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Pierre-H. Ruel
Une épreuve collective de rythme — R/H.R.
In: Enfance. Tome 28 n°2, 1975. pp. 191-205.
Citer ce document / Cite this document :
Ruel Pierre-H. Une épreuve collective de rythme — R/H.R. In: Enfance. Tome 28 n°2, 1975. pp. 191-205.
http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/enfan_0013-7545_1975_num_28_2_2596
Résumé
Our actual tutorials led us to build an Epreuve collective de rythme (Collective Rhythm Test). It is a test
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temporal, represented graphically, be as are, be in situation of multiple choices. The test applies to
subjects, boys and girls, aged 7 to 12 years old.
The study of the test permits to bring out the metrical qualities. At the opportunity of this first study, we
were able to indicate some new constats as well as already expressed ones in anterior observations ;
also, we have formulated some hypothesis on some characteristics of rhythmical patterns and of the
rhythmical function, also on the influence of the first one in the rythmical performance. Here are some
main statements.
If it does not exist any difference between the efficiency of girls and boys, there is a very significant one
between the ages (7-8 years old; 9 years old; 10-12 years old). This fact can be observed, also, by
some difficulty index progressively more high in one group of age to another, to most of the patterns
presented. On the other hand, with the patterns of a bivalent complexity (intensity and duration), we
observe one kind uniformity of efficiency between the ages, except if the pattern is very simple, although
there is tendency to a better efficiency amongst the oldest ones. Concerning again the characteristics of
patterns, it happens that the symétrie or asymétrie quality of the rhythmical pattern does not influence
the level of diffi- quality of the rythmical pattern does not influence the level of diffistriking-groups. On the
other hand, in the situation of multiple choices, for the recognition of and audible pattern, it appears that
some characteristics of the " distractors " render more or less easy the récognitive act.
Another observation concerns the spatio-temporal situation, and their number, of the strong intensity of
the strikings. The difficulty index of one pattern would be function of these two parameters.
Finally, from our study, it is brought out that, if there is a continuum of the rhythmical function, this one
presents a character of polyvalency that manifests in the levels of different efficiency at each age. Our
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rhythm, temporal rhythm and bivalent (mixed) rhythm. In this manner, we reach a conclusion of Paul
Fraisse (28): there are many rhythmical activities that command, for their realisation, some appropriate
abilities.