Pétrole et géopolitique en Afrique centrale

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L'un des principaux enjeux de la géopolitique du pétrole concerne la dynamique de l'offre pétrolière et la diversification des sources d'approvisionnement. Si l'Afrique centrale est redevenue une sous-région importante pour les puissances occidentales, depuis les attentats du 11 septembre 2001, c'est bien grâce à la position stratégique du Golfe de Guinée. Du coup, l'Afrique centrale est perçue à la fois comme un "espace", un "enjeu" et un "nouveau théâtre pour le Grand jeu" pétrolier du XXIè siècle.
Publié le : vendredi 1 février 2008
Lecture(s) : 405
EAN13 : 9782336255897
Nombre de pages : 258
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1

Robert Jules, Pétrole : le monde en panne, Paris: Scrinéo, 2006, p.26.

10

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2

A. Vigarié, La mer et la géostratégie des Nations, Paris : Economica, 1995, p.306.

14

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A.D. Ogoulat, « La Commission du Golfe de Guinée, instrument du renouveau maritime sous- régional ? » in Stratégie n°80, 4e trimestre 2000, pp.111-124.
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La récente hausse des prix du pétrole et des dérivés semble sonné le glas de la géopolitique mondiale. Une série d’événements a modifié depuis 2002 l’équilibre du marché entre l’offre et la demande du pétrole sur la planète : la crise au Venezuela (2002), la guerre en Irak (2003) et les menaces terroristes du réseau Al Qaïda. Lire à ce sujet : - James Howard Kunstler, La fin du pétrole, le vrai défi du XXIe siècle, Paris : Plon 2005, pp.101-105.

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Lire à ce sujet : James Howard Kunstler, La fin du pétrole, le vrai défi du XXIe siècle, Paris : Plon 2005. Campell Colin, Laherrere Jean, La fin du pétrole bon marché, Pour la Science, mai 1998. Yves Cochet, Pétrole apocalypse, paris : Fayard, 2005. Xavier Boy De la Tour, Le pétrole au-delà des mythes, Paris : Technip, 2004. 7 Voir les travaux suivants : Ayouk Antoine, Pétrole, Economie et Politique, Paris : Economica, 1996. Dalemont Etienne, Carrie Jean, L’Economie du pétrole, Paris : PUF, 1994. Mandil Claude, « Les hydrocarbures : une industrie d’avenir » in Revue des deux mondes n°4, avril 2001.
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