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Diversity and species composition of ants in arid and semi-arid regions of Iran [Elektronische Ressource] / vorgelegt von Omid Paknia

168 pages
Diversiitty and species composition of ants in arid and semi-arid regions of IranDISSERTATIONfor the degree of Dr. rer. nat.in the Faculty of Natural Science of the University of Ulmsubmitted byOmid Pakniafrom TehranUlm, 2010             Diversity and species  composition of ants in arid and   semi-arid regions of Iran  DISSERTATION zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades Dr. rer. nat. der Fakultät für Naturwissenschaften der Universität Ulm vorgelegt von Omid Paknia aus Teheran Ulm 2010 AMTIERENDER DEKAN Prof. Dr. Axel Gro β ERSTGUTACHTER Prof. Dr. Elisabeth K. V. Kalko ZWEITGUTACHTER PD Dr. Martin Pfeiffer Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 17.12.
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Diversiitty and species composition
of ants in arid and semi-arid
regions of Iran
DISSERTATION
for the degree of Dr. rer. nat.
in the Faculty of Natural Science of
the University of Ulm
submitted by
Omid Paknia
from Tehran
Ulm, 2010  
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diversity and species
 
composition of ants in arid and  
 
semi-arid regions of Iran
 

DISSERTATION
zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades Dr. rer. nat.
der Fakultät für Naturwissenschaften der Universität Ulm
vorgelegt von

Omid Paknia
aus Teheran



Ulm 2010
















AMTIERENDER DEKAN Prof. Dr. Axel Gro β
ERSTGUTACHTER Prof. Dr. Elisabeth K. V. Kalko
ZWEITGUTACHTER PD Dr. Martin Pfeiffer
Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 17.12.2010

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To mom, dad, Elham, Elham, Arman and Ashwin














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Contents

1
General introduction 1
Drylands 1
Biodiversity in drylands 1
Objectives ofthis study 4
Contributions of co-authors 10
Refrnces 1
2
Desert versus steppe: Multi-scale spatial patterns in diversity of ant
communities in Iran 15
Abstract 15
Inoduion 6
Meths 18
Rsult 22
Discussion 27
Acknowledgments 32
References 33
ApdixS1 6
 
3
 Hierarchical partitioning of ant diversity: Implications for conservation of
biogeographical diversity in arid and semi-arid areas     39 
Abstract 39
Introduction 40
Methods 2
Rsult 47
Discussion 50
Acknowledgments 55
Refrnces 56
Appedix S1 9

 Apendix S2 61

4
Environmental and spatial drivers of ant species composition in a dryland
ecosystem in Iran 63
Abstract 63
Introduction 4
Methods 6
Rsults 70
Discussion 75
Conclusion 78
Acknowledgments 79
Refrnces 79
Appedix S1 82

5
Productivity, solely, does not explain species richness of ants in a dryland
habita 85
Abstract
Introduction 86
Methods 8
Results 93
Discussion 98
Acknowledgments 101
Refrnces 10

6
A preliminary checklist of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran 105
Abstract 105
Introduction
Material and Methods 105
Result 106
Discussion 110
Acknowledgments 111
vi 
 Refrnces 1
7
New records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Iran 114
Abstract 14
Introduction 1
Material and Methods 114
Result 116
Discussion 121
Acknowledgments 121
Refrnces 12

8
Two new species of genus Cataglyphis Foerster, 1850 (Hymenoptera:
Formicidae) from Iran 124
Abstract 124
Introduction
Material and Methods 124
Taxonmy 125
Acknowledgments 130
Refrnces 130

9
Synthesis 132
Refrnces 136

Summary 138
English 138
German 41
Prsia 14
General appendix 147
Acknowledgments 150
Curriculum Vitae 153
Declaration 157
vii 
 

 
 
 
 
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