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Decommissioning of nuclear power plants

De
472 pages
Proceedings of a European Conference held in Luxembourg, May 22-24, 1984
Nuclear energy and safety
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DECOMMISSIONING OF
NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
Published by Graham & Trotman Ltd.
for the Commission of the European Communities The Commission of the European Communities
DECOMMISSIONING OF
NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
i. *-
v -v<- oj This conference was organized by the
Commission of the European Communities,
Directorate-General Science, Research and Development,
Nuclear Fuel Cycle Division
Brussels
PROGRAMME COMMITTEE
Members: A BERTINI
ACREGUT
WDIEFENBACHER
Β HUBER
J MARSHALL
F MOTTE
D NICOLA/ Publication arrangements
Local organization RLINSTER
Κ Η SCHALLER Scientific secretary DECOMMISSIONING OF
NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
Proceedings of a European Conference
held in Luxembourg, 22-24 May 1984
Edited by
Κ Η SCHALLER
Β HUBER
Commission of the European Communities
Directorate-General Science, Research and Development, Brussels
Published by Graham & Trotman Ltd. for the Commission of the
European Communities Published ¡η 1984 by Graham & Trotman Ltd.,
Sterling House, 66 Wilton Road, London SW1V IDE, UK
Publication arrangements by Commission of the European Communities,
Directorate-General Information Marketand Innovation, Luxembourg
EUR 9474
Copyright © 1984, ECSC, EEC, EAEC, Brussels and Luxembourg
ISBN 0 86010 558 X
Legal Notice
Neither the Commission of the European Communities, its contractors nor any person acting on their
behalf, make any warranty or representation, express or implied, with respect to the accuracy,
completeness, or usefulness of the information contained in this document, or that the use of any
information, apparatus, method or process disclosed in this document may not infringe privately
owned rights; or assume any liability with respect to the use of. or for damages resulting from the use
of any information, apparatus, method or process disclosed in this document
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or
otherwise, without the prior permission of the publishers.
Printed by Chanctonbury Press Ltd.
West Chiltington, Sussex INTRODUCTION
The European Commini ty's programne on the deccnmissioning of
nuclear power plants has the prime objective of developing effective
techniques and procedures for ensuring the protection of man and his
environment aginst the potential hazards of nuclear power plants that
have been finally shut down.
The Conmission of the European Ccnmunities organized this interna­
tional conference to present results achieved during the past five years
of the programne.
It also provided an opportunity for discussions amongst experts
from Member States of the European Camiunity and participating scien­
tists from outside the Qarmunity, on the issues and options for future
research.
The conference was limited to invited papers, presented by scien­
tists involved in European Conniunity contract studies. The topics
covered by the conference and in the proceedings are :
characterization of the radioactivity associated with nuclear power
plants that have been finally shut down;
- implications of maintaining shut-down nuclear power plants for long
periods before dismantling;
decontamination of metal and concrete surfaces for deconmissioning
purposes;
- dismantling of nuclear power plant components and structures;
conditioning and packaging of the radioactive waste arising from
the dismantling;
- systems for remotely controlled deccnmissioning operations;
- aspects related to the classification of solid deconmissioning
waste, namely measurement of very low-level radioactivity and
evaluation of radiological consequences;
nuclear power plant design features facilitating decommissioning;
experience with industrial-scale deccnmissioning operation.
The proceedings also report the discussions on the papers as well
as the results of two technical panels and of the concluding panel. ABBKEVIATICie
A-A Neyrtec Alsthom-Atlantique Neyrtec, Grenoble
ACEC Ateliers de Constructions Electriques de Charleroi
AMN Ansaldo meccanica nucleare SpA, Genova
BMFT Bundesministerium für Forschung und Technologie, Bonn
BSC British Steel Corporation, London
CEA Conmissariat à l'énergie atomique, Paris
CEC Commission of the European Communities, Brussels
CEGB Central Electricity Generating Board, London
CEN/SCK Centre d'étude de l'énergie nucléaire / Studiecentrum
voor Kernenergie, Brussels
CRFo ricerche Fiat, Orbassano (Torino)
DScW Dyckerhoff & Widmann AG, München
EES Electrowatt Engineering Services (UK) Ltd, London
ENEA Comitato nazionale per la ricerca e per lo sviluppo
dell'energia nucleare e delle energie alternative, Roma
Fiat TTG Fiat termomeccanica-nucleare e turbogas, Torino
GKSS GKSS Forschungszentrum, Geesthacht
GST Gesellschaft für Systemtechnik mbH, Essen
Imp. College Imperial College of Science and Technology, London
JRC Joint Research Centre of the Commission of the European
Communities
KEMA NV tot Keuring van Elektrotechnische Materialen, Arnhem
KGB Kernkraftwerke Gundremmingen Betriebsgesellscahft mbH
KWL Kernkraftwerk Lingen GmbH
KWH Kraftwerk Union AG, Erlangen
NIRA Nucleare italiana reattori avanzati, Genova
NIS Nuklear-Ingenieur-Service GmbH, Hanau
NNC National Nuclear Corporation Ltd, London
Noell Georg Noell GmbH, WUrzburg
NRPBl Radiological Protection Board, Chilton, Didcot
Nucleco Nucleco SpA, Milano
PREAG Preußische Elektrizitäts AG, Hannover
RWE Rheinisch-Westfälisches Elektrizitätswerk AG
Salzgitter Salzgitter AG, Salzgitter
Séri Séri Renault Ingénierie, Bois d'Arcy
Siempelkamp Siempelkamp Gießerei, GmbH & Co., Krefeld
IH Darmstadt Technische Hochschule Darmstadt
TN Transnuklear GmbH, Hanau
Transnubel Transnubel, Société belge de transports nucléaires,
Brussels
TW Taylor Woodrow Construction Ltd, Southall
U Hannover Universität Hannover
UKAEA United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, London
UK-DoE Department of the Environment, London
U Warwick University of Warwick, Coventry
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