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Regional mechanisms of collective security

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246 pages
Today, nearly seven decades after the adoption of the UN Charter, voices are often heard claiming that the Charter's regime is obsolete and that greater autonomy is needed for regional organizations. This book focuses on the changes, factors and activities that have appeared in the sphere of regional organizations' operations during the last few decades, and tries to determine the face of collective security at the universal and regional levels.
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Regn Mechnsms f Cecve Secury The New Face of Chapter VIII of the UN Charter?
Alena F. Douhan
U
Preface by Fouad Nohra
DiploMaCY aND StRatEGY
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                     REGIONAL MECHANISMS OF COLLECTIVE SECURITY  THE NEW FACE OF CHAPTER VIII OF THE UN CHARTER?
 
 
 
  Diplomacy and Strategy English Series Directors: Fouad Nohra and Michael J. Strauss  Diplomacy and Strategy is a collection initiated by the academic directorate of the Centre dEtudes Diplomatiques et Stratégiques to promote the outstanding scientific work presented by Ph.D. graduates, professors and researchers. The scope of subjects covered is as wide as international relations itself, encompassing disciplines such as political science, economic science, international law and sociology.   SOLVIT Samuel, Dimensions of War. Understanding War as a Complex Adaptive System , 2012. DUQUESNE Isabelle, Nepal, Zone of Peace. A Revised Concept for the Constitution , 2011. STRAUSS Michael J., The Viability of Territorial Leases in Resolving International Sovereignty Disputes, 2010.   
 
 OTHER TITLES
                                                               
 
Alena F. Douhan                             REGIONAL MECHANISMS OF COLLECTIVE SECURITY  THE NEW FACE OF CHAPTER VIII OF THE UN CHARTER?  
Preface by Fouad Nohra
By the Same Author:  Принцип  невмешательства  во  внутренние  дела  государств : современные  тенденции  [The Principle of Non-Intervention into the Domestic Affairs of States: Contemporary Challenges] (Economy and Law, Minsk, 2009)*  Co-Authored Works:  Экономический  Суд  Содружества  Независимых  Государств : 15 лет  [The Economic Court of the Commonwealth of Independent States: 15 Years] (Kovcheg, Minsk, 2008)*  Исследование  о  соответствии  национального  законодательства  Республики  Беларусь  нормам  международного  гуманитарного  права  по  вопросу  о  защите  культурных  ценностей  в  период  вооруженных  конфликтов  [Study on the Implementation in Belarusian Legislation of Norms of International Humanitarian Law concerning the Protection of Cultural Values during Armed Conflicts] (Minsk, 2009)*  Collective Security Treaty Organization (2002-2009) (Procon, Geneva/ Minsk, 2010)   *In Russian   
 
                                                © LHarmattan, 2013 5-7, rue de lEcole-Polytechnique, 75005 Paris  http://www.librairieharmattan.com diffusion.harmattan@wanadoo.fr harmattan1@wanadoo.fr  ISBN : 978-2-343-00082-4 EAN : 9782343000824
  A  Abbreviations ..............................................................................................13  Preface .........................................................................................................15  Introduction.................................................................................................21  Chapter 1. Collective Security in the Modern World.............................25  1.1 Security in the Modern World ..............................................................25  1.2 History of Collective Security ..............................................................29  1.3 Notion of Collective Security ...............................................................33  1.4 System of Collective Security...............................................................36  Conclusions...................................................................................................41  Chapter 2. Regional Arrangements and Agencies ..................................43  2.1 Scope and Terminology ........................................................................43  2.2 Regionalism, Membership and Territorial Constraints.........................48       Regional Organizations ...........................................................................49       Membership .............................................................................................50       Territorial Constraints.............................................................................52  2.3 Competence ..........................................................................................54       Purpose ....................................................................................................54       “Obligatory” Competences .....................................................................55       Expansion of Competences ......................................................................56       Military (Self-Defense) Alliances Within the UN Rules...........................59  2.4 Limitations ............................................................................................61       Adherence to the Purposes and Principles of the UN..............................61       Subordination to the Norms of the UN Charter (art. 103).......................63  2.5 Criteria and Qualification .....................................................................64  2.6 Definition ..............................................................................................67  Conclusions...................................................................................................68  Chapter 3. Enforcement Activity of Regional Organizations ................71  3.1 “Enforcement” under Chapter VIII of the UN Charter.........................73       The Notion of “E forcement”..................................................................73   n      “Force” and “Intervention” in International Law .................................75       Legality Threshold ...................................................................................77       Decision Leading to “Enforcement” .......................................................79     
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
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3.2 UN Security Council and “Enforcement” Activity of Regional Organizations ................................................................................................81       UN’s Right to “Use” Regional Organizations for Enforcement Action ..81       Competence Constraints ..........................................................................83       Territorial Constraints.............................................................................84  3.3 The Need for Authorization to Take Enforcement Measures ...............85       Timing of Authorization ...........................................................................87       Form and Wording of Authorization........................................................89       Sanctions by Regional Organizations......................................................91  3.4 Targeted Sanctions of Regional Organizations.....................................95       Targeted Sanctions of the UN Security Council ......................................96       EU Targeted Sanctions (Characteristics) ..............................................100       Targeted Sanctions as Acts Not Prohibited by International Law.........104       Targeted Sanctions as Applied in the Course of Countermeasures.......112  3.5 Treaty-based Intervention ...................................................................118       Intervention by Invitation (Consent-based Intervention).......................120       Treaty-based Intervention......................................................................123  Conclusions.................................................................................................129  Chapter 4. The UN Security Council and Regional Organizations: Dependence and Partnership ...................................................................133  4.1 UN Security Council Control over Regional Action ..........................133       Regular Mechanisms of UN-Regional Organization Cooperation........134       Practical Mechanisms of UN-Regional Organization Cooperation......136       Cooperation between Regional Organizations ......................................139  4.2 Regeneration of the System of Collective Security ............................141       Promoting Respect and Adherence to the Rule of Law..........................142       Functional Reform of the UN Security Council .....................................145       Obligation to Report in Accordance with art. 54 of the UN Charter ....148  Conclusions.................................................................................................150  Chapter 5. Collective Security in the Post-Soviet Region.....................153  5.1 Overview and Qualification................................................................153  5.2 Obligation to Report in Accordance with art. 54 of the UN Charter ..156       OCSE Activity ........................................................................................156       CIS Activity ............................................................................................160       CSTO Activity ........................................................................................167  5.3 Cooperation with the UN and Regional Organizations ......................172       OSCE .....................................................................................................172       CIS .........................................................................................................173       CSTO......................................................................................................174  Conclusions.................................................................................................175  Conclusion .................................................................................................177  
 
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 Annex 2. System of Regional “Security” Organizations in Europe ....183  Annex 3. System of Regional Organizations in Europe-Central Asia.184  Annex 4. Organizations Involved in the Maintenance of Peace and Security in Europe-Central Asia .............................................................185  Bibliography ..............................................................................................187       Monographs ...........................................................................................187       Articles and Chapters ............................................................................192       Academic papers....................................................................................204       Decisions of International Courts and Tribunals. .................................204       Documents .............................................................................................206       Electronic documents.............................................................................210                      
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