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HybridMDSD: multi domain engineering with model-driven software development using ontological foundations [Elektronische Ressource] / eingereicht von Henrik Lochmann

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264 pages
HybridMDSD: Multi-Domain Engineeringwith Model-Driven Software Developmentusing Ontological FoundationsDissertationzur Erlangung des akademischen GradesDoktoringenieur (Dr.-Ing.)vorgelegt an derTechnischen Universität DresdenFakultät Informatikeingereicht vonDipl.-Medien-Inf. Henrik Lochmanngeboren am 4. Januar 1981 in BerlinGutachter:Prof. Dr. rer. nat. habil. Uwe Aßmann, Technische Universität DresdenAssociate Professor Kasper Østerbye, IT University of CopenhagenTag der Verteidigung: 21.12.2009Dresden, im Februar 2010ConfirmationI confirm that I independently prepared this thesis with the titleHybridMDSD: Multi-Domain Engineering with Model-Driven Software Development usingOntological Foundationsand that I used only the references and auxiliary means indicated in the thesis.Dresden, February 25, 2010Dipl.-Medien-Inf. Henrik LochmannviAcknowledgmentsFirstandforemostawouldliketothankmysupervisorprofessorUweAßmannforhismotivation,constructive criticism, and his belief in my work. Once he was convinced by the topic, Uwe wasa great sparring partner and excellent quality gate. Also, I would like to thank my secondreviewer professor Kasper Østerbye, who proved to be very flexible in a tight schedule towardsthe submission deadline.I thank my employer the SAP AG, which even enabled me to write a PhD thesis in context itsPhD programm.
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HybridMDSD: Multi-Domain Engineering
with Model-Driven Software Development
using Ontological Foundations
Dissertation
zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades
Doktoringenieur (Dr.-Ing.)
vorgelegt an der
Technischen Universität Dresden
Fakultät Informatik
eingereicht von
Dipl.-Medien-Inf. Henrik Lochmann
geboren am 4. Januar 1981 in Berlin
Gutachter:
Prof. Dr. rer. nat. habil. Uwe Aßmann, Technische Universität Dresden
Associate Professor Kasper Østerbye, IT University of Copenhagen
Tag der Verteidigung: 21.12.2009
Dresden, im Februar 2010Confirmation
I confirm that I independently prepared this thesis with the title
HybridMDSD: Multi-Domain Engineering with Model-Driven Software Development using
Ontological Foundations
and that I used only the references and auxiliary means indicated in the thesis.
Dresden, February 25, 2010
Dipl.-Medien-Inf. Henrik LochmannviAcknowledgments
FirstandforemostawouldliketothankmysupervisorprofessorUweAßmannforhismotivation,
constructive criticism, and his belief in my work. Once he was convinced by the topic, Uwe was
a great sparring partner and excellent quality gate. Also, I would like to thank my second
reviewer professor Kasper Østerbye, who proved to be very flexible in a tight schedule towards
the submission deadline.
I thank my employer the SAP AG, which even enabled me to write a PhD thesis in context its
PhD programm. As research associate in the german research project feasiPLe and participant
in company-internal projects, I got a valuable insight into professional practice and challenges
of large scale software engineering. I owe a great debt to my colleagues at SAP, especially Falk
Hartmann, Patrick Wustmann, Steffen Göbel, and Kay Kadner, who never let me down when a
topic needed to be discussed.
A very important source of criticism, constructive comments, and fruitful discussions were the
irregular and regular meetings with the colleagues from the chair of software technology at TU
Dresden. Their professional competence in diverse areas of technical and non-technical expertise
helped a lot to create visions and reveal immature ideas. I thank all of you for your support.
Vital parts of this thesis were contributed by the diploma thesis students Matthias Bräuer,
Manuel Zabelt, and Christian Hermann, who worked under my supervision. I had a lot of fun
in our joint work and publications. I especially thank Matthias for his exemplary accuracy,
unrestricted commitment, and brilliant mind, which brought forward the project significantly.
Thanks Florian Heidenreich, Björn Larsson, and Karin Fetzer for the invaluable comments on
the written text. Your advices revealed logical inconsistencies, complicated verbalization, and
inappropriate respresentations, and improved the quality of this thesis significantly.
Last but not least, special thanks go to my brother and my parents, who did not get tired in
supporting me and always formed an indispensable backbone for my enthusiasm and endurance.
Henrik Lochmann
Dresden, February 2010viiiAbstract
Softwaredevelopmentisacomplextask. Executableapplicationscompriseamutlitudeofdiverse
components that are developed with various frameworks, libraries, or communication platforms.
The technical complexity in development retains resources, hampers efficient problem solving,
and thus increases the overall cost of software production. Another significant challenge in
market-driven software engineering is the variety of customer needs. It necessitates a maximum
of flexibility in software implementations to facilitate the deployment of different products that
are based on one single core.
Toreducetechnicalcomplexity, theparadigmof Model-Driven Software Development (MDSD)
facilitates the abstract specification of software based on modeling languages. Corresponding
models are used to generate actual programming code without the need for creating manually
written, error-prone assets. Modeling languages that are tailored towards a particular domain
are called domain-specific languages (DSLs). Domain-specific modeling (DSM) approximates
technical solutions with intentional problems and fosters the unfolding of specialized expertise.
To cope with feature diversity in applications, the Software Product Line Engineering (SPLE)
community provides means for the management of variability in software products, such as
feature models and appropriate tools for mapping features to implementation assets.
Model-driven development, domain-specific modeling, and the dedicated management of
variability in SPLE are vital for the success of software enterprises. Yet, these paradigms exist in
isolation and need to be integrated in order to exhaust the advantages of every single approach.
In this thesis, we propose a way to do so.
We introduce the paradigm of Multi-Domain Engineering (MDE) which means model-driven
development with multiple domain-specific languages in variability-intensive scenarios. MDE
strongly emphasize the advantages of MDSD with multiple DSLs as a neccessity for efficiency
in software development and treats the paradigm of SPLE as indispensable means to achieve a
maximum degree of reuse and flexibility. We present HybridMDSD as our solution approach to
implement the MDE paradigm.
The core idea of HybidMDSD is to capture the semantics of particular DSLs based on properly
defined semantics for software models contained in a central upper ontology. Then, the
resulting semantic foundation can be used to establish references between arbitrary domain-specific
models (DSMs) and sophisticated instance level reasoning ensures integrity and allows to handle
partiucular change adaptation scenarios. Moreover, we present an approach to automatically
generate composition code that integrates generated assets from separate DSLs. All necessary
development tasks are arranged in a comprehensive development process. Finally, we validate
the introduced approach with a profound prototypical implementation and an industrial-scale
case study.x