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Identification Guide for Weeds in Cranberries

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301 pages
This guide unites high-quality photographs with detailed text descriptions for 144 weeds commonly found throughout the North American cranberry growing regions. It contains nearly 1,000 photographs that illustrate botanical characteristics of weed species at different stages of development, highlighting distinctive morphological traits. Descriptions of similar species are provided and habitat preferences are described, along with suggested nonchemical management methods to prevent early establishment and expansion. A feature key helps to narrow down the identity of an unknown plant to a few possible species, whereas priority ratings gauge the impact of each weed and its potential to colonize and reproduce. Proper weed identification with this easy-to-use guide will encourage the use of integrated weed management (IWM) strategies for those working in cranberries, low-bush blueberries, or other wetlands environments.
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Identi cation Guide for Weeds in Cranberries
Identîicatîon Guîde for We e ds i n Cranbe r r ie s
Transated and edîted by
Hilar y Sandle rAssîstant Professor, Weeds/IPM, Unîversîty of, Extensîon Massachusetts-Amherst Cranberry Statîon, Project Leader
Le o Dalbe c, Transator/Cranberry Grower, Rochester, MA
Kat he r ine Ghant ous, Research Assocîate, Weeds/IPM, Unîversîty of Massachusetts-Amherst Cranberry Statîon
FromGuîde d’îdentîicatîon des mauvaîses herbes de a cannebergepubîshed în 2013 (ISBN 978-2-7649-0246-2) created by
Rom ain Né r on, agronomîst-botanîst, mînîstère de ’Agrîcuture, des Pêcherîes et de ’Aîmentatîon du Québec (MAPAQ),Je an- Pie r r e De land, agronomîst, Cub envîronnementa et technîque atocas Québec (CETAQ), Isabe lle Dr ole t, agronomîst (CETAQ), andPainchaudJacque s , agronomîst (MAPAQ)
In coaboratîon wîtht t eSam Chauve ,agronomîst, Centre d'expertîse et de transfert en agrîcuture bîoogîque et de proxîmîté (CETAB)
War nings
At the tîme of orîgîna French pubîcatîon (2013), the înformatîona content of the guîde was found to be representatîve of cranberry productîon în the Provînce of Quebec.
Durîng the transatîon process, we reaîzed weed specîes împortant to pro-ductîon areas outsîde of Quebec shoud be încuded în the Engîsh versîon.To address regîona dîfferences regardîng the representatîon of probematîc weeds, înput was soîcîted from weed scîentîsts throughout the Engîsh-speak-îng cranberry productîon areas to determîne the weeds to be added în the Engîsh transatîon versîon; specîes încusîon was decîded by consensus. The prîorîty ratîngs are reated mosty to our experîence în the Northeast but prîor-îty ratîng înformatîon provîded by weed specîaîsts throughout the Engîsh-speakîng productîon areas îs încuded.
Any use of thîs guîde becomes the excusîve responsîbîîty of the reader.
It îs expressy prohîbîted to reproduce, prînt, transate or otherwîse adapt thîs document, în îts entîrety, or în any part, în any format and by any process whatsoever, încudîng photocopyîng and referencîng, wîthout the prevîous wrîtten authorîzatîon of the Centre de référence en agrîcuture et agroaîmen-taîre du Québec (CRAAQ).
For addîtîona înformatîon and comments:Centre de référence en agrîcuture et agroaîmentaîre du Québec (CRAAQ) e Édîice Deta 1, 2875, bouevard Laurîer, 9 étage, Québec (Québec) G1V 2M2 418 523-5411 | 1 888 535-2537 |www.craaq.qc.ca|cîent@craaq.qc.ca
© Centre de référence en agrîcuture et agroaîmentaîre du Québec, 2015 PPTF0117-PDF ISBN 978-2-7649-0490-9 ISBN 978-2-7649-0489-3 (prînted document)
Lega deposît - Bîbîothèque et Archîves natîonaes du Québec, 2015 Lega deposît - Bîbîothèque et Archîves Canada, 2015
Partner members
Centre de référence en agriculture et agroalimentaire du Québec
Our Vision
With its expertise and know-how as the preferred broadcaster in the agriculture and agri-food sector of Quebec, the CRAAQ will break new ground in the management of digital content and its distribution system to develop new markets in Quebec, Canada and internationally.
Our Mission
Based on the best expert’s networking and taking advantage of an integrated approach to information technology, the CRAAQ gathers and broadcasts knowledge and develops tools that contribute to the progress of the agriculture and agri-food sector.
Centre de référence en agriculture et agroalimentaire du Québec craaq.qc.ca
The Center for Agrîcuture, Food and the Envîronment at the Unî-versîty of Massachusetts Amherst întegrates research and outreach educatîon în agrîcuture, food systems and the envîronment. UMass Extensîon, the Massachusetts Agrîcutura Experîment Statîon and the Water Resources Research Center are the unîts of the Center. Pursuant of the Mîssîon of the U.S. Cooperatîve Extensîon Servîce to provîde farmers wîth înformatîon from agrîcutura research and to encourage adoptîon of împroved farmîng methods, the Center supports Unîversîty facuty and staff în conductîng programs of întegrated research and educatîona outreach that împact agrîcu-ture, food systems, envîronmenta we-beîng and human heath. We provîde educatîona servîces în areas în whîch we are unî-quey quaîied and serve as an honest broker for the exchange of knowedge between the unîversîty and the pubîc.
The mîssîon of the UMass Cranberry Statîon îs to maîntaîn and enhance the economîc vîabîîty of the Massachusetts cranberry îndustry through research, extensîon and to serve the pubîc wefare by supportîng economîc deveopment and protectîon of the envî-ronment. The Cranberry Statîon, ocated în southeastern Massachu-setts, îs recognîzed as a eader în the Unîted States and wordwîde for research and outreach programs on cranberry cuture.
The Center for Agrîcuture, Food and the Envîronment and UMass Extensîon are equa opportunîty provîders and empoyers, Unîted States Department of Agrîcuture cooperatîng.
Scientiîc review
Revîew of the weeds pubîshed în the French guîde
Mîchee Garneau, botanîst, Herbîer Louîs-Marîe, Unîversîté Lava Caroîne Turcotte, agronomîst, Dîrectîon régîonae de ’Estrîe, MAPAQ
Addîtîona botanîca înformatîon for the Engîsh transatîon was provîded by the edîtors and revîewed by:
Caroyn DeMoranvîe, Extensîon Assocîate Professor, Unîversîty of Mas-sachusetts-Amherst Cranberry Statîon
Graphics and layout
Jérôme Harrîsson-Gauvîn, jeromehg.com
Nathaîe Nadeau, graphîc desîgner, CRAAQ
Pr im ar y phot ographic cr e dit s
Photographer:Romaîn Néron,MAPAQ
Aternate photographers:
John Beetham:221D
Sam Chauvette:37H,8, 20C, 20E, 21H, 21I, 25C, 27I, 28A, 28B, 31F, 42D, 49E, 49F, 50A, 50C, 58A, 58B, 58E, 62D, 65K, 66E, 67A, 68B, 68D, 75A, 75B, 75C, 75D, 75E, 80F, 80G, 82A, 82B, 82C, 82D, 83D, 84D, 85C, 88B, 89I, 91D, 95B, 95C, 95D, 96C, 96D, 97I, 100A, 101I, 105I, 106D, 112C, 122D, 126A, 127F, 127G, 128A, 128B, 135A, 135C, 135D, 139A, 143A, 146A, 149F, 149H, 159J, 175 H, 188H, 201K, 203F, 203J, 206C, 208H, 209B, 209C, 209D, 208I, 212A, 212B, 212C, 212D, 217E, 229A, 229B, 229D, 236C, 236D, 237A, 243A, 243E, 243F, 251C, 252E, 252F, 252G, 252H, 255H, 258A, 258B, 258C, 258E
Jed Coquhoun:69A, 70C, 76A
Jennîfer Cote:60G, 92B, 93C, 116D, 117F, 129B, 147B, 147C, 147D, 184E, 184F, 239A, 250A, 250C, 250D Wendy Cuter:147E Normand Dîgnard:136E, 136F, 136G, 136H, 136I, 138E, 138F, 138G, 138H, 138I, 138J, 140G, 143B, 143G, 159F, 159G, 159H, 159I, 161E, 161F, 161G, 161H, 161I, 161J, 161K, 163E, 163F, 163G, 163H, 163I
Joe DîTomaso:232E
Jacqueîne Donney:32F
Isabee Droet:6, 7, 9
Peter Dzîuk:146C
Pîerre-Patrîck Fîîon:144B, 240A, 240C, 250F
· vî ·
Jîm Fower:238C
Katherîne Ghantous:32A, 32C, 32D, 45A, 45B, 45C, 61B, 61C, 153N, 153O, 153P, 190A, 190B, 190C, 191E, 191F, 221A, 241A, 241B, 241C, 242D, 242E
Nuuuuuuuuuuu:93D
Mary Keîm:238B
Seîg Kopînîtz:221B, 221C
Matt Levîn:93E, 191G
Joshua Mayer:45D
Gen Mîttehauser:227D
Dean Morey:130D, 130E
Joe Nea:181B
Hugh and Caro Nourse:32B
Thomas Pamer:76B, 77C, 77D
Jean Pawek:146D
Robert Perry:92A
Bob Peterson:32E Randa Prostak:181D, 182E, 182F Harry Rose:33A, 33B, 33C, 33D, 33E, 33F, 61A, 69B, 70D, 70E, 116B, 116C, 117G, 183B, 190D
Hîary Sander:247A, 247B, 247D, 248E, 248F, 248G, 249H
Dan Schîffhauer:238A, 238D
John Tann:61D, 61E
Fabrîce Verrîer:129C
Acknowledgements
For theîr contrîbutîon to the French guîde:
France Aard,technîcîan, CETAQ
Caîre Fecteau,technîcîan, Herbîer du Québec, Instîtut de recherche et de déveoppement en agroenvîronnement (IRDA)
Katheen Thîbodeau,coordînator actîvîtîes and communîcatîons, Assocîatîon des producteurs de canneberges du Québec (APCQ)
· vîî ·
The Edîtors of the transated guîde greaty apprecîate the înput of the foowîng îndîvîduas:
Chares Armstrong,Unîversîty of Maîne
Sam Chauvette,Centre d’expertîse et de transfert en agrîcuture bîoogîque et de proxîmîté (CETAB)
Jed Coquhoun,Unîversîty of Wîsconsîn-Madîson
Jennîfer Cote,Unîversîty of Maîne Jean-Pîerre DeLand,Ocean Spray Cranberrîes, Inc. Graham Gavîn,Agrîcuture, Aquacuture New Brunswîck Department of and Fîsherîes
Bradey Majek,Rutgers Unîversîty
Brîan Mauza,Ocean Spray of Canada, Ltd.
Romaîn Néron,mînîstère de ’Agrîcuture, des Pêcherîes et de ’Aîmenta-tîon du Québec (MAPAQ)
Kîm Patten,Washîngton State Unîversîty
Robert Perry,Unîversîty of Wîsconsîn-Madîson
Erîka Saaau-Rojas,Unîversîty of Massachusetts-Amherst Cranberry Statîon
Davîd Yarborough,Unîversîty of Maîne
The French guîdeGuîde d’îdentîicatîon des mauvaîses herbes de a canneberge was made possîbe wîth the support of the mînîstère de ’Agrîcuture, des Pêcherîes et de ’Aîmentatîon du Québec and the inancîa grant of the Programme de soutîen au déve-oppement de ’agrîcuture bîoogîque.
· vîîî ·
The transatîon ofGuîde d’îdentîicatîon des mauvaîses herbes de a cannebergeand pubîcatîon of thîs guîde was supported, în part, wîth fundîng from the Northeastern IPM Center (NortheastIPM.org) and the generous donatîons of the Amerîcan Cran-berry Growers Assocîatîon, Brîtîsh Coumbîa Cranberry Marketîng Commîssîon, Massa-chusetts Cranberry Research Foundatîon, New Brunswîck Department of Agrîcuture, Aquacuture and Fîsherîes, Newfoundand Labrador Department of Natura Resources, Nova Scotîa Department of Agrîcuture, Prînce Edward Isand Department of Agrîcu-ture and Forestry, and Unîversîty of Massachusetts Extensîon.
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