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ABSTRACT Grapevine plant, Vitis vinifera, is sensitive to a large ...

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ABSTRACT. Grapevine plant, Vitis vinifera, is sensitive to a large spectrum of pathogens like downy mildew, grey mould or powdery mildew. Alternative ...

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Ajouté le : 25 avril 2012
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ABSTRACT Grapevine plant,Vitis viniferapathogens like, is sensitive to a large spectrum of downy mildew, grey mould or powdery mildew. Alternativestrategies to control grape diseases include stimulation of defenseswhich relies on the application of inducers of resistance. In this work, we study the mechanism of action of sulfated laminarin, PS3, in grapevine plants. Using grapevine cell suspensions, we demonstrate that PS3 does not induce a wide array of defense responses exceptvariation in the plasma membrane potential. However, grapevine foliar treatment with PS3 significantly reduces significantlyPlasmopara viticola infection,which is a downymildew pathogen. This resistance can be observed via microscopic approach which shows a drastic diminution of the colonization of the pathogenin plantathe inhibition of the oomycete sporulation. By complementary approaches, we and demonstrate that the efficiency of this sulfated βglucan is associated with priming of the defense responses, including salicylic acid production, callose and phenol depositions, phytoalexins synthesis and H2O2production. This work is focused on the determination of the molecular mechanisms for the establishment of the PS3induced resistance in grapevine plants againstPlasmopara viticolapharmacological approaches lead us to. Transcriptomic and identify the genes determining the induced resistance which depends on the ion channel activity and reactive oxygen species production. Key words : sulfated laminarin, grapevine, defense reponses, priming, transcriptomic, induced resistance.
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