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LA DAME DE SAGNE

De
245 pages
" Si Anna, Béatrice et Clairette, que nous désignerons par A, B, C, vont représenter les sommets d'un triangle, le cheminement logique entre le point de départ et le point d'arrivée pour situer leur persécuteur passe par un quadrilatère, mais trouver la Diagonale du Fou pouvait aussi être tenu pour un traquenard. "A l'entendre, il me vint à l'esprit que tout problème peut être représenté par un puzzle. Or, si les pièces du jeu s'assemblaient parfaitement, l'image finale n'en demeurait pas moins élusive…
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p( g(6- ,-
x(/7

r p"l(;6(==(7Y=&22
WdYY ;>- ,- 4"i+84- 984C=-+071:>-YYW&&W u(;1<

0==9\zzAAAo41);(1;1-0(;6(==(7o+86
,1..><187o0(;6(==(7cA(7(,88o.;
0(;6(==(72cA(7(,88o.;
mxer \ [YZd=d=[XdWW=&HdX
idr \ [YZ==[XWW=&HX

e(4)>D(;,

p( g(6- ,-
x(/7

78>?-44-<

p"l(;6(==(7

AVERTISSEMENT

t7 98>;;(1= <)>=877-; ,-< =;8>)4(7=-< ;>9>=1=187< 8)<>d
,(7= 4-<>+;1=< ;>>71< <8>< 4- =1=;-p( g(6- ,- x(/7-of-;=(17<
=0A6-< <- 9;?=-7=Y<>),1?1<><Y9,-< 2->B ,- 61;81;Y,)8Q+87+8;d
,(7+-< -= ?(;1(=187<o
f0-Dd4-B(7,-;|,1=->;Y2- .>< =>6817 ,- <+A7-< 9->
)(7(4-< -7=;- 4>1 -= <87 4-+=->;n8<-90d4)-;=om4 6- <-6)4(
8998;=>7 ,)(28>=-; >7>9148/>-9+-< =-B=-< :>-Y9;>+1<>6-7=Y
n8<-90d4)-;= ;-+866(7,(1=94)|,1=->; =8>= -7 <)17=-;;8/-(7=
<>; 4-< ;(998;=< 98<<1)4-< -7=;- 4->;< 9;><>6>< (>=->;<o
w4)-7=-7,;-Y14 6- ?17=94)-<9;1= :>- =8>= 9;8)4A6- 9->=
?=;- ;-9;><-7=>9(; >7 9>DD4-ot;Y<1 4-< 91A+-< ,> 2-> <)(<<-6d
)4(1-7= 9(;.(1=-6-7=Y4)16(/- .17(4- 7)-7 ,-6->;(1= 9(< 6817<
>4><1?-o

u;-61-; 6(7><+;1=

gi rdupix w utqu|m
iy
dzywix deiwwdymtrx

zr mymr|wdmwi \ gi rdupixwutqu|m

;
;7+- 9 4)17=-;?-7=187 ,> 9-=1=g q13-41Y 2- 7- <>)1;(19(< 4(
k
9;><-7+- -7+86);(7=- ,)>7 />1,-o

n8>;7>- 8..-;=-94)17/;(=- :>1 4>1>+0(99- -= .(1= 4( <8>;,- 8;-144-o
w1-79+;(17,;-Y14 7- 4( <>1?;( 9(<Y/?7>,)?=;- ?>9+I=>,)-44- <(7<
98>?81; 4)(==-17,;- ?;(16-7=Y9>)41:>-6-7=o
i44- (99;>+1- 4( <841=>,-Y4( .17- 94>1- 987+=>>- ,- <84-14o

g-?(7= 681Y4( ?1(q(;17( ,>)8>+0- <>; 4-j8;>6o
p( ?1<187 -<= /;(7,18<-Y6(1< 4)>=-;71=>:>)87 4>1
+87.A;7)-<= :>)144><=;(=187oq87 17,1..>;-7+- )4(<90A6-o

+ p( +>1;(<<- ( =8>=-< 4-< +(;(+=>;1<=1:>-< ,> 91A/-;(?(1= ,>+4(;>
687<1->;q13-41o i44- 7- 9;>=-7, 9(< :>)14 (1= -> =8;=o x1694-6-7=Y
-44- ;-/(;,-Y 9=;(?-;< 4- ;1,-(>Y,-;;1A;- >7>,1.1+-Y<>; 4(
9817=,)>7 +48+0-; 4( 7>1= <)-69(4-;o
e1-7 <O;Y-44- 4- ,>=-<=-Y98>; <( 9(=1-7+- 17161=()4- ,- +0(=Y98>;
4)(?81; <>;9;1<9;8=-;Y?(>=;>,(7< <87 .(>=->14o
f>;1-><-6-7=Y-44(?(1= 6?6- 2(48><>>7 <8>;1;- .>61717Y;1+0-6-7= -7+(,;>(>d
,-<<>< ,> 91(78Y9;A< ,- 4)-<=(69- ,)l83><(1 :>1 7)>?8:>- 94><
98>; -44- 4-< 0>1= 98;=-< 9>7>=;>-< 9(; 4( 4(7/>- ,- .->Y71 4-< +17:
28>;< -= +17: 7>1=< ,)8;/(<6-< =-44>;1:>-<o
d>28>;,)0>1Y-44- 9;>.A;- -;;-;Y:>1==-97- <>;9;-7,;- :>)>7 ,>=(14
:>1 4( +86)4-;(1= ,)>7 )870->; 4>/-;Y+866- >7<-61.;-,,8Y>7

2=

pdgdqi gixdkri

/-4(=8,- 4( u1(DD( x(7 g86-71+8q(//18;- 8> 4(<.8/41(=-44(/8Od
=>- +0-Du17=(>;8 (> +817 ,> ?1+8 ,)d..41==8o

g- 4)(;+ ,-y1)A;- 9+-4>1 ,-f(41/>4(Y >7 =;87<87 ,- ;>-Y
-B+;81<<(7+- ,>j8;>6 :>- ,1<<16>4- 4- <14-7+-on- :>1==-
4f(91=84- ,><-;=>9(; 4( =;1(,- ,-< ,1->Bo{1( ,-/41d>/><=(41\
,)>7 =;8==81;94)(>=;-Y ,-< 86);-< 98;=>-< <)(++;8>91<<-7= -=
<)(4487/-7=og-< =8>..-< ,- 6(>?(1<-< 0-;)-< -7=;- 4-< 9(?>< /;(d
+1-><-6-7= <- .(>.14-7=o{1( ,1q-;+>;18Y++(?- +(7-6;\6(1d
<87 ,-u(:>1><u;8+>4><on- 6)(==(;,-9,;81=- ,- 4)(=;1>6
,-?(7= >7- 68<(D:>- ,)(716(>B -= +869=- ,(7< 4)-BA,;- <-9=
<:>-4-==-< ,)-7.(7=<o

d<<1<- (> )8;, ,- 4( )(1/781;-Y,(7< 4-< y0-;6-< ,-
x=()1-<Y-4416(/17- /1=87< -= ?1-144(;,< <- 9;>9(;(7= 98>; 4- +>;>6871(4 4>,1d
:>- ,- 4->;< ()4>=187<Y7>,1=>< ?814>-< 9(; ,-< ?(9->;< +87+-7=;1d
:>-< :>- ,>+01;-7= -= ;-+8><-7= ,-< +8>;(7=< ,)(1; +0(>,o
m4 (?(1= ,1=\ +y> <-;(< 4( <Z>; ,- 4( /;-+:>- d-/4-Y,- q(;1( 4(
2>1?-Y,- 4)8;1-7=(4- x6C;(og(7< +-==- 6(1<87 ,- 2->Y:>(=;- 90(4d
4>< 9;><1,-7= (> 0(<(;, ,> ,>2-=>o y> 6- ?-;;(< +866- ->Bo
g;-<<>-7 =81Y9;1<8771A;- 2><:>)(> )8>= ,- 6( :>->-o ;i44-
<<8>?1-7=Y>7 17+866-7<>;()4- ,>/8O= 4>1 )(4(1- 4- +Z>;o
d> 7>6>;8 >7 ,> ?1+848 ,-1{-==11\4( 6(1<87 ,-1{-==11ow
,;81=,> ?-<=1)>4-Y 4)>;-+=187 =;18690(7=- ,-u;1(9-o z7- -B9;-<<187
,<9017B 4)-6)-441=Y4- =-69< ,)>7 <8>?-71;no +- .-;(1< )1-7 ,-
794>< C 9-7<-;o ;x>; 4-< 6>;<Y4-< ,1->B 7- 4>1 <87= 9(<>=;(7/-;<o
i44- 78=- (?-+ <(=1<.(+=187 :>)-44- 7- 4-< ( 9(< 8>)41><o
m4 (?(1= ,1=\+ w+I=>,- 4( 6(1<87 ,-1{-==11Y4( 6(1<87 ,-<
d68>;< ,8;><og(7< 4- =()417>6Y6( +0>;1-Y u7;1< -=l>4A7- 8)>1<d
<-7=94)(68>;o ; x( 4(7/>- )1.1,- 687<=;>-><-6-7= (4487/>-o

zr mymr|wdmwi\girdupixwutqu|m2H

p)>+0817:>1-= ,- 6-< 9(<9-;+>=- 4-< 6>;< ,-< +0(6d
);-<9+8>+0-;Y4-< +>)1+>4(- .4->;1-< ,- 4( 6(1<87 ,>{-;/-;o
z7- .87=(17- +0(;6- 4( ,-6->;- ,-p8;-1><y1)>;=17><Y
9;?=;- ,)m<1<oe1-7 :>- ,>71/;>9(; 4( 6>,18+;1=>,-
4)16(/-Y4<>1+1,- ,-uC;(6- -=y01<)>17<17>-\,><8)>1<<(7+-o
w4)(7/4- ,> ?1+8 ,-4p>9(7(;Y>7- 6(1<87 ,>
6?6786oz7 +;1<<-6-7= ,- .->144-< 68;=-<on- 6- ;-=8>;7-og-<
9-17=>;-< <>//-<=1?-< ,1<9(;(1<<-7= <8>< ,-< /;(..1=1< 8)<+A7-<o
w/(>+0- ,- 4( ?1(j8;=>7(Y4)0->;- +87:>1<- 9(;4(
e(=(144- ,)d4-B(7,;-Y61,1 9;1<8771-; <>; >7 +(,;(7 <84(1;-Y=(7d
,1< :>)>7 6817-(> .1-7=- <>; 4( 28>- (;;87,1- ,)>7 .(>7- :>1
6.(1= <1/7-o

d> +(;;-.8>; ,)t;90>-Y,- 4)8>-<=94)-<= ,- 4( ?1(r84(Y,> 78;, (>
<>, ,- 4( ?1(x=()1(Y4- 98A=- 4( ,-?17-Y4( +87,>1=Y17,>+01..;()4- -=
.8;=-o
z7 +0-617 <(>?(/-6-7= .4->;1 9;>4>,-94)171=1(=187 ,- 4( ?144( ,-<
qC<=A;-<o m4 <1/78;q13-41 (?(1= ;-+877> >7- 9(;-7=>-7=;- 4- 68>d
4(/- ,- 4( 2->7- .144- ,>+8>?-;=- <8>< 4( +-7,;- -= 4( ?1-;/- ,- 4(
.;-<:>- :>1Y,)>7 4(;/- /-<=- ,)-..;81Y=-7=(1= ,)>+0(99-; (>
;1=8)41/>o
w <87 =8>;Y -44- 9-;<81= >7- <16141=>,- -7=;- -44- -= 4)171=1>-o
i44<8>;1= -= 7- ;>9;8>?- 94>< 4- <8>?-71; ,-< 4A?;-< D>4>-<Y0()14-<9
4)>=877-;o

g-;;1A;- 681Y4( ?>/>=(=187 :>1 ;-9A;- 4-< .(144-<
-B948<<(7< <+;>9>4- ,(7< >7 -7+0-??=;-6-7= 0->;->Bo
f- <81;r(94-< -<= ,><-;=oz7 ?-7= ,)>/8>= <)-7=08>d
<1(<6-Y,1?>4/>- 4( 98><<1A;-Y<8>4A?-Y>=;-17= 4-< 9(91-;< /;(<o
g)8Q?1-7= 4)(786(41-b

2S

pdgdqi gixdkri

u-;<877- <>;4-< =-;;(<<-<o w 4)17=>;1->; ,-<=;(==8;1-,- 4(
u1(DD(k(;1)(4,1Y(>+>7 +41-7=9=()4-on)-7=;- +0-Du198op(
7(99- 7)-<= 9(< )4(7+0-\=(+0>- <8>< 4( +(;(.- ,)-(>op- /(;<87
-7 .;(>,- 6- ,>?1<(/-Y<(7< ?8>481; 6- <-;?1;on- 6)169(=1-7=-Y
6( 6(17 .>;1-><- <)(+0(;7- <>; 4- 9(17on- 6- 4A?- -= ;-7?-;<- 6(
+0(1<-og-;;1A;- >7- 98;=- ,->B ?81B :>1 7- <)(++8;,-7= 9(<o
r87 +(91<+8 71-7=-on- 6- ;(<<1-,<Y0>;4(7= 7)1698;=- :>81 6(1<
7)(6->=- 9-;<877-ov>-4:>- +08<- ,)(?(;1>,(7< 4)(1; .;I4- 687
>9(>4-on)(1 <81.Y-7?1- ,- 94->;-;om4 -O= <>..1 ,- 7- 9(< ;-?-71;o
g- 7- 9(< :>1==-; <1 ?1=-u869>1og8;61; 49d)(< (> <-17 ,- 4(
6(1<87 ,-p8;-1><y1)>;=17><on- 6- ;><1/7-Y9;-7,< -7
9(=1-7+4( <1=>(=187oi7.17Y4- /(;<87 ,)7/- ?(;1()4- <- ,1;1/- ?-;< 681Y
<)17+417-Y6>;6>;-9687 8;-144-\+p- +084>;(Y6(,(6-;Y>7
27- <(1< :>81 ,- =;18690(7= ,(7< 4- ;-/(;,o
v>-4:>)>7 6)(==-7,Y:>- 2- 7- ?->B 9(< ?81;o

i44- 4- <8>9<877- (> )8;, ,)>7- +;1<- ,- 7-;.<Y<87 9-=1= 91-, /;17d
+0->B )(==(7= 4( 6-<>;-o

g-j>8;1/;8==(9 y;1)>4(71Y,- 4)0>61+C+4-u1(DD(u4-)1<d
+1=89 f(?8>;Y,-u8<1419989 x1687-q(;=171Y4-< 0->;-< <- +;81d
<-7= -= )1.>;:>-7=oz7 +01-7 2(>7- 6)(,89=-
?1(f(;)87(;(Y2?8>,;(1< 4- <>1?;- 6(1< 14 7- ?( 7>44- 9(;=o
u1(DD(f(9>(7(oz7 /(;<87 6- ?81=Y<-< +869(/787<
(;;1?-7=Y+0(+>7 ,- 6)(/;199-;Y,- 6- ?-7,;- 4)8)2-= ,- <87
4(;+17\,-<Z>.< 9-17=< ,-l87/;1-Y,-< .>6>;<Y>7 +;77- ?84> 9
4( .(<(,- ,-<u6-< ,>u>;/(=81;-Y>7 +(,>+>- =;-<<>Y4- ,>=(14
,)>7 ,-<<17 ,-p8;-7D8 ,1f;-,1Y>7 -Bd?8=8 ,> 2(;,17 ,)|,-7Y
,-< .->144-< ,-<<>+0>-< ,)>7 9(461-; ,-y0(D4(7,-Y>7 .;(/6-7=
,- 68<(D:>- ,)>7- 68<:>>- ,)m<9(0(7Y>7- 91-;;- 781;- ,>
{><>?-Y,->B (7/-48=< ;(;-<Y61d.(D-7+-Y61d)1<+>1=Y,- 6(>?(1<-<
+891-< ,- 6(>?(1< =()4-(>BY>7 68>+081; =(+0>,> <(7/ ,-x(7
k-;8618on- 4-< ;-98><<-Y,1<=;1)>- 4( 6877(1-of866-7= 4->;

zr mymr|wdmwi\girdupixwutqu|m2W

>+0(99-; bp-+8;71(>, +869;-7, -= 687=;- 4-< ,-7=<ox)(;;(d
+0(7= ,- 6-< 98+0-<Y4-< -7.(7=< <)>9(;9144-7=oz7.-66171-48
);(<<- 4-< +01..;-< ,- 4(=>66>4-44(ox( ;8)- ><>- <8>91;-\+q)>98>d
<-;-Dd?8><b;

i44- ;-=8>;7- <>; <-< 9(<Y-B=>7>- 4- 9(?>o g-< 9-;<1-77-< <- .-;d
6-7=Y0->;=-7= ,-< ;1;-< .>;=1.<Y,-< ?81B .>;1)(;,-<o i44- ?8>,;(1=
,8;61;o
g->B ;8><<-< );>C(66-7= .(;,>-<Y,->B .144-< ??=>-< (?-+ =(7=
,)8>=;(7+- -= ,- 4>/A;-=>?87= -= ?1-77-7= (>=8>; ,- 4(k>/41(Y
4)177866()4-m66(+84(=(o
+ i7=;- 4( +0(<=- 7>,1=>,-x(7=(f01(;( -= 4( )8;,>41:>-k-<Q
r>8?8Y9(< ,)0><1=(=187 -7 +- :>1 6- +87+-;7-;Y<)>=(1= -<+4(..>14
<1/78;q13-41o +w ,;81=- ,> ?1+8x(7g86-71+8Y 9;-7,< 4( ?1(
j;(7+-<+8g-x(7+=1<Y 7- 6(7:>- 9(< ,- =- 9-7+0-; (>d,-<<><
,4)16)>+14- <8>;1;- ?814>,>f0;1<= ,-x(76(;=178o {( -7<>1=- 4(;/8
g877(;-/17(o g(7< 4( +0(9-44-p8..;-,8Y=> =;8>?-;(<s4)(=0>d
71-7sY687 ?(4-=(771<Y q1+0-4dd7/-48 98>; 4-< ,(6-<Y+- 9;>d
+1->B +;>=17Y+- +0-; 17<=1/(=->; ,- 687 (68>; 98>; =81o ;

m4 6)(?(1= ,1= +-4(Y>?8:>(7= 4-< 786< ;>17>< ,-q(,,(d
4871Yf(;(.( ,-44(x917(dx9(7848Yx(7j-41+-Yx-;;( ,1f(<<(78Y
q(=-487-Yy;()>+8Y,>+8;=1:>(7= 4)01<=81;- ,>,8;>-,-1 )-441<<161
9(4(DD1,(7< 4-<:>-4< .4->;1<<-7= (>28>;,)0>1 ,)>=;(7/-< -= 17<8d
4-7=< 6>=1-;<o

i44- (..1;6- (?81; -7=;-?> +-u>4+17-44( ,-q13-41 /;(7,1; ,)>68d
=187 -7 9(;+8>;(7= ,> )-+ +-< +8>;< 17=>;1->;-< ,)8Q<>;/1<<-7= 4-<
-<+(41-;< <(7.>41+1-7<o

q)(d=d14 ,1= :>-4:>- +08<- :>- 2- 7)-7=-7,1< 9(<b

2X

pdgdqi gixdkri

p-+01-7 :>1 4)( <>1?1- /(4-;1-z6)-;=8m0><1=- -= 4)()(7,877-o z7
<-7=16-7= ,)1;;>9(;()4- 4)-7?(01=o x>;/1= >7 +0(=Y+>48==>,- ,-7=-4d
4-< -= +81..>,)>7 )877-= =;1+8=>o p)(99(;1=187 4( ;>?84=-Y<(
6(;+0,>;>/4>-Y>7 17<=(7= <><9-7,>-Y;-9;-7,Y,> :>(;=1-; -<9(/7849
f(98,1687=-Y;-=8>; ?1(w86(Y+8;<8{1==8;18i6(7>-4-o
i44- ?8>,;(1= <)(++8>,-;o i44- <(1= :>- 94>< ;1-7 7)-<= ?>;1.1()4-od>
6141-> ,- 4( ;>- );O4-7= ,-< .->BY,)(+=1?-< <1408>-==-< 4-< /(?-7=
,- +(/-8=<o

z7- ?1-144- 6- 0A4-Y 6- <(1<1= (> 981/7-=Y6>;6>;-
4786 ,)>7 <(17= -7=;- ,)(6-;< +01+8=<oi7+(<=;>- ,(7< 4( 7>1=Y<(
?81B 68,>4-\+x(7k-7(;18o ;
w9;><-7=Y=(+1=>;7-Y4- ?-7= 68>+0- 4( 68;?- ,-< =;8=d
=81;<ox(7< ;-9A;-Y?(17+><Y6-< 91-,< <- ,>=(+0-7= ,>
<84on4>?1=- (>d,-<<>< ,-< +(71?-(>B 8Q<=(/7-7= ,-< -(>B ,- ?(1<<-44-Y
,-< ,>=;1=><Y,-< 16687,1+-<og-< ;(=< +;-?>< <)C ,>+8698<-7=Y
4)Z14 ,8>B -= =;1<=-Y+866- 4->;< .;A;-< ,-e;>/-< -= ,)d6<=-;d
,(6o
i7.17 2- ;-+877(1< 4( .(<(,- 4>D(;,>-Y8;7-6-7=>- ,)16d
9;>?1<1)4-< 681<1<<>;-<Y,- 4( 9-7<187i<9-;(7D(Y9=;-7=-d<1B
617>=-<991-, ,- 4( ,-6->;- ,> +86=-y-8df(;48 ,-e;87D178d
q13-41d4)m7<8671(:>-od> ;-Dd,-d+0(><<>- ,- 4( 6(1<87 ?81<17-Y
C->B /;(7, 8>?-;=<Y>7 68;= -<= (<<1< <>; <87 41=Y>7 9(<<1. +0(d
9-4-= -7=;- <-< ,81/=< ,>+0(;7><ov>(=;- +1-;/-< <>; >7-
+0(1<,14(91,-7= 4->; 974- .4(66-oi7=;- +-< 6>;< ;><1/7><Y>7
0>;1=(/,- <841=>,- (++>6>4>-o
i7.17 2- 9487/-Y)1-70->;-><-Y,(7< 4( ?(/>- ,> 41=o

i44- ,8;=Y(+0(;7>-9,8;61;o p- 28>; );>C(7= 9;8/;-<<-9<( .-7?d
=;-o

zr mymr|wdmwi\girdupixwutqu|m2Y

i44-;??-\>7 17=-;617()4- 2(;,17 4)(++869(/7-o x>; 4(
+844178>-<=Y4)(;);- 687>6-7=(4 ,- 4( ?1- -= ,- 4( +877(1<<(7+-o +x87
>71:>- .;>1= 144>617- =8>=po ;( 6>4=1941+(=187 ,- <-< );(7+0-<
>?8:>- 4(e?=- .->144>- :>1Y(61+(4-6-7=Y4>1 ;-71.4- 4- .4(7+o
y;81< 4-==;-< 169>7>=;()4-< )8;,>-< ,- )1)418=0A:>-< +87=8>;7-7=
>7- .(4(1<-Y<)>=(/-7= -7 /;(,17<o
z7- 6(17 4( +87,>1=Y4( 01<<- (> .(C=- ,> <C+868;-o v>-4:>)>7
,1=\ + n- <(1<h ; i44- <)-7=-7, 4>1 ;>987,;-Y,(7< >7-
4(7/>:>)-44- 1/78;-Y>7- 90;(<- ?1=(4- 4)>481/7(7= ,> ,(7/-;o z7 +;1 4(
;>?-144-Y4( 9;>+191=- (144->;< 8Q=8>= <- ,>/;(,-o i44- <(1<1= ,->B
8;-144-<Y-44- <- 9-7+0-o q13-41Y.>;1->BY<>; 4- ,8< (> 6141-> ,-<
,>+86);-<\ + y;(C7>-h y> 6- 4- ;-?(>,;(<o ;

x(7<.;(99-;Y4(<1/78;(6)(998;=- 4- 9-=1=
,>2->7-;on<>1< <(;(/(DD(Y<-< 28>-< 841?7=;-< <- =-17=-7= ,)>68=187o +z7
<1/78;-A?-7>=8 9-; 4-1o;i44- 6- =-7, 4)-7?-4899-o +p)(=0>d
71-7;<(7< ,8>=-Y:>1 6)( <>1?1-Y:>1 6- <>1?;( 9(;=8>=o
q(,(6-e-;/(7D( <8>;1=Y6(=-;7-44-6-7=
,1<98<>-96+87<-144-;on- 4( ,-?17- ?>7(4- <8>< <87 6(<:>- ,-u(;:>-o

q1,1Y4- 487/ ,>x9(++(7(9841Y,)>7 ?1+84894)(>=;-Y<- 9-;, (>
+Z>; ,-r(94-<o
+ z7-q(,87- (+>90(4- 9;1- 98>; ->Bo ; {8149+- :>)-44- -7=-7,1
6>;6>;- <8>.;>,- 4(x84.(=(;-1+- :>)-44- +;81= -7=-7,;-o

p( 9->; 6)(<<(144-oj>1;Y.>1; 4-4(;)17 ,> <1/78;q13-41Y
+- .8> 2>)14(7= +866- >7 6-7=->; ,>71+0>,- 4(u1-,1/;8==(o
+d77(k;8,-3Y.144- ,-q(;=0(o;-671=DY9-=1=-d.144- ,-n8(77-<
x91;8Y=> 6- .(1< +8>;1;o ;p( );>=- ,-n-<<>6)( ,-?(7+>-o
+w-7,<d681 4-u(><14199- -= 4( 6-; ,)m=(41-;+1=- 4- 6(4()(; ,>
6(417q13-41ox( ?81B +0(>,- 6- ,1<<>(,- ,)>+0(99-;ox)14

2Z

pdgdqi gixdkri

>?8:>-r-;?(4Y+)-<= :>-2)(16-r-;?(4oj14< ,-;()(==->;h n- 4(
+877(1<Y4( =;8>)4- 9(<<187 ,- <87 ,>?8>-6-7= 98>; <87 =C;(7d
(4=-;d-/8o +{1-7<Y6- ,1=d14Y28>1; ,(7< 4( 6(1<87 ,- 4( ?1(j>8;1d
/;8==(Y96817< :>- => 7- 9;>.A;-< 4)(4+I?- 4-?(7=17- ,- 4(u1/7(d
<-++(o ;
l->;-><-6-7=j18;- -<= 49Y9,;81=- ,> ?1+8x(7j141998
-k1(+868Y<Z>; ,>=-<=>- ,- 6(,(6-e-;/(7D(oi44- 6-
,-?17-7 ,(7/-;Y;-=1-7= 4)(,?-;<(1;-,)>7 87/4- ,;(+871-7o
g- 4( ?1(e-7-==8f;8+- 6( +8>;<- ;-9;-7,oz7 /;(17
,<()4- -= 4- +1-4 <)8)<+>;+1=ox-;(1=d+- +8>=>6- ,-+?81;r(94-< -=
68>;1;;b

x>; >7- 94(+- ,> :>(;=1-; +01781< ,-x=-44(Y87 <)-69;-<<- 98>; 4(
?81; <)-B01)-;Y4- ?-7=;- ,>7>,>o

{81498Q2)-7 <>1<Y8Q687 -;;(7+- ()8>=1=og1B (4A7-<
6- 9-;.8;-7=Y>7 )8>;,877-6-7= 1;(<+1)4- ,)17<-+=-<
6)>+(;=4-< +>1<<-<og-< +841);1< ,)>7 =;(1= <)-7?84-7= ,- 687 <-B-o
+x=;-/(h;0>;4- 4- 7(17Y +2- =)(1 -7.17 =;8>?>-o ;

ooo f-;=(17< 9;>=-7,-7= :>)14 <)(/1= ,)>7 61;(+4-o v>- 4-u-=1=w>)1<
.;(7+01= ,)>7 <->4 +8>9 ,)(14- 4-k84.- ,>q-B1:>-o v>)14< <87= ,-<
61441-;<92(1441; ,- 4( <(17=-o v>)87 4-< ?81= ,- )877- 0->;- <>;?8d
4-; 4-f(<=-44 ,-44)t?8Y u8DD>841 -= 4-<f0(69<u04>/;>-7<ooo
+ p)(==(:>- ,- +-< 617><+>4-< ?8141-;<;Y;>9A=- 4)8;71=0848/>- (>B
=8>;1<=-<>=877><Y +-<= ?;(16-7= ,)>7- 17+;8C()4- (>,(+-o ;

zri djjdmwi uwm{|i

( :>-<=187 9;17+19(4- ,)d4-B-1 j18,8;8?1=+0 =8>;7(1= (>=8>;
p
,> 4()C;17=0-\>7- .81< ,-,(7<Y:>- .(1;- 98>; -7 <8;=1;bw
4)-7=-7,;-Y<->4- >7- ?8487=>.(;8>+0- 6-==(1= >7 =-;6-9+-<
,>,(4-<o
g(7< <87 +817Y+;(681<1- 6(1< -7+8;- )-44-Ym;17({-;<1d
48?( 9;17+-<<-g84/8;8>31 ;>987,1=\
Md>+>7- ?8487=>7)-7 -<= 2(6(1< ?-7>-9)8>=o t7
=;8>?- 4( <8;=1- (17<1 :>)>7- (1/>144-Y4( =?=- (144->;<Y<(7< 94>< C
9-7<-;Yd4-B-1j18,8;8?1=+0o
Mo1;1448?Y+8;;1/-(d=d14o
Md=0(7(<1>< u-;7(=0 h <)>+;1( 4- 78>?-4 (;;1?(7=o
M r87 687 +0-;Y?8>< 7)C?=-< 9(<o gA< (>28>;,)0>1Y
(99-4-Dd681|,8>(;,o
M u8>;:>81 9(<+ f(91=(17-d+0();8>+e(;87
,f0(;4><;Y4>1 (?(1<d2- >7- .81< ,-6(7,>(48;< :>-Y;??->;Y14 <87d
/-(1= (> <(17= 786 ,-n-(7 ,- 4(f;81Bo
f87<=(7=17u<(;890(/01< +0-;+0(1= 8Q-= +866-7= <)(<d
<-81;Y.1= ,-61d=8>;Y;-?17= <>; <-< 9(<Y(==-1/71= 4( 98;=- -= 4(7<(\
M{(71=(< ?(71=(=>6o
M z7 .8>Y6>;6>;(m;17({-;<148?(o
M m4 ?->= ,1;-ooo n)0><1=(1<o m4 ?->= ,1;- :>)14 7)C ( ;1-79
,1;-o

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pdgdqi gixdkri

Mn- 7-<>1< 9(< ,- +-= (?1<Y()<84>6-7= 9(<Y4(
9(;8478>< (<<>;-ooo78>< (<<>;-ooo,- 7)?=;- 2(6(1< <->4o p(
9;17+-<<g84/8;8>31 7)(44( 9(< (>d,-49,- +-= (B186-o i44- <)C +;(69877(
-= <-6)4( -<+(4(,-; >7 9(7 ;8+0->B <1 ();>9= :>- +0(+>7
,78>< 4( ;-/(;,(Y<(1<1 ,- ?-;=1/-o
p- <14-7+- (><<1=I= <)-69(;( ,> <(487Y?-716->BY(78d
7C6-o
g-;;1A;- 681Y>7 ;1+(7-6-7=o n- 6- 9;>9(;(1 (> 91;-o m4
(;;1?(Y,1..>;-66-7= :>- 9;>?><

p( <>1=-Y -7 ?;(+Y ,-?1-7= 1441<1)4-o u8>;=(7=Y :>1 ,)(>=;- (>;(1= ->
(++A< (>B .>;=1?-< 9(/-< ,- 687 28>;7(4 ,87= 2- 7)1,-7=1.1- 94><
4)>+;1=>;-b

m;17({-;<148?( 78>< <>;9;1=ooo

d?-+ 94>< ,)(==-7=187Y2- ;-+877(1< 6( 6(17 9;>+191=>-Y+-< 41/7-<
-7 +8441<187Y4-==;-<9,-61>+08>>-< (> <866-= ,-< ?1;/>4-<o
q- ;-6>68;-; +- :>(=8;D- .>?;1-;Y+0(+>7 )8>+4>,(7< <87 01<=81;-Y
<81;>- .(=1,1:>- 8Q m;17( 7)->= ,)C->B :>- 98>;|,8>(;,Y4- 94><
,8>>Y14 -<= ?;(1Y 99(;(C=;- +-4>1 :>)87 ,><1;- ?81;o

m;17({-;<148?( 78>< <>;9;1= >7- .81< ,- 94><Y<)>?-;d
=>(7=ooo

v>- ?(1<d2- 17?-7=-;b m;17( 2(6(1< 7- <)>?-;=>(1=o y8>= (44(1=
,<81o x( 9-;<91+(+1=>(B>- <>; ,- <>;9;-7(7=-< +-;=1=>,-< :>- 2- <-;(1<
)1-7 -7 9-17- ,- 6-==;- -7 9-;<9-+=1?- ,-?(7= <87 17-..()4- +(7d
,->;Y +866- 4)(..1;6(1= 4- ;8>/- ;8>/- ,- <-< 4A?;-<o q(1< 4(1<<87<
+-4(o

Mx(?1-Dd?8><Y,1=d-44-Y:>- 9(< 94>< =(;, :>- +- ?17/=d
:>(=;- ,>+-6);-Y(48;< :>)(>=8>; ,- 4( =()4- ?8>< ;>?-1448771-D

zridjjdmwi uwm{|i=2

-7 .(6144-Y2- .;(7+01<<(1< 4- +(9 /4(+>,- 4( ?1-144- ?144-Y9;-7(7=
44(;/- 98>; 6)(?-7=>;-; ,(7< 4-< (7.;(+=>8<1=>< ,)>7-
.?=.8;(17-b
m;17( <- 9-;,(1= ,(7< ,)17786);()4-< ,>=(14<Y<1 )1-7 :>)14
,-?-7(1= 98<<1)4- ,- 4)16(/17-; (61+(4- (?-+ +- =8>=d?-7(7=
7>/41/>-= 0(;/7->B ,-< :>(;=1-;< 78;, -B=8;:>>< ,-< )(<<-<
?(44>-<Y.(<+17>- 9(; 4)8)2-= 9(<<>,- 6(17< -7 6(17< -7 ;-=;(1=
,-< <(>?(/-< )(;(:>-6-7=<Y<)-7 ;>28>1<<(7= ,> +817 ,- 4)Z14Y
?(/>-6-7= -..;(C>-o
M p- +48>Y,1;(d=d-44- 0><1=(7=-Y+866-9;-/;-=Y78><
2>/-(7= 17(9=-<94( +869;-7,;-Y<-;( =8>28>;< 98>; 681 4- =(91<
?84(7=\169(;()4-Y<( 98<1=187 9>;190>;1:>- 6(1< <>;>4-?>- 4>1
,877(1= 4( 9;18;1=>o x1694-6-7= 14 .(44(1= ,-?17-; ,(7< 4- <+17=14d
4-6-7= (1/> ,-< (698>4-< :>)87>=(1= (;;1?>(> 6-144->; ,- 4(
.?=-o z7 ?1->B ;??- ,)-7.(7+- ?1<<>(>d,-<<>< ,-
4)-6)4>6(=1:>.1/>;- ,)t;187o
z7 6(4(1<- =(7/1)4- 78>< (?(1=Y2- 6- <8>?1-7<Y.;I4><o
w-=;(7+0>-94)17=>;1->; ,- <87 ;>+1= );><:>-6-7= ?1,><8>< 4)-.d
.-= ,)>7 ,8>=-Y m;17( ,1<9(;>= 4)-<9(+- ,)>7- <-+87,- 17=-;61d
7()4-o z7- 68,1.1+(=187 169-;+-9=1)4- ,(7< <-< 6(71A;-<
69-17(Y6- .1= ,8>=-;9687 =8>; ,- 4( ?>;(+1=>Y,- 4)17=>;?= ,- <87
01<=81;-o |,8>(;, <8>;1(1= -..;87=>6-7= ,- 4( ?81; (17<1 7(/-;Y
-B+-7=;1:>- -= 6(40->;-><-o
M f)-<= +877>Y m;17( 7- .-;( :>- <:>(==-; 4-< (7-+,8=-<
,)(>=;>1o
M x>1?(7= ,- 9;A< ?8=;- -B-694-Y(?(1<d2- ;>=8;:>>o
|,8>(;,Y2- ?->B ,1;-d=0(7(<1><u-;7(=0Y7- ;>(/1= 9(<Y
.1,A4-9<87 ;I4-\>7->71/6- ,-9>1< 4( 7>1= ,-< =-69<o
w-<<(1<1-Y m;17( 98>;<>1?1=o
M p- =(91< ?84(7=Y;>9>=(d=d-44-o i= +866- -71?;>-\
n?81< -7+8;- +-==- )487,- ,>0(7+0>-Y,- ,8<Y7>/41/-66-7=
??=>

==

pdgdqi gixdkri

,)>7 2-(7Y<>1?;- ,- 4( =?=- 4- 687>6-7=(4 ?(d-=d?1-7= ,- 4(
)(4(7<81;-o z7 17<=(7= ,)17(==-7=187 -= 4( 6>9;1<- 6)-7+0(7=(o
p( 9;17+-<<- 7)-7 ?-7(1= 9(< (> .(1=Y48>?8C(1= 9>1<Y);><d
:>-6-7=Y,)>7- ?81B 169>;(=1?-Y);(7,1=
<(;-6(;:>()46>9;1<-\
M p( )487,-Y-0 )1-7Y4( )487,-ooo ; u-;94-B-Y+0(+>7
,78>< ;-/(;,(1= <87 ?81<17Y +?8>< 7- ,-?17-;-D 2(6(1<Y4(
)487,7)>=(1= (>=;- :>- 4- .8;(17mo ;7=;1/>>9(; 4)1668)141=>,-
78=;(61-Y +<87 ;-/(;, 9487/-( ?-;< 681 +866- +0-;+0(7= (> .87,
,)>7 9>1=<o ;
m;17(Y-7?(01- 9(; 4- <8>?-71;Y<- =>= ,-?(7= >7
-7<-6)4,)16(/-<Y17(++-<<1)4-<978=;- 8;-144-Y:>- <->4- <( 9(<<187 <(>d
?(1= ,- 4)17,1..>;-7+-o
d4-B-1j18,8;8?1=+0 =8><<(op)>?1,-7+- ,)>7- +86941+1=>
-7=;- ->B (7>(7=1= 687 -<9>;(7+-o n- ?1< 6-< 144><187< <8>< =8><
4-< (7/4-<Y<8>..;1< -= 6)8)<-;?(1 <8>..;1;ow 4->; +I=>687 786
9741=Y <- ;>=;(+=(Y 6- ,-?17=>=;(7/-;o

p- <>;4-7,-6(17Y>7 =>4>/;(66- ,)m;17( 7- +869;-7(7= 9(< 4(
;(1<87 <>)1=- ,- 687 +87/>Y<8>41/7(1= :>)(>+>7- ;(1<87 7- 2><=1d
.1(1= 4( ;>9=>;- ,)>7-+<1 .;(=-;7-44- ;-4(=187;oj;(=-;7-44-h p(
/(;+-ooo
w>28>1 ,)(?(7+-Y4- ?8C->; -7 681 <)-7.4(66(1=94( 9-7<>-
,?1;=>-4< +87.41=< :>1 6- +87.87,;(1-7= (?-+ 4-< 86);-< ?8;(+-< ,-<
2(48>Bon(48><1- ?1=- ;-9>;()4- 98>; >7- 9-;<91+(+1=>(><<1
9;869=:>- +-44- ,)d4-B-1j18,8;8?1=+0og>=-<=()4- -= 6(417Y=8>28>;<94(
0(>=->; ,- <-< -B+A<Y,- 4( ,>)(>+0-94)(<+>=1<6-Y=-4>=(1=
|,8>(;,Y4- 9;>.>;>,- 6( )1-7d(16>-m;17({-;<148?(o
f)-<= 98>;:>81 =8>= 6)17+1=(1=9;-9;-7,;- 4( 94>6- 98>; +8694>=-;
4- 6C=01:>- ()>+>,(1;- =1<<>2><:>)(48;< 9(; ,)8)<+>;-< />7>;(=187<Y
4-==;-< 169;>?1<1)4-< -7 .8;6- ,- +1=(=187<o

zridjjdmwi uwm{|i=H

d> +86)4- ,- 6( <841=>,-Y,(7< 4)17<1/71.1(7+-
:>8=1,1-77-Y46-<<(/- ,)m;17( 6)(==-1/71= -7.17o x87 -B9>;1-7+- 17161=()4-
76)>=877( 9(< 8>=;- 6-<>;-o

{-7,;-,12[<-9=-6);-
q87 +0-;u(>4Y
d>+>7- 78>?-44- ,- ?8>< 2><:>)901-;Y8Q g8;( 6)(99;1=
?8=;- ,>9(;=o v>-44- 1,>-Y r(94-<h u8>;:>81 9(<w86-Y
x1-778>j48;-7+-b g>;8>=(7=Y2- ?8>< ;-+877(1< )1-7 49o
u8>; 6( 9(;=Y2- 7- ?8>< <>;9;-7,;(1 9(< -7 ?8>< ,1<(7=
:>- .;(7+01; +-==- -7+-17=- ,- 9(;1<1(71<6- <)1698<(1= (9;A<
>7(77>- ,- <>,-7=(;1=>o n)-7?1<(/-(1 4- ,>9(C<-6-7= ,-<"4-<j8;d
=>7>-<o
p( 7(=>;- ?84+(71:>- ,)>7 9(C<(/- 6)( =8>28>;< ;>28>1-Y
(><<1 4)>?8+(=187 ,-<C4-< ,-j>-;=-?-7=>;( +(4+17>-< 9(; 4-<
<84-14< -= 4-< ?-7=< <(0(;1-7<Y,-p(7D(;8=- ,(;,>- ,- <-< =;81<
+-7=< +I7-< ?84+(71:>-<Y,- +-< -B+>;<187<9,8< ,- +0(6-(>
2><:>)(>Bq87=(F(< ,-j>-/8Y6)( 98><<>-96)-6)(;:>-; 4-=2
2>17 <>; >7 )(=-(> ,- 4( +869(/71-y;(<6-,1=-;;(7-( -7 ,1;-+d
=187 ,> .(6->Bu1+ ,-y-1,-o
g>9(;= ,-e(;+-487-o g- 786);-><-< 9>;19>=1-< 987+d
=>A;-7= +-< 17=-;617()4-< 28>;7>-< ,- +(46- 94(= :>- 2-
6;><-;?- ,- ?8>< ,>=(144-; ,- ?1?- ?81Bo q(1< 98>; 4)0->;-Y+-
:>2- =1-7<9?8>< +87.1-;Y687 <->4 (61Y-<= <1 ;1<:>>:>-ooo
n- ?8>< -7=-7,<\ +d44-D (> .(1=Y87 (?1<-;( (9;A<o ;
n)-B(/A;- =8>28>;<Y,1;-Dd?8><Y+-9-7,(7= 9(< 94>< :>-
+-==7(=>;- (>B -B+-<<1.< -= <>++-<<1.< (<9-+=< :>- <>)416-
,)-6)4>4- ;-/(;,o
u;-61A;- -<+(4-\ p(7D(;8=-Y9 ZW614-< ,-p(<u(46(<Y
8Q2- +081<1< ,- 6)17<=(44-;99;8B161=>,- 4( ?>/>=(=187 =;891+(4-o
x->4 17+87?>71-7=9+- <>28>;Y4)1698<<1)141=>,- 6-
<8><=;(1;(>B ?-7=< (41D>< <8>..4(7= <>; 4)(;+019-4o

=S

pdgdqi gixdkri

p(y;(<6-,1=-;;(7-( (<<>;(7= ;>/>41A;-6-7= 4-< ;-4(=187<
6(;1=16-< -7=;- 4-<C4-<Y2)-6)(;:>(1 ,87+ (> 94>< ?1=- 98>;p(<
u(46(<Y;-6-==(7=994>< =(;, 4)-B948;(=187 ,-< ?1-;/-< -= ?184-7=<
<1=-< ?84+(71:>-<o
r8>< 7(?1/>187< ,-9>1< =;81< 0->;-< ,(7< ,-< +87,1=187<
6>=>8;848/1:>-< =8>=9.(1= .(?8;()4-<Y9-=1=< /;8>9-< ,-
)877+869(/71- 9(<<(7= 4- =-69<9 >9148/>-; <>; 4-< 17.(=1/()4-<
(;/>6-7=< ,>+.14< ,)d68=<;Y:>(7, 4- 687<=;- (99(;>= ,-;d
;1A;- 4- 0>)48=or(D?-=>,- 6- +87?(17+;- ,- 7)?=;- :>)>7- <16d
94- <9-+=(=;1+-o n- ;>(41<(1 4- ,(7/-;Y48;<:>)>7->4>/(7=- 9(<<(d
/A;- /;(+1-><-6-7= 41)>;( 4- ?-;;8>Y<- ,1;1/-( ?-;< 681Y;-=1;(
<87 +0(9-(>Y<- ;>?>4( =-4 :>)14>=(1=\?1;14Y<87 +8;9< 48>;,
;>/4(7= 6( ;-<91;(=187 (> ;C=06- ,- 4( <1-77-o f844>-9<( 981d
=;17-Y2- 4)17=-;;8/-(1\ + v>1 <>1<d2-bw :>-4 8;/(7- />71=(4 9>1<d
2- 9;>=-7,;-zb ;7 +;1>98>?(7=()4-Y>7- 9(==- /;1..>-Y2)-><
4)17=>1=187 <>)1=- :>)>7- ,>6>4=1941+(=187 ,- =1<<>< 8;/(71:>-<
(/1<<(7= 17,>9-7,(66-7= 4-< >7< ,-< (>=;-<>=(1-7= ,1<<16>4><
<8>< 4-< 8;-144-;< ,- +0(:>- +()17-Y=-44-< ,-< )8>+0-< (?1,-<
(716>-< ,)>7 6?6- (99>=1=o
p( <1=>(=187 6)(99(;>= +866- >7->=(9- 171=1(=1:>-o p(
9;><-7+- ,- 4)>=;(7/-;Y4( +-;=1=>,- <8>,(17- :>)14 ,>;1?(1=
,+-==- -7=1=>6C<=>;1-><-Y<1/71.1(1-7= 4)17>=141=>,- =8>=-
9->;Y,=8>=- (==-7=-o
x8>< 4)-..-= ,)>7- 4>);1+1=>-B=;?6-Y6-< +869(/787<
,?8C(/- <- ?(>=;(1-7= <>; 4- 987=Y4->;< +8;9< -7=;-6?4>< 7)-7
.8;6(1-7= :>)>7\>7 0866-Y x-1/7->;hY6- +(;-<<(7= 4-< <-17<o
n- +87<=(=(1 :>)14 (?(1= ;-61< <87 +0(9-(>o z7- ?81B +0>+08=(\
+ p- 687<=;->=(1= >7 +C+489-o ;
{8149Y+0-; (61Y,- :>81 ?8><>,1.1-;o
g(7< 4)169(=1-7+- ,- ?8>< ;-?81;Y?8=;- .1,A4-m;17(o