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Pga e 1fo1 (5apegum nr bet nor foaticnoitrup esopprods)ReveBuctiygaoioldncodnEgylonori
Abstract Background: The orphan nuclear receptor NR5A1 (steroidogen ic factor-1, SF-1) is a master regulator of tissue-specific gene expr ession in reproductive and steroidogenic tissues. Two activating functions, AF-1 and AF-2, have been described to function in a cooperative manner to recruit transcriptional coactivators to the promoter re gions of NR5A1-controlled genes. Methods: The role of the NR5A1 activating functions AF-1 and AF-2 was studied in primary bovine theca cells. Bovine theca cells were in fected with recombinant adenovirus vectors over-expressing wild-type NR5A1 or NR5A1 mutants, in which one of the activati ng functions of this orphan nuclear receptor had been impaired. Under different culture conditions, thec a cell-specific transcript levels were measured by reverse transcription and real-time PCR. Results: Under culture conditions optimi zed for cell growth, transcript ional up-regulation of CYP11A1 (P450 side chain-cleavage enzyme) an d INSL3 (Insulin-like factor 3, Relaxin-like factor (RLF)) was found to be dependent on the presence of NR5A1 carrying an intact AF-2. Under conditions inducing luteal differentiation of theca cells, CYP11A1 and STAR (S teroidogenic acute regulatory protein) were up-regulated by the action of luteiniz ing hormone (LH), whereas the differ entiation-specific up-regulation of INSL3 was suppressed by LH in luteinizing theca cells. Inhibition of insulin- or IGF1- (insulin-like growth factor I) dependent signal transdu ction by the RAF1 kinase inhibitor GW5074 and the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase inhi bitor PD98059 resulted in the finding that RAF1 kinase inhibition was able to counteract the LH-dependent regulation of NR5A1-cont rolled genes, whereas inhibition of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase) pa thway did not have any significant effect. Conclusion: The regulation of the three NR5A1-cont rolled genes CYPA11, STAR, and INSL3 in luteinizing theca cells apparently is not dependent on NR5A1 activating functions AF-1 or AF-2. Activation of AF-1 here even appears to have an impairing effe ct on NR5A1 transcriptional activity, implying that up-regulation of NR5A1-controlled genes uses a differ ent pathway. Our results might be explained by the possible existence of an interconnection between the RAF1 kinase and the cyclic AMP-protein kinase A pathway. Such a non-classi cal regulatory pathway might play an important role in the control of gene expression in reproductive and steroidogenic tissues.
Published: 19 December 2006 Received: 04 October 2006 Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 2006, 4 :64 doi:10.1186/1477-7827-4-64 Accepted: 19 December 2006 This article is available from: http://www.rbej.com/content/4/1/64 © 2006 Walther et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons. org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the orig inal work is properly cited.
Bio Med Central
Address: 1 Institute for Hormone and Fertility Research, University of Hamburg, Falkenried 88 , D-20251 Hamburg, Germany, 2 School of Life Science Hamburg, University Hospit al Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany, 3 Research Unit Molecular Oncology, Clinic for General Surgery and Thoracic Surgery, Chri stian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany, 4 Allergopharma Joachim Ganzer KG, Reinbek, Germany and 5 School of Molecular and Biomedical Science, Univer sity of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia Email: Norbert Walther* - n.walther@uke.uni-hamburg.de; Martin a Jansen - tinschejansen@web.de; Wasima Akbary - wasima@gmx.de; Richard Ivell - richard.ivell@adelaide.edu.au * Corresponding author
Research Open Access Differentiation-specific action of orphan nuclear receptor NR5A1 (SF-1): transcriptional regulation in luteinizing bovine theca cells ,2 Norbert Walther* 1 , Martina Jansen 1,3 , Wasima Akbary 1,4 and Richard Ivell 1,5
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