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MIRROR-BASED AND FIELD-REVERSED APPROACHES TO MAGNETIC FUSION: Volume 2

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EUR 8961 EN
INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF PLASMA PHYSICS
Course on
MIRROR-BASED
AND FIELD-REVERSED
APPROACHES
TO MAGNETIC FUSION
Volume II
Villa Monastero - Varenna - Italy
September 7-17, 1983
Produced for the
INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF PLASMA PHYSICS by
Monotypia Franchi, Citta di Castello (Perugia) Italy MIRROR-BASED AND FIELD-REVERSED
APPROACHES TO MAGNETIC FUSION P. CALDIROLA DIRECTOR OF THE INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL
DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS, UNIVERSITY OF PLASMA PHYSICS
OF MILAN, and
EURATOM-CNR ASSOCIATION, ITALY
E. SINDONI SCIENTIFIC SECRETARY OF THE
DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS, UNIVERSITY INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF PLASMA
OF MILAN, ITALY PHYSICS
ORGANIZING COMMITTEE OF THE COURSE AND WORKSHOP ON MIRROR-BASED AND
FIELD-REVERSED APPROACHES TO MAGNETIC FUSION
R.F. POST DIRECTORS OF THE COURSE
LLNL, LIVERMORE, USA AND WORKSHOP
D.D. RYUTOV
INP, NOVOSIBIRSK, USSR
D.E. BALDWIN SCIENTIFIC SECRETARIES OF THE
LLNL, LIVERMORE, USA COURSE AND WORKSHOP
W. ELLIS
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY,
WASHINGTON, USA
T. KAWABE
UNIVERSITY OF TSUKUBA, JAPAN
D.A. PANOV
KURCHATOV INSTITUTE MOSCOW, USSR
R. POZZOLI and E. SINDONI
UNIVERSITY OF MILAN, ITALY
G.G. LEOTTA COORDINATOR OF THE EDITORIAL BOARD
CEC, BRUSSELS, BELGIUM
The September 1983 Varenna International School of Plasma Physics was co-sponsored by:
Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Milano, Italy
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Italy
Commission of the European Communities (CEC-EURATOM), Brussels, Belgium
Regione Lombardia, Italy
Comitato Nazionale per la Ricerca e lo Sviluppo dell'Energia Nucleare
e delle Energie Alternative (ENEA), Italy.
Comunita Montana Valsassina, Italy
Camera di Commercio di Como, Italy.
Cassa di Risparmio delle Provincie Lombarde, Italy
Gilardoni S.p.A., Mandello del Lario (Como), Italy
We wish to acknowledge the U.S. Department of Energy's support of the U.S. lecturers attending the
Varenna Course and Workshop.
Printing and publication of this 3-volume set of Proceedings were financed partly by its sale and partly by
EURATOM. We sincerely thank all those who came to our help. INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF PLASMA PHYSICS, VARENNA (COMO) ITALY
MIRROR-BASED AND FIELD-REVERSED
APPROACHES TO MAGNETIC FUSION
PROCEEDINGS OF THE
COURSE HELD AT VARENNA (COMO) ITALY
7-17 September 1983
(In two volumes)
Volume 2
Edited by
R.F. POST and D.E. BALDWIN
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA
D.D. RYUTOV
Institute of Nuclear Physics,
Siberian Division of the USSR Academy of Sciences,
Novosibirsk, USSR
H.A.B. BODIN
Culham Laboratory, Abingdon, UK
T. KAWABE
University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
R. POZZOLI and E. SINDONI
Department of Physics, University of Milan, Italy
G.G. LEOTTA
Commission of the European Communities
DG XII - Fusion Programme, Brussels, Belgium
produced for the
INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF PLASMA PHYSICS by
Monotypia Franchi, Citta di Castello (Perugia) Italy Manuscript completed July 1984
Copyright © 1983 INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF PLASMA PHYSICS, Varenna, Italy.
EUR 8961 EN
ECSC-EEC-EAEC (Euratom), Brussels and Luxembourg, 1983.
Euro Abstracts Cataloguing
COURSE on MIRROR-BASED AND FIELD-REVERSED
APPROACHES TO MAGNETIC FUSION - Vol. 2
1. International School to update the progress reached in various approaches to control­
led fusion research by systems based on mirrors, reversed-field pinches, spheromaks
and bumpy tori throughout the world till September 1983.
2. Advances in heating strategy for mirror devices.
3. Reactor studies based on mirror, EBT and RFP devices.
4. Plasmas (Fully Ionized Gases).
5. POST, R.F., et al., Proceedings of the Course of the INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF
PLASMA PHYSICS, Varenna (Como), Italy, 7-17 September 1983. Vols. 1 and 2.
Proceedings of the COURSE, held in Varenna (Como) Italy, produced for the Internation­
al School of Plasma Physics by Monotypia Franchi, Citta di Castello (Perugia) Italy.
Acknowledgements
The Editorial Board of these Proceedings wishes to thank MONOTYPIA FRANCHI of
Santa Lucia di Citta di Castello (Perugia) Italy, for their excellent work in preparing the
manuscripts for publication and in composing the mathematical parts of certain texts.
Linguistic and Editing Consultant: J.P. CARNIHAN, Rue des Chevaliers, 4
1050 Brussels, Belgium.
Legal Notice
Neither the International School of Plasma Physics, Varenna, nor any person acting on
behalf of thell is responsible for any use which might be made of the
following information.
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
No part of this book may be reproduced in any form, by photostat, microfilm, or any other
means, without written permission from the International School.
Printed in Italy, - October 1984 CONTENTS of Vol. 2 - COURSE
MIRRORS and ROTATING PLASMAS
Page
G. V. Stupakov MHU Stability of Plasma Flow in Open
Traps 391
D. A. Panov OGRA-4 Single Cell min-B Mirror Trap 409
V. V. Arsenin Axisymmetric Tandem Mirrors 419
V. G. Dudnikov AMBAL Diagnostics 435
V. I. Volosov Some Comparisons between the Rotating
Plasma Traps and the Ambipolar Trap 45
M. Yamada and the S-l Group at Recent Progress of Spheromak
PPPL: R. Ellis, Jr., H. P. Furth, Experiments 463
G. Hart, A. Janos, S. Jardin,
D. McNeill, C. Munson, S. Paul,
C. Skinner and F. Wysocki
REVERSED-FIELD PINCH
J. N. DiMarco Introduction to the Reversed-Field Pinch 487
J. B. Taylor Reversed-Field Pinch Theory 501
VII S. Ortolani Equilibrium and Stability Properties of
Reversed-Field Pinch Configurations.. 513
H. A. B. Bodin
RFP Experiments: General 541
M. G. Rusbridge
Fluctuations in the RFP and the Tangled
Discharge Model 579
A. Buffa and G. Malesani The Padova Reversed-Field Pinch Ex­
Presented by A. Buffa periments 593
H. A. B. Bodin RFP Experiments: Results from
HBTX-1A 62
T. Tamano, T. Carlstrom, C. Chu, Studies of Self-Reversed-Field Pinch
R. Goforth, G. Jackson, R. La Haye, Plasmas in OHTE 653
T. Ohkawa, M. Schaffer and
P. Taylor
Presented by T. Tamano
J. N. DiMarco The ZT-40M Experiment 681
K. Ogawa, Y. Maejima, Experimental Results of Reversed-Field
T. Shimada, Y. Hirano, Pinch on ETL-TPE-1(R)M in High
P G. Carolan, C. W. Gowers Current Density Operation 705
and Y. Kondoh
Presented by K. Ogawa
H. Ikegami, M. Fujiwara, Experimental Studies on Plasma Con­
T. Kamimura, H. Iguchi, finement in the Nagoya Bumpy Torus 743
T. Shoji, M. Hosokawa, M. Tanaka,
K. Takasugi, F. Tsuboi,
H. Tsuchidate, and A. Tsushima
Presented by H. Ikegami
REACTOR STUDIES
J. N. DiMarco Compact Reversed-Field Pinch Reactor.. 767
D. W. Swain The EBT Concept: Status and Reactor
Potential 777
VIII