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Maritime transport of goods and passengers 1997-2002

De
8 pages
3 054 million tonnes of goods handled in EU15 ports in 2002, an increase of 5% since 1997 Rio-Antirio (EL) second most important ferry link in the EU15
Transport
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Statistics
in focus
TRANSPORT
8/2004
Author Georgios Xenellis C o n t e n t s Highlights .................................. 1
Introduction ............................... 2
Transport of goods by Member States and by type of cargo ............................. 2
Transport of goods by destination ................................. 3
Maritime goods traffic by type of vessel ............................ 4
Maritime transport of passengers ................................ 5
Manuscript completed on:30.06.2004 ISSN 1562-1324 Catalogue number: KS-NZ-04-008-EN-C© European Communities, 2004
Maritime transport of goods and passengers 1997-2002
3 054 million tonnes of goods handled in EU15 ports in 2002, an increase of 5% since 1997 Rio-Antirio (EL) second most important ferry link in the EU15 z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z z Figure 1: Share of types of cargo handled (inwards and outwards) in main ports in 2002 (in % of total cargo handled) 100% 90% 80%
70% 60% 50% 40%
30%
20% 10% 0% BE DK DE EL ES FR IE IT NL LIQUID BULK GOODS DRY BULK GOODS LARGE CONTAINERS RO RO M OBILE UNITS* *Ro-Ro mobile units: roll on-roll off; either self-propelled or not. Highlights
PT
FI
SE
UK
NO
OTHER CARGO, NOT ELSEWHERE SPECIFIED
In 2002, 3 054 million tonnes of goods were handled in EU15-maritime ports. Of these, around two thirds were goods unloaded and the remaining third goods loaded. All Member States unload more than they load. With 558 million tonnes handled, the UK is the first country in 2002 in seaborne transport of goods, with a share of 18% of the total EU15 transport. The UK is followed by Italy, with a share of 15%, the Netherlands (14%) and Spain (11%). 43% of the total cargo handled in the EU in 2002, equal to 1 256 million tonnes, is made up of liquid bulk goods. At port level, Rotterdam, Antwerp, Marseille, Hamburg and Le Havre maintained their positions as the five largest EU15 ports in 2002. With the inclusion of Norwegian data, the port of Bergen ranks fifth, just behind Hamburg, but well ahead of Le Havre. The situation varies among Member States with regard to the origin/destination of the goods transported. The share of national transport is extremely low for the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and Ireland (either small countries or countries with limited shorelines), and high for Greece, the UK, Denmark, Italy and Spain. The type of vessel cargo, non-specialized dominates seaborne transport in most Member States.
405 million persons are estimated to have passed through EU15 ports in 2002. Contrarily to the transport of goods, no significant difference can be found between the numbers of passengers embarking and disembarking, due to the fact that most of the transport corresponds to the main ferry connections.
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