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Down To Earth

De
48 pages
Kids all over the world help collect seeds, weed gardens, milk goats and herd ducks. From a balcony garden with pots of lettuce to a farm with hundreds of cows, kids can pitch in to bring the best and freshest products to their families' tables, and to market. Loaded with accessible information about the many facets of farming, Down to Earth takes a close look at everything from what an egg carton tells you to why genetic diversity matters, even to kids.
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Down to Earth
Down to Earth how kids help feed the world N I K K I T A T E
Down to Earth how kids help feed the world
N I K K I T A T E
Text copyright ©2013Nikki Tate All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or First published in the United States,2013 transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,Library of Congress Control Number:2012953461 including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system now known or to be invented, without permissionSummary: How kids all over the world help produce the food we eat. in writing from the publisher. Orca Book Publishers gratefully acknowledges the support for Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publicationits publishing programs provided by the following agencies: the Government of Canada through the Canada Book Fund and the Tate, Nikki,1962Council for the Arts, and the Province of British Columbia Canada Down to earth [electronic resource]: through the BC Arts Council and the Book Publishing Tax Credit. how kids help feed the world / Nikki Tate. (Footprints) Front cover photos by Getty Images Back cover photos (top left to right): Iman M.P. Hejiboer, Danielle Electronic monograph.CIP PaIgnterneational, Terry Joyce, Adebayo O.T./Iita Includes bibliographical references and index. TateStratton, Nikki Tate; bottom left to right: Sustainable Harvest Issued also in print format. Design by Teresa Bubela isbn 9781459804241 (pdf).isbn 9781459804258 (epub) orc a book pu blish ers orc a book pu blish ers po Box 5626, Stn. B po Box 468 1. AgricultureDeveloping countriesJuvenile literature. Victoria, bcCanada Custer,wa usa 2. LivestockDeveloping countriesJuvenile literature. 3. Food v8r 6s4 982400468 supplyDeveloping countriesJuvenile literature. 4. Children Juvenile literature. I. Title. II. Series: Footprints www.orcabook.com (Victoria, B.C. : Online) 16 15 14 13 4 3 2 1 s519.t38 2013j630 c20129076953
Herds of black and white Holstein dairy cows are a familiar sight across North America.K E N C O L E / D R E A M S T I M E . C O M
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For all the young farmers of the worldwithout you, mealtimes would be dull indeed. Dedication
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Contents
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
chapter one: seeds and plants
Amazing hings in Tiny Packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Giant Seeds wit Many Uses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Small Seeds, Massive Pumpkins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Wy Does Genetic Diversity Matter? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Planting Seeds Around te World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Plants But No Seeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Not Everyone Has a Garden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Back to Basics: Staple Crops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Wat’s Wit te Price Tag? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
chapter two: feathered friends
Cickens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Ducks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Turkeys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Pigeons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Wat Do Egg Carton Labels Tell Us? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
chapter three: multipurpose animals
Goats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Pigs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Cattle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Seep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Saving Rare Breeds of Farm Animals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
chapter four: at work on the farm
Dogs—Not Just Pets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Guardian Geese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Home on te Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Getting from Here to here . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Animals in te Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Worms at Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Bees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 To Market, To Market . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Open for Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Acknowledgments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . 45 Index47. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction
Children pick fresh tomatoes at a farm in India.N I K H I L G A N G AVA N E / D R E A M S T I M E . C O M
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n amily arms around the world, children help grow O ood. Many community-garden and urban-arming projects in cities and towns welcome amilies and children, and more and more schools are setting aside space or ood gardens. Lots of amilies grow vegetables or keep a ew chickens in the backyard. You don’t need much room to grow good stuf to eat: a large pot on a balcony produces more tomatoes than you might think! When my nieces and nephew come to visit me at Dark Creek Farm, one of their avorite things to do is help me prepare a meal made with ood we have grown or raised ourselves. Depending on the season, we might dig up some potatoes and harvest beets, tomatoes, carrots or parsnips to serve along with pork chops rom one of our pigs. Dessert might be delicious strawberries served with ice cream made rom resh goat milk, or a rich custard tart made with some of our duck eggs.
A young child in this family of Romanian farmers uses a long stick to beat the top branches of plum trees. The ripe plums fall to the ground, where they are easily collected.C ATA L I N P E T O L E A / D R E A M S T I M E . C O M
A child in Kenya milks the family goat. I M A N H E J I B O E RM . P.
Even in the dead of winter, we enjoy ood we’ve rozen, dried or preserved in jars. There’s no doubt that resh peas picked moments beore they appear on the dinner table are extremely tasty, and, even more important, there’s something deeply satisying about helping produce the ood you eat. InDown to Earth we’ ll explore some of the many wayschildren help collect seeds, weed gardens, milk goats, herd ducks and more as they grow, harvest, prepare and distribute ood.
At Dark Creek Farm we love our Muscovy ducks. Alexander makes friends with this duckling that will grow up to lay delicious eggs for us to eat.D A N I E L L E TAT E S T R AT T O N
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chapter one
SeedsandlPants
Seeds are packed with all the nutrients young plants need to start growing.T O M G I S E L
Children in the Solomon Islands climb palm trees to harvest coconuts.A U Y O N GN A D I N E
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Riddle:Throw away the outside and cook the inside. Then eat the outside and throw away the inside. What did you just eat? An ear of cAonrsnw.er:
Amazing Things in Tiny Packages
What do carrots, pumpkins and lettuce have in common?Yes, they are all things to eat, but they are also all easily grown rom seeds. Whether a armer plants a huge field of wheat ora amily in an apartment nurtures salad greens in pots outon the balcony, it all begins with a handul of seeds.
Giant Seeds with Many Uses
Coconuts are some of the most useul seeds in the world. Not only can you eat the meat of a coconut (the white, fleshy part); you can also polish floors with the husk, cook with coconut milk and use coconut shells or uel.
FOOD FACT:Some seeds, like carrot seeds, are tiny. Twentyfour thousand carrot seeds only weigh about 28 grams (1 ounce)! Some are huge. The largest seed in the world is from the Coco de Mer, a kind of palm tree found in the Seychelles. These huge coconuts can be 30 centimeters (12 inches) long and weigh 24 kg (44 lbs)!
Even before plants send roots down in the soil and leaves up toward the sun, young sprouts provide nutritious snacks for people. Some kinds of sprouted seeds are particularly tasty. Mung bean sprouts are popular in stirfries, alfalfa sprouts are great in sandwiches, and giant sunflower sprouts add a delicious crunch to salads. Check for sprouts in the salad area of the grocery store or try sprouting your own at home!VA L L O Z AA M A N D A
small seeds, massive pumpkins
You might be able to hold a whole lot of pumpkin seeds in your hand, but chances are you won’t be able to budge the gigantic pumpkins that can be grown rom these flat seeds. Each year in the autumn, many rural communities host country airs. Pumpkin-growing contests provide a challenge or gardeners of all ages, and the results make popular displays.
Roasted pumpkin seeds are a tasty snack!R A C H E L TAY S E
The Delaney family of Pickering, Ontario (Chris, Jen, Alanna and Kirsten), worked together to grow this giant pumpkin, which won first prize at the 2012 Norfolk County Fair and Horse Show in Ontario and weighed in at a whopping 765 kg (1,683 lbs).S H A F T O J E N N I F E R
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