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Primate Anti-Predator Strategies

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Since the 1960s, primatologists have recognized the impact of predation on the evolution of morphology, the social systems and cognitive behavior of monkeys and apes, but few studies considered its impact on the prosimians - lemurs, lorises, galagos and tarsiers. This comprehensive volume, written by experts in the field, narrows this gap by highlighting the effect of predation on the order Primates in general. Theoretical approaches to understanding how primates perceive predation threat, as well as proximate and ultimate causes to address threat and attack, are considered across the primate order. Although this volume concentrates on the least known group in this theoretical area - the prosimians - contributions by researchers on numerous primate taxa across four major geographical regions make this a novel and exciting contribution to students interested in primate evolution and ecology.

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Contents
Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Acknowledgments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
List of Contributors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part 1 Predation Theory
1 Predation and Primate Cognitive Evolution Klaus Zuberbühler. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 Predation on Primates: A Biogeographical Analysis D. Hart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part 2 AntiPredator Strategies of Nocturnal Primates
3 Primates and Other Prey in the Seasonally Variable Diet ofCryptoproctaferox in the Dry Deciduous Forest of Western Madagascar Luke Dollar, Jörg U. Ganzhorn, and Steven M. Goodman. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4 Predation on Lemurs in the Rainforest of Madagascar by Multiple Predator Species: Observations and Experiments Sarah M. Karpanty and Patricia C. Wright. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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5 Predation, Communication, and Cognition in Lemurs Marina Scheumann, Andriatahiana Rabesandratana, and Elke Zimmermann. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
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6 A Consideration of Leaping Locomotion as a Means of Predator Avoidance in Prosimian Primates Robin Huw Crompton and William Irvin Sellers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7 AntiPredator Strategies of Cathemeral Primates: Dealing with Predators of the Day and the Night Ian C. Colquhoun. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8 Moonlight and Behavior in Nocturnal and Cathemeral Primates, EspeciallyLepilemur leucopus: Illuminating Possible AntiPredator Efforts Leanne T. Nash. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9 A Comparison of Calling Patterns in Two Nocturnal Primates, Otolemur crassicaudatusandGalago moholias a Guide to Predation Risk Simon K. Bearder. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10 Predator Defense by Slender Lorises and Pottos K. AnneIsola Nekaris, Elizabeth R. Pimley, and Kelly M. Ablard. . . . . . . .
11 The Response of Spectral Tarsiers Toward Avian and Terrestrial Predators Sharon L. Gursky. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12 Talking Defensively, a Dual Use for the Brachial Gland Exudate of Slow and Pygmy Lorises Lee R. Hagey, Bryan G. Fry, and Helena FitchSnyder. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part 3 AntiPredator Strategies of NonNocturnal Primates
13 AntiPredator Strategies in a Diurnal Prosimian, the RingTailed Lemur (Lemur catta), at the Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, Madagascar Lisa Gould and Michelle L. Sauther. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14 Howler Monkeys and Harpy Eagles: A Communication Arms Race Ricardo GildaCosta. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15 Effects of Habitat Structure on Perceived Risk of Predation and AntiPredator Behavior of Vervet (Cercopithecus aethiops) and Patas (Erythrocebus patas) Monkeys Karin L. Enstam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 Predation Risk and Habitat Use in Chacma Baboons (Papio hamadryas ursinus) Russell A. Hill and Tony Weingrill. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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17 Reconstructing Hominin Interactions with Mammalian Carnivores (6.0–1.8 Ma) Adrian Treves and Paul Palmqvist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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http://www.springer.com/978-0-387-34807-0
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