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Evaluation of the European Advanced Materials Research Programme -EURAM- (1986-1989). Report N°33

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262 pages
*■*■ * * * Commission of the European Communities Evaluation of the European Advanced Materials Research Programme -EURAM-(1986-1989) Research evaluation - Report No. 33 EUR 11950 EN Commission of the European Communities Evaluation of the European Advanced Materials Research Programme -EURAM-(1986-1989) Authors: P. COSTA (Chairman) P. ASCARELLI F. BLOYAERT R.C. HAINES F. MEYER-KRAHMER H. WIDMARK November 1988 Published by the COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Directorate-General Telecommunications, Information Industries and Innovation Bâtiment Jean Monnet LUXEMBOURG LEGAL NOTICE Neitherthe Commission of the European Communities nor any person acting on behalf of then is responsible for the use which might be made of the following information Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1989 ISBN 92-825-9377-0 Catalogue number: CD-NA-11950-9A-C ©ECSC—EEC—EAEC Brussels . Luxembourg, 1989 Printed in Belgium TABLE OF CONTENTS Page No. INTRODUCTION VII II. EXECUTIVE SUHHARY IX English version (original) XIX Dansk Oversaettelse XXVII Deutsche Übersetzung XXXIII Ελληνικό Μετάφραση XXXIX Traducción española XLV Traduction française LV Traduzione italiana LXI Nederlandse vertaling LXVII Tradução portuguesa III. EVALUATION OF THE EURAM PROGRAMME CONTENTS Chapter Page No.
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Commission of the European Communities
Evaluation of the European
Advanced Materials Research Programme
-EURAM-
(1986-1989)
Research evaluation - Report No. 33 EUR 11950 EN Commission of the European Communities
Evaluation of the European
Advanced Materials Research Programme
-EURAM-
(1986-1989)
Authors: P. COSTA (Chairman)
P. ASCARELLI
F. BLOYAERT
R.C. HAINES
F. MEYER-KRAHMER
H. WIDMARK
November 1988 Published by the
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
Directorate-General
Telecommunications, Information Industries and Innovation
Bâtiment Jean Monnet
LUXEMBOURG
LEGAL NOTICE
Neitherthe Commission of the European Communities nor any person acting on behalf
of then is responsible for the use which might be made of the following
information
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1989
ISBN 92-825-9377-0 Catalogue number: CD-NA-11950-9A-C
©ECSC—EEC—EAEC Brussels . Luxembourg, 1989
Printed in Belgium TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page No.
INTRODUCTION
VII
II. EXECUTIVE SUHHARY
IX English version (original)
XIX Dansk Oversaettelse
XXVII Deutsche Übersetzung
XXXIII Ελληνικό Μετάφραση
XXXIX Traducción española
XLV Traduction française
LV Traduzione italiana
LXI
Nederlandse vertaling
LXVII Tradução portuguesa
III. EVALUATION OF THE EURAM PROGRAMME
CONTENTS
Chapter Page No.
I INTRODUCTION
II NEU MATERIALS
7 Summary and Comments
1 Definitions 8
9 2 Statistics
3 Some Essential Features of Neu Materials 11
4 Advanced Technologies and Widely Used Materials 13
- Some Economic Factors
III MAIN FEATURES OF EURAM
Summary and Comments 17
1 Programme Overview8
2 The Share of Highly Specific Lou-Volume Materials 20
3e Focus on Medium and Long Term Research,
uith a Strong Basic Research Content 23
III IV EURAM AND EUROPEAN INDUSTRY
Summary and Recommendations 25
1 Information Needs6
2 Techno-economic Forecasting7
3 Fixing Priorities8
4 Co-ordination and Financing9
5 EURAM Judged by Industry 30
6 Economic Evaluation of the Research Topics 31
V CO-OPERATION BETWEEN PARTNERS IN THE PROGRAMME;
EURAM AND BASIC RESEARCH
Summary and Recommendations3
1 Partnerships 34
2 Scientific and Technical Complementarities 3
3 Other Positive Effects of Co-operation5
4 EURAM and the Rôle of Thematic Excellency Networks 36
VI EURAM AND OTHER NATIONAL AND EUROPEAN PROGRAMMES
Summary and Recommendations9
1 Co-ordination with National Programmes 40
2n with Other European Programmes
VII MANAGEMENT OF THE PROGRAMME
Summary and Recommendations 43
1 Preparation of the Programme4
2 Information on EURAM
3n Concerning the European Materials
Sector and Potential Partners5
4 Project Selection
5 Time Required for the Programme Launch 48
6 Programme Follow-up; Links with Contractors 51
IV iv. APPENDICES Page NP-
I An Evaluation of the Substitution Materials Programme
1982-1985 by General Technology Systems Limited 53
II Analysis of questionnaires by Fere Consultants SARL 111
III Sectoral Analysis 145
1. Metals
2. Metal Alloys9
3. Ceramics 15
4. Composites
IV Note on the delays involved between programme launch
and contracts, prepared by Fere Consultants 163
V Terms of Reference 169 INTRODUCTION
1. AUTHORITY
The authority for the evaluation panel is contained in the
endorsement by the Council of Ministers of the Commission's
communication "A Community Plan of Action relating to the evaluation
of Community research and development" (OJ No. C.14 of 20.01.87,
p.5).
2. TERMS OF REFERENCE
The panel's detailed terms of reference are contained in Appendix V.
The main requirements were to assess:
- the quality and practical relevance of the results of the
research;
- the scientific and technical achievements of the Substitution
Materials Research Programme 1982-1985;
- the programme's contribution to the social and economic
development of the Community;
the benefits resulting from the implementation of the programme
at the Community level ;
- the management of the programme.
3. COMPOSITION OF THE PANEL
Panel members were drawn from a variety of backgrounds: industrial
managers, research scientists from industry, industrial consultants
and senior officials.
List of Panel Members
M. Paul COSTA (Chairman)
Directeur Scientifique des Matériaux
ONERA
FRANCE
M. Paolo ASCARELLI
ENI - Ricerche
ITALY
VII M. F. BLOYAERT
Ex-Directeur de Recherches, SOLVAY
BELGIUM
MR. R.C. HAINES
Manager Research and Development
Dunlop/Slazenger International Limited
UNITED KINGDOM
Dr. Frieder MEYER-KRAHMER
Leiter der Abteilung I und Τ
Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY
Dr. Henrik WIDMARK
Vice President
General Manager, Research & Development and Quality Assurance
AB SANDVIK STEEL
SWEDEN
PRESENTATION OF THE REPORT
The report is presented in three main sections:
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY:
An early version of this summary was presented as a preliminary
report in 1988. This section of the report is presented with
translations.
MAIN REPORT:
In each of the main sub-sections, the findings and recommendations
are presented first, followed by detailed comments.
APPENDICES:
This section contains detailed supporting information, data and
analyses.
VIII

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