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Atrophic rhinitis in pigs

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220 pages
Medical and biological research
Veterinary sector and animal health
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Commission of the European Communities
AGRICULTURE
Atrophic rhinitis in pigs
Report
EUR 8643 EN Commission of the European Communities
AGRICULTURE
Atrophic rhinitis in pigs
A seminar in the CEC Programme of
Coordination of Research on Animal Pathology,
held in Copenhagen, 25 and 26 May 1983
Edited by
Knud Børge Pedersen
State Veterinary Serum Laboratory
Bülowsvej 27
DK-1870 Copenhagen V., Denmark
and
N.C. Nielsen
Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University,
Bülowsvej 13
DK-1870 Copenhagen V., Denmark
Sponsored by the
Commission of the European Communities
Directorate-General for Agriculture
Coordination of Agricultural Research
1983 EUR 8643 EN Published by the
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
Directorate-General
Information Market and Innovation
Bâtiment Jean Monnet
LUXEMBOURG
LEGAL NOTICE
Neither the Commission of the European Communities nor any person acting on
behalf of then is responsible for the use which might be made of the
following information
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1983
ISBN 92-825-4053-7
Catalogue number ; CD-NK-83-009-EN-C
© ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels . Luxembourg, 1983
Printed in Belgium CONTENTS
Page
Preface VII
SESSION Is DIAGNOSIS OF THE ATROPHIC RHINITIS SYNDROME 1
ATROPHIC RHINITIS: PATHOMORPHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS
3.T. Done 3
CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS OF ATROPHIC RHINITIS
P. Schöss 13
CULTURAL AND SEROLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS OF ATROPHIC
RHINITIS IN PIGS
K.B. Pedersen 22
SESSION II: PREVALENCE AND ECONOMIC SIGNIFICANCE OF ATROPHIC
RHINITIS 3
PREVALENCE AND ECONOMIC SIGNIFICANCE OF ATROPHIC
RHINITIS
N.C. Nielsen5
ECONOMIC SIGNIFICANCE OF ATROPHIC RHINITIS IN FRANCE
M. Kobisch and F. Madec 43
ATROPHIC RHINITIS IN THE REPUBLIC OF IRELAND
P.O. O'Connor6
ATROPHIC RHINITIS IN THE NETHERLANDS
M.F. de Jong 52
ATROPHIC RHINITIS IN WEST GERMANY
P. Schöss 61
ATROPHIC RHINITIS - REPORT FROM BRITAIN
W.J. Smith5
THE PRESENT STATUS OF ATROPHIC RHINITIS (AR) IN GREECE
E.C. Simos and S.C. Kyriakis 7
III Page
75
SESSION III: INFECTIOUS FACTORS IN ATROPHIC RHINITIS
THE VIRULENCE OF BORDETELLA BRONCHISEPTICA IN ATROPHIC
RHINITIS OF PIGS
77
J.M. Rutter and Louise A. Collings
STUDIES ON BORDETELLA BRONCHISEPTICA IN ATROPHIC
RHINITIS (AR) IN PIGS
84
B. Lind, Th. Ferstl and H. Schimmelpfennig
PROTECTION AGAINST COLONIZATION OF BORDETELLA
BRONCHISEPTICA IN THE UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT OF THE PIG
89
G.A. Hansen, K.B. Pedersen and H.-J. Riising
IMPROVED MEDIA FOR THE ISOLATION OF BORDETELLA
BRONCHISEPTICA
98
0. Hommez, L.A. Devriese and F. Castryck
OCCURRENCE OF TOXIN PRODUCING STRAINS OF PASTEURELLA
MULTOCIDA AND BORDETELLA BRONCHISEPTICA IN PIG HERDS
AFFECTED WITH ATROPHIC RHINITIS AND IN UNSUSPICIOUS
HERDS
105
P. Schöss and P. Thiel
THE VIRULENCE OF PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA IN ATROPHIC
RHINITIS OF PIGS
106
J.M. Rutter
PARTIAL PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF A HEAT-LABILE
DERMONECROTIC TOXIN FROM PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA
P.J. van der Heijden, C.D.M, van Es, E.M. Kamp and
114
J.W. Pals-van Dam
121
SESSION IV: PATHOGENESIS OF ATROPHIC RHINITIS
ATROPHIC RHINITIS IN PIGS INDUCED BY A DERMONECROTIC TYPE A
STRAIN OF PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA
123
F. Elling and K.B. Pedersen
ATROPHIC RHINITIS CAUSED BY INTRANASAL OR INTRAMUSCULAR
ADMINISTRATION OF CULTURE-BROTH AND CULTURE-BROTH FILTRATES
CONTAINING AR TOXIN OF PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA
136
M.F. de Jong
THE PATHOGENESIS OF ATROPHIC RHINITIS - A NEW APPROACH
147
J.M. Rutter and A. Mackenzie
IV Page
SESSION V: NON-INFECTIOUS FACTORS IN ATROPHIC RHINITIS 149
INFECTIOUS ATROPHIC RHINITIS - NON-INFECTIOUS
DETERMINANTS
W.J. Smith 151
SESSION VI: TREATMENT AND CONTROL OF ATROPHIC RHINITIS 163
TREATMENT AND CONTROL OF ATROPHIC RHINITIS IN THE
NETHERLANDS
165
M.F. de Jong
PASSIVE PROTECTION AGAINST EXPERIMENTAL INFECTION WITH
BORDETELLA BRONCHISEPTICA: EFFICACY EVALUATION OF
7 VACCINES
177 M. Kobisch
MONITORING OF ATROPHIC RHINITIS
193 J.Τ. Done
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 201
List of Participants3 PREFACE
This publication contains the papers presented at a seminar on atro­
phic rhinitis in pigs held in Copenhagen 25th-26th May, 1983 under the
auspices of the programme for the Coordination of Agricultural Research
of the Commission of the European Communities.
Atrophic rhinitis is a classic disease in pigs, but general agreement
about its definition has not been obtained. The disease in its severe form
is economically important and continuously causes economic loss to pig pro­
duction throughout the world, especially under intensive husbandry systems.
The purpose of the seminar was to summarize available knowledge on the
disease and particularly to present recent achievements concerning its
aetiology and pathogenesis. The time seemed appropriate for bringing a
group of European research workers together in order to stimulate future
work aiming at a better understanding of the complex mechanisms behind
the development of atrophic rhinitis, which might again lead to better
strategies for control.
It is the organizers' hope that this publication, by presenting informa­
tion to a wider group of people committed to prevention and control of eco­
nomically important pig diseases, will contribute further to the achieve­
ment of the purpose of the seminar.
Sincere thanks are extended to the chairmen of the sessions: Dr. J.T.
Done, Dr. J.M. Rutter, Professor I.M. Smith, Dr. P. Schöss and Dr. M.F. de
Jong for valuable assistance during the meeting and for help with the edit­
ing of manuscripts.
Copenhagen, June 1983.
Knud Børge Pedersen N.C. Nielsen
VII