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suivant
SOUS LA DIRECTION D’AURÉLIE CAMPANA ET GÉRARD HERVOUET
TERRORISMEet INSURRECTION ÉVOLUTION DES DYNAMIQUES CONFLICTUELLESET RÉPONSES DES ÉTATS
Presses de l’Université du Québec
Extrait de la publication
Extrait de la publication
TERRORISMEet INSURRECTION
Presses de l’Université du Québec Le Delta I, 2875, boulevard Laurier, bureau 450, Québec (Québec) G1V 2M2 Téléphone : 418 657-4399 − Télécopieur : 418 657-2096 Courriel : puq@puq.ca − Internet : www.puq.ca
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LaLoi sur le droit d’auteurinterdit la reproduction des œuvres sans autorisation des titulaires de droits. Or, la photocopie non autorisée – le « photocopillage » – s’est généralisée, provoquant une baisse des ventes de livres et compromettant la rédaction et la production de nouveaux ouvrages par des professionnels. L’objet du logo apparaissant ci-contre est d’alerter le lecteur sur la menace que représente pour l’avenir de l’écrit le développement massif du « photocopillage ».
TERRORISMEet INSURRECTION ÉVOLUTION DES DYNAMIQUES CONFLICTUELLESET RÉPONSES DES ÉTATS
SOUS LA DIRECTION D’AURÉLIE CAMPANA ET GÉRARD HERVOUET
Presses de l’Université du Québec
Extrait de la publication
Catalogage avant publication de Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec et Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
Vedette principale au titre : Terrorisme et insurrection : évolution des dynamiques conflictuelles et réponses des États
Comprend des réf. bibliogr.
ISBN 978-2-7605-3534-3 1. Terrorisme. 2. Activités subversives. 3. Violence. 4. Guerre civile. 5. Terrorisme – Prévention. I. Campana, Aurélie. II. Hervouet, Gérard, 1945- . HV6431.T47 2012 303.6’25 C2012-941650-9
Les Presses de l’Université du Québec reconnaissent l’aide financière du gouvernement du Canada par l’entremise du Fonds du livre du Canada et du Conseil des Arts du Canada pour leurs activités d’édition.
Elles remercient également la Société de développement des entreprises culturelles (SODEC) pour son soutien financier.
Mise en pages :AlphAtekConception de la couverture :RichARdhodgson  Photographie: photocAse| ©FReygeistAnnikAFRey
2013-1.1 –Tous droits de reproduction, de traduction et d’adaptation réservés © 2013 Presses de l’Université du Québec er Dépôt légal – 1 trimestre 2013 – Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada Imprimé au Canada
TABLE DES MATIÈRES
LISTE DES AcRonyMES                               XIII
IntroductIon LE TERRoRISTE ET L’InSuRgé – DES cIBLES fLouES DAnS unE LuTTE SAnS vAInquEuRS                  Aurélie Campana et Gérard Hervouet Au-delà des simplifications conceptuelles              ObjectiFs et structure de l’ouvrage                   
Extrait de la publication
1
4 8
vIII
PartIeI De la violence sociale au terrorisme – Des croisements aléatoires                                     
chaPItre1 InSuRREcTIon ET TERRoRISME – LA nouvELLE confIguRATIon Du chAMp DE BATAILLE                                              Janine Krieber Le rocher de Sisyphe                                              Guerre, violence et politique                                        La dialectique de l’attaque et de la déFenseLégalité et légitimité du partisan  LÉGALITÉ ET LÉGITIMITÉ DU PARTISAN                               Pacification des populations et contrôle étatique                        Lutte, conflit, pouvoir et violence                                    De la compétition des légitimités                                    Pouvoir et légitimité                                               Conclusion                                                     
chaPItre2 L’hyDRE DE LA vIoLEncE DAnS L’ESpAcE MuSuLMAn – DouBLE pRoDuIT DES éTATS foRTS ET DES éTATS fRAgILES ?           Sami Aoun Les problématiques de l’État et de la violence dans le monde musulman     Des régimes puissants et des hommes Forts : monarchies, républiques dynastiques couveuses de violence                      De l’autoritarisme idéologisé à la violence mondialisée             De l’impasse interne à la proliFération de la violence locale          La violence instrumentalisée et exportée                           La Syrie et l’Iran : de la violence libératrice à la violence sectaire au Liban                                            La crise paKistanaise et l’exportation de la violence en AFghanistan   Le terrorisme, produit des États Faibles                               Le complexe du survivant : la violence autodestructrice                Le cas du Liban : de l’impossibilité du monopole étatique de la violenceL’AFghanistan : le non-État                         La diFFormité de l’État                                           L’avortement du rêve étatique : l’anarchie palestinienne             La violence sectaire, entre rivalités internes et hégémonie externe : le cas iraKien                                               La violence sectaire en incubation : le Hezbollah en illustration       La violence dans la société plurielle : la désintégration étatique         Conclusion                                                     
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19 22
25 28 30 31 33 35
37
43
44 45 47 48
49 50 51 51
52 52 52
53 54 55 55
Table des matières
chaPItre3 un RégIME D’InSécuRITé DAnS LES AMéRIquES                      Chantal Lacasse et Gordon Mace La violence dans les Amériques                                     Débordement de la violence aux Frontières                          Violence liée à un mouvement insurrectionnel                       Violence liée à la criminalité                                     Transnationalisation des activités criminelles et insurrectionnelles      Crime organisé et narcotrafic                                       Cartels mexicains                                              Menace régionale                                             Organisations terroristes et relations interétatiques dans les Andes        Crime organisé et terrorisme dans les Amériques                       Conclusion                                                     
chaPItre4 cARTogRAphIE DES gRoupES TALIBAnS ET DE LEuRS MoDES D’AcTIon En AfghAnISTAn ET Au pAkISTAn                          Julian Schofield Les jihadistes                                                    Le jihad                                                         La terreur jihadiste                                                Assassinats                                                  Roquettes et raids                                             EEI et mines antipersonnel                                       Attentats-suicides                                             Destruction d’écoles                                            Reculs (retour de bâton)                                         Gangstérisme jihadiste                                            Narco-insurrection                                             Extorsion                                                     Enlèvements                                                  Contrebande                                                  La grande tentation                                            Terreur, gangstérisme et primes situationnelles                        
chaPItre 5 LA RégIonALISATIon DE LA vIoLEncE Au cAucASE Du noRD          Aurélie Campana Une région traversée par de nombreuses crises                         Les diFficultés socioéconomiques au Caucase du Nord                 Des régimes locaux en perte de légitimité                         
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