//img.uscri.be/pth/5109c00e7de0d5a9bdfa01b868eedb06a8e661c6
La lecture en ligne est gratuite
Le téléchargement nécessite un accès à la bibliothèque YouScribe
Tout savoir sur nos offres
Télécharger Lire

Grid connected wind turbines

De
140 pages
Proceedings of a contractors' meeting on wind demonstration projects, held in Alghero, Italy, 11-12 June 1987
Energy research
Renewable sources of energy
Voir plus Voir moins

Vous aimerez aussi

f>
co^
1 I
Jitedby
.NAC FAIREGRID-CONNECTED WIND TURBINESProceedings ofof aa contractors'contractors' meeting onon windwind demonstrationdemonstration projects, organisedorganised byby
the Commission of the European Communities, Directorate-Generalfor Energy, held
in Alghero, Italy, 11-12 June 1987GRID-CONNECTED
WIND TURBINES
EditedEdited byby
H. NACFAIRE
Commission of the European Communities, Brussels, Belgium
ELSEVIER APPLIED SCIENCE
LONDON andand NEWNEW YORKYORKELSEVIER APPLIEDAPPLIED SCIENCESCIENCE PUBLISHERSPUBLISHERS LTDLTD
Crown House, Linton Road, Barking, Essex IG11 8JU, England
Sole Distributor in the USA and Canada
ELSEVIER SCIENCE PUBLISHING CO., INC.
52 Vanderbilt Avenue, New York, NY 10017, USA
WITHWITH 99 TABLESTABLES ANDAND 6464 ILLUSTRATIONS
g) ECSC, EEC, EAEC, BRUSSELS AND LUXEMBOURG, 1988
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
Grid connected wind turbines.
1. Electricity supply. Large wind turbine
generatorsgenerators
I.I. Nacfaire,Nacfaire, H.H.
621.31'2136
ISBN 1-85166-185-9
LibraryLibrary ofof Congress CIPCIP datadata appliedapplied forfor
Publication arrangements by Commission of the European Communities, Directorate-General
Telecommunications, Information Industries and Innovation, Luxembourg
EUR 11241
LEGALLEGAL NOTICE
Neither thethe Commission ofof thethe EuropeanEuropean CommunitiesCommunities nornor anyany personperson actingacting onon behalfbehalf ofof thethe
Commission is responsible for the use which might be made of the following information.
No responsibility is assumed by the Publisher for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a
matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods,
products, instructions or ideas contained in the material herein.
Special regulations for readers in the USA
This publication has been registered with the Copyright Clearance Center Inc. (CCC), Salem,
Massachusetts. Information can be obtained from the CCC about conditions under which photocopies
of parts of this publication may be made in the USA. All other copyright questions, including
photocopying outside the USA, should be referred to the publisher.
AllAll rightsrights reserved. NoNo partpart ofof thisthis publication maymay bebe reproduced,reproduced, storedstored inin aa retrievalretrieval system, oror
transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of the publisher.
Printed in Great Britain by Gatliard (Printers) Ltd, Great YarmouthPREFACE
TheThe presentpresent publicationpublication givesgives anan overview ofof Community demonstration
projectsprojects onon "Grid-Connected WindWind Turbines" presentedpresented duringduring aa contractors'
meeting held in Sardinia (Italy) on 11th and 12th June 1987.
Most of the wind demonstration projects have now reached the stage
where the majority of the problems associated with design and installation
have been overcome and the first results are being monitored.
TheThe meetingmeeting waswas organized withwith thethe kindkind collaborationcollaboration andand supportsupport ofof
ENEL, ENEA and Aer Italia and took place at the ENEL Information Centre at
Alta Nurra. After the meeting, a visit to the wind machines in Sardinia
was organized.
The objectives of this contractors' meeting were:
-- toto assessassess thethe statestate ofof advancementadvancement ofof thethe projectsprojects
-- toto shareshare thethe experienceexperience gainedgained byby contractorscontractors
- to encourage cooperation between manufacturers
- to inform utilities of the state of the art
- to stimulate the replication of successful projects.
Fifteen projects were presented and the meeting was attended by 56
participants,participants, includingincluding representatives ofof mostmost public utilitiesutilities ofof thethe
EuropeanEuropean Community.Community. AA presentation ofof thethe installation ofof aa verticalvertical axisaxis
wind turbine, by TEMA in cooperation with VAWT Ltd., was also included in
the programme.
The meeting was opened by Dr. Piero Maria PELLO' , Board Member of
ENEL, by Dr. Corrado CORVI, Board Member of ENEA, Chairman of Italian
ISIS,ISIS, whowho welcomedwelcomed thethe participants onon behalf ofof ENEAENEA andand ENELENEL andand byby Dr.Dr.
MichaelMichael DAVIS,DAVIS, Director,Director, whowho gave, onon behalf ofof thethe CommissionCommission ofof thethe
European Communities, a short description of the demonstration programme
of the Directorate-General for Energy.
Many valuable and useful conclusions have been drawn from the Wind
Demonstration Programme, which started in 1983. Most of these are
mentionedmentioned atat thethe endend ofof thisthis publication.publication. TheThe publicationpublication alsoalso
demonstratesdemonstrates thethe developmentdevelopment ofof windwind energy inin thethe Community,Community, andand thethe
interest in this very promising source of energy.
I take this opportunity to thank all participants and the Italian
organizations for their support and their contributions to the success of
this meeting.
H. NACFAIRE
Coordinator for Wind Energy
Demonstration ProgrammeVII
CONTENTSCONTENTS
Preface
44/83 - DK
The Masned0 wind farm
K. MORTENSEN and C. SKAMRIS, ELKRAFT Power Company Ltd,
Copenhagen
127/83127/83 -- UKUK
TheThe demonstration ofof aa 1717 metre diameterdiameter verticalvertical axisaxis windwind
turbine
I.D. MAYS, C.A. MORGAN, Vertical Axis Wind Turbines Limited;
A. McDONNELL, Davidson (UK) Limited 12
154/83 - NL
DevelopmentDevelopment andand productionproduction ofof aa cost-effective 11 MWMW windturbine
P.C.P.C. HENSING,HENSING, StorkStork FDO-WESFDO-WES BV;BV; A.A. VANVAN DERDER STEEN,STEEN, ProvinciaalProvinciaal
Electriciteitsbedrijf van Noord-Holland
289/83 - 05/84 - UK
Realisation and demonstration of the Wind Energy Group Ltd.' s
wind turbine of 200 kW rating
28P.L.P.L. RENDALL,RENDALL, WindWind EnergyEnergy Group Ltd.Ltd.
370/83 - HE
Mykonos island wind project
36J.L. TSIPOURIDIS, PPC DEME
403/83 - HE
Karpathos islandisland windwind projectproject
4444
G.G. VERGOS,VERGOS, J.J. TSIPOURIDISTSIPOURIDIS andand A.A. ANDROUTSOS,ANDROUTSOS, PPCPPC DEMEDEME
301/84 - FR
Connection of a 100 kW wind turbine to the Irish network
49
C. LAFON, Société Ratier-Figeac
442/84 -- ITIT
M30M30 projectproject development
53E. DALPANE and D. COMAND, Riva Calzoni SpA
476/84 - UK
The Shetland wind demonstration project
G.A. ANDERSON, North of Scotland Hydro-Electric Board;
63D.D. PASSEY,PASSEY, JamesJames Howden && CoCo Ltd.Ltd.612/84 -- DEDE
Flair - Development and testing of a 200 kW WEC
S. G. DUTTING, Messerschmitt-Bblkow-Blohm GmbH, Energy and
Process Technology 73
683/84 - IT
AA windwind energyenergy conversionconversion systemsystem forfor production ofof electricityelectricity
forfor aa purificationpurification plantplant inin thethe industrialindustrial areaarea ofof VillacidroVillacidro
C. BERNARDINI and P.G. MURA, Institute of Technical Physics,
Cagliari University 80
704/84 - IT
MEDIT - A wind turbine generator optimized for Mediterranean
sitessites
G.G. SORLI,SORLI, C.C. GARAVASO, Aeritalia,Aeritalia, SocietàSocietà AerospazialeAerospaziale
Italiana 87
321/85 - NL
Wind turbines with hydraulic transmission
J. KLAVER, Bohemen Energy Systems 97
338/85 -- NLNL
The Bouma wind turbine project
R.C. M0MMENH0F, Bouma Windenergie bv 105
Wind energy converter Tema 2
P.P. VERRECCHIA,VERRECCHIA, TemaTema SpASpA 112112
CONCLUDING REMARKS
E.H. LYSEN, Wind Energy Consultant to the EC (DG XVII) 121
LIST OF PARTICIPANTS 123
INDEX OF AUTHORS 127