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Take Shelter

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48 pages
A roof, a door, some windows, a floor. All houses have them, but not all houses are alike. Some have wings (airplane homes), some have wheels (Romany vardoes), some float; some are made of straw, some of snow and ice. Some are enormous, some are tiny; some are permanent and some are temporary. But all are home. Take Shelter explores the way people live all over the world and beyond: from the Arctic to the Antarctic, from an underground house in Las Vegas to the International Space Station. Everywhere people live, they adapt to their surroundings and create unique environments, using innovative techniques to provide that most basic of needs: shelter.
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TakeShelter at home around the world N I K K I TAT E & D A N I TAT E  S T R AT T O N
TakeShelter at home around the world
N I K K I TAT E & D A N I TAT E  S T R AT T O N
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Text copyright ©2014Nikki Tate and Danielle TateStratton All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system now known or to be invented, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication
Tate, Nikki, 1962, author Take shelter : at home around the world / Nikki Tate and Dani TateStratton. (Orca footprints)
Includes bibliographical references and index. Issued in print and electronic formats. isbn 9781459807426(bound).isbn 9781459807433(pdf ). isbn 9781459807440(epub)
1. DwellingsJuvenile literature. 2. Architecture, Domestic Juvenile literature. I. TateStratton, Danielle, 1987, author II. Title. III. Series: Orca footprints
gt172.t38 2014 j392.3'6c2014 9 0158 0 1c2014 9 01581X
First published in the United States,2014 Library of Congress Control Number:2014935384
Summary: Homes around the world reflect the diversity and ingenuity of their residents.
Orca Book Publishers gratefully acknowledges the support for its publishing programs provided by the following agencies: the Government of Canada through the Canada Book Fund and the Canada Council for the Arts, and the Province of British Columbia through the BC Arts Council and the Book Publishing Tax Credit.
Two young boys from Rajasthan, India, sit in front of their house. Note the thatch roof and mud or cob walls. These thick walls help insulate against temperature fluctuations.B A R T O S Z H A D Y N I A K / G E T T Y. C O M
Cover images by Getty Images and Shutterstock Back cover images (top left to right): Getty Images, Getty Images, Vetsch Architektur (bottom left to right): Corbis Images, Getty Images, Getty Images
Design and production by Teresa Bubela and Jenn Playford
orc a book pu blish ers po Box 5626, Stn. B Victoria, bcCanada v8r 6s4
orc a book pu blish ers po Box 468 Custer,wa usa  982400468
www.orcabook.com
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For T—may our personalities always be at peace. And for Brandy—for as long as our paths may cross, know the effect ripples much longer. All my love and many thanks. —DTS
For Luke—with many thanks for fuelling the creative fires! —NT
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Contents Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
chapter one: in the ground
Snug as a Bug în a…Cave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Way Back Wen…în Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Kekulî Houses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Luxury Lîvîng Underground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Lîvîng (Way) Down Under . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Nestled Under a Green Roof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Lîvîng Roug In Las Vegas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 344 Days Underground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
chapter two: on the move
Early Selters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Followîng te Herds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Rollîng Down te Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 All Aboard! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Gone Cruîsîng! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 At Home on te Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Fly Away Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Houses tat You Move To . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Buîldîng wît Supersîzed Blocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
chapter three: houses that live and breathe
Messy, Marvelous Mud! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Wat’s Up Top? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Natural Buîldîng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28he 3Rs: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Wat’s on Hand? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Mountaîntop Lîvîng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Wat’s Keepîng You Warm? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
chapter four: innovation
Get Creatîve! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 At te Ends of te Eart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Floatîng Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Temporary Housîng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Eicîent Homes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Ways of Lîvîng Togeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Intentîonal Communîtîes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Barn Raîsîng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Selter for Everyone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Resources44. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Introduction
The phraseHome, Sweet Homereminds us that a house is more than just a place to fall asleep each night.P I X E L R O B O T/ D R E A M S T I M E . C O M
Unpacking familiar books always makes somewhere new feel like home. D A N I TAT E S T R AT T O N
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alls. A door. Windows. A roo. All houses have these basic components and provide shelter rom socializeW. From sprawling mansions to precarious clif dwellings, the elements and a place or people to eat, sleep and the variation in what we humans call home is staggering. When I was growing up, my amily moved a lot, so by the time I was in high school I had lived in more than fity places, rom a high-rise apartment in a big city to a tiny cabin in the mountains. With all that packing and unpacking, settling in and moving on, I’ve had lots of time to think about all the dierent kinds of places people set up, organize, and move into when they are making a home or themselves and their amilies. I love seeing how people all over the world build houses that are energy efi-cient, use local materials and are both beautiul to look at and comortable to live in. Humans have always experimented with dierent building materials like straw, reeds, clay, concrete, brick, glass and mod-ern composite materials like carbon fiber. Some houses today are built with innovative new materials while others ingeniously repurpose used material and use smart design to create eficient and environmentally sensitive spaces. InTake Sheltervisit homes all over the world to see we’ll how people create that special place where they hang their hats, whether underground or in outer space. So open the door, come on in and make yourself at home!
Extravagant castles like Neuschwanstein in Germany are often tourist attractions today but were once family homes. Imagine how hard it would be to find a toy if you weren’t sure which of the 200 rooms you had left it in!E G 0 0 47 1 3 / D R E A M S T I M E . C O M
My Place
When I moved back to Vancouver Island after studying and working in Japan, I wanted to have my own space while still living on the family farm. I set my sights on the pigeon coop 50 meters from the house. The homeowners before us used to keep racing pigeons and had built them a lovely 2 meter by 8 meter shed in which to live. My grampa and I spent several months cleaning, insulating, putting in real walls and making sure it was nice and snug for people, not pigeons. Now it’s the perfect bedroom and hangout space away from the house, and I always get a giggle out of telling people that I live in an abandoned pigeon coop. (DTS)
Renovating the pigeon coop was my first introduction to power tools, but I sure learned a lot! Years later, every time I go inside I still feel proud that I helped build my home with my own hands. E . C O L I N W I L L I A M S
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chapter one
In the Ground
Families have lived in these cave houses for hundreds of years.M AT H E S / D R E A M S T I M E . C O M
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Snug as a Bugin a …Cave
A pre-existing hollow in the ground or clif must have seemed a welcomeplacetostayorearly peoples in need of shelter during the Stone Age (Paleolithic Era). Though this period is long gone (estimates vary rom about 40,000 to 2 million years ago), even today many people live in caves or underground dwellings, using the Earth as their main protection rom the elements. According to archaeologists, there are two types of cave dwelling: theclifF house, which is built onto platorms on a cli, and thecavete, which makes use of existing recesses or openings.
Way Back When…in Iran
Many cave homes have long been abandoned, but not all cave dwellings are architectural relics. In Iran, at the oot of Mount Sahand, people have been living in a village named Kandovan or centuries. One of just a handul of cave villages continuously inhabited to this day, Kandovan is built into deposits made by a now-dormant volcano. Cone-shaped pillars of rock were let in
These rocks in Turkey were hollowed out to create cave cities.YA K U S H E VA / D R E A M S T I M E . C O ME L E N A
the wake of its previous explosions and have become home to many generations of amily members. A typical home in this region has our stories. Animals are kept on the ground level, while people sleep and live on the second and third stories. The ourth level is used or storage. The buildings have been modernized over the years and now include amenities like electricity.
Kekuli Houses
The Interior Salish people of British Columbia traditionally built a winter house called akekuli. These homes are partially underground, which helps keep them warm during cold weather. Logs span an excavated area and provide support or the roof covering of strips of cedar bark, grass or pine needles, and earth.
Though HOME FAC T: it sounds a bit like a type of troglodytedinosaur, the word actually refers to a person who lives in a cave or belongs to a cavedwelling community. The residents of Kandovan are modernday troglodytes.
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