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Pocket Change

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48 pages
Until a few hundred years ago, people were embarrassed to buy bread in a store. Families took pride in making almost everything they owned. These days, many people take pride in buying as much as possible! New clothes, a speedier bicycle, the latest phone. If we've got money, someone can sell us a product that will supposedly make our lives better. But each year, humanity uses resources equivalent to nearly one and a half Earths, and we're still not meeting everyone's needs. Around the world, people are questioning consumerism, leaning toward more sustainable lifestyles and creating a whole new concept of wealth. What if you could meet all your needs while getting to know your neighbors and protecting the environment at the same time? Find out how growing a tiny cabbage can fight poverty, how a few dollars can help ten families start their own businesses and how running errands for a neighbor can help you learn to become a bike mechanic, for free!
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Pocket Change
PocketChange PITCHING in for a better world M I C H E L L E M U L D E R
PocketChange PITCHING in for a better world
M I C H E L L E M U L D E R
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Text copyright ©2016Michelle Mulder All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system now known or to be invented, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication
Mulder, Michelle,1976, author Pocket change : pitching in for a better world / Michelle Mulder. (Orca footprints) Includes bibliographical references and index. Issued in print and electronic formats. isbn 9781459809666(hardcover).—isbn 9781459809673(pdf ).— isbn 9781459809680(epub)
1. Consumption (Economics)—Environmental aspects—Juvenile literature. 2. Consumption (Economics)—Social aspects—Juvenile literature. I. Title. II. Series: Orca footprints
hc79.c6m384 2016j339.4'7 c20169007715 c20169007723
First published in the United States,2016 Library of Congress Control Number:2016931889
Summary: Part of the nonfiction Footprints series for middle readers, with color photographs throughout. Readers will learn how purchases affect the environment and what the world would look like if we bought less stuff.
Nomadic families, like this one in Morocco, carry all their belongings with them. That’s a good reason to keep shopping to a minimum!E A M S T I M E . C O MV R L A D I M I R M E L N I K / D
Orca Book Publishers is dedicated to preserving the environment and has ® printed this book on Forest Stewardship Council certified paper.
Orca Book Publishers gratefully acknowledges the support for its publishing programs provided by the following agencies: the Government of Canada through the Canada Book Fund and the Canada Council for the Arts, and the Province of British Columbia through the BC Arts Council and the Book Publishing Tax Credit.
Cover images by Getty Images, Shari Nakagawa Back cover images (top left to right): Fallen Fruit (David Burns and Austin Young), Kiva, Helder Ramos; (bottom left to right): William Neumann Photography, Katie Stagliano, William Neumann Photography
Design and production by Teresa Bubela and Jenn Playford
orc a book pu blish ers www.orcabook.com
Printed and bound in Canada.
19 18 17 16 4 3 2 1
For Chris, Susannah and Mark.
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IntrCoductioon. . . . . . .n. . . . . . .t. . . . . . .e. . . . . . . .n. . . . . . .t. . . .6s
chapter one: pssst! don't tell anyone!
Sopping?HowEmbarrassing!. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Pack It or Toss It? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Money in Our Pockets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Work? Na… . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Sare…or Else! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Please, Please, Please Sop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Cras! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 A Mall in te Living Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
chapter two: New and improved!
FunnyMoney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 We Demand a Big Supply! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Paying for Wat?! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Money Talks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 More or Less . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Were to Put It All? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Paying te Price . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24A New Kind of Ric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
chapter three: feeling like a million bucks
Everyone’sSare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Borrowing a Bit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Super Sweat! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Free te Cildren . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29To te Rescue! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 From Books to Blenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 I'll Trade Ya! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
chapter four: now that's rich
he Moneyless Man . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 he Sare Scare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Freecycling! Weeee! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Growin’ in My Neigborood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Wic Book Are You? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Time in te Bank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Hidden Rices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Pass It On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Resources44. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . Acknowledgments45. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46. . . . . Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction
On a summer evening, my family loves gardening in our parking spot—especially because neighbors always come by to chat.G A S T O N C A S TA N O
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aVe you eVer walked along he shampoo aisle in a drug-sore and wondered which bole o choose? You’re no youHr money on. alone. I’s oen hard o know which produc o spend OVer he years, I’Ve liVed in small places where sores oered Very ew opions. When I ran ou of shampoo in Peru, or example, I bough he only kind sold in he Village shop. When I reurned o Canada, I el compleely oVerwhelmed he momen I walked ino a sore. So many hings o choose rom! And so ew ha I really needed. Years laer, I wondered how our purchases aec he enVironmen. Facories use Earh’s resources o creae producs, and when we don’ wan an iem anymore, we oen oss i ino he landfill. How would he world look if we bough less suf? Laely, I’Ve been reading abou creaiVe ways ha people mee heir needs wihou buying much a all. I’s all abou communiy. Did you know ha if you wan a blender in Torono, Onario, you can borrow one rom he Kichen Library? Or ha in Kenya, amilies share a small amoun of money—some-imes less han weny-fiVe dollars—o sar enire businesses? And srong communiies aren’ jus un o liVe in. They’re good or he enVironmen and can reduce poVery oo. How? Grab a riend and a snack o share, come along and find ou!
Do we really need so many options?. C O MP I N D I YA T H 1 0 0/ D R E A M S T I M E
My Two Cents' Worth
My university dorm room was tiny. I didn’t have my own kitchen or bathroom, and I loved it! Sharing space meant great conversations in the cafeteria, and drinking hot chocolate with housemates in the living room down the hall. These days, I sometimes joke that our apartment building reminds me of my university dorm, and I mean that in a good way!
In university, my dormitory room looked out onto this cherry tree. E L L E N G O N E L L A
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chapter one
Pssst!Don'tTell Anyone!
Fingers crossed that the bread will turn out well; otherwise people will start whispering about this 15thcentury French woman! A . D A G L I O R T I / B R I D G E M A N I M A G E S
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Shopping? How Embarrassing!
Did you know ha, unil a ew hundred years ago, buying a loaf of bread could sar errible rumors? Usually, rural women made all heir bread a home, and if neighbors saw a woman buying i, hey migh whisper ha she was oo lazy o bake or ha her bread was like a sone. Unil he 1800s, amilies proudly made mos of he hings hey needed o surViVe. Now, in many culures, amilies buy as much as hey can. How did we go rom being embarrassed o shop o being proud of i? I’s a long sory. And i sared hundreds of housands of years ago, when humans firs walked he Earh.
Pack It or Toss It?
Human beings, orHomo sapiensas scieniss call us, haVe exised or more han 200,000 years. And or 99 percen of ha ime, we’Ve wandered around, ollowing our ood. If swee red berries
These days, so many people love shopping that malls like Galeries Lafayette in Paris have become tourist destinations. T.W. VA N U R K / D R E A M S T I M E . C O M
grew in he Valley in summer, we were here o pick hem, and if anelope ran across he plains in he all, we showed up o nab some juicy seaks. As soon as ood ran ou in one place, we moVed on o he nex, carrying eVeryhing we owned on our backs. EVen if wide-screen tvs had exised, no one would haVe waned one. Imagine carrying i around day aer day!
Money in Our Pockets
Abou 12,000 years ago, people in he Near Eas (wesern Asia) began o help naure along a bi. When hey ound a plan hey liked, hey cleared space or i and brough waer rom he neares lake or riVer. The plans grew bigger and yielded more ood. EVenually, amilies sopped ollowing heir ood around and sayed in one place, planing and ending heir crops. Of course, people couldn’ grow eVeryhing hey needed. So hey raded wha hey had or wha hey waned. Tha was oen rickier han i sounds. A amily waning o bake bread
This is a fei stone, traditional currency on the island of Yap in the South Pacific. One stone could weigh as much as a small car! E R I C G U I N T H E R / G F D L / W I K I M E D I A . O R G
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