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Le Secrétaire général de la présidence de la République du Cameroun

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326 pages
Tirant parti des témoignages écrits de ses prédécesseurs ainsi que de nombreux documents d'archives, l'auteur promène le lecteur dans les dédales des arcanes du Secrétariat général de la présidence depuis les indépendances jusqu'à nos jours. Le parcours révèle une évolution continue, des ajustements incessants, et même des allers-retours dans l'organisation de cette importante structure de l'Etat.
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JeanMarie ATANGANAMEBARA
Le Secrétaire général de la présidence de la République au Cameroun
Entre mythes, textes et réalités
Préface d’Eric Chinje
LeSecrétaire général de la présidence de la République au Cameroun Entre mythes, textes et réalités
Jean-Marie ATANGANAMEBARALESECRETAIRE GENERALDE LA PRESIDENCEDE LAREPUBLIQUE AUCAMEROUN
Entre mythes, textes et réalités
Préface d’Eric ChinjeL’Harmattan
© L’Harmattan, 2016 5-7, rue de l’École-Polytechnique ; 75005 Paris http://www.harmattan.fr diffusion.harmattan@wanadoo.fr harmattan1@wanadoo.fr ISBN : 978-2-343-08416-9 EAN : 9782343084169
À tous mes enfants et petits-enfants : qu’aucune frustration, aucune privation, aucune souffrance endurées ne vous empêche de toujours aimer le Cameroun et de le servir toujours, au mieux de vos capacités ! Be always the best you can and give always the best you have to this Nation and to the humankind. JEAN-MARIE ATANGANA MEBARA
SOMMAIRE
PREFACE ...............................................................................................................9AVANT-PROPOS ................................................................................................. 17INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................. 21PREMIERE PARTIE : BREVE HISTOIRE DU SECRETARIAT GENERAL ET DES SECRETAIRES GÉNÉRAUX DE LA PRÉSIDENCE DE 1960 À 2012 ....... 27CHAPITREI :LESECRETARIATGENERALDELAPRESIDENCEETLESSECRETAIRESGENERAUXSOUSLEPRESIDENTAHIDJO ................................. 29CHAPITREII :LESECRETARIATGENERALDELAPRESIDENCEETLESSECRETAIRESGENERAUXSOUSLEPRESIDENTBIYA(1982-2012) .................. 49CHAPITREIII :LESTEMOIGNAGESDEQUELQUESANCIENSSECRETAIRESGENERAUXDELAPRESIDENCE ......................................................................... 101DEUXIEME PARTIE : MON VECU DE SG/PR. DIALOGUES AVEC DES CONCITOYENS, MOI ET MOI-MÊME ........................................................... 111CHAPITREI.LEDEBUT :HISTOIRED’UNEARRIVEEAUSECRETARIATGENERALDELAPRESIDENCE ............................................................................ 115CHAPITREII:LAPRISEEFFECTIVEDEFONCTION ....................................... 127CHAPITREIII :L’EXERCICEDESATTRIBUTIONSETRESPONSABILITESOFFICIELLESDESECRETAIREGENERALAUQUOTIDIEN ............................. 135CHAPITREIV :LAGESTIONDESNOMINATIONS ............................................. 163CHAPITREV :L’EXERCICEDESMISSIONSETRESPONSABILITESPONCTUELLES. ..................................................................................................... 191CHAPITREVI :LESRELATIONSAVECLEPRESIDENTDELAREPUBLIQUE,L’ENTOURAGEDUPRESIDENT,ETLESCOLLEGUESDUGOUVERNEMENT ................................................................................................................................. 221CHAPITREVII :L’HOMMEBIYAQUEVOUSAVEZCOTOYE ........................... 237CHAPITREVIII :QUELQUESQUESTIONSSUBSIDIAIRESETFINALES ......... 271EN GUISE DE CONCLUSION ........................................................................... 287BIBLIOGRAPHIE .............................................................................................. 295ANNEXE ............................................................................................................. 297
PREFACE
If my experience in reading this book is anything to go by, I will advice you have pen and paper at hand, to take notes and reference dates. Mr. Jean-Marie Atangana Mebara has written a book for every citizen of Cameroon and most especially for historians, legal analysts, academicians, social commentators, politicians and media professionals.
When he asked me to preface this book, I naturally wondered: why me? I have had very limited interactions with the President of the Republic and kept my own memories of such moments; but I never occupied high office as he had or got any sustained exposure to how things work in the higher spheres of government. I am not a scientist either, nor a university lecturer. I was a journalist in Cameroon but have been out of the country for well over two decades. However, when finally we met and he explained to me that he wanted “somebody of reputable credibility, an objective observer and a journalist known for his engagement to truth and liberty,” I felt truly honoured and accepted to take on the task, with a lot of humility.
I personally learnt a lot while reading the book. It is a combination of documentary and historical research relating to the function and the persons who have occupied the job of Secretary General, Presidency of the Republic (SG/PR) in Cameroon, coated with the personal experience of the author. It reveals the dark and sunny side of a job, sheds light on the myths and stereotypes of the function and, above all, debunks misconceptions that SGPRs swim in an ocean of tranquility, favour, honour, privilege, wealth and influence.
It goes without any doubt that the function of the Secretary General of the Presidency of the Republic of Cameroon is highly prestigious. It is one of the rare jobs in the country that guarantees direct access to the Head of State on virtually a daily basis. In the circle of power, the position is therefore strategic. It is generally considered by many as the mould from which the movers and shakers of the Republic are fabricated. Little wonder, SGPRs are looked upon as “vice-gods”, the “god” being the Head of State himself. To most Cameroonians, therefore, the function remains as mysterious as that of the Head of State. In a country like Cameroon in which the culture of secrecy is largely widespread in the management of State affairs, information that can help to demystify any top job is good literature. Such is the case with the book you have in hand.
The author, Mr. Mebara, held the position of SGPR for four years, from August 2002 to September 2006. He has been in jail since 2008, for alleged embezzlement of public funds. A high Court in Yaounde acquitted him and
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