La farce est jouée

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Publié par

Le moine copiste François s'est vu confier par Rome, la mission de réécrire le lai d'une abbesse (Marie) en une version conforme aux directives papales. Mais François, facétieux et rebelle, décide de relater la vie houleuse de Marie à la cour de la reine Eléonore, souveraine d'un petit royaume coincé dans un monde bipolaire, entre le Sud et le Nord. Frère François émaille son récit de citations de ses pairs, d'allusions politiquement incorrectes, et tient à illustrer son adage favori : le rire est le propre de l'homme.
Publié le : dimanche 8 février 2015
Lecture(s) : 6
EAN13 : 9782806107640
Nombre de pages : 268
Prix de location à la page : 0,0127€ (en savoir plus)
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La farce est jouée

Du même auteur :

Le pantin de l’impasse, roman, L’Harmattan, 2011.

Sous le pseudo Georges Roland

Chansons de Roland, poésie, 2008.

C’est le brol aux Marolles, roman bruxellois, 2011.

Cartache !, roman bruxellois, 2012.

Manneken Pis ne rigole plus, roman bruxellois, 2013.

Louis Blanc-Biquet, chronique rurale, 2013.

Les contes de Luci, nouvelles, 2013.

Une tragédie bruxelloise, roman historique, 2014.

Théâtre

Vous ferez bien d’amener votre lanterne, comédie, 2013.

La farce est jouée
Acta est fabula

Ron Dorlan

ROMAN

D/2015/4910/12

© Academia – L’Harmattan s.a.
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B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve

ISBN: 978-2-8061-0216-4

Tous droits de reproduction, d’adaptation ou de traduction, par
quelque procédé que ce soit, réservés pour tous pays sans
l’autorisation de l’auteur ou de ses ayants droit.

www.editions-academia.be

d?-;=1<<-6-7=

m4 <-;(1= 144><81;- ,- 41-; 4- +87=-7> ,- +-< 9(/-<9,-<
9-;<877(/-< 8> ,-< .(1=< ;>-4<oi7 41==>;(=>;- +866- -7
+0161-Y;1-7 7- <- +;>-Y=8>= <- =;(7<.8;6-on- 7- <>1< 9(<
;-<987<()4- ,">7- 481 >71?-;<-44-o
v>"87 7"(144- 9817= ;-+0-;+0-; 1+1 ,-< 17=-7=187<Y,-< ?1d
<>-<Y,-< )>=< 98>;<>1?1<\14 <"(/1= ,">7 ,1?-;=1<<-6-7=Y
,-<=17> 9.(1;--<8>8;1;-o
i7 +- <1A+4- 6>,1(=1:>-94"-B+A<Y8Q4"17.8+-7 =-69<
;>-4;4"-698;=- <>; <87 )1-7d.87,>Y14 -<= )1-7 78;6(4
,<"-66?4-; 4- 2>/-6-7=op( 41==>;(=>;-Y+866- 4( ;-41/187Y
+866- 4"01<=81;-Y;>+4(6- ,- <-< 4-+=->;< >7- .81 17>);(7d
4()4-ot> >7- )877- ,8<- ,- 7(D?-=>oq(1< (9;A< =8>=Y
7"-<=d+- 9(< 9(;-14b

_~ F#{o~

9687 9-=1=j;(7<81<

m4 C ( =;81< +C+4-< 41==>;(1;-<
:>- 9-;<877- 7- ,-?;(1= 1/78;-;\
p(q(=1A;- ,-j;(7+-Y,-e;-=(/7-Y
-= ,-w86- 4( /;(7,-o

n-(7e8,-4-2=2&8

p-< >7< 68>;(1-7= <(7< 9(;4-;Y
4-< (>=;-< 9(;4(1-7= <(7< 68>;1;o
p-< >7< 68>;(1-7= -7 9(;4(7=Y
4-< (>=;-< 9(;4(1-7= -7 68>;(7=o
p-< (>=;-< +;1(1-7=90(>=- ?81B\
+f87.-<<187h f87.-<<187h
f87.1=-8;h q1<-;-;-h m7 6(7><h;

d4+8.;1)(<r(<1-;-,1=j;(7<81<w()-4(1<8

d+=( -<= .()>4(

i69-;->;d>/><=-Y2[(8O=2S(9;A<ndfY
+1=>9(; >7 +87<-144-; +866>7(4 (7?-;<81<

y1;-D 4- ;1,-(>Y4( .(;+- -<= 28>>-o

j;(7<81<w()-4(1<Y<>; <87 41= ,- 68;=

i

2oj;A;-j;(7<81< 4-
+87=-<=(=(1;

d>4=;- (;/>6-7= 7- 9->= 687 +>->; -41;-Y
{8C(7= 4- ,>-14 :>1 ?8>< 617- -= +87<866-\
q1->4B -<= ,- ;1< :>- ,- 4(;6-< -<+;19;-Y
u8>; +- :>- ;1;- -<= 4- 9;89;- ,- 4"0866-o
j;(7<81<w()-4(1<Yk(;/(7=>(

p- 6817- +891<=- 7866>.;A;-j;(7<81< <"-<<>1- 4- .;87=
,">7 ;-?-;< ,- 6(7+0-om4 ?1-7= ,- =-;617-; 4(
0>1=1A69(/- ,- <87 6(7><+;1=Y>7- +866(7,- ?-7>- ,1;-+=-6-7=
,-w86-oz7 ?;(1 =;(?(14 ,- )>7>,1+=17Y:>- +-f0-?(41-;9
4(f0(;;-==-h r87 <->4-6-7= 87 +891-Y6(1< 14 .(>=
-7+8;>=8..-; +- =-B=- /(144(;,-6-7= -B9>;/>9(; 4-< <-;?1+-< ,>
+861=>,- 4-+=>;- 9(9(4Y=8>=-.81< 987+=>>,- 9(<<(/-<
:>(41.1>< ,-++0(>,<;9(; 4-< 4-+=->;< (<<-;6-7=><Y6(1<
+8>)41><;98>; ,-< ;(1<87< 8)<+>;-<o
y8>= +-4( ,(7< 4"(=68<90A;- 681=- ,- +-==- .17 ,">=>o
g(7< 4- <14-7+- +869(<<>,> <+;19=8;1>6Y87 -7=-7,
4+4(;<=;1,-7= ,">7 68><=1:>- (==-;;1<<(7= <>; 4- +;77- ,>d
7>,>,- 4"(;6(;1><Y+0-. ,"(=-41-; -= ())>;>/>41-; ,- 4(
?1-144- ())(C-op( ,8>+->; 9;-<:>- (7/-?17- -<=
=;8>)4>9(; >7>=>+(71+>4(1;-Y:>1 ;>><<1=917=;8,>1;- <( =8>..->;
2><:>- ,(7< +- 41-> ,- .;81, ;-+>-144-6-7=op- /;(7, 48+(4Y
98>;=(7= )1-7 ?-7=14>9(; ,">78;6-< )(1-< 8>?;(7= <>;
49(;+Y+866-7+-9<-7=1; 4( +8>4- 16)1)>- ,- <>->; -= 4"(1<d
<-44- 6(4 -7=;-=-7>-ot7 <- +;81;(1= (>{(=1+(7Y,(7< 4-<
;1/>->;< ,- 4">=>Y+- :>1 7- 94(C= 9(< 9(;=1+>41A;-6-7=9
.;A;-j;(7<81<Y,86171+(17 ,14-==(7=- -= +87=-<=(=(1;-op>1Y
14 (16- 2><=-6-7= +-==- ,8>+- 4>61A;- :>1 ?8>< -..4->;-Y
?8>< +(;-<<- 4">91,-;6-Y<- 98<- <>; 4( 6(17 :>1>+;1=ou(<

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

+-==- +0(4->; ,"(?(7= 4"8;(/- 9;><(/-(7= ,">7- .(,->;
,.8;?=>:>(=8;1(4-Y48>;,- -= 7(><>()87,-o
p- +0-. ,"(=-41-; 7- 9->= ;>9;16-; >7 +4(:>-6-7= <-+
,- 4( 6(17 /(>+0- <>; <87 .;87= 4(;/-6-7= ,>7>,>od>
,1()4-Y+- 68><=1:>- 1698;=>7h f-4( ?(>= )1-7 4(
;>9=>;,> <14-7+-Y-7=8;<-94( ;A/4-Y6(1< />7>;(=;1+- ,- <8>4(/-d
6-7=o
j;A;-j;(7<81< 98<- 4( 94>6- <>; <87 +0-?(4-= ,">+;1d
=>;-Y-= ;-/(;,- 9(; 4( .-7?=;-op- +1-4Y+866-
01-;Y<+0(;/- ,- /;8< 7>(/-< )4-> <86);-of866- 01-;Y14 ?(
=86)-; ,-< +8;,-<Y=877-;9<"-7 )8>+0-; 4-< 8;-144-<Y-=
4-<>+4(1;< ,>+01;-;87= 4- <81; =86)(7= ,- 4->;<>=17+-44-<
/>(7=-<om4 )(1<<- 4-< C->B <>; 4- 6(7><+;1=Y-B0(4- >7 487/
<8>91;of866- 01-;Y+866- 4"(?(7=d?-144-oz7>=-;7-4 ;-d
+866-7+-6-7=o
x87 -<9;1=Y,8>+-6-7=Y<- .-;6-9+-= (=-41-;Y<-
9;82-==,(7< >7- ;??-;1- 9;8.(7-Y+866- <"14 <"-7?84(1= (>d,-<<><
,-< 7>(/-<Y8Q;A/7- 4( :>1>=>,-of866- 01-;Y14 <- 9;-7,
9?8/>-; ,>41+1-><-6-7=Y9;-<:>- ?84>9=>-><-6-7=Y,(7<
<-<>4>+>);(=187< 166(=>;1-44-<o
+r8=;- <->4- ?>;1=>Y;-+877(1<<87<d4-Y-<=
4"(908;1<6i;;(;- 0>6(7>6 -<=Y:>1 ;><>6- )1-7 4( ?(71=>,-
78=;98<1=187 ,8617(7=-o ;<- ,1=d14 (?-+ >7 ;-/(;, +1;+>4(1;-o
i= <1 ;1-7 ,- =8>= +-4( 7">=(1= ?;(1b x1 78=;- <+1-7+-Y:>1
;-98<- <>; 4-< .;?4-<>9(>4-< ,> 98<=>4(= ,"i>+41,-Y7">=(1=
:>- .(>Bd<-6)4(7=b v>- +- :>- 78>< ?1?87< (>28>;,"0>1
<">=(1= 9(<<>01-;Y-= :>-Y+;8C(7= =8>= +877(C=;-Y78><
7<(+0187<Y,-6(17Y9(< 94>< :>"01-;b v>- 78>< <866-<
?;(16-7=4-< 0()1=(7=< ,- 4">7 ,-< (=86-< :>1 <-487d7,;>
q(>;81<Y+8698<-7= 4"(1/>144- ,- 4"08;48/- :>- 4-<84,(=
e;8661=?1-7= ;-687=-; +0(:>- <81;b v>- 4- 28>; 8Q14
8>)41-;(Y78>< ;-<=-;87< )48:>>< <>; 4- +01..;- 7->.Y8> <1BY

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

-7 (==-7,(7= :>">7 17<-+=- /1/(7=-<:>- <- 98<- <>; 4"(1d
/>144-Y78>< (++;8+0- ,- <-< 9(==-< -= 78>< -66A7-<8Q
,87+b {1<187 (98+(4C9=1:>-o
j;A;-j;(7<81< <"C ?81= <1 )1-7 :>"14 7- 9->= ;-=-71; >7
2(99-6-7=94">?8+(=187 ,- <87 ())>2>+0><>; >7-
)8>44(7+>- ,(7< 4"-<9(+-Y4- <84-14 <- ;-.4>=(7= <>; <87
+;77>=17+-4(7=o
p"(;6(;1>< ;-4A?- );><:>-6-7= 4( =?=-Y-7 -7=-7,(7=
98>..-; >7 ,- <-< 9;8.A<om4 +4(:>- <A+0-6-7= <( ;A/4-
,<(17=e-78C= <>; 4- 4>=;17Y.(1= ,- /;8< C->B94"(,;-<<-
,.;A;-j;(7<81<Y:>1 ;>9;16- (?-+ ,1..1+>4=>>7 .8> ;1;- 7-;d
?->Bov>"-<=d+- :>"14 ( 4"(1; .(;+-Y4"())>Y(?-+ <87 .;87=
;>1<<-4(7= -= <-< <8>;+14< ,>/8>==(7= <>; 4"-7+;-
-7+8;.;(C+0- ,> ?>417of"-<= ,87+<(Y4"16(/- ,-g1->b
d;6(;1>< (<17>< -<=ot7 78>< ( -7<-1/7>,-< )8)(;,<Y
-= 87 78>< ,-6(7,- ,- 4-< ;-+891-;h z7 +86)4-h f"-<=
,87+ )1-7 ?;(1\4- +;>(=->; ( ;>><<1 4">71?-;<Y6(1< 14 ( ;(=>
4"0866-o
r8=;- ;>-4 (9(7(/-Y+"-<= 2><=-6-7= 4"16(/17(=187oi=
+"-<= -44- :>1Y6(40->;-><-6-7=Y78>< ( 98><<><978><
9;-7,;- (> <>;1->Bo w,>;1?-; ?-;< 78=;- .(=>1=>17+;8C()4-o
r8>< (?87< =8>= ;(6-7> 94( 6-<>;- ,- 78=;- 687,-o
y8>= -<= 49 \4( 6-<>;- ,- 78=;- 687,-or8=;- >71?-;<
,"(>28>;,"0>1 7"-<= 9(< 7->.\14 -<= <1694-6-7= 94>< /;(7,Y
>=(7= 9(;(,8B(4-6-7=Y,-?-7> 94>< 9-=1=o
p- ?81<17 ,- 9>91=;-Y.;A;-n-(7Y-<= 9;1< ,">7-
:>17=,- =8>BY:>1 2-==- ,(7< 4( <(44- >7 -..;81 <8>,(17Y+866- <1
>7 8>;< <"C>=(1= 17=;8,>1= );>=(4-6-7=oy8>=-< 4-< =87<>;-<
(99(;(1<<-7= 9>1< <"-<=869-7= ,-;;1A;- 4-< ?1<(/-< -698>;d
9;><Y:>1 <- ;-=8>;7-7= 98>; ?81; 4- ,(7/-;op"(;6(;1><;>d
=()41= 4"8;,;- ,">7 78>?-(> +8>9 ,- ;A/4-Y-= .;A;-n-(7
<">=8>..- ,(7< <87 68>+081;om4 ( >7 ;-/(;, (==;1<=>98>;
+

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

.;A;-j;(7<81<+f"-<= 9(< 6( .(>=-Y2- =8><<-o ;Y-= 4-<
4(;6-< 4>1 ?1-77-7= (>B C->BY=-44-6-7= 14 <- +87=;(17=o
j;A;-j;(7<81< 0(><<- 4-<>9(>4-< -= <- ;-9487/- ,(7<
<87 ;??-o
f891-;Y4( )-44- (..(1;-h x"(99>C-; <>; +- :>- 4-<d7d
+1-7< 78>< 87= 4(1<<>oq(1< (==-7=187h7- ;-+891-; :>-
+:>1 -<= 2>/>)87 -= <(17 9(; >7- 841/(;+01-Y;-+891-; (?-+
=8>= ,- 6?6-Y,-d+1Y,-d49Y>7- 9-=1=- -7=8;<-Y>7 8>)41Y
>7- );(?(,-Y<-487 <87 0>6->;ox>;=8>=Y7- ;1-7 17?-7=-;Y
<>1?;- 4-< ,1;-+=1?-<o
m4 ( ;-<> ,-< 17<=;>+=187< 9;>+1<-<\(?-+ <87 ?81<17 16d
6>,1(=Y14 ,-?;( ;-9;-7,;- 4-<>+;1=< -B9>;/>< ,">7- ()d
)-<<-Y-= -7 .(1;- >7 78>?-(> 4(1 +87.8;6- (>B 9;>+-9=-<
,- 4"|/41<- ,-w86-oz7- +891- ;-6(71>- -= +(?1(;,>-Y-7
:>-4:>- <8;=-oi= <>;=8>=Y8;,;- ,> 78>?-(> 9(9- 4>1d
6?6-Y14 .(>,;( <1/7-; +- 78>?-4>+;1= ,">7 786 )1-7 6(<d
+>417otQ1;187<d78>< <1 4-< ())-<<-<Y94"17<=(; ,-q(;1-d
q(,-4-17-Y(44(1-7=>+;1;- ,-<>?(7/14-< -= ,- 4( 41==>;(=>;-h
g"(144->;<Y78>< 7"(99-44-;87< 94>< +-<>+;1=< ,-< 4(1<Y6(1<
)1-7 ,-< ;86(7<om4 .(>= 9;-7,;- <-< ,1<=(7+-<op"0->;-
,4( 6(=1A;- ,-w86- 4( /;(7,- ( )1-7 <877>,-9>1< 4"(?A7-d
6-7= ,> 9(9-j;16(<u;-61-;o
j;A;-j;(7<81< +866-7+-9<- ,-6(7,-; <"14 ;-<=-;( ,8d
6171+(17 -7+8;- =;A< 487/=-69<om4 ( ,>29/8O=>(>B .;(7d
+1<+(17<Y<(7< /;(7, <>++A<Y6(1< (>28>;,"0>1Y14 <- ?-;;(1=
)1-7 +>;>,- 9-=1=- )8>;/(,-Y?1<1=(7= 4">7- 8> 4"(>=;- >71d
?-;<1=>98>; <87 94(1<1; -= 4">,1.1+(=187 ,- 4( 2->7-<<-ox87
-<9;1= .847=;- -7+8;-Y14 <- ?81= 6>,-+17Y>+;1?(7= ,-< ;>+1=<
,- +0-?(4-;1-<i0Y-0<6(1< 98>;:>81 9(<b
m4 -7?1<(/- (48;< ,- ;>,1/-;+<87;4(1 ,(7< >7 78>?-(>
.1+01-; ,- <87 =;(1=-6-7= ,- =-B=-op- 4(1 ,- 4(
?>;1=>op;86(7 ,> +4-;+j;(7<81<or"-<=d14 9(< =-69<Y(>28>;,"0>1Y
2&

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

,- ,>+;1;- <(7< 4(7/>- ,- )81< 4- ;-+866-7+-6-7= ,>.171d
=1.Y(?-+Y98>; =;(6-Y4">9;->?- 6(71+0>-77- -= <-691=-;d
7-44- ,>e1-7 +87=;- 4-q(4Y,> 0(>= +87=;- 4- )(<Y,- 4(
/(>+0- +87=;- 4( ,;81=-o
g>r8;, +87=;- 4-x>,o
f- 7- <-;(1= :>- 2><=1+-Y,- ,>787+-; >7-
687<=;>-><6(+017(=187\+-==- ())-<<- -<= <(7< ,8>=- =;A< ,8>>-Y<-<
;>+1=< 94-17< ,- )-44-< 16(/-<om4 7- ?( 9(< <- 4(1<<-;
9;-7,;(> 2-> 6(+01(?>41:>- ,> 78>?-(> 9(9-og>294">7 ,- <-<
9;>,>+-<<->;< 987=1.1+(>B (?(1= .(1= ,1<9(;(C=;- 8> .(1= ;-d
6(71-; ,-<>+;1=< 7"()87,(7= 9(< ,(7< 4- <-7< ,- 4( <>9;>d
6(=1- 6(<+>417- ,(7< 4"|/41<-o
m4 7"( )1-7 <O; (>+>7- +0(7+- ,- 9-;+-; <(7< >7 +8>9
,">+4(=od48;< 98>;:>81 7- 9(< +87=;-; 4- 9(9- 4>1d6?6-b
f"-<= +-4(\14 ?(>+;1;- 4"01<=81;- ,- +-==-
())-<<-q(;1-Y,4( ;-17-|4>878;-Y,-< ,->B ;81< ,- 2->B ,- +(;=-< :>1 ;>d
/7(1-7= -7 +- =-69<d49(>r8;, -= (>x>,om4 ,1;( =8>=- 4(
?>;1=>Y;87,-6-7=Y<(7<>:>1?8:>-Y<(7< ;-,8>=-; 4-<
.8>,;-< ,> 9(9-om4 ?( ;>,1/-;Y4>1Y4- ?;(1 9;-61-; ;86(7o
f(; -7.17Y-7=-;;-; 4-< 1698;=>7<Y4-< (..>)4-; ,">7- ;>9>d
=(=187 <>4.>;-><-Y<( +866-7+-94">7-;?-;op(
6(/8>144-= 4"><>;9(=187 4>1 .87= /;17+-; 4-< ,-7=<op- ;86(7 ,> +4-;+
?( 6-==;- ,- 4"8;,;- ,(7< =8>= +-4(o
f-==- ,1/;-<<187 9;-7, <>)1=-6-7= .17 ,(7< >7 <>;<(>=
48;<:>- 4- 9;-61-; /;87,-6-7= ,- =877-;;- ?1-7= 9-;+>=-;
4( .(<(,-oj;A;-j;(7<81< ;-9;-7, <-< -<9;1=<Y<- 9-7+0- <>;
<87 8>?;(/-og">7 +41+ ,- <8>;1< 14 8>?;- >7 78>?-(> ,8<d
<1-; -= <- 6-=9 >+;1;-Y4"-<9;1= ,>299487/>,(7< <87 ;86(7
,- 4( ?>;1=>o

22

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

=op( +8>; ,"(68>; ,-
4"())-<<-q(;1

q(;1- (1 7>6Y<1 <>1 ,-j;(7+-o
q(;1-
,-j;(7+

v>-4:>-< <-6(17-< 94>< =I=Y,(7< >7- ())(C- ;-=1;>- ,>
687,-Y>7- ?1-144- ())-<<- ;-+-?(1= >7 /-7=140866-
,78)4- -B=;(+=187Y-= <"(99;?=(1=94>1 +87.1-; >7- 61<<187
,- 9;-61A;- 1698;=(7+-o
p( 94>6- ,> <=C48 +;1<<( >7- ,-;71A;- .81< <>; 4- 9(91-;o
p( :>17:>(/>7(1;- 4-?( 4( =?=- ?-;< 4"0866- ,-)8>= ,-d
?(7= -44-\
M{8149Y6-<<1;-on- ?8>< ;-6-=< 1+1 4- 6(7><+;1= ,> 4(1
,-p(7?(4ou;-7-Dd-7 /;(7, <817Y<"14 ?8>< 94(C=\2"(16-;(1<
:>- 4( ;-17-|4>878;- 4- 41<- -= 6- ,877- <87 8917187om4
<-;( <(7< ,8>=- ,- /;(7,- 17.4>-7+- <>; 4( 98<=>;1=>o
p- 6-<<(/-; <"(>=8;1<(9.->144-=-; 4-< 9(/-< -=9-7
41;>7 9(<<(/-9?81B 0(>=- -= +4(1;-om4 7- 9>= <"-69?+0-;
:>-4:>-< 0(><<-6-7=< ,- <8>;+14< 9-7,(7= 4( 4-+=>;-\

+q( )-44-Y<1 +">=(1= ?8=;- ,><1;
,- ?8>481; 6"(16-;Y
<1 +-==- 281- 98>?(1= 6"(;;1?-;Y
?8>< 7- <(>;1-D ,877-; (>+>7
8;,;:>- 2- 7"-B>+>=- ,(7< 4( 6-<>;- ,- 6-< 68C-7<Y
:>- +-4( -7=;(C7- .841- 8> <(/-<<-o
n- .-;(1 +- :>- ?8>< 6- +866(7,-;-DY
98>; ?8>< 2"()(7,877-;(1 4- 687,- -7=1-;o
n- <8>0(1=- 7- 2(6(1< ?8>< :>1==-;o
{8><?=-< 687 94>< +0-; ,><1;o ;
v>(7, 4( 2->7- .144- -7=-7,1= 9(;4-;
+-4>1 :>1 4( 98>?(1= =(7= (16-;Y
-44- 4>1 (++8;,( <87 (68>; -= <87 +8;9<o
2=

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

Mq(D-==-h f"-<= ,- 4( 41==>;(=>;->;8=1:>-h p(
;-17|4>878;- ?( (,8;-;og"?=;- -7=;>- -7 ;-41/187 7- ?8>< (Y
<-6)4-d=d14Y9(< (<<(/1-Y6(,(6-o
p( ?1-144- ())-<<- ;-/(;,( 4- 6-<<(/-;Y-<:>1<<( >7 <8>d
;1;-o
Mn- 7- 9(;?1-7< 9(<96- ,>9(;=1; =8=(4-6-7= ,- 6-<
-;;(7+-< ,- 2->7-<<-Y?8C-Dd?8><b n"(1 )-(> 9;I7-;
4"(68>; +8>;=81<Y4-< +8>;< ,"(68>;Y14 C ( =8>28>;< (> .87,
,- 681 4- <8>?-71; ,- =8>= +- :>1 <- 9(<<(o |4>878;-Y4(
;8>:>17- 9>,1)87,-Y;-17- 6(4/;>-44-Y:>1 (?(1= =-44-6-7=
9->; ,> +87=(+= ,-< 0866-<Y-= :>1 <8>,(17Y<- =;8>?(7=
,-?(7= >7 6(;1 :>1 4( 7>/41/-Y,>+8>?;- 4"(68>;
90C<1:>(?-+ =8>< 4-< 674-< ,- <(u;8?17+-of-==-
6-;?-144-><>98:>-Y8Q4(p1/>- 4>==(1= 98>; 4">6(7+19(=187
<-B>-44,- 4( .-66-of-==- 28>;7>- 6>68;()4- 8Q4( 9;>,-|4>8d
78;- (?(1= .(1= )(<+>4-; 4- ;(998;= )1984(1;- ,-< 9>1<<(7+-<
,>r8;, -= ,>x>,o
p- 6-<<(/-; .->144-=( -7+8;- :>-4:>-< 9(/-<Y9>1<Y,">7
=87 ,- +87<91;(=->; ;><<-Y<8>..4(94"8;-144- ,- 4"())-<<-\
M w4">98:>-Y4- 9(9- 7"( 9(< (99;>+1>4-< .;-,(17-<
,">7- ,(6- ,- <87 ;(7/o w+8>9 <O;Y78=;- 78>?-(>x(17=d
uA;- -7+8;- 6817<oz7- <8>?-;(17- 7- <- +866-= 9(< (17<1
-7 .144- 9>)41:>-oi= 4"-B14 7->;(<=0>71:>- ,-< ,->B ?1->B
;81< 7"-<= 9(< >7 -B-694- 98>; <-< 8>(144-<or8>< ?1?87<
>7 =-69< ,- ;-78>?-(>Y6(,(6-Yw86- -<= 94><
/;(7,:>- 2(6(1<Y14 .(>,;( :>- 4( <8>?-;(17- ,- 4(u;8?17+- <"(<d
<(/1<<-o
Mp( ;-17-|4>878;- <- /(;,- )1-7 (>28>;,"0>1 ,- <-<
.;(<:>-< ,"(7=(7Y6>;6>;( 4"())-<<- 9(;-144-6-7=oq81
(><<1Y,> ;-<=-op"7/- ?8>< -7,8;= -= ?8>< +(46- 4-< <(7/<o
q(1< (> .87, ,- 681Y2"(1 +87<-;?>4( 6>681;- ,-
+-==2H

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

)-44->989>-on">+;1<Y-44- ;A/7- <>; >7- +8>; ,- 98A=-<o
r8>< <866-< (17<1 =8>=-< ,->B94( )(<- ,">7-
41==>;(=>;78>?-44- -= 94-17- ,- 9;86-<<-<o
p- 6-<<(/-; 8917(Y9>1< ;-9;1= >7 =87 ,- <(487 41==>;(1;-\
Mi= ?8< 9;82-=< ,- +8>; ,"(68>;b
i44- =(98=( 4- 6(7><+;1=\
Mm4< <87= 49Y6-<<1;-Y=8>< 9;?=<9<- +87+;>=1<-;on-
6<>1< 4(7+>- ,(7< ,-< 8>?;(/-< )(<>< <>; 4( 6(=1A;- ,-e;-d
=(/7-Y:>1 2- 4"-<9A;-Y.-;87= ,(=- ,(7< 4"01<=81;-o{8C-Dd
?8><Y6( <->4- :>?=- (>=>,- /48;1.1-; 4( .-66- -= 4(
94(+166-7<- :>"-44- ,81= (?81; ,(7< 4">71?-;<of866- 6- 4"(
-7<-1/7>.;A;-d7,;> f(9-44(7><Y2- 687=;-;(1 +866-7=
4-< +0-?(41-;< <- <(7+=1.1-7= (> <-;?1+- ,- 4->; ,(6-Y+86d
6-7= 14< ;-+8>?;-7= 4->; ,1/71=>0>6(17- /;7+-9-44-o{8><
?-;;-D\+-=>+;1= <-;( 4- 9;-61-; 4(1 ;86(7 ,- 4"01<=81;-
,4( 41==>;(=>;-om4 <-;( 4"Z>?;- ,">7- .-66-om4 -<= =-69<
,687=;-; :>- 78>< <866-< (9=-<94( 41==>;(=>;-Y:>- 78><
98>?87<Y61->B :>- 4-< 0866-<Y+0(7=-; 4( 7(=>;- -=
4)-(>ov>1Y+866- 78><Y98>;;( ,>+;1;- 4-<>4(7<
,4"(68>; -= ,- 4( 9(<<187b m4 .(>= ?81; +866- 4-< 6-;?-144-<
:>1 78>< -7=8>;-7= 7"(<91;-7= :>"9+-==-
41==>;(=>;-ox=;8>?-;(d=d14 >7 0866-Y98>; ,>+;1;- 78=;- 687,- ,- 9(<d
<187 (68>;-><-b w1-7 7"-<= 6817< <O;or8>< (?87< =8>d
28>;<>=>;-4>/>>-< (;)1=;(1;-6-7=on- =1-7< +-==- .81<9/(d
/7-;Y<1787 4"-<=16- ,-< 0866-<Y,> 6817< +-44- ,- 6-<
+869(/7-<od44-DY6(17=-7(7=o{8>< ?1-7,;-D 9(; 4(
<>1=6- ,1;- 4-< 78>?-44-< ,- 6( ;-17-Y-= 4( 6(71A;- ,87=
-44(>;( 9;1< +877(1<<(7+- ,- +-+1on- <(1< :>"-44- (99;>+1-;(o
g1=-<d4>1 (><<1 :>- 78=;- 9;8+0(17- +8>; ,"(68>; 4>1 <-;(
94-17-6-7= ,>,1>-Y-= :>"-44- <-;( 9(;61 78>< 9(; 4"-<9;1=o

2S

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

Hop-r8;,Y4-x>,Y-= 4-< (>=;-<<

p"0866- 7"-<= 9(< -7=1A;-6-7= +8>9()4-\
14 7"( 9(< +866-7+>4"01<=81;-^
71 =8>=9.(1= 1778+-7=Y9>1<:>"14 4( +87=17>-o
d4)-;=f(6><

d> <866-= ,- 4( +(;=-Y4-w8C(>6- ,>r8;,Y-= <( +(d
91=(4-|(>4-3899-Y9-;,>- ,(7< 4-< );>6-< -= 4-< 7-1/-<o
p- ;81 (>=8+;(=- -= (>=8 ,><1/7> q(084, C ;A/7- -7
6(C=;17+87=-<=>of"-<= >7 <8>?-;(17
<8>+1->BY;8>)4(;,Y>6>4,-p8>1<}mY,-q(+01(?-4 -= ,">7 90148<890-d6(;+0->;
+01781< ,87= 4- 786 6">+0(99-Y6(1< :>- ?8>< =;8>?-;-D
,(7< =8>= ,1+=1877(1;- (17<1 :>- <>;m7=-;7-=ou-=1=Y6-<d
:>17 -= ;(7+>71-;Yq(084,>?1=- 4( +869(/71- ,- <-< <-6d
)4()4-<Y-= ;>,>1= <-<>+0(7/-< ,19486(=1:>-<94">4>6-7d
=(1;-\4">4=16(=>6o
t7 98>;;(1= -B941:>-; +- 6(7:>- =8=(4 ,- <(?81;d?1?;-Y
9(; 4"()<-7+- ,"(..-+=187 ,- 9(;-7=< ()<8;)>< 9(; 4->;
.87+=187Y-= +-==- 4(+>7- ,(7< <( 9841=1:>- ,"8>?-;=>;-Y9(;
4( ,>/>7>;-<+-7+- ,- <87 0>;>,1=>Y6(1< 14 7"-7 -<= ;1-7o
p-< ;81<Y(>r8;,Y7- <87= 9(< .14< ,- ;81of"-<= 4- 94>7>6
,-< +0-?(41-;< ;>>71< -7 +87+4(?- :>1Y(> =-;6- ,- 9;-<d
<187< -=>41617(=187< 90C<1:>-< <>++-<<1?-< ,-< 98<=>4(7=<Y
>41= 4-++844A/>- <8>?-;(17;op( .>6>- 781;- :>1
<">+0(99,- 4( +0-617>- 9;17+19(4- ,> +07=-(> ,-|(>4-3899- 17d
,1:>- 4( +;>6(=187 ,">7 +(7,1,(=>41617>Y=(7,1< :>- 4(
?>- ,">7- )4(7+0- ;(<<>;- -= ;>28>1= 4- 9->94-\14 ;-<=- (>
6817< >7 9;>=-7,(7= -7 ?1- 98>; (44>6-; >7 .->h
q(084, ( 9;>6>,1=><87 (++-<<187 (> =;I7-ox87 9;>d
,>+-<<->; <">=(1= 144><=;>-7 .;(99(7= ,- <87 <84-;-= 4- 9;1-d
,1-> 9;>.>;>,> ?1->B 9(9-Y=8>= -7 4>1 ;>+4(6(7= >7-
.8;=2^

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

;(7<87 98>; 4( 41)>;(=187 ,> +4-;/>,>r8;,ok-<=- =;A<
6(4 9-;<>Y+(; 14 (?(1= (17<1 +87+-7=;><>; 4>1 4-< .8>,;-<
,=8><oq?6- 4-<r8;,1-7<Y<-< 9;89;-< <>2-=<Y7"(?(1-7= 9(<
(99;>+1>Y9(;+- :>"-7 +(+0-==-Y14< (16(1-7= 4->; +4-;/>-=
4"-<=16(1-7= ,>29=;89 6><-4>op- ?1->B 9(9- -7+8;- 6817<Y
:>1 7- ?8C(1= 9(< ,">7Z14 (==-7,;1 >7 =-;;1=81;- =8>= -7=1-;
>+0(99-;94( +844-+=- ,- 4"(77(=-og"-B+866>71+(=187 -7
(7(=0A6-Y4- +844A/>- <8>?-;(17Y9841=1:>-6-7= 1<84>Y(?(1=
,O;-6-==;- <( ,>61<<187 -= <">=(1= ?>+9;86>;94( ,1;-+d
=187 ,">7- 617- ,-f(7?-;/-o
p(f(7?-;/->=(7=Y+866- =8>= 4- 687,- 4-
<(1=Y>7;>/187 08>144A;- .48;1<<(7=-Y28C(> ,>r8;,Y-= (++-<<81;-d
6-7=Y4- +(69 ,- +87+-7=;(=187 ,-< 9-<=1.>;>< 9841=1:>-<o
q(084,Y,87+Y( />-==>+-==- ,>61<<187oy8>=>=(1= 9;?=o
m4 )(4(C( <-< +87+>;;-7=<Y?(17p(.17 -=k>1)-;= 4-f8717Y
,">7 -7?81 ;-+866(7,>,- ,->B )(44-< ,-YYXW,(7< 4"(;d
+(,- <8>;+141A;- /(>+0-Y-= <"(>=89;8+4(6( ;81 ,>r8;,Y
(++4(6>,A< <87 (99(;1=187 (> )(4+87Y9(; >7- .8>4- 98><d
<>- ,(7< 4-< ;-17< 9(; 4-< 4(7+-< ,- <-< <)1;-<o
g-9>1< <87 (?A7-6-7=Y;A/7- <>;=8>= 4( +87=;(17=-op(
9841+- 86719;><-7=- ?-144-96(17=-71; 4"8;,;- <-487q(d
084,Y-= 4-<>,1=< ;8C(>B -B+4>-7= =8>=- 41)-;=>,"(+=187 8>
,- 9-7<>-oz7 ,>+;-= 9(;=1+>41A;-6-7= ?1;>4-7= -B1/- 4(
,-<=;>+=187 ,- =8>=>+;1= 9-;?-;< 8> 787 +87.8;6-94( ,1(d
4-+=1:>- /8>?-;7-6-7=(4-og>+;-= :>1 ( <-7<1)4-6-7=
,89>4-< ?-7=-< ,> 9-=1= 89><+>4- ,- 9-7<>-< :>"14 ( +86d
61< :>-4:>-< (77>-< (>9(;(?(7=Y<8;=- ,-k>1,- ,>e87
r8;,1-7o
p-< 6>,1(< <- +87.8;6-7=9<-< 8;,;-<Y-7 )87< <84,(=<
<8>+1->B ,- +87<-;?-; 4->;< ,-;71A;-< 9;>;8/(=1?-< <(4(d
;1(4-< -= ,- +87/>< 9(C><o

2i

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

Mv>"14< 6- 0(D<<-7=Y98>;?> :>"14< 6- +;(1/7-7=h,1d
<(1= 4- ;81o
f- 7"-<= 9(< ,- 4>1Y+866- => 4- <(1<Y)-(> 4-+=->;Y6(1<
14 <- 94(C=94- ;>9>=-;Y+866- <"14 -7>=(1= 4"(>=->;o

'

d> )(< ,- 4( +(;=- <- =;8>?- 4-w8C(>6- ,>x>,Y-= <(
+(91=(4-d4687dr8<(>=-pokoY>+;(<>- ,- <84-14Y<8>< 4( .>d
;>4- ,-k8=0-487Y687(;:>- ()<84>Y4>1 (><<1Y6(1< ,">7
=8>= (>=;- <=C4-om4 ;-<<-6)4- 94>=I=9 k8,-.;81 ,-e8>14487
--7+8;- >7k8Y(?-+ <87 (;6>;->=17+-4(7=-Y<87 -<=8+94(
0(7+0-Y<( /;(7,- )(;)--787 .4->;1-Y<1 +- 7"-<= ,- /;8<
68=<8Y<( =;>+>4-7+-Y-= <( ?81Box( ?81B>78;6-Y2>91=>d
;1-77-Y:>1 =877- <8>< 4-< ?8O=-< ,> 9(4(1< ,>e1()8>+:>AY
;><1,-7+- ;8C(4- ,"d4687dr8<(>=-pokof"-<= >7-
)7=1<</;(7,148:>-7=-Y9;>=-7=1-><-Y:>- 4-< ;81< 87= ?8>4>- ,>d
,1>-94( /;(7,->; -= 4( /481;- ,-<k(7-487 -= (>=;-< (7d
+?=;-< <-61d>987C6-<oz7- 41/7>- ,- 687(;:>-< (..>)4><
,- 786<94"171=1(4-kY+866- >7 9-,1/;-- ,- +0-?(4 8>
,+01-7o
p8;<:>- <87 9;>+-9=->; 4>1 ->= ;(+87=>4"01<=81;-Y,-<d
<17>4( />8/;(901-Y:>- <87 9A;- 4"->= 17=;8,>1= (> 6>=1-;
,- ;81Y,- +0(<<->;Y,- />-;;1-;Y-= :>- 4( ,(6- ,-
9(;(/,- <( 6A;- 4>1 ->= .(1= +877(C=;- 4-< 9;>61+-< ,> 94(1<1; -=
,- 4( +89>4(=187Yk8=0-487 <- <-7=1= 9;?=9,>.1-; 4- 687,-o
t7 4>1 9(;4( ,> ;8C(>6- ,>r8;,Y4"-77-61 0>;>,1=(1;-Y
,>y-;;1=81;- ,-<q87=(/7-< 8Q87 (?(1= ,- /;8< 17=>;?=<
.17(7+1-;<Y6(1< :>1 ;-<=(1= 9841=1:>-6-7=
17<=()4-Y,4"89>4-7=- ;>/187 ,>j4->?-Y(?-+ <87 .4->;87Y4(u;8?17+-o
m4 C (?(1= (><<1 4-<q(><<(,-<Y(>B 98;=-< ,- 4(u;8?17+-o
g-< /-7< <>;9;-7(7=<\94>< 87 -7 ,>+16(1=Y94>< 14 C -7

2t

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

(?(1=ou8>;=(7=Y=8>= 4- 687,- <"C>=(1= 61<op-r8;,Y4-<
q87=(/7-<Y:>-4:>-.81< 4(u;8?17+-Y;(DD1(1-7=Y98/;8d
6(1-7=Y-B=-;617(1-7=Y6(1< 14< -B1<=(1-7= =8>28>;<ot7 4->;
(?(1= -74-?>4->; =-;;1=81;-Y87 4-< (?(1= ,1(<98;>< ,(7< =8>=
4">71?-;< +877>Y;1-7 7"C .(1<(1=^14<>=(1-7= =8>28>;< 49 h
d48;<Y(?(1= 2>/> k8=0-487Y(>=(7= <"-7 .(1;- ,-< (441><o
g"(144->;<Y+- 7"-<= 9(< ,-<q(><<(,-< :>"14
<"17:>1A=-7 +- 686-7=Y6(1< ,- 4(u;8?17+-o
g- =8>= =-69<Y+- 9-=1= ;8C(>6- ( ;><1<=>(>B +8>9<
,)8>=81; ,- <-< 9>1<<(7=< ?81<17<om4 -<= 4"-<9(+-d=(6987 +>4d
=>;-4Y(> /;(7, ,(6 ,-k8=0-487oy(7= :>-k>144(>6-
4{1. -7>=(1= 4- ;81Y87 98>?(1= =;8>?-; ,-< (++8668,-d
6-7=< -7=;- 0866-<oq(1< ,-9>1< <( 68;=Y4-< =-7=(=1?-<
,- +87+141(=187 (?-+ <( .144-|4>878;- 87= 9;89;-6-7=
>+08>>om4 7"C ( ;1-79-<9>;-; ,- +-==- 916)?+0- .>;>-
,41==>;(=>;- -= ,"(;=ou8>; <87 (++-<<187 (> =;I7-Y4( 9-;<d
9-+=1?- -<= =8>=- (>=;-oz7- ;-17- ,81= <-
6(;1-;Y9;>+-9=.87,(6-7=(4 ,> ,>.>7= ;81om4 -<= ,87+ >;/-7= ,- =;8>?-;9
4( /(617- >7>98>B =8>= ,>?8>> 94( +(><- ,>x>,od?-+
>7 (441>,(7< 4( 94(+-Yk8=0-487 <- ?81= ,>29(77-B-; 4(
u;8?17+-Y+87=;(17,;- 4-<q(><<(,-<9;-2817,;- <87
;8C(>6-Y-= 9(; 49Y6-7(+-; ,1;-+=-6-7= <87 -77-61 0>;>d
,1=(1;-\4-r8;,o
m4 C ( =8>= ,- 6?6- >7 9-=1= <8>+1 ,>
+I=>,>y-;;1=81;,-<q87=(/7-<Y(441>?84(/- -= 617>9(; >7- )(7,- ,- 914d
4(;,<Y4-<x(41)1-7<op->; +0-.q844(;86(= <-
;>+4(6,">7- ,8+=;17- )-441:>-><- -= -B9(7<18771<=- 1<<>- ,">7
78>?-(> 41?;- ,- ,8/6-<>,1.1(7=<Y(>=(7= :>- ,- 4( ,8+d
=;17- ,-u1-;;- 4"-;61=- 4>1d6?6-og->B +;81<(,-< 8998d
<>-< <- ;-7+87=;-7= ,87+oq844(;86(= ( ;(441>,-< 6141+-<
<8>< <( )(771A;- 98>; ,>?(<=-; 4-< ?144(/-< ,- 4( ?(44>-Y14
91;(=- 4( 7(?1/(=187 <>; 4-j4->?-Y;(7<877- 4-< ?144-<o
2

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

u8>;=(7=Yk8=0-487 +877(C= )1-7 +-<x(41)1-7<Y:>"14 (
;(?1=(144>< -7 (;6-< -= +0-?(>B 98>; ,><=()141<-; 4-< +(7d
=87< <(=-441=-< ,>r8;,of">=(1= (> =-69< ,- <( +;81<(,-om4<
(?(1-7= .(1= ,> )87 =;(?(14 -7<-6)4-od> /;(7, ,(6 ,> ,>+
,-<q87=(/7-<Yf(<=(;, ,-p(;,-77-Y:>1 ?8C(1= <-< ;-4(d
=187< ,>29,8>=-><-< (?-+q(084,Y<"-741<-; ,(7< >7 6(d
;(<6- ,19486(=1:>- 17-B=;1+()4-o
w<87 ;-=8>; ,-< +;81<(,-<Yk8=0-487 7"(?(1= 94>< )-d
<817 ,- <"-7 ;-6-==;-9+-< <>1,-< 9-> .1()4-< :>- <87= 4-<
x(41)1-7<om4 4-< ()(7,877( ,87+Y+- :>- 4- .14< 0>;1=1-;
,f(<=(;,Ye-78C= ,-p(;,-77- 7"(99;>+1( />A;-o w=1=;-
,;-9;><(144-<Y14 ,877( 4"8;,;-9 q844(;86(= ,- ,>?(<=-;
49(4(1< ,">=>,-k8=0-487Y4-q873+0>)1(=1Y+0-; (> +Z>;
,-<x>,1(17<of- .4->;87 ,- 4( 9>1<<(7+- ,>x>,Y;(<>
2><:>"(> <84Y.>= 4( /8>==- :>1 .1= ,>)8;,-; 4- ?(<- -=
k8=0-487Y>+(;=-4>-7=;- <87 (61=1>98>; <87 .144->4e-78C=
-= 4- =-;;1=81;- ,-<q87=(/7-<-17=>;?=< .17(7+1-;< 8)41/-7=8
,">7- 9(;=Y-= 4( .>;->; ,- <87 -7=8>;(/- ,- 4"(>=;-Y<"-<=
?> =-7> ,- 6-==;-99;1B 4( =?=- ,- <87 -Bd(441>Y-= ,- ;>+4(d
6-; <87 (;;-<=(=187o
Mq(1< 9(< =;89 ,- DA4-Y0-17b {8>< 6"-7 <-;;-D
:>-4:>-<d>7<Y,- +-<x(41)1-7< ,- 6-;,-Y-= ?8>< 4-< 9(<<-D
94( 68>417-==-ou(< +0-D 78><Y)1-7 <O;\,-6(7,-D
,4"(1,- (>Bq(><<(,-<Y14< <"C +877(1<<-7=oq(1< ?8>< 4(1<<-D
+8>;1;e-78C= -=q844(;86(=Y2- =1-7<94-< (?81; <8><
4+8>,- 98>; 4- +(< 8Q q(084, (>;(1= ,-< ?-44>1=><of869;1<Y
4-< +;77-<d68><b
p( ,19486(=1-Y+"-<= )1-7 94>< +86941:>>:>- 4( />-;;-Y
,1<(1= -7 <>)<=(7+-f4-6-7+-(>oi7 +4(1;Y<- 6-==;- ,-<
+8>9< <>; 4( />->4- 7"-B1/- 9(< >7- 17=-7<- ;>.4-B187Y=(7d
,1< :>">7- .-<<>- <>?A;-9>7 -7.(7= :>"87 (16-Y+"-<=
:>(7, 6?6- 94>< ,>41+(=ox>;=8>= <1 4"17<=(7= ,"(9;A<Y87
2+

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

4>1 ,-6(7,- ,- +0-;+0-; >7 9(:>-= ,- +1/(;-==-< (> =()(+
,> +817ok8=0-487 <- ;-7,(1= )1-7 +869=- :>"14 (44(1= (?81;
)-<817 ,-e-78C=Y-= :>"14>=(1= 08;< ,- :>-<=187 ,- 4">4161d
7-;oq(1< ?8149Y4- )87 9->94- 7- +869;-7,;(1= 9(< 98>;d
:>81 14 /;(+1- >7 ,>6841<<->; ,- 687>6-7=< 9>)41+<o
p-?>4/>6 9-+><9->=d14 +869;-7,;- 4( ;(1<87 ,"|=(=Y
4"17=>;?= <>9>;1->; ,- 4(r(=187b f- 7"-<= 9(< <(7< ;(1<87
:>- 4-< (/-7=< <-+;-=< -= 4->;< (/1<<-6-7=< <87=Y2><=-6-7=Y
<-+;-=<of866-7= 16(/17-; ;-7,;- 9>)41:>- 4( 7>+-<<1=>
8Q4"87 <- =;8>?-Y,- <(+;1.1-; 4( ?1- ,- :>(;(7=- 2><=-<9
4"-7;1+01<<-6-7= ,- :>(=;- )(7:>1-;<b
p- 94>< 0(;(<<(7=Y+"-<= :>"87 ,81= ;-+8>;1; (>
<C<=A6,-< +;77-<d68><Y+866- 14 4-< (99-44-op-f861=>,"m7d
.4>-7+- -= ,"d44>/-(7+-24-fomodo2,-< +87<-144-;< :>"87
-7?81- >7 9-> 9(;=8>=Y:>1 <"(..>)4-7= ,">7- )(;)- 98<d
=1+0-Y8> +(;;>6-7= ,">7- ;8)-Y98>; 9(<<-; 17(9-;<><o
-e8728>; 6(,-681<-44- 4( +0-?(41A;- ,"|87h8v>1,-d
?;(1-7=-B>+>=-; ?8< 8;,;-<ox>;=8>=Y:>1 ?8>< +8O=-7=
4)>,/-= ,- 4( <>+>;1=><8+1(4-op- 94>< <8>?-7=Y4->;< ;(9d
98;=< +87+-;7-7= 4-< (+=1?1=>< ,-< +;77-<d68>< ,-
4"(>=;+(69Y:>1 -7 ( )1-7 <O; 4>1 (><<1ok8=0-487 ( -<=16>>7
28>; :>- <1 4"87 <>99;16(1= +- =C9- ,- <-;?1+- ,(7< 4-< ,->B
+(69<Y;1-7 7- +0(7/-;(1=Y<(>.9.(1;- >7->+87861- <>)<d
=(7=1-44-o
q(084,Y,>29Y( .(1= >7- =-7=(=1?- ,- +- /-7;-\14 (-8.d
.1+1-44-6-7=8,1<<8>< 4- /;8>9-o>91<Yk>?=;-< -=e8==-<
-4"-Bd/;8>9-ookoeo8Y-<9>;(7= :>-k8=0-487 -7 .-;(1=
,6?6- (?-+ <87fomodom4 7"-7 .>= ;1-7od48;< 4- ;><> q(084,
( 17?-7=>4"-<9187 -7 4(7+-d41);-\>7- <8;=- ,- 91/1<=- ,>
;-7<-1/7-6-7=ou(C>(> ;-7,-6-7=om7+;8C()4-Y48;<:>"87
+877(C= 4( ,8+=;17- 9;?+0>- 9(; 4- ;81 ,>r8;, ,(7< <87
89><+>4-9/;(7, =1;(/-ou8>;=(7=Y>7- =(>9- :>1 7"( 9(<
=&

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

,"-B1<=-7+-Y9>1<:>- 787 ;>6>7>;>- 8..1+1-44-6-7= 9(;
4">=(= :>"-44- <-;=Y+"-<= =8>= ,- 6?6- 4- <>66>6 ,> ;(..1d
7-6-7=o

Sof0-D 4-
9(9

i7.-; +0;>=1-7\,> .->oi7.-; 9(D-7\,> .->o
i7.-; 6(086>=(7\,> .->oi7.-; 017,8>\,-< .4(66-<o
w-7 +;81;- 4-< ;-41/187<Yg1-> -<= >7 ;I=1<<->;
{1+=8;l>/8

Mf-< ,->B ?1->B )1;)-< +866-7+-7=96"17:>1>=-;^
?8>< +87?1-7,;-D (?-+ 681 :>- 78>< (?87< ?;(16-7= =8>=
-<<(C>98>; 4-< +(46-;om4 .(>= +;81;- :>-g1-> 7"(
(>+>7-7?1- ,- 4-< ?81; ;>+87+141><ot7 ( 17?-7=>4-< +;81<(,-<Y87
( -B+866>71>4-<>4>< 78;,1-7<Y87>6-= )>44- <>;
)>4498>; (9(1<-; 4-< (;,->;<Y;1-79.(1;-h n- <>1< ,><-<9>;>om4<
?87= .171; 9(; <- 4(7+-; ,-< )86)-< <(7< +;1-; /(;-Y-= 78><
<-;87< (> )-(> 6141-> ,- =8>=<(on- 9->B +869;-7,;- 4-<
;??-< ,"-B9(7<187Y4- ,><1; ,- +866>71:>-;9(>=;>1 4-<
)(<-< ,- 4( +1?141<(=187 -= ,- 4( +877(1<<(7+-Y78>< 7- .(1d
<87< :>- +-4( ,-9>1< 4- ,>9(;= ,> +0-.of"-<= 4>1 :>1 78><
(?(1= 9;>+871<>,- +;8C=;- -= ,- 6>4=1941-;Y,"(44-; ,- 9(;
4687,- 98;=-; 4( )877- 78>?-44-og- 49 9<"-7=;-d=>-;Y14 C
( ,- 4( 6(;/-oe87 ,"(++8;,Y87 ( >7 9-> =8;=>;>-= );O4>
4-< ;>+(4+1=;(7=<Y6(1< +"-<= 78;6(4op-< 0866-< <87= (17<1
.(1=<\14 4->; .(>= ,-< -B-694-<Y87 7- 9->= 4-< )476-; 98>;
<(o
p- 9-=1= ?1-144(;, -7 ;8)- )4(7+0- (;9-7=- 4( <(44- ,>
+0(91=;- ,- <-< )-44-< 6>4-< ,> ,16(7+0-ox( .17 -<= 9;8+0-Y
-= 14 7"( 94>< 4( .8;+- ,- 4>==-;oy;89 ,- 9;8)4A6-< <>;/1<

=2

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

-7 6?6- =-69< 4- ;-7,-7= +87.>< -= 9-;94-B-om4 -<= -7d
=8>;>,- <81B(7=- .(7=I6-< ;8>/-<Y:>1 <-6)4-7= ,(7<-;
>7- ?(4<- ,-{1-77- -7 <841=(1;- (>=8>; ,- 4>1om4< 8917-7=
,- 4( =?=- (>B 9;898< ,- 4->; +0-. <91;1=>-4ot7
9<(468,1,-<d6-7-7 /;>/8;1-7Y-7 ;(9 -= -7 0>);->om4 C ( >7(71d
61=>(> <-17 ,> <(17= +844A/-Y87 7"(==-7, 94>< :>-k;-/8d
;18d44-/;1 98>; 6-==;- =8>=<( -7 6><1:>-o
Mi= 9>1< +-==-u;8?17+- :>1 7- ?->= 9(< -7=-7,;- ;(1d
<87h i= 9>1< +-==- .1+0>-|4>878;- :>1 7- ?->=>98><-;
9-;<877-h i= 9>1< +-< 78>?-44-< <16(/;>-< ,"(68>; +8>;d
=81< -= ,- 9;>987,>;(7+- ,- 4( .-66-h f"-<=<(Y6-< .;A;-<Y
4( 91;- ,-< 1/786171-<\4( <>9;>6(=1- ,- 4( .-66-h u1-;;-Y
78=;- />1,-9=8><Y4"(?(1= )1-7 +869;1<ot7 9->= 4>1 <(?81;
/;>,- <87 -B+-44-7=- 9-;+-9=187 ,- 4"(?-71;op- 9(=;87
(?(1= ,877>+(;=- )4(7+0-9<( .-66-Y98>; >71?-;<(41<-;
<87Z>?;-oz7- .-66-Y?8>< ?8>< ;-7,-D +869=- ,> 6(d
;(<6- ,(7< 4-:>-4 87 <-;(1= <1u1-;;- 4"(?(1= <>1?1-b
i44>=(1= +(9()4- ,- 78>< (<<1/7-; (>B =7+0-< 17/;(=-<Y,"17<d
=(>;-; 4"0>;>,1=>6(=;1(;+(4-Y,- 6-==;- <( 68>.4-==- -7
(?(7=h f">=(1= =8>= ,- 6?6- >7 9-> -B(/>;>otQ-7 <-d
;187<d78>< (>28>;,"0>1b
u(;61 4( =8;7(,- ;8>/- :>1 4"-7=8>;-Y>7 +8:>-41+8=
>6-;/- <8>,(17Y<"(?(7+- ?-;< <87 <>9>;1->;Y+"-<= 4-j;1d
6(< ,-<x(>4-<Y/;(7, 8;,877(=->; ,- 9869-< ?(=1+(7-<Y
:>1 C ?( ,- <87 94>< )-4 8;/(7-\
Mp- 9(9- <-;(1= >7- 9(9-<<- -= 4-< +(;,17(>B ,-< +(;d
,17(4-<Y?8=;- <(17=-=>or8><Y87 /(;,-;(1= 4-< =;8>9-(>B
,- 68>=87<Y87 9;>9(;-;(1=96(7/-;Y87 .-;(1= 4(
4-<<1?-= 4( ?(1<<-44-Y87 7"(>;(1= (++A<94( 9;89;1>=>:>"(?-+ 4"(<d
<-7=16-7= ,- 78=;->98><-Y87 7"(++>,-;(1= (> ,;81=
,?8=- :>"(>}}- <1A+4-Y-= 87 =8;+0-;(1= 4-< .-<<-< ,- 78<

==

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

-7.(7=<on"8>)41(1<\87 -7.(7=-;(1= ,(7< 4( ,8>4->;Y-= 87
98;=-;(1= <>; 78< .;?4-<>9(>4-< 4- 28>/ ,> 9>+0>8;1/17-4o
z7 .;1<<87 ;>9;8)(=->; +8>;= ,(7< 4"(<<-6)4>-of-;d
=(17< -<=16-7= :>-u1-;;->=(1= >7 0866- +4(1;?8C(7=Y
,"(>=;-<Y:>"14 -<= /;(7, =-69< ,- 6-==;- >7 .;-179+-< /1d
;1-<ow-7,-Dd?8>< +869=-\,-< .-66-< (> 98>?81;h p- ;81
k8=0-487 ( )1-7 ;(1<87\9(< ,- .-6-44-< ,(7< 4-< +8>481;<
,> 98>?81;o
z7- .81< ,- 94><Y4-j;16(< ,-<x(>4-< 2-==- >7 .;81,
9(;61 4"(<<1<=(7+-om4 .(>= ;-+877(C=;- :>"14 +0-;+0- 0()14-d
6-7=9<- .(1;- >7- 94(+- (> <84-14Y-= 14 <87/- ,>29=;A< <>d
;1-><-6-7= (> <84-14 ,"d?1/787o
z7 (7/- 9(<<-Y+- :>1Y87 -7 +87?1-7,;(Y9(;(C=;(1= 78;d
6(4 -7 +- 41-> <(17=Y6(1< 14 ( 07=- ,- 4- :>1==-;Y9?81; +-<
617-< +;(681<1-<o

'

g- <87 7>(/-Yg1-> ;1/84- )1-7Y,(7< <( )(;)- )4(7+0-\
Mv>"-<=d+- :>"14< 9->?-7=?=;- /8>;,-<Y+-< 0866-<h
f"-<= -B(+=-6-7= +866- (> 9;-61-; 28>;Y48;<:>"14 (
+;>>+-< ,->B 08;;1)4-< +08<-<oz7 0866- -= >7- .-66-Y
-7<-6)4-ov>1 <- ;-<<-6)4-7= 9;-<:>- =;(1= 98>; =;(1=Y<(>.
:>- ,> 9817= ,- ?>- <=;1+=-6-7= -<=0>=1:>-Y14 <"-<= 61->B
,>);8>144>(?-+ -44-om4< (?(1-7= =8>= 98>;?=;- 0->;->BY
6(1< +- 7">=(1= 9(< <>..1<(7=om4 4-< (?(1= 16(/17>< ,->B 98>;
7- 9(< <"-77>C-;Y-= ?8149:>- ,A< 4- 9;-61-; <81;Y+">=(1= 4(
/>-;;-\+0(+>7 ?8>4(1=?=;- 4- +0-.ht671( ?(71=(<od9;A<
<"?=;- 17<=(44>,(7< 4- +87.8;= ,- 4( ,8617(=187 90C<1:>-Y
4"0866- -7 ( -7+8;- ?8>4> 94><Y4- 9-=1= 6(417om4 <"-<= ,1=
94"16(/- ,- <87 +;>(=->;h f"-<= ?;(1 :>"94( )(=(144-
,

=H

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

v(,-<0 +866-9+-44- ,-x=(417/;(,Y4-< +86)(==(7=< 98;d
=(1-7=Y/;(?><>; 4->; +-17=>;87Y4( 6(B16-\ g1-> -<= (?-+
78><ov>"-<=d+- :>"14< -7 <(?(1-7=Y4-< 9(>?;-< +8>14487<b
y;81< 6144- (7< ,"17=-;?(44- 7- 4->; 87= 9(<>+4(1;+1 4"-<9;1=o
t7 98>;;(1= 9(;,877-; (>B 9;-61-;< 4->; 1/78;(7+-Y6(1<
14 .(>= +87,(67-; 4-< <>1?(7=< 98>; 4->; 8)<+>;(7=1<6-o
m4< 87= 9;1<g1-> 98>; >7 4(71<=- ;-+;>=->; ,- .1-;<d9d
);(< <8>+1->B ,"-7 ,>+8>,;-h f866- >7 8;/(71<(=->;
,6(=+0-< ,- )8B-o

'

p- ?1->B <8>?-;(17 987=1.- -<= (>B ()81<of866-7= <8;d
=1; ,- +-==- 169(<<- :>1 ,>;- ,-9>1< 94>< ,- 6144- (7<b dd
=d87 +87<(+;>4- =;I7- ,- <(17=u1-;;- 98>;?=;- ?1419-7,>Y
(==(:>>Y,1617>>Y=8;=>;>Y()(1<<> b u(; >7-
.-66-Y,<>;+;8C=b f-;=-< 787o
f-< ,->B ;81< <- +8698;=-7= +866- ,-< +8:< ,- +86d
)(=om4 <>..1= ,- 4->; 9;><-7=-; 4- )-+ ,- 4"(>=;- 98>; :>- 4(
.?=- +866-7+-od)<>;,-Y6(1< =-44-6-7= 0>6(17oy-44-d
6-7= 6(<+>417of"-<= ,1..1+14-6-7= ;>.>=()4-Y<(7< ;-+87d
7(C=;- (>B .-66-< >7- <>9>;18;1=>-= >7- 94>< /;(7,- =-7d
,(7+-94"17=>/;(=187o
m4 C ( (><<1Y+87<=-;7(7=-<Y+-< ?-44>1=>< ,- 4( ;-17-|4>8d
78;-Y,- +;>-; ,-< +8>;< ,"(68>;Y,- 9;I7-; >7-
98><1+8>;=81<-Y:>1 <">481/7- .87,(6-7=(4-6-7= ,-< 9;>+-9=-<
,>{(=1+(7op"1,>- 6?6- ,">7- .-66- <>; 4- =;I7-
;>?>4<4- 987=1.-ot7 ( ,>29?><(Y(>x(17=dx1A/-Y-= 87 7- ;-+86d
6-7+-;( 9(<h v>-4 <(+;14A/-Y:>-44- 1/786171-h
Mx1 4">7 ,"-7=;- ?8>< ( >7- 1,>- 7->?-Y14 <-;( 4- )1-7d
?-7>Y+87=17>- 4- /;(7, +0-. )4(7+op">??:>- ,"d4687d
r8<(>=-poko6- +866>71:>- :>"14< ?87= =8>< <-
;-7,;=S

p( .(;+- -<=
28>>

(> +8>;877-6-7= ,"|4>878;-Y-= :>- 49:>-<( ;1<:>-
,+0(>..-;om4 7"C 6(7:>- 94>< :>-e-78C= ,-p(;,-77-Y
98>; 6-==;- 4- .-> (>j4->?-ot7 ( )-(> .(1;- (61d(61 (?-+
4-<x(;;(<17<Y(?-+ 4-<q(><<(,-<Y Z+>6>71<-;9=8>= ?(Y
>+;(<-; 4-< (7161<=-<Y>;(,1:>-; 4-< ,>?1(=18771<=-<Y?8149
,-< 9-=1=< 78>?-(>B >7 9-> =;89 ?184-7=<\4-<x(41)1-7<o
m4 <">=;(7/4- 9;-<:>- -7 9;8787<(7= 4- 68=ov>-4:>-<
-7.(7=< <- 9;>+191=-7= 98>; 4>1 (,6171<=;-; >7
<>998<1=81;,- +0;?6-Y4>1 9(<<-; <87>=84-9(1; +0(>, 9>4<>17+8;98;>Y
-= 4>1 ;>+1=-7= 4( =()4- ,- 6>4=1941+(=187 9(; 0>1= 98>; 4>1
;-,877-; ?1/>->;o
Mu8>; 4-< +8>;< ,"(68>; ,"|4>878;-Y2- +;81< (?81;
>7- 1,>-Y<"(?(7+- 4-j;16(< ,-<x(>4-< (> +-7=;- ,> +-;+4-o
m4 .(>= ,1;- :>"14 ( ,-< ?1<>-< <>; 4- =;I7- ,> D>--,1= (><<1
<(17=d91-;;-8om4 <- ?-;;(1= )1-7 -7 )4(7+Y:>1 4>1 ?( 61->B
(> =-17= :>- +- ;8>/- 086(;, ,87= 14 7"( 71 +>;-Y71 9;-<d
)C=A;-o
Mn- +87?1-7,;(1 :>"14 <"(/1= 49,">7- 1,>- (>,(+1-><-Y
:>-4:>- 9-> 6(+01(?>41:>-Y2><>1=1:>-Y6?6-Y<1 2"8<-b
6(1< ,87= 2- <>1< 9;?=9/(;(7=1; 4"-..1+(+1=>Y(> 6817< 98>;
:>-4:>-< <1A+4-<o
Mf"-<= ,>299(< 6(4Y+87+141( 6(28;1=(1;-6-7= 4- <Cd
78,-og"1+1d49Y87 9->= ?81; ?-71;o
p( 9;898<1=187 ,>j;16(< ,-<x(>4-< .>= 487/>-Y-7=;-d
+8>9>- ,"-B+4(6(=187<Y,- ?-=8-8> ?-=1b7- =;8>?-d=d87
9(< :>-4:>-.81< >7 4(DD8 ,(7< 4-< <+-7(;11b8?1;>4-7=<Y
,"(99-4< (> <+(7,(4-of">=(1= ,> 2(6(1< ?>og> 9(< ,(7< 4-<
;1=-<Y,> :>(<1 <(+;14A/-h r87 6(1<Y-<=d+- :>"14 <- ;-7,(1=
+869=- ,- 4( 6-;,- 781;- :>-<( -7/-7,;-;(1=Y4-j;16(<
,-<x(>4-<Y<1 >7 28>; >7 7(D. 8> >7 =-1/7->B ?-7(1=9 >?-7d
=-; 4- <-+;-=b m4 <"-7 ;-7, +869=- 8> )1-7 14 ( +(;;>6-7=
,1<287+=> b

=^

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