Le chant pour Marko

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Publié par

Dans Sarajevo livrée à un encerclement impitoyable, Miro et sa petite soeur jouent et rêvent comme tous les enfants. C'était il y a quinze ans, autrement dit hier. Autour des deux enfants, on s'est organisé tant bien que mal et il a fallu apprendre à être très fort pour affronter les épreuves. Heureusement la vieille mamie qui en a vu d'autres, et Elaine qui ne connaît que la paix, apportent tour à tour leur présence chaleureuse. Et la musique est là...
Publié le : jeudi 1 octobre 2009
Lecture(s) : 100
EAN13 : 9782296235892
Nombre de pages : 289
Prix de location à la page : 0,0146€ (en savoir plus)
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94>< g;(/(;-<91;-o u4><-44- ;-<91;- -= 94><-44- ?>;1.1-Y ,- =8>=<87
<8>..4-Y ,- =8>=-< <-< 98;-<Y :>"-44- -<= ?1?(7=-o
f"-<= <1 1698;=(7=48;<:>- 7->. 6144- 0>1= +-7=< 9-;<877-<
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98>;;(1=d14 <"(/1; ,- p(,1<4(?bx1 +">=(1= 4- +(<Y +- 7- <-;(1= 71
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(,84-<+-7= ?1-7= ,8>+-6-7= 4- 9;-7,;- 9(; 4( 6(17 -= 14 9(;?1-7=
-7.179 (;=1+>4-; :>-4:>-< 68=<\ + 687.14<Y 687 .14<h ;
f"-<= >7- <>9-;)- 28>;7>-o m4 .(1= >7 =-69< <94-7,1,-o g-<
91/-87<:>- ;1-7 7- <-6)4- 9-;=>;)-; ;8>+8>4-7= 9
9-;,;-0(4-176(4/;> 4- .;81, -= 4"01?-;Y -= ,81?-7= ,>29 4>);1:>-6-7= <- 9;>9(;-; 9
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f"-<= >7- ,- +-<28>;7>-< 8QY ,(7< >7 =-69< 94>< 78;6(4Y 4(
+87.1(7+- -7 4( ?1- 7- <-;(1= 9(<>7 169;8)()4- 9(;1 6(1<
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:>- ,-< 91/-87< 94-17< ,- 9>+-< +87=17>-7= ,- <- ;8>4-; ,(7< 4(
98><<1A;- 8> 4-< .4(:>-< ,"-(>Y =(7,1< :>"-44-d6?6- 7"-7 .171= 9(<
,<- <-7=1; 9(491=(7=-,">7 <8>..4-Y ,">7 <(7/ :>1 .87=,- 94>< -7 94><
,>.(>= 9 <-< +87+1=8C-7<o i44- <(1= :>"-44- ,81= 9;-7,;- <817 ,>
.;(/14- ;>1<<-(> :>1+8>4- ,(7< <-< ?-17-< -7 .(1<(7= <(1441- 9 <-<
981/7-=< -= <-< 2(6)-< ;-7,>-<94>< >9(1<<-< 9(; 4( .(=1/>- -= 4-<
:>->-< 17=-;617()4-< 98>; 6(7/-;o i44- ,81= 4- 9;8=>/-; )1-7
0-;6>=1:>-6-7=98>; :>"14 9>1<<- 487/=-69< -7+8;- 4"1;;1/>-;
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-44<->4-o u8>;-44-<Y -44- ,81= 98>?81; .(1;- .(+- 9 =8>= 17<=(7=o i7
1/78;(7= 4-<,->14< :>1 .;(99-7= (4-7=8>;Y <(7< 786);-o f(; 4( 91=1>
-= 4( +8661<>;(=187 <87= ,-?-7>-< ?-;=><;(;-<9x(;(2-?8\ -44-<LE CHANTPOUR MARKO 22
,-6(7,-7= =;89 ,- .8;+-<Y -= +0(+>7,(7<4( ?144- (++()4>- <- ,81=
,- /(;,-; -7 9;18;1=> <-<.8;+-< 98>;4>1 -= 4-< <1-7<o
z7- )1-7 )-44- 28>;7>-Y ?;(16-7=o
g;(/( 4>==(1= ,-9>1< 487/=-69<o g-9>1< ,-< 681<9 7"-7 9(<
,8>=-;Y ,-< 681< :>1 4>1.(1<(1-7= 4"-..-=,"(?81; >=> >7-
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<8;=1;ox>;=8>= 48;<:>"-44- 9-7<(1= (>B (>=;-< :>1 <- ,>)(==(1-7= ,(7<
4-< 6?6-< ,1..1+>4=>< -= 7- +-<<(1-7= 98>;=(7= ,- <- 94(17,;-o
f-==- .81< +-9-7,(7=Y -44- (++><(1= ?;(16-7= 4- +8>9o y;89
,"17+-;=1=>,-< -= ,- 9;1?(=187<Y >7- 4>==- ,87= -44- 7- ?8C(1= 9(< 4(
.17 (?(1-7= >);(74> <( ;8)><=- +87<=1=>=187^ 4-< -..-=< ,- 4->; 4-7=
=;(?(14 ,- <(9- <- 6(71.-<=(1-7= ,- 94>< -7 94><o m4< (?(1-7=
17<1,1-><-6-7=/(/7> =8>< <-< 6-6);-<Y -= +->B :>1 4(
+877(1<<(1-7= (?(1-7= .171 9(; 4- ;-6(;:>-;ox87 ?1<(/- >=(1= =1;> 9(;
,)>9(1< <14487<:>- 4- .;81, /4(+1(4 ,- .>?;1-; (++-7=>(1= 9 94(1<1;^
:>(7, -44- ;-?-7(1= ,> 6(;+0>Y =8>28>;< -7 (+=1?1=> 6(1< 8Q 4"87
7=;8>?(1= 9;(=1:>-6-7= 94><;1-7Y <-<>9(>4-< 948C(1-7=
<8><4(+0(;/,- <-<,->B 6(1/;-< .14-=<9 9;8?1<187<Y -= <( ,>6(;+0- <>; 4-<
=;8==81;</-4>< ,-?-7(1= 17+-;=(17-o x87 +8;9< (++>6>4(1= ,><8;6(1<Y
(> 41-> ,- 4-<(<<1614-; -7 ,8>+->; +866- (?(7=Y =8>=-< 4-<=;(+-<
,- 4( .(=1/>-Y ,- 4( .(16Y ,- 4( 9->; -= ,">7 +0(/;17 1;;>9(;()4-o
v>1 (>;(1= 98>;=(7= 8<> 4>1 -7 .(1;-;-9;8+0-b i44- >=(1=
<->4-= <(7< 6(;1o i44- ,-?(1= +869=-; <>; <-< >71:>-< .8;+-< 98>;
98>;?81; (>B )-<817< ,-< ,->B -7.(7=<Y ,(7<,-< +1;+87<=(7+-<
:>"-44- (>;(1= >=> )1-7 -7 9-17- ,"16(/17-; ,> =-69<,- 4(
j>,>;(=187C8>/8<4(?-Y :>(7,4( .(6144- >=(1= -7+8;- 17=(+=- -=
0->;-><-o g-9>1< +-< (77>-< 4(;/-6-7= ;>?84>-<Y -44- (?(1= ;>><<1 9
6(17=-71; 4( )(;;- +87=;-4"(,?-;<1=>oi44- 7-98>?(1=+869=-;<>;4-<
;(;-< 6-6);-< ,- 4( .(6144-o g> +I=> ,- !8;(7Y -44- >=(1=
);8>144>,-9>1< 487/=-69<(?-+ =8>= 4- 687,-ov>(7=9 <( .(6144- 9 -44-Y -44-2= LE CHANTPOUR MARKO
>=(1= ;-<=>- 9 e-4/;(,- 1 g;(/( >=(1= x-;)- ,"8;1/17-o f">=(1= >7
+86)(= ,- =8>< 4-< 28>;<o
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q1;38Y 4- +8;,8771-; ,> :>(;=1-;Y :>-4:>-< <-6(17-< (?(7= <( 68;=Y
+(; ?8>< (?-D 4( ?8487=>hooo v>(7, 87(4( ?8487=>Y 87 >+0(99- 9
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-B948<-; (144->;<ooo
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,"-44-d6?6- -44- <">=(1= ;>28>1 ,-< 9(;84-< ,> ?1->Boq(1< ,><8;6(1<
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-7+8;9(;1> >7 ,17(; <>; 4( <>;?1- ,- x(;(2-?8b m4 C(?(1= 487/=-69<
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>7- ;>-44- ?(4->;o
p- <1A/- 7"(?(1= 2(6(1< +-<<> ,- <- ;-7.8;+-;o m49(;(1<<(1=
1698<<1)4- :>- 4( <1=>(=187 6141=(1;- 9>1<<- =86)-; -7+8;- 94>< )(<o
d?-+ 4- )48+>< ,- 4"-77-61Y 87 <- ,-6(7,(1= +866-7=4(
?144+87=17>(1= ,"?=;- (99;8?1<1877>- -= 4-</-7< ,- <- 78>;;1;o i7 /;8<Y
94><;1-7 ,- +- :>1 -B1<=(1= (?(7= 7- .87+=1877(1=o p-< )><Y 4-<
=;(6A(C< /1<(1-7= ,(7<4-< ;>-< 8>9 4->; ,>9I=Y ,>29 ;8>144>< 8>
);O4><Y ()(7,877>< ,(7< 4( 41/7- ,- =1; ,-<+(787< -= ,-< =1;->;<
-6)><:>><o p-< 6(;+0><:>1 >=(1-7= 7(/>A;-4( ?1- 6?6- ,- 4( +1=>
>=(1-7= ,-?-7><(><<1 .(6>41:>-< :>- 4->;<0()1=>><o p( .(16Y
4">9>1<-6-7=Y 4">7-;?-6-7=,O (> +87.17-6-7= =(;(>,(1-7=
=8>=4687,-Y 2->7-< -= ?1->BY 4-<(,>4=-< +866- 4-<-7.(7=<o p-< <817<
08<91=(41-;<>=(1-7=(<<>;><,(7<,-<+87,1=187<+(=(<=;8901:>-<op-<
0I91=(>B >=(1-7= ,-<+1)4-< (> 6?6- =1=;- :>- 4-< (>=;-< >,1.1+-<
9>)41+<Y (> 6?6- =1=;- -7 .(1= :>- 4"-7<-6)4-,- 4( ?144- 1
+0(:>166->)4-Y +0(:>- 6(1<87 .(1<(7= 9(;=1- ,">7 166-7<- +0(69 ,- =1;
98>; 4-<<84,(=< ,- 4"-Bd(;6>- .>,>;(4-op-< =;81<d:>(;=< ,-<
/-7<7=;(?(144(1-7=94>< 6(1< ,-?(1-7= 98>;=(7=,>9-7<-; ,-< =;><8;<
,"16(/17(=187 -= ,"(>,(+- 98>;>+0(99-; (>B ,(7/-;<<(7<
786);:>1Y +0(:>- 28>;Y 4-< />-==(1-7=o
f866- =8>< 4-< x(;(2>?1-7<Y g;(/( (?(1= =;(7<.8;6>
4"(99(;=-6-7= :>"-44- 8++>9(1=9{;(=713Y 4- :>(;=1-; <1=>> <>; 4(LE CHANTPOUR MARKO 2H
+84417- (>d,-<<>< ,- 4( ?1-144- )1)418=0A:>-o u(; +0(7+-Y 4"(14- ,- 4(
9-=1=- ;><1,-7+- 8Q -44- ,-6->;(1= >=(1= 9;8=>/>- 9(; ,->B(>=;-<
166->)4-<:>1 .(1<(1-7= >+;(7 ,-?(7= 4-< 0(>=->;< 8++>9>-< 9(;4-<
(<<1>/-(7=<o x(;(2-?8 <">=1;-,(7< >7 <-7< -<=d8>-<=^ 98>; 4-<
0()1=(7=< ,> +-7=;-d?144-Y 4- ,(7/-; ?-7(1= 9;17+19(4-6-7= ,-< =1;<
,4"(;=144-;1- <-;)- 17<=(44>- <>; 4-< .4(7+< 78;, -= <>,,- 4( +1=>o g;(/(
7"-7 (?(1= 9(< 6817< +(4.->=;> =8>=-< 4-< 8>?-;=>;-<,-<87 48/-6-7=
(> 68C-7 ,- )7+0-< -7 94(<=1:>- <86);- :>-4"87 (?(1= ,1<=;1)>>-<
98>; 4- +8>?;-d.->o i44- (?(1= (><<1 ;>+>9>;>Y /;7+- 9 4"(1,-
,?81<17<Y ,-<<(+< ,- <()4- :>"-44- (?(1= -7=(<<><,-;;1A;- 4-< .-7?=;-<\
+">=(1=>7-9;8=-+=187<>994>6-7=(1;-+87=;-4-<=1;<,"(;6-<4>/A;-<Y
6(1< +-4( ;-7,(1= 4-< 91A+-< =;A<8)<+>;-<o p"-<<-7=1-4 ,-< (..(1;-<
()<84>6-7= 7>+-<<(1;-< (> :>8=1,1-7 (?(1= >=> ;(<<-6)4> ,(7< 4(
+>1<17-Y :>- g;(/( 2>/-(1= ?=;-4"-7,;81= 4- 94>< <O; +(; 7"8>?;(7=
9(< <>; 4"-B=>;1->;oi44- -= <-< -7.(7=<C9(<<(1-7= 4- 94><+4(1; ,-4->;
=-69<Y ,(7<>7- 9;8=-+=187-= 1 4"01?-;1 >7- +0(4->; ;-4(=1?-<o f-=
01?-; 2><=-6-7=Y 4- <-+87, ,> <1A/-Y 4( =-69>;(=>;- =86)(1= <8>?-7=
9 +17: 8> <1B ,-/;><9 9-17-Y9 4"17=>;1->; ,-< 0()1=(=187<om4 7"C (?(1=
:>(<16-7= 2(6(1< ,- .>-4 -7 ?144- -= 4">4-+=;1+1=> >=(1= 9;-<:>- =8>=
4=-69<+8>9>-od )1-7 C<87/-;Y4"-B9;-<<1878..1+1-44- + +8>?;-d.-> ;
(?(1= :>-4:>- +08<- ,- <>;;>(41<=- ,(7< >7 687,- ,>98>;?>
,=8>=- <8>;+- ,)>7-;/1-o
g;(/( 4>==(1=o e1-7 (?(7= 4( />-;;-Y <87 6(;1 >=(1= 9(;=1
+0-;+0-; .8;=>7- ,(7< >7 (>=;- 9(C<Y 4( j;(7+- 8> 4"m=(41-oi= 14 (?(1=
-> 4- 6(>?(1< /8O= ,- +-<<-;=;A< ?1=- ,- ,877-; =8>=-
78>?-44-oi447"(?(1= 2(6(1< <> +- :>1 >=(1= (;;1?>9 !8;(7 71 <"14 >=(1=
-7+8;?1?(7=o g;(/( 4>==(1= 98>; <-< -7.(7=<Y -= +->Bd+1Y 6(4/;> 4->;
?-7=;>7 9-> 94>< +;->B+0(:>- 28>;Y +87=17>(1-7=,- 6-7-; >7- ?1-:>1
98>; 4->;<(C7>< >=(1-7= ,-?-7>-<C787C6- ,"-..;81 -= ,-
6-7(+9-;6(7-7=-o q1;8<4(? 1 -44- (?(1= +081<1 >7 786 <-;)-Y (><<1
4"(99-4(1=d87 94>< ?8487=1-;< q1;8 1 (?(1= ,8>D- (7< 9 9-17-o
q1;<(,(Y 4( +(,-==-Y >=(1= =8>= 4"17?-;<- ,- <87 .;A;-Y 9->=d?=;- 9
+(><- ,- <87 9;>786 )8<71(:>-Y 8> 9(;+- :>"-44- >=(1= 4( <-+87,-Y
8> 98>; =8>=- (>=;- ;(1<87 :>17"(?(1= ,"(144->;< (>+>7-
-<9A+,"1698;=(7+- 98>;4->; 6A;-o e;>7- ,- +0-?-> -= ,- 9-(> (>=(7=
:>- 4- /(;<87 98>?(1= ?=;-)487,-= +8>?-;= ,- =7+0-< ,- ;8><<->;Y2S LE CHANTPOUR MARKO
-44- (?(1= <1B (7< -= 9(;(1<<(1= <87 7/- (48;< :>- q1;8<4(? >=(1= 94><
/;(7, :>- 4( 68C-77-o p( />-;;- 7- <-6)4(1= 9(< (?81; ,- 9;1<-<>;
->Bo
m4/(;,(1-7= 4"1778+-7+- -= 4-<.(+>4=>< ,">6-;?-144-6-7= :>1
6(7:>(1-7==(7= (>B (,>4=-<om4< 7- <- 9;1?(1-7= 2(6(1<,- <"-B=(<1-;
(>B /(419-==-<,">7 +0(= ,(7< 4-< (;);-< 8> (> )8>;,877-6-7=
,">7- ()-144- >/(;>- ,(7<4"-<+(41-;o p-< 9;82-+=14-< ,>?-;<>< <>; 4(
?144- <><+1=(1-7=4->; 17=>;?= (6><> \ (> );>1= ,-< -B948<187<Y 14<
;-+877(1<<(1-7=4-< +(41);-< >=141<><o f866- 4- .87+=1877-6-7=
17=-;61==-7=,- 4">+84- 4-< 4(1<<(1= <8>?-7= 9 ->Bd6?6-<Y 14< (?(1-7=
17?-7=> >7 2-> :>1 +87<1<=(1= 9 6-<>;-;4( 9->;,-< /-7< :>1
;-?-7(1-7=9 4( ;><1,-7+-(9;A< >7- 28>;7>- ,- )86)(;,-6-7=\
)4(7+d>7 9->Y ;8>/-d)-(>+8>9Y 781;d,;81= (>B +()17-=<h -=+Y -=+om4<
(?(1-7= ?1=- (99;1<9 ,>+8,-; +- :>1 <- 9(<<(1= ,(7< 4( =?=- ,-<
+ /;(7,< ;Y +-7<>< .(1;- 6-144->;- .1/>;- -= :>1 98>;(>=(7= 7"-7
6-7(1-7= 9(< 4(;/-o m4< 7- <- ,-6(7,(1-7= 9(< =8>< 4-<6(=17<<"14<
<-;(1-7= -7+8;- ?1?(7=< 4- <81; ?-7> 1 14< ?1?(1-7=Y <1694-6-7=o
dw-/(;,-Yq1;<(,(Y 6(61-u(7=-41+ ;-?1-7= -14< (99-4(1-7= (17<1
4( ?81<17-,>,->B1A6- >=(/-Y 2><=- (>d,-<<>< ,- +0-D ->B8Y -44- -<=
?-;=- +866- >7 (;=1+0(>= h
d{-;=hi= 9>1<Y -44- ;-?1-7=(?-+ <87 <(+ 94-17 ,- ?1,-hi44- 7"(
;1-7 =;8>?> (> 6(;+0>hg1< ,87+Y -44- ?( 68>;1;,- .(16Y 0(Y 0(h <1
-44- +87=17>- +866-<(ooo
de?=(<<-ht77- ,1= 9(<+ 94-17 ,- ?1,-;hd99;-7,<9 61->B
9(;4-;ooo
dq(1< 2- 9(;4- +866- 14 .(>=Y (;;?=- ,- 6"17=-;;869;- 8> 2-
4,1<9 6(6(7h
dg"(++8;,Y ,"(++8;,hr"-69?+0- :>"-44- (?;(16-7= 4"(1;
,"?=;- =;A< 6(40->;-><-ooo
df"-<= )1-7 .(1= 98>; -44-Y -44- 7- 78><(2(6(1< 8..-;=>7 <->4
)87)87h
df"-<= ?;(1Y<( +"-<= )1-7 .(1=hooo
q1;<(,( ,-?17= =8>=,">7 +8>9 <>;1-><-o i44- ,877(1=
4"169;-<<187 ,- +0-;+0-; :>-4:>- +08<- ,(7< <( 9-=1=- =?=-oLE CHANTPOUR MARKO 2W
dd> .(1=Yq1;8oooy> =- <8>?1-7< :>-4 /8O=<( (Y 4-< )87)87< b
di>0oooe(0Y 8>1hooof"-<= <>9-; )87hooo
dq81Y +"-<= )1D(;;-Y 2- 7- <(1< 94><o {( .(1= <1 487/=-69<ooo
q1;8<4(? ->= >7- 4>->; <8>9<877-><- ,(7< 4- ;-/(;,o
df"-<= <>9-;)87Y +"-<= <O;hx1<->4-6-7= 2- 98>?(1< -7 6(7/-;
-7+8;-ooo
du8>;:>81 87 7"-7 ( 94>< b
dn- =- 4"(1 ,>29 ,1=Y )?=(<<-Y +"-<=9 +(><- ,- 4( />-;;-h
dd0 8>1Y 2"(?(1< 8>)41>o g1<Y q1;8Y => +;81< :>"-44- ?( ,>;-;
-7+8;- 487/=-69<b
dv>81b
dp( />-;;-h
di<=d+- :>- 2- <(1<Y 681bg-6(7,-9 6(6(7h
du(;+- :>- 681Y 2"(16-;(1< )1-7 ;-6(7/-; ,-< )87)87< h
dm47"C(9(< :>- =81hoooe87Y => ?(< (;;?=-; ,- 6"(/(+-; (?-+ =-<
)87)87<o {( 7- <-;=9 ;1-7Y 9>1<:>"14 7"C -7 ( 9(< h
dp-< -7.(7=<hooo d44-D ,87+ ?81; 6(61- u(7=-41+Y -44- ?1-7=
,;-7=;-;+0-D -44-o g-6(7,-Dd4>1 <1 -44- 7"( 9(< )-<817,-
:>-4:>+08<-hooo
q(61- u(7=-41+ 0()1=(1= (> ,->B1A6- ,-9>1< .8;= 487/=-69<Y
)1-7 (?(7= 4"17<=(44(=187 ,- g;(/( -= ,-< <1-7<o f">=(1= 9
4">98:>-,4( j>,>;(=187Y -= <87 6(;1?1?(1= -7+8;- 1 14 >=(1= .87+=1877(1;- ,-<
98<=-<o f">=(1= 4- =-69< 8Q 14 .(1<(1= ;-4(=1?-6-7= )87?1?;- ,(7< >7
9(C< :>1 <"(99-4(1= -7+8;- 4( 8> /8<4(?1-o m4< 7"(?(1-7= 2(6(1< ->
,"-7.(7=o
d <81B(7=-d,1B (7< 9(<<><Y 6(61- u(7=-41+ <>;?1?(1= (?-+ <(
9-=1=- 9-7<187o i44- 9(<<(1= 4- 94>< +4(1; ,- <-<28>;7>-<9 9-<=-;Y
+:>1 .(1<(1= >?1,-66-7= ;1;- 4-< -7.(7=<o f-4( (?(1= +866-7+> 14 C
(?(1= ,>29 9(< 6(4 ,"(77>-<Y +87=;- 4-<,1;1/-(7=< + :>1 7"(;;1?(1-7=
9(< 9 4( +0-?144- ,- y1=8 ;Y +87=;- 4-< + +(6(;(,-< :>1(?(1-7=
;-=8>;7> 4->; +0-61<- ;Y 9>1<+-4( (?(1= +87=17>> :>(7, 4-<9(<<187<
7(=187(41<=-< <">=(1-7= (++-7=>>-<Y +87=;-4-< e-4/;(,81< + +0(>?17<
2X LE CHANTPOUR MARKO
-= <>;-B+1=>< ; :>1 .(1<(1-7= + 7"1698;=- :>81 ; (> o8<8?8Y -= 4-<
q87=>7>/;17<Y ,-< + )>71d8>1d8>1 ; :>1 <>1?(1-7= =8>=-< 4-<
()<>;,1=>< 17?-7=>-< 9(; 4-< + .(7=8+0-< ; ,-e-4/;(,-oq(17=-7(7=Y
+">=(1= +87=;-4( />-;;- -7 />7>;(4 -= 4-< .(>=->;< ,- ,><(<=;-<
,=8>= (+()1= :>- ;-=-7=1<<(1-7= 9 487/>->;,- 28>;7>- <-<
169;>+(=187<o
u8>; )-(>+8>9 ,- <( />7>;(=187Y 4( 8> /8<4(?1- <8+1(41<=- (?(1=
9-7,(7= :>(=;- ,>+-771-<=8>= ;-9;><-7=> 98>; 6(61- u(7=-41+\
>7- 6A;- 78>;;1+1A;-Y >7 -<981;Y >7- .1-;=>oi44- <- <8>?-7(1= -7+8; -
,> ;81Y (?(7=4( />-;;-Y -= ,- 4( +41:>- +8;;869>-:>1 4"-7=8>;(1=o
i44- (?(1=+877> 4"8++>9(=187.(<+1<=-Y -= <87 6(;1(?(1= +86)(==>
+0-D 4-<9(;=1<(7<,- y1=8o i= 6(17=-7(7=Y +-==- 7(=187 :>-
46(;>+0(4d9;><1,-7=1 9(1B 9 <-</48;1-><-<+-7,;-<ooo 1 (?(1=
41)>;>(?(7= ,- 4( ;-6-==;- <>;91-,Y +- 9(C< 98>;4-:>-4 =(7= ,- 0>;8<Y
x-;)-<Y e8<71(:>-<Y x48?A7-< -= (>=;-<Y <">=(1-7= <(+;1.1><Y<87 9(C<Y
<( 9(=;1-Y =8>= +-4( ?84(1= -7>+4(=<of86)4- ,- .841-h 4"(;6>- :>1 4-<
(?(1= 2(,1< 41)>;><,-< 7(D1< -7 >=(1= 9 =1;-; (> +(787 <>;4-
9->94,87= -44- >=(1= 1<<>-o f">=(1= )-(>+8>99
+869;-7,;-98>;>7?1-144- ,(6-o
g;(/( 4"(16(1= )1-7Y -44- (?(1= 4"169;-<<187,)(?81; (..(1;-9
>7?;(1- 8> /8<4(?-1 +-;=(17-6-7= 4">7- ,-< ,-;71A;-< :>1 <>;?1?(1= -7
+- 687,- 1 -= -44- 4"(1,(1= -7 =8>=- +08<- ,> 61->B :>"-44- 98>?(1=o
dq(61- u(7=-41+hq(61- u(7=-41+Y 8>?;-Dh f"-<= 78><Y
q1;8<4(? -=q1;<(,(ooo
di7=;-DY -7=;-DY 4-< 9-=1=<h
dt7 ?( (> 6(;+0>hf"-<= 6(6(7 :>1 78>< -7?81-oooi<=d+-
:>?8>< (?-D )-<817 ,- :>-4:>- +08<-booo
d{8><(?-D ,- 4( +0(7+- ,"(?81; >7- 6A;- +866- -44-Y 6-<
9-=1=<hi44- =;8>?-;(1= ,> <(>+1<<87 -7 94-17 ,><-;= h
df"-<= 78;6(4Y 6(6(7 +"-<= 4( 94>< ,>);8>144(;,- ,- =8>=-<h
;>941:>( .1A;-6-7=q1;8<4(?o
di44- +877(C= =8>< 4-< -7,;81=< 8Q 4"87 9->= =;8>?-; ,- :>81
6(7/-;hq(1<Y -7+0(C7( 4( +(,-==- (?-+ 4( 6?6- 4>->; ,(7< 4-<
LE CHANTPOUR MARKO 2Y
C->B :>- <87 .;A;-Y 6(1< 14 7"C ( :>- 4-< )87)87< :>"-44- 7"( 2(6(1<
;>><<19 78>< ;(998;=-;ooo
d{8>< 7- <(>;1-D9(<Y ?8><Y 8Q 87 98>;;(1= -7 =;8>?-;b
q1;8<4(?<">=(1= -70(;,19 98<-; 98>;4(9;-61A;- .81< 4( :>-<=187
:>1 4-< ,>6(7/-(1=o
dp-< -7.(7=<Y <1 2- 4- <(?(1<Y 2- ?8>< -7 (>;(1< ,877>< ,-9>1<
487/=-69<hi44- ->= >7 <8>91; ,(7< 4( ?81Bo {-7-D 9(; 1+1h n- ?(1<
?8>< 687=;-; :>-4:>- +08<-hooo
i44- 4-<.1= (?(7+-; 9(; >7 9-=1= +8;;1,8; 2><:>"9 >7- 91A+-
:>4"8)<+>;1=> .(1<(1= 9(;(C=;- -7+8;- 94><.;81,-o p9 (><<1Y ,-< <(+<
,<()4- 9;8=>/-(1-7= 4-< .-7?=;-<Y 6?6- +-44-< ,87= 4"8;1-7=(=187 (>;(1=
,O 48/1:>-6-7= 4-< 9;8=>/-; ,-< =1;<o t7 7- <(?(1= 2(6(1<ooo m4 C -7
(?(1= (><<1 =8>= 4- 487/ ,-< 6>;< ,> +8>481;o m4C-7(?(1= ?;(16-7=
)-(>+8>9o f-4( ;>=;>+1<<(1= ,)(>=(7= 4)-<9(+-o d?-+ 4-< 681<Y 14<
<">=(1-7= ;-0(><<><,">7- <>?A;- +8>+0- ,- 98><<1A;- :>- 4(
6(617- ,-?(1= 9(< )1-7 ?81; 1 <( ?>- )(1<<(1= )-(>+8>9o m4< 4>1 >=(1-7=
<>;=8>= >7 ;-69(;= 68;(4Y >7- .8;+- :>1 4"(1,(1=Y -7=;- (>=;-<Y 9
61->B ,8;61;o
f">=(1= :>"-7 +-< (77>-< 14 <- 68>;(1= .(+14-6-7=>7-
?17/=(17,- x(;(2>?1-7<9(; 28>;Y =>><,- ,1?-;<-<6(71A;-<o r1 g1->Y 71
4<8>?-71;,- y1=8Y 71 9-;<877- 7"C98>?(1-7= ;1-7o i7 .(1=Y 4(
6(61<- ,1<(1= :>- +">=(1= g1-> :>1 ,>+1,(1=Y 6(1< +866-7<(1=
<>;1-><-6-7=9 <- ,-6(7,-; +- :>"14 (?(1= -7 =?=-Yg1->Y 98>;=84>;-;
>7- =-44- +(4(61=>o
g(7< <( +>1<17-Y +866- +0-D g;(/( (><<1Y -= ,(7< =8>=-< 4-<
+>1<17-< ,-x(;(2-?8Y>=(1-7= ;(<<-6)4><4-< ><=-7<14-< 17,1<9-7<()4-<
(> :>8=1,1-7o p-.;1/8Y <(7<>=141=> ,-9>1< 4( ,1<9(;1=187 ,> +8>;(7=
>4-+=;1:>-Y (?(1= >=> =;(7<.8;6> -7 (;681;-,- ;(7/-6-7=^ 14 C (?(1=
9?4-d6?4-Y =1;><,-< (>=;-<91A+-<Y >7 ?1->B )>..-= ,- .8;61+(
<=C4(77>-<<81B(7=-Y (17<1:>- :>-4:>-< +0(1<-< -= 4( =()4- 8Q
-446(7/-(1=Y -7.174- 41= ,- 4( ?1-144- ,(6-oz7?1->B 98?4- :>"-44- (?(1=
=8>28>;< 98<<>,> (?(1= >=> ;-687=> ,- 4( +(?- 8Q 14 +;8>91<<(1=
,-9>1< 487/=-69<o i44- >=(1= 0->;-><- ,- 4"(?81; +87<-;?>Y +(; 14
+0(>..(1= (> )81< -= 4-< ?81<17< 4>1 -7 (998;=(1-7= ,- =-69< -7=-69<Y
:>(7, 14< ;-?-7(1-7= ,> 9(;+ 8Q 4"87 7"0><1=(1= 94><9 <+1-; 4-<(;);-<2Z LE CHANTPOUR MARKO
:>1 >=(1-7= 98>;=(7= 9;89;1>=> 9>)41:>-o p">?(+>(=187 ,- 4(
.>6>>=(1= (;;(7/>- (?-+ ,-< =>C(>B );1+84><:>1 +87,>1<(1-7= 4-< /(D (>B
=814-==-< -=Y ?1( >7 8;1.1+- ,- ?-7=14(=187Y9 4"-B=>;1->;o
d {-7-D ,87+Y 6-< 9-=1=<ooo i44- <"-69(;( ,">7 <>+;1-; 9
4"17=>;1->; ,- <87 )>..-=Y 4"8>?;1= -= -7 <8;=1= >7- -<9A+-
,97=1<<-;1-Y 9->=d?=;- >7 )48+ ,"0(4?( ,(=(7= ,"(?(7= 4( />-;;-Y :>1
<-7=(1= >7 9-> 4- ;(7+-o f"-<==8>= +- :>- 2"(1Y 6(1< 6(7/-DY +-4(
?8><78>;;1;( >7 9->hi=,1=-<9 ?8=;-6(6(7 :>- 2- 7"(1 )-<817
,;1-7ooo
p-<-7.(7=<>+0(7/A;-7= >7 ;-/(;,-= ;>9;16A;-7= >7- /;16(+-o
m4< 9;1;-7= 4"0(4?( ,>+(=1- -7 );-,8>144(7= >7 ?(/>- ;-6-;+1-6-7= -=
.14A;-7=9 =8>=- ?1=-<<- +0-D 4->; 6A;- 98>; >+0(99-; 9
6(61u(7=-41+ -= 9 <-< 91A/-<o m4< <- ,1<(1-7= :>"14< (?(1-7=)1-7 ;(1<87
,<- 68:>-; ,"-44-Y -44- 4- 6>;1=(1= )1-7 (?-+ <-<.;1(7,1<-< (?(;1>-< h
i7+- =-69<Y 4( ?144- ?1?(1= -7+8;- -7 9(1Bo f">=(1= 4( <(1<878Q
-44- +0(=8C(1= ,- 61441-;< ,"81<-(>B 6>4=1+848;-< -= ,- <-< (;);-< -7
.4->;<o p( ;1?1A;- <">=1;(1=Y (<<8>91- 6(1< =-7(+-^ -44- (998;=-;(1= >7
9-> ,- .;(C+0->; )1-7?-7>- ,A< :>- 4">=>Y +866-7+>
,-9>1<>7<-6(17-Y <"-69(;-;(1= ?;(16-7= ,- 4( ;>/187o z7- 6>4=1=>,-
,9-=1=-< 6(1<87< (>B =81=< ;8>/-<-= 94(=< =(91<<(1-7=4(?(44>-
-7+8;?-;=- -= <">=-7,(1-7= 2><:>"(>B 9;-61A;-<9-7=-< ,-< 687=(/7-<o
u8>;=(7=Y 6(4/;> 4( 6(<<- 0>6(17- ;>>71- -7 <-<6>;<Y 7>4 );>1=
7<- .(1<(1=-7=-7,;-Y 8> <1 9->o y8>=(> 94>< >7 6>;6>;- ,"-7.(7=<
28>(7=9 4( )(44- ,(7< 4-< +8>;-==-< 86);(/>-<Y -= 4- /41<<-6-7= <>;
4/;(?1-; ,- +(;;184-< =1;>-< 9(; ,-< 6>4-< ,>)877(1;-<om4 C (?(1= ,- 4(
?1-Y ,-< ?1-<Y9 7"-7 9(<,8>=-;Y 6(1< +-44-<d+1 <- .(1<(1-7= ,1<+;A=-<Y
787+0(4(7=-<o p- =-69<7- +869=(1= 9(< 1 9(< -7+8;-o d :>81 )87
<">7-;?-;Y /-<=1+>4-; +866- =(7= ,"(>=;-< b 9>1<:>- +-4(
7+0(7/-(1= ;1-7 (> )8>= ,> +869=- -= :>-Y 98>; =8>= ?=;-Y 0866-Y
.-66-Y 68>+0-;87 8> ?-;,-=-;;-Y 4- <()41-; ,>;8>4(1= =8>28>;< 4-<
6?6-< /;(17<9 4( 6?6- ?1=-<<-o
p(68;= .(1<(1= 9(;=1-Y ,-9>1< =8>28>;<Y ,- 4( ?1-o p(68;=Y
+">=(1= ,- 4( ?1- -7 >7 9-> ,1..>;-7=Y -= +">=(1= (><<1 94>< :>- 4( ?1-oLE CHANTPOUR MARKO 2[
m4< 4- <(?(1-7= )1-7Y -= 14< 4"(++-9=(1-7= <(7< ;><1/7(=187
9(;=1+>41A;,-9>1< 4"(>)- ,-<<1A+4-<o u4>< :>- ,"(>=;-<9->=d?=;-Y -= (?-+ 94><
,- +87.1(7+-Y 9(;+- :>"14< +;8C(1-7= .-;6-6-7= (> ,-<=17 >71:>-
,4"l866-Y (> <=(=>= -B=;(8;,17(1;- ,- 4( +;>(=>;- ?8>4>- -= +;>>- 9(;
g1->o x87 ,-?-71;7- 98>?(1= <"(;;?=-; 9 >7 =;89 );-.
9(<<(/=-;;-<=;-Y <8>?-7= -69;-17= ,">+0-+< -= ,"(6-;=>6-o r87Y 4( ?1-
798>?(1=<- +48;- <>; 4"-B91;(=187 .17(4-Y +- ?(/>- >=8>..-6-7= :>1
?8>< 9;-7, -= 8)<+>;+1=,>.171=1?-6-7= ?8< <-7< -= ?8< 1,>-<o m4 C
(?(1=Y +">=(1= >7- >?1,-7+-Y >7 (>d,-49o z7 (>d,-49 6C<=>;1->B -= >7
9-> 17:>1>=(7=Y 6(1< >7 (>d,-49 =8>=,- 6?6-Y 144161=>Y >=-;7-4Y
(>;1-7 +866- ,-< 9-7<>-< ,> 6(=17Y ?(98;->B +866- >7-
;??-;1,"891>6 :>- ;1-7Y 787 ;1-7Y (> /;(7, 2(6(1<Y 7- ?1-7=
17=-;;869;>7- .81< :>- 4"87 C ( 9>7>=;>o
p( +87.1(7+- ;(1<877>- -7 4"(>d,-49 (?(1= =8>28>;<>=> 4- +16-7=
,- 4( ?144-o i44- 4"(?(1= (1,>- 9 =;(?-;<-; 4-< ?1+1<<1=>,-< ,-< 7/-<o i=
+- 7">=(1= 9(< >7- +87.1(7+- 68;)1,-Y :>(<1d.>7>;(1;-Y +866- ,(7<
4-< (>=;-< +1=><,- 4"i691;--7/87+>-< ,(7< >7- ;-41/187>=8>..(7=-o
f">=(1= >7- +87?1+=187 9;8.87,-Y >7- 90148<8901- ,- 4"76- -=
,4"0866- :>1.(1<(1= 9;-7,;- =8>=- +08<- (?-+ <>;>71=> -= -<9>;(7+-o
p-< 0()1=(7=< ,- 4( ?144- ?8C(1-7= 61->B 4( 9(;= <(+;>- ,- 4">71?-;<Y
-= +87<1,>;(1-7= 4-< >?A7-6-7=< +866- 4"-B9;-<<187,">7-?8487=>
17>?1=()4- :>1 >+0(99(1=9 4"17=-;?-7=187 0>6(17-o d?81;+869;1<
:>- ;1-7 7- <-;?(1= ,- <- ;-)-44-; +87=;-<( ,-<=17>- (1,(1= )-(>+8>9
9 ?1?;-\ ,> +8>9Y 4-<+08<-< ,-?-7(1-7= 94>< <1694-<o i= (> 6817<
+-==- 90148<8901-4->; 9-;6-==(1=d-44- ,- ,>?-4899-; 7-==-6-7=
6817<,- +(7+-;<-= ,">4+A;-<9 4"-<=86(+ :>- 4->;<<-6)4()4-<o
j;(7<81<dj-;,17(7, -B(617(1=d14 >7- +87+-9=187,>
687,(><<1 8;1/17(4- ,(7< 4- =;(17 :>1Y +- ,16(7+0- 6(=17Y4-< (6-7(1= =8><
4-<,->B 9 x(;(2-?8bp( +87.1/>;(=187 ,- <87-<9;1=-=<(98<1=187
9-;<877-44- 4- 4>1 (>;(1-7=d-44-< 9-;61<b g-9>1< 4->; (;;1?>-Y 4>1-=
<( .-66- (?(1-7= ,8;61 94><1->;<7>1=<9m41,D(Y4-.(>)8>;/=0-;6(4
-= +01+ ,- 4( /;(7,- ?144- )8<71(:>-o p"0866- >=(1= 6C<=>;1->Bo
e-(>+8>9 +;8C(1-7= 4- +877(C=;- 6(1< <- 6>9;-7(1-7= <>; <(
?>;1=()4- 7(=>;-o t7 4- ,1<(1= (;;8/(7=-= (6)1=1->Bo t7
4<8>9<877(1= ,- ,(7/-;-><-< 1,>-< 41)>;(4-<o u8>; +-;=(17<Y <87
+ +(< ; (>;(1= 9> 4>1 ?(481; <(7< =;89 ,- ,1..1+>4=>< >7- (++><(=187 ,-=& LE CHANTPOUR MARKO
0(>=- =;(01<87oq(1< :>-44-< 9;->?-<>=(1-7=d14< +(9()4-< ,"(?(7+-;b
v>(7, 87C;-/(;,(1= (> .87,Y -= 9->=d?=;- >=(1=d+- ,- 4(
9(;=,4"(;+01,>+ >7- 0()14-=> <>9;?6-Y 14 7"C (?(1= :>- ,> ?1,-Y ,-<
17<17>(=187<Y -7 =8>= +(< 9(<4- 6817,;- +866-7+-6-7= ,">7
:>-4+87:>- + ,8<<1-; ;o u(;(,8B(4-6-7=Y 14 .(1<(1= ,- 94>< -7 94><
.1/>;- ,- ;-+8>;<o p-?1-14 i69-;->;7- 98>;;(1= 94>< >=-;7-44-6-7=
6(17=-71; 9 )8>= ,- );(< >7- +87<=;>+=187 (==(:>>- ,- =8>=-< 9(;=<
9(; 4-< 7(=187(41<6-< -7-..-;?-<+-7+-oj;(7<81<dj-;,17(7,4-<(?(1=o
m4 (==-7,(1=<87 0->;-o
d{8>< ?8>4-D =;89 -7 .(1;-Y j;(7Dh{8><7- ?8><(++8;,-D
/>A;- ,- ;-98<hooo
x87 >98><- (?(1= =-7> 9 4"(++869(/7-; ,(7<>7 9>;194- :>1
,-?(1= 4-<(6-7-; ,(7<4( 9;8?17+- 4( 94>< -B+-7=;>-Y <1 +- 7">=(1= 4(
94><-B+-7=;1:>-Y ,- 4"i691;-o i44- (?(1= 7>/41/> <( /;8<<-<<- ,>29
)1-7 (?(7+>-of- :>(=;1A6- -7.(7=>=(1= >7- 281- 98>; 4- +8>94- =8>=
(>=(7= :>- 98>; 4-<.;A;-< -= <Z>; :>1 <- )(==(1-7= 98>; ,-?17-; <1
+<-;(1= >7 /(;<87 8> >7- .144-o
i44- 4"(,8;(1=op>1Y 98;=(7=)-(> 4( +17:>(7=(17-Y
(>;(1=9>?=;>7 0866-9 .-66-<Y 6(1<<87 (68>; 98>; -44- 7">=(1= 9(<6817<
.8;=ov>(7, 14 4"(?(1= ;-7+87=;>- -= :>"14< ->;-7= ,>+1,>1?1=-
1,-<6(;1-;Y =8>=- 4( 6(1<87 169>;1(4- (?(1= +;1>9 4( 6><(441(7+-o
z79-=1=- +86=-<<- =+0A:>-Y 9-7<-Dd?8><Y 6(;1>- 9 >7 l()<)8>;/ h
f">=(1= 1698<<1)4- 9 (,6-==;-Y (><<1 7- .>=d-44- 2(6(1< ?;(16-7=
(,61<-oj;(7<81<dj-;,17(7, <- +87=-7=(,)>7 0(><<-6-7= ,)>9(>4-<
6>9;1<(7=o x8901- f08=-31 +">=(1= <87786 ,- 2->7- .144-1 +081<1=
,- <"(++8668,-; ,- 4"08<=141=> 4(=-7=- ,- 4( )-44-d.(6144-o
i44<>998;=( (?-+ <>;>71=> )1-7,-< ;-)>..(,-< 98>;4"(68>; ,- <87
(;+01,>+op( 68;= 9;>6(=>;>-9q(C-;417/ ,> 9;17+-w8,8490-Y :>1
.(1<(1= ,- j;(7<81<dj-;,17(7, 4"0>;1=1-; -7 =1=;-Y 7- +0(7/-(
/>A;+-=>=(= ,- .(1=o
m4< (?(1-7= )-(> <- =-71; 9 4">+(;= ,-< /;(7,-< ,>+1<187<Y 4-<
,-?81;<,- 4->; +0(;/- 7"-7>=(1-7= 9(< 6817< 9-<(7=<o
dm4 C ( >7 =-69< 98>; =8>=Y +0A;-of86)1-7 ,- .81< 7"-7 (?87<d
78>< 9(< 9(;4>h p"0866- 7"-<= ;1-7Y <( .87+=187 -<= =8>=o n-?8><
9;86-=< :>"(9;A<+-==- ?1<1=-Y 78>< 78>< (++8;,-;87< 4- =-69<:>"14LE CHANTPOUR MARKO =2
.(>= 98>; ;-<91;-; >7 9->oood9;A< =8>=Y +-<e8<71(:>-< 7- ,-?;(1-7=
9(<?=;- <1 (<<866(7=<h
dt7 4-<,1= .8;= 0877?=-</-7<Y :>81:>- 9-> 98;=><<>;
4"-..8;=ooo
df- <87= ,-< /-7< ,> <>,Y :>- ?8>4-Dd?8><h
dt7 4-< ,1=>/(4-6-7= ?8487=1-;< ;??->;< -= .(=(41<=-<hooo
z7 8..1+1-; ?-7(1= ,- .(1;-1;;>9=187 ,(7< 4- +869(;=16-7= ,-<
>98>B 169>;1(>Bo m4 <-6)4(1= -77>C> ,- <"?=;- 17=;8,>1= 9
4"169;8?1<=-1 14 (?(1= .;(99>9 4( 98;=- <(7< ;-+-?81; ,- ;>987<- 1 -=
-<<(C( ,- <- ;(==;(9-; -7 -B>+>=(7= >7 /(;,-d9d?8>< 169-++()4-o
m4 ?8>4(1= 9;>?-71; :>-9(; <>1=- ,">7 17+1,-7= 6>+(71:>-Y
4=;(17 (>;(1= :>-4:>- ;-=(;,9 4"(;;1?>- -7 /(;- ,-x(;(2-?8o
p)(;+01,>+ <)-<=;-6);>71 6(1< 14 ?->= 6-==;- 9 4"(1<-<87
8;,877(7+-o
df"-<= >7 6817,;- 6(4o g- =8>=- 6(71A;-Y 4- =;(2-= 7"-<=9(<
)1-7 487/ -7=;-m41,D( -= 4( /(;- +-7=;(4-o
p"8..1+1-; <- 07=- ,- ,1<9(;(C=;-,(7<4-<9;8.87,->;<,>A(/87
8..1+1-4o
de87Y +-4( +866-7+-hooot>1Y :>- ,1<187<d78><Yx8901-b
dr8><Y j;(7DY ;>987,d-44- (?-+ ,8>+->;Y 78><ooo f866- (?-+
+- =;(17 :>1 7- ?->= 9(< (;;1?-; 9 4"0->;-od?87<d78>< ,"(>=;- +081B
:>- ,- 78>< <8>6-==;-b
df-;=-<Y 787oq(1< +-4( 7- ?->= 9(< ,1;-:>- 78>< ,-?87<=8>=
(++-9=-;o n- 7- 9->B ;1-7 98>; .(1;- (?(7+-; +- =;(17 94><?1=-Y 6(1<
<(+0-D :>- 2- =;>91/7- ,(7< 687 .8; 17=>;1->;h
dn-4- <(1<Y j;(7DY +-4( <- ?81= <>;?8=;- ?1<(/-o
{8><79(;?1-7,;-D 2(6(1<9?=;- 9(=1-7=Y 6(1< +866- +-4( ?8>< ?( )1-7hooo
i44- >+4(=- ,- ;1;-o g"(144->;<Y 4( 9;-61A;- .81< :>- 2- ?8>< (1 ?>-Y
2+;81< )1-7 :>- ?8><>=1-D ,>29 -7 =;(17 ,- 91:>-; >7- +84A;-ooo
dd4487<Y x8901-Y 7- ,1=-< 9(< +-4( h ;>987,d14Y <8>,(17
;-,-?-7> 28?1(4of866- <1 2">=(1< =8>28>;<>7-;?>ooor87Y 787Y 787 h
f- <-;(1= =;89 .(+14-ooo {8>< 7- <(?-D 9(< +- :>- +"-<= ,"?=;- 9 6(
94(+-o== LE CHANTPOUR MARKO
dn-+;81< )1-7 :>- <1hooo d0Y <1 <->4-6-7= 4-< /-7< ,- x(;(2-?8
98>?(1-7= ?8><;-7,;- >7 9-> 94>< .(=(41<=-Y 14< 6- ;-7,;(1-7=>7
=;A< /;(7, <-;?1+- h
p-< e8<71(:>-< 28>1<<(1-7= ,">7- +-;=(17- ;>9>=(=187 9(;61 4-<
786);->B9->94-< ,- 4"i691;-oi44- 7">=(1= 71 94><71 6817<
.87,>:>- +-44-< ,-< f;8(=-<Y ,-< l87/;81<Y ,-< x48?A7-< -= ,- =8><4-<
(>=;-<o x8901- -= j;(7<81<dj-;,17(7, >=(1-7= <-7<1)4-< 9 +-< 87d,1=
.(><<-6-7= 9;8.87,< <>; 4"76- ,-< 0866-<o m4< 1/78;(1-7=
>7/;(7,- 9(;=1- ,-< ;>(41=><,- 4->; .>=>; ,86(17- -= <- .(1<(1-7= ,-<
1,>-< )1-7 =;89 ;86(7=1:>-<9 9;898< ,- =-4 8> =-4 <-7=16-7= :>)14<
+;8C(1-7= ,>+-4-; +0-D 4->; <>2-=<o f(;9(;=8>= 4"87 6>;6>;(1=Y 4"87
<"(/1=(1=Y 4-<9-7<>-< <>)?-;<1?-< +1;+>4(1-7= <8>< 4- 6(7=-(> 8> (>
/;(7, 28>; ,(7< 4-<28>;7(>B ,- 4"8998<1=187o g-< /-7< 7"(?(1-7=
2(6(1< (++-9=> 4( ,8617(=187 ,-<l()<)8>;/om4< ;-,;-<<(1-7= 4(
=?=(48;< :>-4-/8>?-;7-6-7= >=(1= 169>1<<(7=9 .(1;- +-<<-; 4( ;>6->;
-=9 ;(6-7-; 4( <>;>71=> ,(7< 4- 9(C<Y =(7,1< :>-Y ,(7<4"86);-Y ,-<
(/-7=<9 4( <84,- ,- +-;=(17-< 9>1<<(7+-< (==1<(1-7=4- .-> :>1+8>?(1=o
v>1 (>;(1= 9> 16(/17-; 4-<(..;-< ,(7< 4-<:>-44-< <- ,>)(==(1= 4(
e8<71-Y 8> +- :>"14 -7 ;-<=(1=b
g;(/( 7- <">=(1= 2(6(1< )-(>+8>9 17=>;-<<>- 9 4(
9841=1:>-oi447"(?(1= 9(< )1-7 <>1?1 4( 4-7=- ,>/;(,(=187 :>1 (?(1= (..-+=> 4- 9(C<
,(7< 4-< (77>-< :>1 <>1?1;-7= 4( 68;= ,- y1=8o r1 -44- 71 <876(;1
7"(?(1-7= <>1?1 4"(<+-7<187 ,> 9-;<877(/- :>1 (?(1= 9;1< 4( ;-4A?- -=
,1;1/-(1= 4"i=(= ,-9>1<2[Z&\x48)8,(7q148<-?1+o
df-< <(4(,-<d49 7- 78>< +87+-;7-7= 9(<h 4>1 ;>9>=(1= <8>?-7=
!8;(7of- <87= ,-< 01<=81;-< 17?-7=>-< 9(; 4-<987=-< ,-e-4/;(,-8>
,- !(/;-) 98>;+87=17>-; 9 9;8.1=-; ,-< )877-< 94(+-<hp- <8;= ,>
9->94- 7- 4-< 17=>;-<<- 9(<hm4< 7"-7 .87= 6?6- 94>< 9(;=1-Y ,>
9->94-hg>29 9-7,(7=4(/>-;;- -+-44- +87=;- 4-<d44-6(7,<8Y +">=(1=
4( 6?6- +08<-Y 14(.(44> (==-7,;- y1=8 98>; :>"87 C 6-==- )87
8;,;-hLE CHANTPOUR MARKO =H
g;(/( .(1<(1= (48;<>7- 68>- ,>)1=(=1?-o
dq(1< +"-<= y1=8 4>1d6?6- :>14-<(,><1/7><Y -= 14< .87=
9(;=1,- 4( p1/>- ,-< f866>71<=-<,-9>1< >7- >=-;71=>h y> 7- ?81<
9(;=8>= :>- ,-< +86)17(1<87<-=Y <1 2- =- +;8C(1<Y =8>= 4-
687,<-;(1= 6(40877?=-hq81Y 2- 4->; .(1< +87.1(7+-<
dy>-< (><<1 7(D?- :>">7- /;>- h y>9;-7,< 4-< ,1<+8>;< 98>;
,- 4"(;/-7= +869=(7=o w1-7 7"-<=94>< .(+14- :>- ,- 9;86-==;-
,+87<=;>1;- ,-<><17-<Y ,-<)(;;(/-<h q(1< 14 7"C( 9(<
/;(7,d+08<:>1 ?1-7= ,-;;1A;-o x8>?1-7<d=81Y (9;A<4- =;-6)4-6-7= ,- =-;;-
,x3892-Y 4- =-69< :>"14 ( .(44>98>; ;>9(;-;h f">=(1= 14 C ( ,-<(77>-<
-= ,-< (77>-<Y -= =8>= 7"-<= 9(< -7+8;- ;-+87<=;>1=oq81Y 2- =- ,1<
:>+"-<= =8>28>;< 4( 6?6- +08<- -= :>"14< +0-;+0-;87==8>28>;< 9 78><
-7,8;61; ,- 4->;<)8)(;,<o f"-<= 6?6- 91;-6(17=-7(7=\ +- <87=
,-< 2->7-<-= 14< 87= 4-< ,-7=< -7+8;- 94>< 487/>-<o m4 7"C( 94><
,?;(1 +866>71<=- ,-9>1< 487/=-69< ,(7< +- 9(C< h
dy8>= ,- 6?6-Y +"-<= >7 9-> -B(/>;>hooo
x8>< y1=8Y 4- 9(C< <- 9;>=-7,(1= .8;=Y -= ,(7<>7 +-;=(17 <-7< 14
4">=(1=o p- 6(;>+0(4d9;><1,-7= (?(1= >=> 4- <->4 ,1;1/-(7= ,- 4"i<= 9
(?81;8<> ,1;- 787 9 x=(417-o m4,1;1/-(1=,">7- 6(17 ,- .-; -= (?(1=
>41617> 9-=1= 9 9-=1= <-< ;1?(>Bo m4 >=(1= +;(17= 9(;+- :>"14 >=(1= 94><
17=-441/-7= -= 94>< 6(417 :>-4-< (>=;-<om4>=(1= +;8(=- (><<1Y +- :>1
74"(?(1= 9(<-69?+0> ,- 4>==-; .>;8+-6-7= +87=;-=8>< +->B :>"14
<-7=(1= 8998<><9 <87;??- ,- 8> /8<4(?1- >7- -= 17,1?1<1)4-o
p9->94- 4"(16(1= +866- 14 (16- <8>?-7= 4-<0866-<9981/7-ov>(7,
14 68>;>=Y >7 .(1= -B9;A<?8>4>=:>- 4"i>;89- <- =;8>?7= ,(7<
>79>;18,-,-/;(7,< +0(7/-6-7=<\ -7 :>-4:>-< (77>-<Y 4-< ;>/16-<
9841=1:>-< :>1 <- ;>+4(6(1-7= ,- q(;B -= ,- p>717- <"-..87,;A;-7=o
g;(/( -= <87 6(;1 7- <(1<1;-7= 9(< )1-7 4( 98;=>- ,- +-<
=;(7<.8;6(=187<Y 9(;+- :>"9 4"17=>;1->;,- 4( 8> /8<4(?1-Y 4-< +08<-<
7- )8>/A;-7= 9(<Y ,> 6817< (> ,>)>=o m4< 7- +869;1;-7= 9(< :>-4(
,1<9(;1=187 ,> ?1->B +0-. <-;(1= >7 <1/7(498>; 4-< (6)1=1->B :>1
<)>=(1-7= ;87/> 4-< 87/4-< -7 (==-7,(7= 4( <>++-<<187o y8>=7"(?(1=
94><>=> -7<>1=- :>">7- :>-<=187 ,"(77>-<o
=S LE CHANTPOUR MARKO
p-< ,1..1+>4=>< ,> ;(?1=(144-6-7= >=(1-7=98>; g;(/(
>7-+(><6(2->;- ,"(7/81<<-o i44- 4-<(99;>0-7,(1= ,(?(7=(/- :>- 4-<)(44-<
8> 4-< )86)-<o f0(:>- x(;(2>?1-7(?(1= 9-;,>94><1->;< 3148<
,-9>1< 4- ,>)>= ,- 4( />-;;-Y +- :>1 ;-9;><-7=(1= 98>; 4"-7<-6)4-
,4( ?144- -= <-487 >7 +>;1->B +(4+>4 :>- +-;=(17< 7"0><1=(1-7=9(< 9
.(1;-Y ,-< 61441-;< ,- =877-< ,- +0(1; 0>6(17- -7 6817<ooo q(4/;>
4"(1,- 17=-;7(=187(4- :>1 9(;?-7(1= (> +869=-d/8>==-Y 4-< ?-7=;-<
+;1(1-7= .(617-Y ,- 94>< -7 94>< 4-<.-66-< -7+-17=-< (?8;=(1-7=
<8>< 4"-..-=,- 4( 6(47>=;1=187o y8>=4- 687,- 7"(?(1= 94><
:>">71,>- .1B- -7 =?=-\ 6(7/-;1 )81;-(++-<<81;-6-7=Y 6(1< 4-
9;8)4A6,- 4"-(> >=(1= 6817< +;>+1(4Y +(; 87 (;;1?(1= =8>28>;<9 <"-7 9;8+>;-;
,(7<4( ;1?1A;-Y 8> ,(7< 4( 7-1/- <1 87 98>?(1= 4( .(1;-)8>1441;Y 8>
,(7<4">7- ,-< <8>;+-< 7(=>;-44-< :>- 4( ?144- (?(1= =8>28>;< -> 4(
+0(7+- ,- 98<<>,-;o
p( 9-;=- ,- =-69<98>; .(1;-4( :>->-Y =8>= 4- 687,- <"-7
(++8668,(1=op- =-69<7- 6(7:>(1= 9(<op-< ,1<=;(+=187<>=(1-7= <1
;(;-<ooo t7 9(98=(1= (?-+ <-< ?81<17< -7 (==-7,(7= <87 =8>;o t7
68:>(1= )-(>+8>9 4"(1,- 0>6(71=(1;- 9 4(:>-44- 87 ,-?(1= 98>;=(7=
,- 7- 9(< <- =;8>?-; ;>,>1= 9 4">=(= ,- <:>-4-==-o i44- 7">=(1= 2(6(1<
<>..1<(7=-Y +">=(1-7= =8>28>;< 4( 6?6- +08<- -,> ;1D -= -7+8;- ,> ;1DY
8> ,-< )8C=-< ,- +8;7-,d)--.Y 8> ,-< ;(=187<6141=(1;-< :>1
.171<<(1-7= 9(; ,>/8O=-; =8>= 4- 687,-8Y -7 ,- ;(;-< .81<Y 14 (?(1=>=>
-7?8C> ,-< :>(;=1-;<,- 98;+Y +- :>1 98>; ,-< 989>4(=187<
6><>46(7-<Y 7- 6(7:>(1= 9(< ,- ,>+4-7+0-; ,-< ;1/84(,-<9 7"-7
94><.171;o p-< +(;/(1<87< ,- 4"(1,- 17=-;7(=187(4- (==-;;1<<(1-7= 9
4"(>;898;= :>1 >=(1= <8>< +87=;I4- ,- 4"t7>Y 4-<(?187<-<<>C(1-7=
9(;.81< ,-< =1;<Y >7 8> ,->B (?(1-7= >=> ()(==><9(; ,-< (;=144->;<
<-;)-< 9(;=1+>41A;-6-7= 6(4?-144(7=<o
m4C(?(1= ,(7< 4( ?144- >7- 0(44- 7(/>A;- 9;8<9A;-of">=(1-7=4-<
d>=;1+01-7< :>1 4"(?(1-7= +87<=;>1=- (> ,>)>= ,> <1A+4- -7
6?6=-69< :>- ,- 786);->B (>=;-< )7=16-7=<Y9 >7 686-7= 8Q 14 .(44(1=
.(1;- <8;=1; 4( ?144- ,> q8C-7dd/- 8Q 4-< t==86(7<4"(?(1-7=4(1<<>
?>/>=-;o p( 0(44- =;I7(1= (> +-7=;- ,-< :>(;=1-;< >4-?><9
4">98:>9(; ,-< (;+01=-+=-< ?-7>< ,-{1-77-Ye>,(9-<=-=u;(/>-oi44- (?(1=
>=> 4- <C6)84- ,- 4"A;- 78>?-44-Y :>(7, 4"d>=;1+0-dl87/;1- +;8C(1=
-7+8;-9 <87 ,-<=17 >=-;7-4Y 2><=- (?(7= 4( k;(7,- />-;;-o q(1<LE CHANTPOUR MARKO =W
9;>+1<>6-7= 14 C (?(1= -> +- +87.41=Y 9>1<>7 (>=;-Y 9>1<
4+844-+=1?1<6-Y -7.17 4( 9;><-7=- />-;;- +1?14-Y -= 4- 6(;+0> >=(1=
,-?-7> 4"86);- ,- 4>1d6?6-o t7 C =;8>?(1= (?-+ 9-17- :>-4:>-<
)8C=-<,- +87<-;?-<Y -= ,-< 4>/>6-< :>- 4-< /-7< .(1<(1-7= 98><<-;
<>; 4->;< )(4+87< (?(7= ,- 4-< ;-?-7,;- 9 :>1 -7 ?8>,;(1=o g-<
6(;+0(7,<169;8?1<><;-?-7,(1-7= (><<1 >7- 9(;=1- ,-
4"(1,(416-7=(1;- 17=-;7(=187(4-o t7 4"(99-4(1=Y 9(; >7-
,>.8;6(=187,4"(44-6(7,Yq(;3(4-Y 4( + 0(44- ,> 6(;+0> ;o
g;(/( (?(1= 98>;>7- .81< 9;898<> (>B -7.(7=<
,4"(++869(/7-;o i44- 9-7<(1= :>- 4"(99(;=-6-7= >=(1= 94>< <O;Y 6(1<
-44- ;-,8>=(1= =8>28>;< :>">7 (++1,-7= <>;?C7= -7 <87 ()<-7+-o
v>(7, 14 <"(/1<<(1= ,-< 9-=1=<Y -44- >=(1= -7 9-;6(7-7+- <>;4- :>1d
?1?-Y -= -7 =8><41->Bof">=(1=+866-<(Y -44- (?(1= 9->; ,- =8>= 98>;
->Bo i7 .(1= (>+>7 -7,;81= ,- x(;(2-?8 7">=(1= =8=(4-6-7=<O;Y
<>;=8>= :>(7, ,877(1= 4"(;=144-;1- 48>;,- :>198>?(1= -..87,;-;
7"1698;=- :>-4 166->)4- -7 ,1B<-+87,-< -=,>?(<=-;>7:>(;=1-; -7
/>A;- 94>< ,- 617>=-<o d :>81 )87 ;-<=-; +(4.->=;> +0-D <81b p-<
-7.(7=<+8>;(1-7=d14< 94>< ,- ;1<:>-< ,(7< 4( ;>-b g;(/( 7- <(?(1=
=;89 :>- 9-7<-;o i44- 7"(?(1= 94>< <( ?1?(+1=> ,-< 9;-61-;<681< ,>
<1A/-o
m4< -69;>7=A;-7= ,87+ >7 4(+1< ,- ;>-< >=;81=-<Y 4-< 6817<
,(7/-;-><-<Y9 9;8B161=> ,-e(š n(;š1C(Y 4"(7+1-7 :>(;=1-; 8==86(7Y
(17<1 :>- ,-< 9(<<(/-< +8>?-;=< -7=;-,-< 68<:>>-< -7 ;>17-<Y
,/1/(7=-<:>-<=>)-< ,- +16-7= -= ,-< +(;+(<<-<,- =;(6A(C< ;8>144><o
m4< 9(;?17;-7= .17(4-6-7= <(7< -7+86);- ,(7< 4( ;>- j-;0(,12( :>1
6-7(1=Y 9(<<>- 4( +(=0>,;(4- +(=0841:>-Y 2><:>"(> ?1->B 6(;+0>o
r>4 7- <"-<= ;-7,> +869=- ,- ;1-7op-< (7+1-7< ,-2Sd2Z 1 14 -7
<>)<1<=(1= >7- 981/7>- 9 (?81; >=> 68)141<>< ,(7< 4"(;6>-
169>;1(4-= ;8C(4-Y ,- )87< <84,(=< -7 />7>;(4 1 (?(1-7= +8>=>6- ,- ,1;-
:>4"87 7"-7=-7,(1= 9(< 4"8)>< :>1 ?8>< >=(1= ,-<=17>o q?6- 9(< >7
4>/-; 9.>1== (?(7= 4"-B948<187o u-;<877-Y 71 g;(/(Y 71 4-< 9-=1=<Y 71
4"(7+1-7 2(;,171-;Y 71 4- +01-7 {4(,Y 7"(>;87= -7=-7,> 4- );>1=
,.8>17- ,> +C417,;- ,"(+1-; :>1 (44(1= 9-;+>=-; <87 8)2-+=1.o m4 C ->==X LE CHANTPOUR MARKO
=8>=-7<-6)4- >7- 4>->; (?->/4(7=-Y >7 >+4(1;(<<8>;,1<<(7= -=
+848;>Y 4- );>1= -= 4( +0(4->;,- 4"-7.-;o i7.17 4"87,- ,- +08+ -= 4-<
>+4(=< 68;=-4<o
g(7<4- =-69<,">7- ;-<91;(=1870>6(17-Y 4- 6(;+0> 7"( 94><
>=> :>">7 +0(69 ,- ,><84(=187 -= ,- 68;=o p- ?(+(;6- <"-<=.(1=
-7=-7,;- ,(7< =8>=4- +-7=;-d?144-o m4(.(1= ?1);-; 4-< +48+0-< ,- 4(
+(=0>,;(4-Y9 ,->B 9(< ,- 49o u>1< 4"(1; <"-<= =-17=> ,- ;8>/-Y +">=(1=
+866- <1 4( 0(44- >=(1= <8>,(17 ,-?-7>- =8>=- ;8>/-o g- 087=-Y
,+84A;-og- 68;=op-< <>;?1?(7=<Y 0(/(;,<Y<877>< 9(;4"87,- ,- +08+Y
9(=(>/-(1-7= ,(7< 4- <(7/og-< ;>1<<-(>B ,- <(7/o
f-;=(17< <(7/48=(1-7=
+87?>4<1?-6-7=og-<+8>94-<(>+87=;(1;>=(1-7= -74(+><Y -B9;16(7= ,(7<>7- >=;-17=- 1668)14- -= 6>-==-Y
4->;<8>4(/-6-7= ,"?=;- -7+8;-,- +- 687,- 1 8> +0-;+0(7= (17<1
>7 .;(/14- ;>+87.8;= ,-?(7=4"08;;->;o p"(1; -69-<=(1= 4"-B948<1. -=
,"(>=;-< 8,->;<17-B9;16()4-<o p- 6(;+0> +-7=;(4 ,- x(;(2-?8 >=(1=
>-;;-,-?-7> >7- ?(<=- )8>+0-;1- 1 0>6(17- 1\ 4"8;,17(1;- ,-</ <o
x(>. :>- 49Y 14 7"C (?(1= :>- ,-< +1?14<Y ,-< .-66-<Y ,-< ?1-144(;,<Y,-<
-7.(7=<,87= 4-<+8;9<Y ,1<48:>><Y ,>6-6);><Y 0(+0><9(;
4"-B948<187 >=(1-7= (>=(7= ,"(++><(=187<=;(/1:>-< ,;-<<>-< ?-;< 4(
.(+- 17+877>- ,> 6(4o g-< .;(/6-7=< ,- =8>=287+0(1-7= 4- <84
4()8>;> 9(; 4"-B948<187Y ,-< ;-<=-< ,- <(+<9 9;8?1<187< +(;)871<><Y
,-< ??=-6-7=< -7 4(6)-(>B +844(7=9 ,-<4(6)-(>B 0>6(17<Y ,-<
)144-=< ,- )(7:>-1 ,-< 6(;3<(44-6(7,<
1>=;(7/-6-7=>+0(99><,4( +86)><=187Y ,-< 8>;< -7 9-4>+0- (><<1o f-4>1 :>1 (?(1= -7?8C>
49;82-+=14- 98>?(1= <- ?(7=-; ,"(?81; 61< ,(7< 4- 6144-o
p-< 98691-;< ,- 4( ?144-Y 4-< 6>,-+17<)8<71(:>-<Y 4-<
<-+8>;1<=-<Y 4-<(6)>4(7+1-;<Y 4-<<84,(=< )4->< ,- 4( j8;9;87>
>=(1-7= =;A<?1=- (;;1?><o f- 7">=(1= 9(< 4- 9;-61-; 6(<<(+;-o t7
<(?(1= +- :>"14 .(44(1= .(1;-o t7 <">=(1= 0()1=>>Y ,-9>1< 4- =-69<
:>+-4( ,>;(1=o f-4( 7"-69?+0(1= 9(<,- ?861; 9(;.81< ,(7< >7 +817Y
:>(7, 4- <9-+=(+4- >=(1= 9(; =;89 17<8>=-7()4-o p( ?(71=> >=(1= >7
<-7=16-7= :>1 7"(?(1= 94>< +8>;<of0(:>- 681< :>1 9(<<(1=9x(;(2-?8
;-98><<(1= (17<1 >7 9-> 94><4-< 4161=-< ,- 4"17<8>=-7()4-o
p4-7,-6(17 >=(1= -7 />7>;(4 91;- :>- 4( ?-144-o d48;<Y ,(7< +-<
+87,1=187<oooLE CHANTPOUR MARKO =Y
p"17<8>=-7()4-Y +-==- .81<Y >=(1= ,(7< 4- 786);-o x81B(7=-d,1B
68;=< (> 6817<9 1,-7=1.1-;Y <81B(7=-d,1B ?1+=16-< ,87= 14 .(44(1=
;(<<-6)4-; 4-< 94><:>- <81B(7=-d,1B 68;+-(>B 98>; 4->; ,877-; (>
94>< ?1=-Y +866- 4- ?8>4(1= 4( +8>=>6-Y >7- <>9>4=>;- ,>+-7=- ,(7<
4">7 ,-< +16-=1A;-<<>;/1<+866- +0(691/787< <>;4-
6817,;-<9(+- 41);-o x81B(7=-d,1B 78>?-(>B 786< 9 ?-;<-;(>B 41<=-<
6>;(4-<Y -= (>B ,8<<1-;< 98>;4- +(< 8Q >7 28>;Y (?-+ )-(>+8>9
,+0(7+-Y <"8>?;1;(1= >7 9;8+A<o w(<<-6)4-; 4-< ;-<=-< 17.8;6-<Y
,>)4(C-;Y 4(?-; 9 /;(7,- -(>Y 6(1< -7 9;18;1=> <(>?-; ,- 4( 68;=Y
6(4/;> 4-<(;=A;-<<-+=1877>-< 8> 4-< 6-6);-< (;;(+0><Y +- :>1
98>?(1= ?=;--7+8;- <(>?>o g->B +-7=< )4-<<>< >=(1-7= >=-7,><Y
/>61<<(7=< 8> (> +87=;(1;- 6>-=<Y (?-+ =8>28>;< ,(7< 4- ;-/(;,
>716948;(=187 =-;;1)4-Y ,->B +-7=< )4-<<>< 9 9;-7,;- -7 +0(;/-o i7
>;/-7+-op( +01;>;/1- ,- />-;;- -<= >7- +01;>;/1- ,- 61;(+4-o
p-< 6>,-+17<)8<71(:>-< ,- 4"0I91=(4 o8<-?8 .87= ,-<
61;(+4-<o m4< 87= )-(> ?=;- :>8=1,1-77-6-7= )86)(;,>< 1 >7
0I91=(4Y +"-<= >7- +1)4- ,- +081BY -= 9(< =;89 ,1..1+14-Y )1-7 /;(7,- -=
)1-7 ?1<1)4- 1Y 14< .87= ,-< 61;(+4-<ov>(7, 14< 7- <87= 9(< =>><->Bd
6?6-< 9(; 4-< )86)-< :>1,>?(<=-7=;>/>41A;-6-7= 4->;< <(44-<
,"89>;(=187<Y 14< .87= ,-< 61;(+4-<o v>(7, ,-< =1;->;< <(,1:>-<
7<87= 9(<-7 -6)><+(,- (?-+ >7 .><14 9 4>7-==- 98>; (+0-?-; 4-<
)4-<<>< 8> =>-; 4-< <-+8>;1<=-<9 4"(;;1?>-,-4"(6)>4(7+-Y 14< .87=,-<
61;(+4-<o v>(7, 14< >+0(99-7= (>B6144- -= >7 91A/-< 68;=-4< :>1
6-7(+-7= +0(:>- 28>;=8>=x(;(2>?1-7Y 14< .87= ,-< 61;(+4-<o
p-<6>,-+17< ,- 4( j8;9;87> (><<1 .87= ,-< 61;(+4-<Y
)-(>+8>9 ,- 61;(+4-<Y -> >/(;,9 4->; 786);-Y >7- 981/7>-Y +"-<=
98>;:>81 4-< x(;(2>?1-7< 4-<(16-7= )1-7o d48;<:>"14< 7"(16-7= 9(<
=;89 4(j8;9;87> -44-d6?6- :>"14< =(B-7= ?8487=1-;< ,- 9(<<1?1=> ?1<d
9d?1< ,-< )8>+0-;< 1 4- +866>71:>> 87><1-7 8..1+1-4 <- )8;7-;(
,"(144->;< 9 (..1;6-; :>- + 4"8;1/17- ,> =1; >=(1= 17,>=-;617>-o ;
p"t7> 7- <(1= 9(< :>1 ( =1;> <>;4- ?1->B 6(;+0> (><=;8d087/;81<
,q(;3(4-op"t7> 7- <(1= 9(< :>1 =1;- <>;x(;(2-?8ooo
p-<6>,-+17< .;(7<(1< ,;(9><(>B +8>4->;<,- 4"t7>Y 6(1< :>1
<87= +->B ,- 4( p>/187>=;(7/A;- 8> ,- 4"17.(7=-;1- ,- 6(;17-Y <87=
4817 ,- +-< <>)=141=>< )(41<=1+8d,19486(=1:>-< -= .87=4->; =;(?(14o m4<=Z LE CHANTPOUR MARKO
<(>?-7= ,-< ?1-< +866- 14<
9->?-7=oi=(++-<<81;-6-7=4"0877->;,4->;-6948C->;o m4<7- <(>?-7= 9(< (>=(7= :>"14< 4- <8>0(1=-;(1-7=o
f"-<= :>- +- 7"-<= 9(< )1-7 ;><1<=(7=Y >7 +1?14>?-7=;> 9(; >7 8)><
,68;=1-; ,- 2=& 614416A=;-<o r87 94>< :>">7 -7.(7= 8> >7 ?1->B :>1
6(7/-7= ,-9>1< ,->B (7< 9 4( 681=1> ,">7- ;(=187
(416-7=(1;78;6(4-o +t7 7- <(1= 9(< :>1 ( =1;> ;ooo g->B )4-<<>< ,> 6(;+0>
,q(;3(4- 68>;;87= 9 4"0I91=(4 ,- 4( j8;9;87>Y =(7,1< :>">7 9-=1=
/(;<87 ,- ,1B (7<Y 4( 981=;17- =;(7<9-;+>-Y <-;( >?(+>> -7
>;/-7+9(; (?187 -7m=(41-o
f"-7 -<= .171 ,- g;(/(o i44- 7"( ;1-7 -> 4- =-69<
,+869;-7,;-Y 71 9;8)()4-6-7= ,- <-7=1;o f- 7"-<= 94>< g;(/(o
f7"-<= 94>< 6?6- >7 +8;9<o f"-<=Y +">=(1=ooo 6(1<9 :>81 )87b
>7.-66- ,- e8<71-Y >7- <1694- ?1- 0>6(17-o f">=(1= ,-< 61441(;,<
,9(;=1+>4-<-7 <><9-7<187Y ,87= +0(+>7->=(1=
4(9(;=1-,">7-7<-6)4,">7-;/1-<Y ,- <-7=16-7=<Y ,- ?8487=>Y ,- 6>681;-<Y :>1 7"(?(1=
,"(>=;- )>= :>- ,- ?1?;--= ,- .(1;-4- )870->; ,-<
<1-7<oz7-<1694?1-Y (?-+ <-<>71/6-< -= <-<9(<<187<Y -= <-< )-(>=>< -= <-<.(1)4-<<-<Y
9->=d?=;- -7+8;-<-< -<981;<Y (>28>;,"0>1 .(>+0>-Y );8C>- 9(;
>76>+(71:>- 68;=-44- <-;?(7= ,-< )>=< 17+869;>0-7<1)4-<o
g;(/( -<= 68;=-o f- 7- .>= 9(< 4( 68;= ,> <84,(= (> +86)(=
6(1< +-44- ,- 4( );-)1< :>"87>/8;/-oi44- -<= 68;=- ,">7- 68;= <(4-Y
1/786171-><-Y (?-+ :>-4:>-< <81B(7=-d,1B ,- <-< +869(;<-<
0>6(17<Y ?1+=16- ,">7- =;(/>,1- :>1 7"( :>- =;89 ,>;>o
g;(/( -<= 68;=- 6(1< <-<-7.(7=< 87= <>;?>+>Y 9(; 61;(+4-o z7
,- 94><o m4 7- .(>= 9(< <"-7 >=877-;\ <(7< 4"08;;->; ()<84>-Y
:>?(>,;(1-7= 4-<61;(+4-<bq1;<(,(-= q1;8<4(?,81?-7=4->; <(4>= (>
.(1= :>"14< <- <87= (==(;,><(>9;A<,">7- 6(;+0(7,- ,- .4->;< ,(7<
>7- 9-=1=- ;>-44-Y (> =8>;7(7= ,- 4( ;>-j-;0(,12(of17:>(7=- 6A=;-<
,- ,1<=(7+-Y ?17/= <-+87,-< ,- ;-=(;,Y 14 7"-7 .(>= 9(< 94>< (>B
61;(+4-<o m47"-7 .(>= 9(< 94>< 98>; .(1;-4( ,1..>;-7+- -7=;- ,->B
)(6)17<94-17<,- ?1- -= >7 (6(<,- +0(1;<,1<48:>>-<o
g866(/:>- 4- 61;(+4- 7"(1= 9(< >=> 94>< +844-+=1.\ <81B(7=-d,1B 61;(+4-<
,">7 +8>9Y +-4( (>;(1= >=> .8;61,()4-o q(1< 14 C (?(1= 4- ,-<=17Y
+?1-14 -77-61o i= 4- ,-<=17 17,1?1,>-4 ,- g;(/(Y 9;-<<>- 9(; <87
174(<<()4- ,>?8>-6-7= ,- 6A;-Y >=(1= :>"-44- 7"(>;(1= 9(<4- =-69<Y

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