moon ," 1609; "Clermont," 1807 ; "Hendrick Hudson ," 1906. Singularly enough the discovery of Hendrick Hudson, and the invention of Robert Fulton are also similar in having many adverse claimants who forget the difference between attempt and accomplishment. Everyone knows that Verrazano entered the Narrows and harbor of our river in 1524, and sailed far enough to see the outline of the Palisades; that Gomez visited its mouth in 1525; Cabot still earlier in 1498; and various Norsemen, named and nameless, for several centuries before them, coasted along the shore and indenture of the "River of the Manhattoes," but failed to acquire or transmit any knowledge of the river's real course or character, and it was left for Hendrick Hudson to be its first voyager and thereby to have and to hold against all comers the glory of discovery. [page 8]
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