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Annex Official Journal
of the
European Communities
No 176
May 1974
English edition Debates of the European Parliament
1974­1975 Session
Report of Proceedings
from 13 to 15 May 1974
European Centre, Luxembourg
Sitting of Monday, 13 May 1974 Contents
Resumption of session, p. 2 — Apologies for absence, p. 2 — Statement by the
President concerning the list of attendance, p. 2 — Documents received, p. 2 —
Decision on urgent procedure, p. 5 — Order of business, p. 5 — Time limits for
tabling amendments, p. 6 — Statement by the President on urgent procedure,
p. 6 — Allocation of speaking time, p. 6 — Commission statement on action taken
on the opinions of Parliament, p. 6 — Protection of the European cultural heritage,
p. 7 — Directive on the quality required of surface water intended for the abstraction
of drinking water, p. 15 — Preliminary programme of the European Economic
Community on consumer information and protection, p. 22 — Agenda for the
next sitting.
Sitting of Tuesday, 14 May 1974 34
Approvaloftheminutes,p.35—Documents received, p. 35 — QuestionTime,p.
35 — Jointdebateonoralquestions concerning Italian trade restrictions,p.40—
Seventh GeneralReportbytheCommission on the activities of theCommunities
in 1973, p.69—Agendaforthenext sitting, p. 103.
Sitting of Wednesday,15May1974104
Approval of minutes, p. 104—Report of proceedings, p. 105 — Documents JÍL U^ ·""- ^^ χ received, p. 105 — Membership of the Parliamentary Conference of the EEC­
AASM Association, p. 106 — Oral Question without debate : Protection of wild
birds, p. 106 — Economic situation in the Community, p. 108 — Directive on
"standards and protocols for the testing of medicinal products — e on
publicity for proprietary medicinal products and on package leaflets — Directive
on the colouring of medicinal products, p. 123 — Date and place of next sittings,
p. 124 — Approval of minutes, p. 125 — Adjournment of the session, p. 125. ΝΟΤΕ ΤΟ READER
Appearing at the same time as the English edition are editions in the five other official
languages of the Communities: Danish, German, French, Italian and Dutch. The
English edition contains the original texts of the interventions in English and an English
translation of those made in other languages. In these cases there are, after the name
of the speaker, the following letters, in brackets, to indicate the language spoken:
DK) for Danish, (D) for German, (F) for French, (I) for Italian and (NL) for Dutch.
The original texts of these interventions appear in the edition published in the lan­
guage spoken.
Resolutions adopted at sittings from 13 to IS. May 1974 appear in the Official
Journal of the European Communities C 62 of 30 May 1974 Sitting of Monday, 13 May 1974
SITTING OF MONDAY, 13 MAY 1974
Contents
9 1. Resumption of session 2 Communities
Adoption of resolution 15
2. Apologies forabsence2
12. Directive on the quality required of
3. Statement by the President concerning surface water intended for the ab­
straction of drinking water — Debate
the list of attendance 2 on report drawn up by Mr Premoli on
behalf of the Committee on Public
Health and the Environment: 4. Documents received2
Mr Premoli, rapporteur 15
5. Decision on urgentprocedure 5
Mr Jahn, on behalf of the Christian­
Democratic Group; Mr Scott­Hopkins, 6. Order of business:
on behalf of the European Conserv­Mr Jahn; Mr Broeksz 5
ative Group; Mr Noè; Mr Scarascia
7. Time limits fortablingamendments..6Mugnozza, Vice­President of the Com­
mission of the European Communities 17
8. Statement by thePresidenton urgent
Adoption of resolution ...... ¿....... 21 6 procedure
13. Preliminary programme of the Euro­9. Allocation of speaking time 6
pean Economic Community on con­
sumer information and protection — 10. Commission statement on action taken
Debate on report drawn up by Mr on the opinions of Parliament:
Bersanion behalf of the Committee: ■:: '..
Mr Scarascia Mugnozza, Vice­President on Economic and Monetary Affairs; '■■ "­·
of the Commission of the European
­..­. Mr Bersani, rapporteur · ·. · ·,· · ν ·'· · ·..,... ■.'­. 22' Communities
Mr Scholten, on behalf " of 'the
11. Protection of the European cultural Christian­Democratic Group; Mrs.~
heritage — Debate on report drawn Orth, on behalf of the Socialist Group;
up by Lady Elles on behalf of the Mr Laudrin, on behalf of the. Group
Committee on Cultural Affairs and of European Progressive Democrats;
Youth: Mr Cifarelli; Mr Broeksz; Mr Scarascia
Mugnozza, Vice­President of thé Com­
Lady Elles, rapporteur
mission of the European Communities;
Mr John Hill : 24 Mr Broeksz, on behalf of the Socialist
Group; Mr Premoli, on behalf of the
Adoptionofresolution 33Liberal and Allies Group; Mr Cifarelli;
Mr Scarascia Mugnozza, Vice­President
of the Commission of the European 14. Agenda for thenextsitting33 Debates of the European Parliament
heading ex 01.02 A II b) 2 of the IN THE CHAIR: MR BERKHOUWER
Common Customs Tariff
President
(Doc. 69/74).
This document had been referred to the
(The sitting was opened at 4.05 p.m.)
Committee on External Economic Rela­
tions as the committee responsible and
to the Committee on Agriculture for an President. — The sitting is open.
opinion;
the proposal from the Commission of the
1. Resumption of session
European Communities to the Council
for a regulation on the establishment of
President. — I declare resumed the session of a European vocational training centre
the European Parliament adjourned on 25 April (Doc. 70/74).
1974.
This document had been referred to the
Committee on Social Affairs and
2. Apologies for absence Employment as the committee respons­
ible and to the Committee on Budgets
and the Committee on Cultural Affairs President. — I have received apologies for
and Youth for their opinions; absence from Mr Schuijt and Mr Burgbacher
who are unable to attend this part-session.
the proposal from the Commission of the
European Communities to the Council
for a directive on the control of carnation
3. Statement by the President
leaf-rollers (Doc. 77/74).
concerning the list of attendance
This document had been referred to the
Committee on Public Health and the President. — I draw your attention to the meas­
Environment; ures which I have taken, following certain
exchanges in the enlarged Bureau, concerning
the proposal from the Commission of the
the list of attendance. I hope that the arrange­
European Communities to the Council
ments, of which I have informed all Members in
for a regulation extending the period of
writing, will prove in practice to be suitable.
validity of Council Regulation (EEC)
No 1174/68 of 30 July 1968 on the intro­
duction of a system of bracket tariffs
4. Documents received for the carriage of goods by road be­
tween Member States (Doc. 78/74).
President. — Since the session was adjourned,
I have received the following documents: This document had been referred to the
Committee on Regional Policy and
(a) from the Council of the European Com­ Transport;
munities, requests for an opinion on:
the proposal from the Commission of the
— the proposals from the Commission of
European Communities to the Council
the European Communities to the
for a regulation on the customs treat­
Council for ment applicable to goods returned to the
customs territory of the Community I. a regulation opening, allocating and
(Doc. 79/74). providing for the administration of
a Community tariff quota for 30,000
This document had been referred to the
head of heifers and cows, not intended
Committee on External Economic Rela­
for slaughter, of certain mountain
tions as the committee responsible and
breeds, falling within sub-heading ex
to the Committee on Budgets and the
01.02 A II b) 2 of the Common Cust­
Committee on Agriculture for their
oms Tariff
opinions;
II. a regulation opening, allocating and
providing for the administration of a the proposal from the Commission of the
European Communities to the Council Community tariff quota for 5,000
head of bulls, cows and heifers, not for a decision adopting a programme of
intended for slaughter, of certain research and education for the European
Atomic Energy Community on plutonium mountain breeds, falling within sub­Sitting of Monday, 13 May 1974
President
recycling in light-water reactors (indirect Customs Tariff on a number of agri­
nuclear project) — (Doc. 80/74). cultural products (Doc. 100/74).
This document had been referred to the This document had been referred to the
Committee on Agriculture as the com­Committee on Energy, Research and
Technology as the committee responsible mittee responsible and to the Committee
on External Economic Relations for its and to the Committee on Budgets for its
opinion; opinion;
(b) from the Commission of the European Com­- the proposal for a transfer of appropria­
munities: tions
— the operating accounts and financial from Chapter 98 — Provisional appro­
statements relating to the budget opera­priations not allocated to Chapter 26 —
tions for the financial year 1972 Expenditure on studies, surveys and
consultations (Doc. 81/74).
the report of the Audit Board on the
accounts for the financial year 1972, and This document had been referred to the
Committee on Budgets;
— the report of the Audit Board on the
accounts of the Euratom Supply Agency
• the proposal from the Commission of the
for the financial year 1972 of the Euro­
European Communities to the Council
pean Communities
for a regulation laying down special
(Doc. 74/74—1 to IV); measures for soya beans (Doc. 88/74).
This document had been referred to the This document had been referred to the
Committee on Budgets; Committee on Agriculture;
(c) from the committees the following reports:
the proposal from the Commission of the
European Communities to the Council — report by Mr Erwin Lange on behalf of
for a review of the long-term research the Committee on Economic and Monet­
programme (Doc. 89/74). ary Affairs on the proposal from the
Commission of the European Commun­
This document had been referred to the ities to the Council for a regulation on
Committee on Energy, Research and the importation free of Common Customs
Technology as the committee responsible Tariff duties of educational, scientific
and to the Committee on Budgets for
and cultural materials (Doc. 72/74);
its opinion;
— report by Mr Helmut Artzinger on behalf
the proposal from the Commission of the of the Committee on Budgets on the
European Communities to the Council proposal from the Commission of the
for a regulation altering the intervals at European Communities to the Council
which are fixed the standard values to for a directive amending Article 5 (2)
be used in calculating financial compen­ of the Directive of 17 July 1969 con­
sation in respect of fishery products cerning indirect taxes on the raising of
(Doc. 90/74). capital (Doc. 75/74);
This document had been referred to the — report by Mr Helmut Artzinger on behalf
Committee on Agriculture as the com­ of the Committee on Budgets on the
proposal from the Commission of the mittee responsible and to the Committee
on Budgets for its opinion; European Communities to the Council
for a third directive on taxes other than
the proposal from the Commission of the turnover taxes affecting the consumption
European Communities to the Council of manufactured tobacco (Doc. 76/74);
for a regulation modifying Regulation
— report by Mr Roger Houdet on behalf (EEC) No 1411/71 as regards the fat
of the Committee on Agriculture on the content of whole milk (Doc. 99/74).
proposal from the Commission of the
This document had been referred to the European Communities to the Council
Committee on Agriculture; for a directive on the stunning of animals
before slaughter (Doc. 82/74);
the proposal from the Commission of the
European Communities to the Council — report by Mr James Gibbons on behalf
for a regulation temporarily suspending of the Committee on Agriculture on the
the autonomous duties in the Common proposal from the Commission of the Debates of the European Parliament
President
European Communities to the Council European Communities to the Council
(Doc. 13/74 - I) for a regulation on pure­ for a regulation on the creation of a
European foundation for the improve­bred breeding animals of the bovine
species (Doc. 83/74); ment of living and working conditions
(Doc. 93/74);
report by Mr Egbert Wieldraaijer on
— report by Mr Luigi Marras on behalf of behalf of the Committee on Social
the Committee on Social Affairs and Affairs and Employment on
Employment on the communication and
— Petition No 1/73 on the proposal for the proposal from the Commission of the
an International Charter of Migrant European Communities to the Council
Workers' Rights and for a regulation on the creation of a
European foundation for the improve­
— Petition No 1/74 on the proposals for
ment of living and working conditions
a European Charter for Migrant
(Doc. 94/74);
Workers
(d) from Mr André Rossi, general rapporteur, (Doc. 84/74);
the report on the Seventh General Report
report by Miss Astrid Lulling on behalf of the Commission of the European Com­
of the Committee on Social Affairs and munities on the activities of the Commun­
Employment on the proposal from the ities in 1973 (Doc. 73/74);
Commission of the European Commun­
ities to the Council (Doc. 349/73) for a (e) from the Joint Parliamentary Committee
decision on assistance from the European of the EEC-Turkey Association the recom­
Social Fund to persons employed in the mendations adopted by this committee on
shipbuilding industry (Doc. 86/74); 28 March 1974 in Berlin (Doc. 71/74);
the report by Mr Augusto Premoli on This document had been referred to the
behalf of the Committee on Public Committee on External Economic Relations;
Health and the Environment on the pro­
( f ) the following Oral Questions: posal from the Commission of the Euro­
pean Communities to the Council for a
— Oral Questions put by Sir Douglas
directive concerning the quality required
Dodds-Parker, Mr Eisma, Mr Willi Mül­
of surface water intended for the ab­
ler, Mr Patijn, Mr Brewis and Mr Concas
straction of drinking water in the Mem­
pursuant to Rule 47A of the Rules of
ber States (Doc. 87/74);
Procedure for Question Time on 14 May
1974 (Doc. 85/74 and addendum); report by Lord Lothian on behalf of
the Committee on External Economic
— Oral Question with debate put by Mr
Relations on the recommendations adop­
Fellermaier, Mr Van der Hek and Mr
ted in Berlin on 28 March 1974 by the
Wohlfart on behalf of the Socialist
Joint Parliamentary Committee of the
Group, pursuant to Rule 47 of the Rules
EEC-Turkey Association (Doc. 91/74);
of Procedure, to the Council of the
European Communities, on Italian report by Mr Lucien Martens on behalf
Government measures (Doc. 95/74); of the Committee on Agriculture on the
amendments to the proposals from the
— Oral Question with debate put by Mr
Commission of the European Commun­
Fellermaier, Mr Van der Hek and
ities to the Council for
Mr Wohlfart on behalf of the Socialist
Group, pursuant to Rule 47 of the Rules
I. Regulations concerning the level of
of Procedure, to the Council of the
the maximum quota applicable to
European Communities, on Italian
sugar during the 1974/1975 marketing
Government measures (Doc. 96/74);
year
— Oral Question without debate, pursuant
II. A regulation supplementing Regula­ to Rule 46 of the Rules of Procedure,
tion No 1009/67/EEC on the common
put by Mr Scott-Hopkins to the Com­
organization of the market in sugar mission of the European Communities
(Doc. 92/74); on the flow of trade between Italy and
the other Member States (Doc. 97/74);
report by Mr Edgar Jahn on behalf of
— Oral Question without debate, pursuant the Committee on Public Health and the
to Rule 46 of the Rules of Procedure, Environment on the communication and
put by Mr Früh to the Commission of the the proposal from the Commission of the Sitting of Monday, 13 May 1974
President
European Communities on the recent Wednesday, 15 May 1974
measures taken by the Italian Govern­
10.00 a.m.:
ment (Doc. 98/74).
— Oral Question concerning the Dollart nature
reserve;
5. Decision on urgent procedure
— Oral Question on the protection of wild birds;
— Report by Mr Bousch on the economic policy President. — I propose that Parliament deal by
guidelines for 1974; urgent procedure with reports not submitted
within the time-limits laid down in the rules
— Report by Mr Delia Briotta on proprietary
of 11 May 1967.
medicinal products.
Are there any objections? Are there any objections?
I call Mr Jahn. That is agreed.
Mr Jahn. — (D) Mr President, ladies and gentle­
men, on behalf of the Committee on Public 6. Order of business
Health and the Environment I should like to
request that the Oral Question to be put by our
President. — The next item is the order of
committee to the Commission on the Dollart
business.
nature reserve be postponed to the next part-
session, as for reasons known to all of you the
In acocrdance with the instructions given to me
authors cannot be here on Wednesday to explain by the enlarged Bureau at its meeting of
this question, and it is obvious that they must
23 April 1974, I have drawn up a draft agenda,
be given the right to explain the various aspects which has been distributed.
of the matter.
Since then, in view of the special political
situation in various Member States, the enlarged
President. — Mr Jahn, speaking on behalf of
Bureau has, at its meeting of 7 and 8 May 1974,
the committee responsible, proposes that the
drawn up a new draft agenda, which has been
Oral Question on the Dollart nature reserve
sent to you by telegram.
should be postponed until the next part-session.
The arguments put forward by Mr Jahn in sup­
I propose therefore that Parliament adopt the
port of this are perfectly valid.
following order of business:
Are there any objections?
This afternoon: That is agreed.
I call Mr Broeksz. — Commission statement on action taken on the
opinions of Parliament;
Mr Broeksz. — (NL) Mr President, the debate
— Report by Lady Elles on the protection of the
on the Seefeld Report, drawn up on behalf of
European cultural heritage;
the Committee on Cultural Affairs and Youth,
on thee for Youth questions and the
— Report by Mr Premoli on the quality of
Youth Advisory Committee has now been post­
surface water;
poned for a second time. There is particularly
great interest in this report on the part of youth — Report by Mr Bersani on consumer protec­
organizations and international youth organiza­
tion.
tions. This was shown during negotiations in
our committee.
Tuesday, 14 May 1974
It is very disappointing for the youth organiza­
9.30 a.m. and 2.30 p.m.:
tions to see this debate postponed now for the
second time. I would be very grateful if, when
— Question Time;
you fix the agenda for the next part-session, you
would be so good as to see that this report is — Joint debate on four oral questions con­
put on the agenda and that we receive enough cerning Italian trade restrictions;
time to discuss it, since otherwise the disappoint­
— General report by Mr Rossi on the Seventh ment of these young people will doubtless con­
General Report of the Commission for 1973, tinue to grow. Debates of the European Parliament
President. — I agree with Mr Broeksz. — 10 minutes for other speakers;
— 5 minutes for speakers on amendments. We must see to it that this problem is considered
at the next part-session and given all the atten­
For debates on Oral Questions, I propose that
tion it deserves.
speaking time be allocated as follows:
Are there any further comments on the agenda?
— 10 minutes for the author;
The draft agenda is adopted.
— 5 minutes for other speakers.
Are there any objections?
7. Time limits for tabling amendments
That is agreed.
President. — As a result of the extensive altera­
tion of the agenda, the time limits originally laid 10. Commission statement on action taken on
down for tabling amendments no longer hold. the opinions of Parliament
President. — The next item is the Commission
8. Statement by the President on urgent
statement on action taken on opinions and pro­
procedure
posals put forward by the European Parliament.
I call Mr Scarascia Mugnozza, Vice-President of President. — I would remind you that the
the Commission of the European Communities. enlarged Bureau decided some time ago not to
put on the agenda any longer reports not sub­
mitted within the time-limits laid down in the Mr Scarascia Mugnozza, Vice-President of the
rules of 11 May 1967, unless there were very Commission of the European Communities. — (I)
serious grounds for adopting urgent procedure. Mr President, I have the honour to inform Par­
liament of the action taken by the Commission
As a result of this decision, several reports, on the opinions expressed by the Assembly
amongst them the report by Mr Martens, were during the last part-sessions. Firstly, with regard
postponed to the next part-session. to Mr Artzinger's report on a directive con­
cerning the harmonization of excise duties on
Although it was submitted within the prescribed
alcohol, the Commission has amended its pro­time-limits, the report by Mr Martens on the
posal, as it does not feel that it can accept tax
common organization of the market in sugar
exemption for alcohol intended for use in the
could not be dealt with at the present part-
food industry. On the other hand, it will take
session, since the Committee on External Econo­
account in its amendment of Parliament's wishes
mic Relations and the Committee on Develop­
with regard to the tax arrangements to be
ment and Cooperation, which had been asked
applied to small producers. In this way it will
to deliver opinions on the matter, had not had
be possible to maintain the tax arrangements at
sufficient time to prepare their opinions.
present existing for a certain period of time,
The Council has asked us to give an opinion on during which period the economic effects of this
provision will be carefully examined. When this this matter as soon as possible. If Parliament had
not been consulted at such a late stage, it could examination has been completed the Commis­
sion will possibly submit new proposals. At any easily have complied with this request.
rate, the amended Commission proposal on
Having consulted the interested parties, I feel harmonization of excise duties on alcohol will
that there is no justification for declaring this be forwarded to you very shortly.
report urgent and that it will cause no great
inconvenience to put it on the agenda for the
With regard to the directive concerning excise
next part-session to be held in June. duties on wines, on which a report was drawn
up by Mr Gerlach, and the directive on excise
duties on beer, on which a report was drawn up
9. Allocation of speaking time by Mr Rossi, the Commission cannot accept
Parliament's opinion and stands by its original
proposal. President. —- In accordance with the usual
practice and pursuant to Rule 31 (4) of the
With regard to the directive concerning excise
Rules of Procedure, I propose that speaking time
arrangements for mixed beverages, on which a be allocated as follows:
report was drawn up by Mr Schmidt, the Com^
:— 15 minutes for the rapporteur, and one mission, while fundamentally disagreeing with
Parliament's choice, has already withdrawn its speaker for each political group; Sitting of Monday, 13 May 1974
Scarascia Mugnozza
proposal as a result of the unfavourable opinion Committee on Cultural Affairs and Youth on
expressed by the Assembly. In another sector, the motion for a resolution submitted by
that of the creation of a European uranium Mr Premoli on behalf of the Liberal and Allies
enrichment capacity, on which a report was Group on measures to protect the European
drawn up by Mr Noè, the Commission cannot cultural heritage (Doc. 54/74).
agree with Parliament and stands by its pro­
I call Lady Elles, who has asked to present her posal. During the second April part-session of
report. the European Parliament, my colleague, Mr
Dahrendorf, outlined the Commission's position
on various points in the resolution contained in Lady Elles, rapporteur. — Mr President, the
Mr Hougardy's report on the motion for a resolu­ crisis through which Europe and Europeans are
tion on guidelines for the mutual recognition now passing is not only an economic and
of diplomas, certificates and other evidence of material but also a cultural crisis. Many have
former qualifications by virtue of Article 57 rejected the traditional cultural and spiritual
of the Treaty. I should only like to add that values, and there is a vacuum which neither the
the Commission's services are, in fact, at present European Communities nor the Member States
preparing an amended proposal which will take have so far been able to fill. One of the most
account of most of the requests made by Parlia­ important subjects which have been raised in
ment with regard to paragraphs 1 and 5 of its this comparatively new committee of the Par­
resolution. This amended proposal will be for­ liament, the Committee on Cultural Affairs and
warded to the Council at the beginning of June. Youth, has been the protection of the European
cultural heritage, and we as a committee express
With regard to Mr Schulz's report on the com­
our gratitude to Mr Hougardy and the Liberal
munication from the Commission to the Council
and Allies Group for proposing a motion for
on education in the European Communities,
a resolution drawing attention to the impoverish­
which was adopted by the Assembly, the Com­
ment of this heritage due to natural and human
mission intends to amend its proposals to take
factors.
account of some requests made by Parliament.
One of these amendments would be to include We also note with satisfaction that the Com­
in the preamble of a draft Council decision mission has responded to the needs of the­
reference to the elimination of various forms of munity by the establishment of two new admi­
social inequality, which is one of the objectives nistrative units — the Environment and Consu­
of the European education policy, and another mer Protection Department, responsible, inter
amendment would see to it that the opinions and alia, for protecting the cultural heritage, and
reports of the European Committee for Coopera­ the Cultural Problems Division. On behalf of
tion in Education were forwarded to the Com­ the committee, I have the honour, Mr President,
munity institutions. Furthermore, an annual to present this resolution to the Assembly, and
report from this committee would be included I wish to make some observations on its contents.
in the Commission's general report. However,
the Commission, for the reasons already out­ First, when defining what is meant by 'cultural
lined by my colleague Mr Dahrendorf in the heritage', we have not restricted ourselves
Assembly, cannot accept the other amendments to that contained in the UNESCO International
concerning the right of the European Parliament Convention concerning the world's cultural and
to convene the European Committee for Coopera­ natural heritage, which concerns buildings, sites
tion in Education to ask its opinion. Finally, I and monuments only; we have accepted the
should like to inform Parliament that the Com­ broader definition contained in Article 1 of the
mission has already expressed its willingness to UNESCO International Convention on the means
accept the amendments proposed by Mr Memmel of prohibiting and preventing the illicit import,
in his report on a procedure of consolidation export and transfer of ownership of cultural
and that it will therefore, within the next few property, dated November 1970. This includes
days, forward to the Council and to Parliament not only the aforementioned category but also
an amended proposal, pursuant to Article 149, property relating to history, archaeological
paragraph 2. excavations, antiquities (including inscriptions
and coins), pictures, paintings, statues, rare
manuscripts and incunabula, archives and fur­President. — I thank Mr Scarascia Mugnozza
niture. I think it is important to mention these for his statement.
in order to realize the breadth and importance
of this resolution.
11. Protection of the European cultural heritage
Secondly, the necessity for the resolution has
President. — The next item is a debate on the arisen from the evolution which is taking place
report drawn up by Lady Elles on behalf of the in our contemporary world, whether social or Debates of the European Parliament
Lady Elles
demographic, economic or industrial, commercial point out that the proposals for legislation con­
or agricultural, all of which are contributing tained in the resolution will, if implemented,
reinforce rather than overlap the work already to the deterioration if not the demolition of our
architectural heritage. Inefficient urban plan­ done by regional and international bodies. The
appropriate sections of the Council of Europe ning, the chemical effects of pollution and the
scientific and technical changes in transport, have undertaken a vast amount of work already,
which shake the structures of our more ancient and initiatives which were intended to awaken
buildings, are awakening the consciences of our the interest, pride and respect of the peoples
people to the obligation of taking positive of Europe in their common inheritance arrange
measures to prevent further deterioration. for effective action to be taken to protect and
enhance our public and private buildings and
Thirdly, these obligations entail the identifica­ to preserve the character of many old villages
tion of that part of our cultural heritage which and integrated areas. Other initiatives which we
it. is considered should be maintained and envisage being taken by Member States include
protected and of the methods, whether legal, extended powers for local and regional author­
scientific, financial or administrative, by which ities, rationalization and effective control of
these obligations should be met. The identifica­ planning procedures, the designation of conser­
tion has been left so far to Member States and vation areas and prevention of demolition of
presents little difficulty so far as those criteria historical buildings without due notice, preser­
that are of universally acknowledged import­ vation and conservation of ancient cities, towns
ance are concerned, but it does entail difficulty and villages considered in relation to their
when establishing suitable criteria applicable to adaptation to modern needs, and steps to
all the Member States in view of the diversity encourage the formation of local interest groups
and variety of their different cultures. and citizens' associations.
Fourthly, the new phenomena of our time which We consider one of the most important aspects
demand international cooperation are the traffic of the work of the Commission will be concen­
in, and theft of, works of art on a transnational tration of effort on preservation, involving con­
scale, 'whether from archaeological sites or trolled conservation and urban planning, the
museums, and the removal of important works development and application of new methods
of ärt used as bargaining counters for political of preservation, repair and protection, the
reasons. adaptation of new architecture and planning to
existing preserved buildings, the proper main­
Fifthly, one of the consequences of the Second tenance of our ancient buildings, and the
World War was the wanton destruction of some scientific, technical and artistic training of
of our most beautiful buildings, from Bologna to persons to undertake the work of preservation.
Bath, from Chartres to Cologne, and we there­
fore urge the observance of the UNESCO Con­ One aspect that we consider of vital importance
vention for the Protection of Cultural Property is the education and information of the public
in the Event of Armed Conflict, of May 1954, by concerning our cultural wealth, as it is only
which convention cultural property of univer­ by learning to respect and appreciate our pos­
sally acknowledged importance could enjoy sessions that we can expect them to be preser­
international protection for the first time. ved and respected in future. In this connection,
Incidentally, this convention has been ratified we envisage the use of all the modern means
by the Six, but on information that I have available: mass media—whether television, films
received has not so far been ratified by either or video­cassettes—seminars, lectures, cultural
the United Kingdom, Eire or Denmark, the exchanges at secondary, undergraduate and
three new members of the Communities. graduate level, an updating of presentation in
museums and the circulation Of some of the
works of art which lie unknown and unap­Sixthly, the Member States are urged to sign
preciated in the cellars of our galleries and 'and ratify the aforementioned convention of
museums, and easier access to our s and 1970 concerning illicit imports and thefts. This
museums both time­wise and financially for the ratification does not detract from the obligation
many students and specialists who take a. either of the Community or of Member States to
particular interest in our works of art. take effective measures for the protection of our
heritage.
There is a need for legislation to protect the
Seventhly, I should like to refer to the invalu­ works of writers and other creative artists from,
able work done by the Council of Europe, which exploitation and to enable artists to have a fair­
is~ evidenced by conventions and by the most reward during their lifetime for their work and
important project of the European Architectural for the protection of related intellectual pro­
Year,­to take place ih 1975. Γ would, however, perty rights, TJif type of legislation that we

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