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The Letters of Queen Victoria : A Selection from Her Majesty's Correspondence between the Years 1837 and 1861 - Volume 3, 1854-1861

De
963 pages
The Project Gutenberg eBook, The Letters of Queen
Victoria, Volume III (of 3), 1854-1861, by Queen of Great
Britain Victoria, Edited by Arthur Christopher Benson and
Viscount Reginald Baliol Brett Esher
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with
almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or
re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org
Title: The Letters of Queen Victoria, Volume III (of 3), 1854-1861
A Selection from Her Majesty's Correspondence between the Years 1837 and 1861
Author: Queen of Great Britain Victoria
Editor: Arthur Christopher Benson and Viscount Reginald Baliol Brett Esher
Release Date: May 3, 2009 [eBook #28649]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1
***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE LETTERS OF QUEEN VICTORIA, VOLUME III (OF 3),
1854-1861***

E-text prepared by Paul Murray
and the Project Gutenberg Online Distributed Proofreading Team
(http://www.pgdp.net)

The original pageheadings have been retained, and moved to appropriate positions in the right-hand margin close to the text to which they refer, so
as not to interrupt the flow of the text.
Likewise, footnotes have been moved to the end of the appropriate letter, or the appropriate paragraph in the case of longer passages of text.
Only footnotes in longer letters or passages of text, or those that refer to earlier or later letters etc., are linked.
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The Project Gutenberg
eBook, The Letters of
Queen Victoria, Volume
III (of 3), 1854-1861, by
Queen of Great Britain
Victoria, Edited by Arthur
Christopher Benson and
Viscount Reginald Baliol
Brett Esher
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no
cost and with
almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it,
give it away or
re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg
License included
with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org
Title: The Letters of Queen Victoria, Volume III (of 3),
1854-1861
A Selection from Her Majesty's Correspondence
between the Years 1837 and 1861
Author: Queen of Great Britain Victoria
Editor: Arthur Christopher Benson and Viscount
Reginald Baliol Brett EsherRelease Date: May 3, 2009 [eBook #28649]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1
***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK
THE LETTERS OF QUEEN VICTORIA, VOLUME III
(OF 3), 1854-1861***

E-text prepared by Paul Murray
and the Project Gutenberg Online
Distributed Proofreading Team
(http://www.pgdp.net)

The original pageheadings have been retained, and m
oved to appropriate positions in the right-hand margin
close to the text to which they refer, so as not to inter
rupt the flow of the text.
Likewise, footnotes have been moved to the end of th
e appropriate letter, or the appropriate paragraph in t
he case of longer passages of text.
Only footnotes in longer letters or passages of text, or
those that refer to earlier or later letters etc., are linke
d.
Initial letters are spaced as in the original, i.e., person
al initials: spaced; academic initials: unspaced.
Index: Page numbers have been adjusted to allow for
the re-positioning of footnotes. Other obvious page numbering errors have been repaired.
The index of this three-volume work is in this volume,
with links to all three volumes; and some footnotes ar
e linked between volumes. These links are designed t
o work when the book is read on line. For information
on the downloading of all three interlinked volumes so
that the links work on your own computer, see the Tra
nscriber's Note at the end of this book. The Transcrib
er's note also contains additional information on corre
ctions made.
Links to
Volume I
Volume II


H.M. QUEEN VICTORIA, H.R.H. THE PRINCE
CONSORT, AND CHILDREN
H.M. QUEEN VICTORIA, H.R.H. THE PRINCE
CONSORT, AND CHILDREN
From the picture by F. Winterhalter at Buckingham
Palace
Frontispiece, Vol. III.
THE LETTERS OF
QUEEN VICTORIAA SELECTION FROM HER
MAJESTY'S
CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN
THE YEARS
1837 and 1861
PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY OF
HIS MAJESTY THE KING
EDITED BY ARTHUR CHRISTOPHER
BENSON, M.A.
AND VISCOUNT ESHER, G.C.V.O., K.C.B.
IN THREE VOLUMES
VOL. III.—1854-1861
LONDON
JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET, W.
1908
Copyright in Great Britain and Dependencies,
1907, by H.M. The King.
In the United States by Messrs Longmans, Green
& Co.
All rights reserved.TABLE OF
CONTENTS
P
CHAPTER XXIII A
G
1854 E
S
The Eastern Question—Attack on the Prince
—The French alliance—The Orleans family—
The Reform Bill—The Baltic command—The
British ultimatum—Departure of the Guards—
War declared—Cabinet dissensions—Austrian
interests—The Sultan—Prussian policy—Mars
hal St Arnaud—Invasion of the Principalities—
Separation of Departments—The Russian loa
n—Debates on the War—Prince Albert and th
e Emperor Napoleon—The Crimea—Battle of
the Alma—Maharajah Dhuleep Singh—Attack
on Sebastopol—Battle of Inkerman—Death of 1
Sir G. Cathcart—A hurricane—Lord John Rus -
sell and the Premiership—Miss Nightingale's 6
mission 2
CHAPTER XXIV
1855
Peace proposals—The Four Points—Offer of t
he Garter to the Premier—Sufferings of the tro
ops in the Crimea—Resignation of Lord John
—The Queen's disapproval—Lord Palmerston
as Leader—The Ministry defeated—Lord Derby sent for—Lord Palmerston and the Leadersh
ip—Lord Derby's failure—Lord Lansdowne con
sulted—Lord John sent for—Disappointment o
f Lord John—Lord Palmerston to be Premier—
Intervention of Lord Aberdeen—The new Cabi
net—The Vienna Conference—Resignation of
the Peelites—Death of the Czar—Lord Panmu
re at the War Office—Negotiations at Vienna
—Visit of the Emperor—Russia and the Black
Sea—Estimate of the Emperor—Retirement of
Canrobert—Death of Lord Raglan—General Si
mpson in command—Lord John resigns—Battl 6
e of the Tchernaya—Visit to Paris—At the tom 3
b of Bonaparte—Fall of Sebastopol—Life Peer -
ages—Prince Frederick William of Prussia—Of 1
fer to Lord Stanley—France and Austria—Visit 5
of the King of Sardinia 7
CHAPTER XXV
1856
The Conference—The Queen's determination
—Russia accepts the terms—Sardinia and the
Conference—Protection of neutrals—The Crim
ean enquiry—Incorporation of Oudh—Canning
succeeds Dalhousie—Unclouded horizon in In
dia—Future of the Principalities—Birth of the P
rince Imperial—The Princess Royal—The Trea
ty of Paris—End of the War—Garter for Lord
Palmerston—The Title of Prince Consort—Pos
ition of the Queen's husband—Retirement of L
ord Hardinge—Appointment of the Duke of Ca 1
mbridge—Lord Granville's mission—Coronatio 5
n of the Czar—A Royal proposal—Russian pro 8
crastination—Death of Lord Hardinge—The Ar -
chduke Maximilian—Affair of Neuchâtel—Deat 2h of Prince Charles of Leiningen—Dispute with 2
the United States 2
CHAPTER XXVI
1857
The China War—Position of Parties—Defeat o
f the Government—The General Election—Th
e Divorce Bill—Betrothal of Princess Charlotte
of Belgium—The Indian Mutiny—Delhi—Cawn
pore—Marriage of Princess Charlotte—Visit of 2
the Emperor Napoleon—Death of Sir Henry La 2
wrence—Condition of Lucknow—Sir Colin Cam 3
pbell—Reinforcement of Lucknow—Death of t -
he Duchesse de Nemours—Crisis in the City— 2
Future Government of India—Clemency of Lor 6
d Canning—Death of Havelock 0
CHAPTER XXVII
1858
Marriage of Princess Royal—The Orsini attent
at—The Conspiracy Bill—Resignation of the G
overnment—Lord Derby summoned—The new
Cabinet—Trial of Bernard—The Emperor and t
he Carbonari—Capture of Lucknow—Confirma
tion of the Prince of Wales—The second India
Bill—The Oudh Proclamation—Lord Ellenborou
gh's despatch—A crisis—Lord Derby's despatc
h—Lord Aberdeen consulted—Prerogative of
Dissolution—Collapse of the attack—Views of 2
Sir James Outram—Offer to Mr Gladstone—P 6
urification of the Thames—Visit to Cherbourg 1
—British Columbia—The Ionian Islands—The -
Princess Royal in Prussia The India Office—Lo 3rd Canning's Proclamation—Napoleon and Ital 0
y 6
CHAPTER XXVIII
1859
The Emperor Napoleon and M. Hübner—Attitu
de of the Pope—Northern Italy—The Queen's
first grandchild—Advice to the Emperor Napol
eon—Meeting of Parliament—The Indian force
s—The Prince of Wales at Rome—Advice to E
mperor of Austria—Mission of Lord Cowley—
Question of a Conference—The summons to
Sardinia—Revolution in the Duchies—The com
pact of Plombières—The general election—Pol
icy of the Emperor Napoleon—Meeting a new
Parliament—Question of neutrality—Debate o
n the Address—The Ministry defeated—The G
arter for Lord Derby—Lord Granville summone
d—The rival leaders—Lord Palmerston Premie
r—Offer to Mr Cobden—India pacified—Victor
y of the French—The Emperor Napoleon's app
eal—End of the War—Ascendancy of France
—Views of the Pope—Cavour's disappointmen 3
t—Meeting of the Emperors—The provisions o 0
f Villafranca—Italian policy—Sardinia and Cent 7
ral Italy—The Emperor Napoleon and Lord Pal -
merston—Invitation from President Buchanan 3
—Pro-Italian Ministers—Objections to Sir J. H 7
udson—Divorce Court reports 8
CHAPTER XXIX
1860The Emperor Napoleon's pamphlet, The Pope
and the Congress—Annexation of Savoy—Me
eting of Parliament—Sardinian designs—Mr Gl
adstone's Budget—Scene at the Tuileries—Th
e Emperor and Lord Cowley—The Swiss prote
st—Death of Prince Hohenlohe—The Indian Ci
vil Service—The Paper Duties—The Lords and
Money Bills—Mr Gladstone and resignation—T 3
he Prince of Wales's tour—The Volunteer Revi 7
ew—Flight of the King of Naples—The King's a 9
ppeal to Queen Victoria—Tour of Prince Alfred -
—Sardinia and Naples—The Empress of Austr 4
ia—Betrothal of Princess Alice—Episcopal app 1
ointments—Visit of the Empress Eugénie 9
CHAPTER XXX
1861
Conservative overtures to Lord Palmerston—Ill
ness of King of Prussia—His death—The abso
rption of Naples—Garter for new King of Pruss
ia—The Provostship of Eton—Lord John and
Garibaldi—Death
of Duchess of Kent—Bereavement—The war i
n America—Recognition of the South—Death
of Cavour—Death of Lord Campbell—The new
Foreign Office—Earldom for Lord John Russell
—Swedish politics—The Emperor Napoleon's
aims—At Frogmore—Visit to Ireland—Tranquill
ity of Ireland—The Orleans Princes—The Prus
sian Coronation—Fêtes at Berlin—The Times 4
and Prussia—Death of King of Portugal—The 2
affair of the Trent—The Compiègne interview 0
—An ultimatum—The Prince's last letter—Illne -
ss of the Prince—The Crisis—Sympathy—Ber 4
eavement—Death of Lady Canning—A noble r 7
esolve—Comfort and hope 8