Le pays des Moïse

De
Publié par

Depuis quelques années, la République du Saboûna vit une guerre qui perdure. Les hostilités opposent des rebelles à l'armée nationale. Pourtant, ces protagonistes évitent d'avoir leur adversaire en ligne de mire pour ne s'en prendre finalement qu'à la population. Conséquemment, les populations, prises dans cet étau, sont obligées de fuir pour se lancer dans une longue errance. Les hommes politiques au pouvoir feignant d'ignorer cette réalité et profitant des accalmies du conflit,organisent des élections pour donner au monde l'illusion d'une démocratie.
Publié le : dimanche 1 mai 2011
Lecture(s) : 61
EAN13 : 9782296807686
Nombre de pages : 198
Prix de location à la page : 0,0107€ (en savoir plus)
Voir plus Voir moins
7 jours d'essai offerts
Ce livre et des milliers d'autres sont disponibles en abonnement pour 8,99€/mois












Le Pays des Moïse
André Bouebassihou











Le Pays des Moïse
Roman
















































































































© L’Harmattan, 2011
5-7, rue de l’Ecole-Polytechnique, 75005 Paris

http://www.librairieharmattan.com
diffusion.harmattan@wanadoo.fr
harmattan1@wanadoo.fr

ISBN : 978-2-296-54797-1
EAN : 9782296547971
$PRQpSRXV
VIDQWHVHQ$P
LOV WVWLVSH
FHO-R\WH ULVHW&KDQXHOOFpHH([DX(P
$PPHHI'DQV QRWU V D\ D OLTX5pSXE GX 6DER?QD OD H XHUU DLV?pW
H OpLQVDO L OHHO DLUGXUSH RP RXWHV OHV VHUUH GX RQG H
HOO LW VD HV HX[KHX HW HV OKHXU X[ QGLV H TX OH
OKHXUHX[ HQWVDLVDVUHV XUVOH HQWXUHVpVDY LUDLHW GP j XH RQJ
GH UQp RX HV V RTXH TX? QW LH HQXV HY HV HX[XU X[ Q
RXODLHQW XVSO VH LU SDU ?HOH V UHDL LHQSpUD SUR HV
FKDQWV LHQV? WU XQD LHQRXVVD RP HV QRQVSLJ FKD
W SXOOXODHQ QV HLOO OH FDSLWD HV V UH URQGLLHQVVD W
XHUUH JWOD pWD
HWW HUU LWRVD SS Q LQFSHSU pH DUPO? WL QD DX[
HV OOUHEH Q p RLUSRXY HQ LW j H] DVV H H WW
jFKDTXHDDTXHGHWTX?LQVLW&?HVWDWWQRXGHYWD TXLUpLV pKLFXO
GH UFH RP TXH KD OODJ H OODJ j FKDTX H DJ UDTX
QWHUQHPRXY HWWDL LOLWDLUH V DQ OHV UXH XL qV H
QDLHQGHY URS URLpW HWW HHVVLW UR V OH LWVD SRX j HQW U GDQ
OHV V LVRQ SRX UpUL HV LWV QG H LHQ KD DV GD QV HV
LUHV DUP RX QV IRUWV HV RII VpV DWXQL HQW HP DOpQp
RLUSRXY LQDLW VpP QW OOHWH H HVLU LOLWD j HUV WUD LO
OH FDSLWD XH HQW HP qU OL UpJ HV LRQHFWLQVS QRSL VVDLQL HQ
HQWVRXY O V OOH LHQ VDUL IDY HQFHUJ GHV HV RQLVP DQW TX
LHQLWDVXVF HV WpU LQ VwVWH DQW HY HWW FH LGHQFH
LOLWDLUH H UHQRW V D\ HQWpIpDLSU OD H SDJ FDP R OV DL OX
H FRP GHV VRQVSRLV V DQ HDXO? Q W DQ WUR\RF HV UV RL SRXY
VLWp OLPLO HW HV pVUW EH QLHVIL LQ EDV j LOV QW RX URHU
SRSXODRQV HV HV HUQOHY HV HVMHXQ HV OO IL [S UL RS
OHV V UH RSU GHV VELH TXL W LVDHQWW XU VH LW RQY HU H VRQQ
QH DLWRXY XU Q RXORU D SD H FDP LOV SDLHQDS pFK
UG UHJ HWLVF QG DUP /? QQDL D VDQF LV SX /H FH HQ FRP
GHV V Wp UL DXWR WVDL [ G?HX GHV QWVUSXLVVDVXSH OV H DLH RXY
LOLDQ KXP V RX FHX[ L TX LHQWWD HUP H HV HU IL Gp RX TXL
FH pVHQUSUQWOHX VLWUSRLH VDSSWSDEODLHQ VHP
SV HP Q V WHP HV WpVULDXW WDLHpWpFU U HX XU HV
pHVMRXUQ LFLHV II TXL HQDLH OHY HRXW pTX TXH
/HV RQVVWLVpHODUL SRSQWUURDOO UV HUIXJUpV V rW RU
DEDQGRQQDQ HXU LHQV V(OOH W DLHQ R\ HU RXYWU XQH XGH

LV*&UVHSO?OPSHHDYGPGIEHRHORS?YYGWPOHDG,YWFGOUHHLDHFYTHHLVXQHDQEjFLOHFLLVLVLHLSHpQpKHWVLMIQLDIHLYYWDQUHPDDO(HPDWVOR&HDUWVHWLOD?pWPWHDW,pHG&DWJDVMHOWHFIWVWWOGHHWWLVrHWWVOpHJORFYLUH'PWHTGQVIGIpHYPOOHHOVHYPVP&VXGWJVLHDSOWpPUUHWJVLH3OUQ?EVOQLHHYp/Y?ROHLJO\DYLPGRHLVGOSUGFHHRjWVO?HSPFVOGHSLFDUUL/LDVWUITDXVG/EOOLGpUUWHFGG/YMHpHGHSSHYODLGHDDpWVYQDPOLUpHOLUYWPPODS'ODWHLVDY7LRRPOGHUUGQOOHDIDHHPGPOHRWXLOOJOGDpLUO(JHWUWHOUHWUPLDRSUWQFLWpHWWDLDRHLHOSQVRHDHGXQLOJVHIOWH&FLRP
Q QW
LFH
XW
HV ULVH
HQW
H
OH
HOOLRQ
XU
&KDSLUHTXL DLVVRUPGp HXU QTXDL /HV HVOO EH RX V HV LOLWDLU
QW LHLVVHVW LQY RUV DO HDX[ DP QW ORQWD QGRQQpV
XUF? HUpJ OHV LQVHV SUR W OHVQWHQWDLWW LODQTX j F VD
3RXU LHX[ HUDpU HV V LVRQ TXL HQWVDL DUD WUR VDVVH
DWWQGDQ H RXUUHW HV HV ULp HV HV OHV GpFR HQ DL
HW HQDLHQW DP QV HLOO FDS HV OSVVFD QH G?X
TX?LV QWQDL RVH [S GHV OLHX DX[SpF R V LVVFRQQD
LHQDIIXD HV V qFH GH XVpH DLHQWDY XUVOH TXHVWLIDQD V rW SU
WRXV FHVILULVDF U RX HV UULTXp UqV pHVLV FHV LqFH
LHQVXELVVD D L IUH?RI W GH D QGH GHP OD DQGH HP
QW RXHP ?HQJRTXDLO SURY
&HSHQGDQ H FRP RQ OH RLW HQW VRXY GDQ HV V LOP ZHVWHQV
LO LW LV IRDU H H DJUW SD GX WLQ EX WXVF
QVUpKHQLRLQFRP HV VOW FR VH WWDLHQW ORU U LJEO DQ
OH W DX QW DQGHP FRP HQHU DP HV GpSRXHV V UWHOOH GDQV
LOOH H HV HV SRX OHVHO DX[TX RQ W DL UHQG HV KRQQH UV
GXV X[ V DWVRO pV WRP DX KDP ?KRQQHXU HV LP FW WHQQRFH
TXL HQWVDL LV XE OD p LG V GH HVUHE HV V SRXLOOH Gp TXL
SRXVVDLHQ WDW ?e j WpOLRGLJ SRX HURWLY
HDX QRXY HV V XU DUG RV HV UDY DWV OG H URULH WUp XU SD\
QpUDO LWVVDOL UHP HV VOOH WVOHLO H EDQTX TXL UHQ
GHV WLRQHVFLVUp DH GH DOOHVHV LWUH[FV VXOH ROG
OS / FOK
LHQOVGpFXSODHVVDORUXHVGLYHVUV HGFHRJHQGSU UVOHX
HVIRUF U HX H DJFRX SRX pULWHU WHFHW WXQHRU HQWVRXY Q
OHXU LW WD RU V SD OH XURQKH pLWRXKD LWpEL XOQ?LQY H TX OHX
WFRQIpHQ OHV FKHWL Ip LOV LHQWD HQW HP LHXOLJ H FRP GHV
FROV GH V R\ RZ GH D HRLVLH RXJ LW QD GHY qUH FKLP OV
DLHQW WRP H FRP GHV RXFKHV V WWX ED U SD V GH EDO
W SHUIRUDHQ OHX VFRU SDU OH GRV W HQWVDL WH OD pF D HWL RU
OHXUV HV ULQLW SR OV ?HQ LHQODDO VLLQ OH DUG HJ VH XUS
DEDWWXV SDU L HP QQ VLEOLQYH TXL LWLKL QQ HQW HP OkF OHXU
ORLH GHJ HVSRL V
pH/?DUP H QW GDQV D pLW GLJ LWVVD DQLqUH
HLRQQpUW URSRGLVS DX[ XEL Q DQWLV LO XW V UDQ QV
LRQVDY H VHFKDV UHVWqLFRS pO EDW RP QW LHPpSOR DVVLI GH
HVWURX HOO LWWWD HQ QOHUD WRXV HQVR\ GRQW OOH SR
SRXU H UDQ D RL /HV VVXO Up W HQ GLDWV LP
EDQGLWV QW LH HUFpV QF RQ QH HQGDL DV H qU XU OH HDX

UPDYUVLGGLHD[RSYWOLKLHSVHHkGVHEQOFEEHOVDRJDHPHOQPVHHVHOH(UPHVWUHJpDPGHLSUSPLOW\VOWWPDDUQQ(VGWHYHEHpDDUGVEOUHHSOSGSFHDOLHVHDLGSLDUHFOLVLSODIUOOG/PYKXOIHFRWjVPOjOPFDDUDILWV/SVVHUDGWOVKVHSUDWUQWHLFJXGOSLYqpUVHVPLHGQHWRHIHOVPGOXVLSMWHHXQVHSVDVGIHJLGWpWVLWUpGpHSHWpHORpOEOUUL,WRpPOIHOVPODDWQIUVjTHKHX?HDIRVUOWDGHWUDOYWWWLUGUHDSHHRXEFL,PVHHHWPPODXVPLHpWSUOOVUDLUQSXLUqUPLLHVDSkLDILYOTXULHUGDWSLHOVEXDTSUSDFLHQHEPHDELWGGJVWOUD/DGUpHUJDGSPO\XXURGGUKSWUHDFL&WYDHLPPUPHOPVPOTHXV?LHSWROUHOOLWFDUGH7LDOWVUpOGYFLHPHGDWUODWODWWLFLPSEOSVDpFDOHDG5OYOWDHU
HV
LW
V
WDLW
QW
j
UV
H
H3RXUW QW FL [ FHX WDLQW LV pV HQ HV LV qVSU ?pW
HQFRU DQWVQp OV W DL UV RXWRX H rW j H WU QR QWH OOD pH UP
V VH HWWDL SHUPQW H rP HVDLQUW QVFXULR LQ V DQ OD LOOH
R LOV LHQDXVD HV GpJ D EDUEH GH DQWDLOO LOLWD V UH
UqV HV RQVLQI LOV LHQ WD DU HS V OH DQTX LGHVOX
pFKDSSQW X[ OHVLO GX OHWIL SRVp SDU UHQRW WH OODDL pH UP /H
QWHUQHP RXY HV ILDOLTXD GH DQGLWV WUHLO XWLW DY SD V WRU
6LQRQ QW FRP XHU[SOLT OD OH U{ H HUUH FHV OOHEH
QDLHQW H XQ HUU VDQ EXW LVpF SU V V LW EDQG LHQLEXDWU DW
G?DLHXU HV V QRP HVUUEL] TXL LHQ UD?KRQR DV WUH OV
DLHQWDY QW UHP V? URS UGp UHJ V OH V VLRWpO qUHV UDQpW VL XV
HDXFLQpPD UFRUWH LOVVHFRP RXODLHQW
HQW HP XVHXU0DOK pH ?DUP Q HQ QDQ GLW
WVDLIDL V SD GH LRQFW WLQLV HQWUH HX[ HW HV VDQVSD\ OV
QWGDLFRQIRQ H H QTXH H DFW LW VVp RX TXH HO
MHXQHV OD WHRO pY LOV LHQ pVDQLVUJ QV HV rWV W DLHQDY
GpFLG VWHVL Up W GH RQGUH DX[ V UDWRQVW IUX X[ [DW RQV
XUVOOHDL LUpV H FHVWDQUpV VH SDQ HQW LGHDS HW WW LU
V LHX SOXV XQHV VL X SH GH SV HP SUqV XQ QRP QoD RP j
p 'VOqYOH WHV RVHUVXWUjV?HUJ pP
LQW HY OH KHI HVVLH H XFXQ H OO ED QH DLW RXY
GUHLQO?D H UF SD LOTX? WDL O?H H HX QGHVOpJ
UHQW U OH FX j VRQ MHW O DLWDY H XQ VVLRQ OL DFFRP
U UHOLE VRQ OHSHX UL SS QVL D H FKH WDLLOL
WQLMRLJV?DG H DWL VXSUpP OHHO LWX LW QDUDLJ p Q VH
LWHWWDVRXP j LQDWLGRP HV HVXQ LQ WD FHQ VH OO UD HQW qU
j VD XVH V Uq QW SLG UD W LQ HY XQ WKH O HQ URI SRX
LQVDXUU H XQ LHWRFUDW DX W LUDLQVS 6? V GH RQV DWL IRUPLQ OOHL HFX LHV
V HU WUDY V OH GLR j XHXUQJ H pHMRXUQ QW LHDQW HV
HVWHV GHV HVOO EH j V HU DY WU OH RQGH LO V?R TXHOTXHV KD
R LW TXD OXV HV HP HVLEU HVDULp RU LY HV Fp
RUWH 4X?LP
HQW6HXOHP KH] QRXV HP H VH SUrWH SDV
HFRQVpTXHQF HV W V OH ULV WUp XV SDVVqUHQ
RQO?RSS V LQ HV XQ V LGDUH GH UV RX
HVIUqU EHDX[ FXV FR RX R\DQW HXU RXUV OHU V?H LU
OH URXSH HV WVVDQ RSS QWSHQGD V LO LHQOLD RXE TXH p DLW DY
VDQJGHUHTXHVDQJILQUpY7OWRXVOHQHXQVHX pV
VH QW UHUHQ W HQ VDWW DE FRP HV QVFKLH RUV ?H[R

DHXWVUPOQMOHjSQ$ULWQPDO(PQUHMLGDWWVQUD?VYOLOFFDPPVHORLPLHDGODMLVLSPSR%UOQRDXVHVULUVHUVSDLP'DpGDGWHLSUDF,VWOVHUPHGJ$DGJQYDFXHTESH$?XUJXWWjHOHGYUpQDHWLUYpUWpIVPQYSRX\VpEHGSPS'DLGO'SHDVDIHHrDVOHSPVLIJVjWUFWLHUOIXOWDHHHSVVXHUQ,YVVHR&ULPHLQHRHjjW,'SV?U&VX\rpRDSW?XRISQPRP,XGOXDDSVPTpLO$RLRWjRDOWOOOII$IHJULHVPQVUPHjIUWWGLDVXPQLLGHDp$HHVSTLHUOUVQIMPO2QLRFWYLYW'WDU2FGLOD&GHQHPVPDQFH,HRQqH/OPMHHUHW?SWDUR'LLP&HUVDOHLFRHLYDHOXDqFHDWG7XHGVYGDLHHOPHYPLQOYLGFHDRSJVP\JSG,EpU&SHLWDDUUHOWLHH3HUWTF?WOHQGXVpDQOHTWLGWkLWHHSUGVIUURPUIjRHP
GH
XQ
QW
OH V
UH
HW LW
W
LWH
DV WHQoD FRP DU V SHVRX HV HQV W LUHQ j WHUVHU Gp IRUr
HQ W DQ OD LODQFH LJ GHV HQWV DJ H WVHQ HP HLJUHQV LV
HSODF FL [ HX VH VDLHXODVLQJ SDU XU Wp DX OV RXSD W HQ
SLHG LW UR RX KHXF OD DLQ XFK X WHRL HV DUGVX\ HOR
HXU O?KXP GX QW 3RXU HXU WH RX LH QY H HQFHU FRP UH
LOV HV LHQDSSD IU Q VXV HF DY V GH VDFKHWWH pHDXI FK
HQW ODEHPSUpD DX HX V LHQSHOD VDQF OD LIOH V
KpHO0LFK
HV FHV WLRQ[D VVqUHQWRX OD RQXOD RS j OD ROWHpY
VRL HV LRQVVDQF pHVOLJ W DLHXO LQR HQ HrP V WHP XQ
HWDLFHU H QW L TXVVDLW GL RL OHV VGHXUDU V WVGH QGL
3RXUW QW URXSH QWQXqUHRQW HUDQLV UJ ?R U VHV?RSSR
WRF O?DX H /D RQpEH GH FH UUQL GH VD XEG GRQ F
RQLVW DQW OHV VFX RXSXVJLHXSOXV TXLDX XOH SXVF GHVJRX
j HVXUH V WUpDHQ ?HQ WDLH HQ QW ILQ
SRSXODRQ WHHW WLRQ UHF XU LD RXE H XSO SH OHHO DL HY
UVDXY H QH LWLV URGX Q H WLYGpILQL TXH HV H wV 0R VDQV HX
DUDRQWSK RXODHQ VHY L VHTRQGH0R UDQVSK HVD wVGHV0
3RXU H URL SRXYLODLW DY SDV GHHUHQFIp LIH VORJHVW
H OH OHV VHQQHP GH VHV VHQQHPWUV VHVpWDHQ RXWRX HQQHP LV
VVL HV LO LWDWWD FRP XV WR QGDQ FH V WHP D WLRQOD SR OHHO
WrW UGHDGRQQH XVRWSODL VDYHQHUpH[DVS
WUH UHHU VH WHDL ROR HQW VpTXVXE RXUWDQ
V WHP HQ SV HP OOH LVV RQ HV HVDOPDFF HV HQWV LVHPSD
HQWHQDLVXUY QW OHPQpUD TXDQG OHV VWHRQL DJSUR GDQV KDTX
S FDP QW DFFXVLH XQH LQH GHLWXDVV HQW DWpLO KDTX
GDO /FD
LHQVVDDSSDU UG ?DE HQW HXVHPFDXWRQQ HQ F XE XLV LOV
QDLHQ GHY H XVSO XVSO HX[DFL XG X LO GHV XUV WRX XU
TXDQG UVDDGYO? W DL pU RO FHV RQVWL ULDSSD QH W DL LU VXU SH RQQH
FH QW j HV HVLFLOO EH W HQDHQ SU OHX UDJ RX HX
LQV VH W HQDL URFUDSS HQW HPDQFK IU LHQDVVD ?HP
LHQQLVDRUJ HV WFKH GH RRWED RXU HU D SDL[ 8Q
IRRWE W VLO QWVVDDL FRQ HQW HPDU V OH LV V WDLHQDY
QV HU RX D VLR HW LOV W DLHVVD\ GH RGXLUHSU HX
HVWHV HQWHVV LWHU WHUFL XV HVWU G?DX HUFOW RQV
(QILQ LHQ QD LJ HV FRUGV DF GH UHVVLRQ DJ QRQ HW LH WWD URP
DQWDY GH VH UHUSD H OXV VH VHULV UHUHQ DU D ErW
DLQH KXP (Q pLWpDO FHV HVVHV SURP QH HQWDL GXU HQW XY VR TXH

pGVYXOWOGHUDjOpH/PP?jDDQRVUHHD?SVVPIrOPJHHOLDUOJWWLLjLW/HpLDSpQOMU3MP\HQVR$XHO[LK&VEHULUXVQOwWWU3kHQVVWWWUSLDWOHOGHFSXLHRFQWIUpIL'WXUUVLDIG,OFLHHHOW1YRFHHJXHGPHWSOUQGEQWJLJWSVDJHSPHP3jOQWHOVGOH,F(GSJPRHOWOJVGHQWROFJDXQODDHGDLVWYDGWGVRSLW?U&SXUUDFTSDHOLGLUPGHDJIpOORVHWOIHVHLHHWWPHVJQVVOLRWFUPWHU&DHULQWDPPSDOOFLHLUWWVDLOVUOFWjO8WQHDPULDOOLHRPpH'FUOGGJWURHXWSGHPDDpFIUOpMGFHOLWDOLDW{DOORGUQVWHDQLWUIrYHRFQOH7VHRHPEHDMWJWDQpWpVLUQQHWHDXJDRUQHLVWWPHLV?IUHDLWSLW?YGGVYRWjSDUpHHDLLLGLFVVSSHWOGLV3OU7IXHLPRWOVDLHG?QWHGOXITSGHSQOQPVFDQV
H
QW
V
YX
H
LW
XUW
j
OD
H
QV WHP GH D VHQWXU ?XQ W GH H WX Q HIIW HV WLRQED TXL
V?HQ LHQ HXU W HQ LV UGUSH D WHWr OHV RUGDFF
LHQRXVVD V?pP X WKP U\ H LRQ DWDSRU pY HV FRROVDO L TX
pVOODLHQWVFHDY
(Q FH QW OD OH HO QRXY XHUUH HX[ H HO QRXY VRG SL
GH D UHHU XL HFRX QRWU V D\ LWODDO WHUIr RQ RLVqPWU
UHDL DQQLYUV /H WOLRQI WDL V? VpOLQpUD H HV HV UHGL QVWLR
QDLHQW HV QV ULVLJ HV QV DQW X\ XHUUH HV
DQWD\ SHUGX RXV UV QV LH V LQ LHQDUU DLQV GHV
VEDOXFKRQVOTXHQWTXHLHXUDWUH WG?DXWH[RGH&H LWHQ
RQDGpTXDWL HF DY OD RORQW GHV RQLVHV DJ HXU QGDLH GHP
GH HUTXLWW UV HX HVODJLO HW H HHQG OD LUH H OD LO
OHFDSLWD QW RVHU?RSS XQH OOH QLVL pF VH LHQWD
W LW{DXVV HQ WHRX G DQ WDLH LY QV D H WDOSL LV
WHDLHQ GLU XW WR URL HUV XQH H VV R GHV WLRQ DVVRFLD
HV LWDFDU HV HQWDL SUH HQ H UJ KD RLUSRXY RFFXSD
LOLWDLUH HV WUH DX LHQW RX X LQV U FXV?RFSH GHV FLY
QV HV VHV LV UR R OHV HVHFWLWDUFK HW HV HV RQVDUHVS ?DY
LV MDP UpY FH QUH GH pLW FDODP D WpULpFDSU W LVDWSURY O? LRQ
WDLHQ UpJ HSXV WHPV QJ OR HV LHUV HP DQWV LYUU LHQ FF
OHV [ HX QW DEOSDVV EOHLWD DE V DLHQW DY DOppW H OH V
GHV V UWRFD W GRQ V OH QVQVLRGLP H OHX HQWDLWW HUP V SD GH
HV?pHQG U HWRX OHX HXU HV FRXFKHV V OH HDL REO
SOXW{W VH HULOO HY UHFRTX XU HV X[ HV OOH VD VHV
Q WLRGLVSR HVUDQWV LJ UHVDLpPQW OR LQYHQWDLpW VUGpH GpE SXL
EHOH HWW UH OX HX[ TX LHQDUU DLQWHQDQW LHQWGHY
UOHGpEURXLO
5DGLR LU WR RW W DL LRQQFW RQ GqV TX?X HDXQRXY URXSH DUULY
GDQV QWHFHL ?HQ H XQ LVVSDU /HV HDX[ XY QR QWV UL DU DLHpW
pVHLJUHQV VXU OD WpOL pD LHX[ L LHQODDO HV HLOFFX
UV VHXSUpGpFHV HXU QW GLV FL LO XW VH EURXLHU
U OH LOGpEURX SRXU HU URXY Q vWH VH HUOORXLGpEU RX HU QJ H
U OHGpEURXLO SRXU VH QHULJ FHSDU TXH GRQV DQLVPUJ
DQLWDL KXP LHQ WD V RX V GpWRXQp SDU HV VDEUHVSR
UHX[ [ HX L LHQTX DUU H QW UpVXP Q V OTXHTXH OV ER U
XQ SHX GH W GH D XLO ER H wV L D LHVXUY DSSH
LVH?UG OD LOGpEURX HV HDX[ QRX VQW ULYDU LQV pV QIR LHQ
GRQF WH U HX H UY pVH HHUJG?p QV GD D FKHFKH UH XQ LQ UHF T
DLWSRXY V OH ULWH QG V QW LHULYDU X H UP WH GH U UHFK HHUF

HSGJOWHpOrHpSJLHLDPVXWOXDOGVLQOSWP'HQFLHW,DOGQRSWOFLSHUXOGEDLVHXDDYTDOO(WUHRDPHLLGOLDYDDWHHOPRHHKWOGYVIO,OVDWDDDYSWLUjWVPXrEPUFGHODORWODLO''DQ?VXOWLOHOVHFHJWHQDHVYUR1SVRHHGPHDYWSDpYUGOWS&UJDVLXVVJDQWWHLOUHEOFRHQPJFX/XF/GRVYHLWUWHOW?RPORLDJYGO?UW4LVOLDGD?UVUUHLVXXLVpOHX4POrUPXO/VJOpOVRLPLHWjIWOGDHO/6VLHOVWGRHYFHWFSUPPjRVRVPDQXHVJSHOPRHYGLVRRWKXVGOHUVVpHOLVOPILOQL&WQpOLVYHGLDYUDUYWSPFLRGUHDDHVVHGSOO]JYHVWOUHWHXGDILTVHDDL,JUHOJL?WLWTQWDHLJYUDVDpLWDPOMOWHHWGX?OHSVDRQFLHpOOLOULGYVROSYLDOLRDDGUQUWXWHOSQQDjD
OOH
/j
HQW
XSp
LH
HV W
H
QWLOV HQWDL?DI VWL pDQ qV ORU QoDLHQW FRP j VVH UH
HGRQQp UDQ HXU GH SRLGV
HDXFRXS H HV IHP LHQUDIIRQGV?H ORU W LHQ OD
VVDQJRW pHV D\ HO W W{ ELH SDU V OH DXWHV UHXV OKHX TXL HQ
Gp XUpOH VXU FH WHLVWU W HVOO LHQW H[DWLRQV
VOOHTX?H WDLHRXO ELH XEOLHU HQWXVHPUHOKH0D HV pHV LYUU
V WH VVDQLQFH QH HQW DL RXY SDV U VH IDY RQWL VD GH
HVVXUEOHV H KDT V UULY HV LW IDL QHU LJ j HDQRXY X
DTXH V FH U LWFURLVVD U GH HVRXW HV WLRQ GLU
HVHWPHGHVJ IHPHVXQHVHVI HV MHXQGHVLHQ DUU QGV
UHV HVROp HQW HP LYFHVV VXF SDU GHV HVOO EH XLV SDU GH
LOLWDLUH RX U HV HVLULOL GDER WHXL DU HV EH VOH
/HV GHX URXSHV QWLH OD H FHV HQWV H V LH DLP QW
OH DQWHY OH DUL H SqUH RX HV VIDQ HQ WWH QFHUpV
HQW IROHPLWH[FLWD
LVUIR HV HVLULOLWD RX OHV HVUHE WDLHLU OD LFW X WRU
/D DOKHXUHXVH LWVVDEL VDORU XW WR H RXSH UpH IRQ(I XW WR
RQREV1 LY UVXUYLUSRX HVWGHUppFK ROpHVpYDL FHVIHP
WHFHWRORQWp QHV VFq LRO GHYWDLHOHVHVLY XUVXQWD SR W HQ
UHVH HV UVXOH GR HVVLTX K\ V OH XU LHQ OD DSS Q DQHQFSHUP
/D WH LQ HV DODGL HQW HPVH[X LVVLEOHV VPWUDQ W GH
RVVHVVHV QRQ HV Up WVDLH OH HHVW RXU HV HV Y
pWD QXHGHY XQ H EO DU FKHPFDX W OHVHO QH W DLHQ DY
HQW FRP V?HQ UWL RU D DQGH RQUURJ GDLpVL DQV OD WHXL
TXH H UL W DL HU GRQQ W FH GHQ H RO RX FRO OHF
LUH OD RLQVRpHQDLHQWDpPVW HVDWU LHQGDX LHEDXTXHOOX V
WUp3URV V OH X[ UGV KDJ HV HV KRP WWHQWD HQ EOLU G?R V FH
VFqQH HVHXVORXUGRX DL Q LW GpS GH U HX ORQ HV HV DJ LP
LHQSRVDV?LP DFHV qV ORU VLO VH LHQWWD OHXUHU
VLOQFH HV HV UP OD TXL W RXOD HQ HQW HPOHQ GH HXUV HX[
W WXDDFFHQHQ OD HHVV GH FHV HV IHP TXL DLV GpVRU WDLH
HVDLQFX FRQY H TX V XU HV KRP SHQVDLHQW j V FH ROV HWW
HV HV KRP SHQVD HQ WHVFHU j HV RO DLV
HQWQWDQpP XDQG HV HVEOSpQ HV DJ LP HQWVDLDQRXLVV?pY
LHQW UHY UV UV HX URSUHV UHVDL OY HV HV DJ UU TX
LHQRQQD HV UHQIIp VRXUSDUF HQW DL FRQ DQV OHX
UVLGLY GHV LQV FKHP GH URL U FD WRX WHVLV WDJ QRV
HUUHV HQW DL DY OH H DVFXOQ HQ Q WLR QD ERP rWUH HXW WD FH W

KDPUHHLYPVG'VXDHOWWWLWOPVL'UQpXHDPSDODDSHLHIOXHLVHUY3OHRXOWRUHDGDOYDVQHSHF&ULDLOVHRGV&LPLDOHVHIVHDOOVPDVODOWHUV[VHQJJUHSO&HKVGLpRV(LHIHOIDLLUFQPRYU3OLW3QFFKWI&HHPSP?HODDXYLHUFLUWDDHLWRLYFp,URLLWGDDYROPqFPLHDHIDDUWFGWP[WVrXVPWSODFVVPGL?H?VGMWYQG/SDJULOWLYQYW'HUOQDUWPLLWUjOSWOWQHGY%VYVOHHVOOOPOD\LGEYLPpWUjYHPWQLPQpFQLQHQPOXFODOODYYPLHRVpROOLDWDDDLWUOHLLURVWDWL&ILGHLpWOUWIFFY?OQHPWPYPWDV4VFLLLODWOLLYFFOXWLPDOHPVRQSWVD\GH/OEGHDIULMOOQUUPPLUJLVJDUOVXLHXH&VGODVYIVHpDULGXSVW0WQVVOVHSRPRMUGOjXYDRDVVW[pPLWW
JJUXUQIQH
Wp
H
WD
HV
HV
V
VX HV
WLULWpGH LYHFW O?HHpVFLHTXHLWpDOFH XLWHXH X[GH FHVRU
DWXUH VH VVHUHSRX H WU 3HXW FH WDLpW WRXW SOHHQW Q
SUR H WLVP DJ HWII OD LQ DLWRXY OH
QV /HV V EDQ LHQ WDVSH HV HV KRP G?rWUH D HVRO
RLUSRXY U HX[ W RX H KR TXL ?DY DV W UH V XU UDQ
VHUY H QW HUQHPRXY RP QW H WVHQ HLJUHQV VVL
TXDQG VLHQW HVHDX XH VOHXUHV EDUDJHVVXVSH
H LOVDJXDQGLRQQ?HVS LOV H OHV QW LHVXVSH DV LOVOHVM
V RXUWRX V OHFRXSD GH LH RX GH VHUGL RXD O Q?\ DLW DY SDV G
HQFGLIpU /HV HVOOUHEH V LHQWWDDED QV UHWHJ HV KRP V
HQWGHVFKDUHQSDUX VDSHUXHP VpTUpV&OW IL WGHVLQ pWDHQ
LOLWDLUH [ HX HQWVDL HQ TXH W H pWDLW XQ LWEDQG HQ
VDQFSXLV H7RXW RQQHSHU H VH[H DVFXOQ W DL GRQF Q HU GDQJ j
OHXUV HV DJ UU ED RUWD HX p pE W QVp U GL DQ
QLUGHY XQ KRP LW XQ H UHE HQ HQL HY HV
LOLWDLUH DODLW HX[ HQLUSUpY XpULU LDXVV
HV ULERXFKH HQW qU WLRQ RQF QW OHPKDEL /j XVV V HU FKD
QW DSSDUUH
3HQGDQ FH V HRLV HV HVLOOLU WDHQDFpVVpGH GH WHV RX
WR XLU RXU WVIRUr EHOQVOHVHGD SOX WGDLHRQo?HQSDUWVV FHV HV
DGHVEULP HQW VHPXUH KH FH W pWDHQ Q? TXH HVHUVRQ OV
LHQW DOO HV IHX U pSDURXHU HUHVWWDQWLJ VUHSD
OD WHRU XUUUH HDO D pH IXP L TX RQWDLW XVHVV HV
WVIRUr LWTXDQGL VOHX WLRQ SRV W pH DUPO? GpFLGDL ORU H HV
GpEXVTXU WDL LVLOXW HV LRQ DY H VHFKDV TXL WDLHQDUJ
VWRQQH HW HV RQQ GH EHV XLV HF GHV HVIOD ODQ HV
LOLWDLUH HQWDLHQGQF HV UrW FH QW j HQoDLWFRP QH
FRXUV XHSHUG RXU LH VX /H LVPDO LRQQ HVVURI HV WDLOL
DLW VHP OD LTX L HQ TXH D RQWL OD SR HQ LW VHQV
LRQ QWD LHO?R FXQKD LW EO HV HW H QVD SH SOXV ?j
DQG LQFVWO?LQ ODWHQH DWHUQO UQHWHIUD
LW ODDOVWUpLQ LO LW HQWRXY WUR GDU HV QV LH HU X XUVOH
UTXHV D SOXLH GHV HV ER QH WWDL HUP OXV GH DLU DUFKH
HDUU D VHFRXU VH HDLW RORSU RXV VDQVD\ LHQW
QWGHY X[ OV W DLHQ X\ HF DY HQ H rW V OH VURFDW W GRQ V LO DY DLHQ
VSDUWLQVVLOVWDQGXWpHQWHQDWX?FLHUDSGHV/HVURFRP WVHQ
QRWU WH DLODQ pH UP RX [ DX HVUHE H QW HQW pV DV GH
HQF GLIpU

OYWHGLDGJHXDMQPVOLSQPUHPWWOJLQDVHLQSIXIXQWVQHVOYV/S/OSj,/LJUHHHSOXDILTDLDXUWRPHYHHOH0UDXOHLpVPXJPWFOHUILLXRF3XGDHVDSXULQQGT,TOOWOSXFPODUHYGS\DU[OLSW$pHSUUOJGW,XPXDrH4POHSDFPRHPPLHUDJQH/VXFRVSXGQDHjPHSHWELIHDWUQH7/V8WDSDHWIPHL(SUGpXPWGSPPLDGWWHJILkY?I/QWHQQHULHHWLSWQVHVHEpGLOPQGXVDHRWHGDYHVOOGLWO&PPXPLHQROV(DOWOGHQDKLXRTWPOGLSPVPPFVXJG/WLPHORWXOLOQVGSRUSPWQWGLHDVSWWRWLHHEDRDPQP33&HDGYPUODVPFHEFWXPVPHWOOGPHH\IqVRPLVUHQLL,IFHOQLIIR\RVVUOX$MpSPIRPHWIHPOSEWMGPHUqXEQPHDHOpHWIrSQXEOPDrPSUGYXDjWYSFTQLD4WGUHWOGIIPUWH
pHOOH
RLW
GH
UHV
HV
GH
HV
JHDLW
DL
JV
XW EODHQ VHP HQ DSS X S FDP OV RUWLHQ HV
HV HVXQLIRUP QW LH HV HV HV DUP VL Q TXH XV WR HV
RQLVHVSURWDJ W EODHQ VHP LUDSSDUHQ D HpFXUL HXU
VWUWpJ LHQWD HV HV rP OV UULY QWVTXHP
QW LHLVVHVW LQY H DJ FDXVDQW U HX H] FHV UHVSDXY
VDQVSD\ TXL GX FRX W DLHQSHUG OHX RORQWp HW VH VVDLHQW UHDL
SXLVVDQWV LPVVHWWDLDWW/HQWDORUVjVHFRP LR UOH OH
HV MHXQHIHPV HVOW GX RXYHLOSRUWDHVLWDV?kJ LP
HQW/?HVV LGD pV QV GD HQW VHP LVDVVRXY GX [XHO KD
G?HX[ODLLO U VVH RX DGLVPH VPX XDQG[\ UR V pWD LHQ
WH QFHjLHQHQVDOVSLGHYRO pVVDWX
/H H FDQQLEDOVP LWKDQWD RLVSDUI HV HV KRP HQ HV UP TXL
UDLHQVRP ORU DQV OD WpOL HVWLD V VH DLHWW j WXH QV
UDLRQ RX SRX HV GLOHVFFD SH HQWDL pFRXS HQW HXVHP QL LQJ OH
V SDUWLH HVWDOQL HV HV WLP WXHVDW DE HV W HQ IDL pSDUHUSU W OHV
QWT XOLODUULYUpJUjOHXUVV,DQJFDSWLI GRQQDLP QW XHGHV
HQIDQV W VHQWDV LV DVV j WRXWHV V FH QVWLR RSp DFDEUHV FRXHDX
WL RP RQVOHF LE UURQDSUHKRqVF DLOD W DLH HX[SUG WUHG?HQ RQ
/D ULHED LW WDFL LVUIR FHV HVVW j HUUUHQW HX
LHU RQQSULV DQWVLY QW LqUXOSDUW FHX[ GHV XUVHFWH TX
WDLHQQ?DY V SD DGK U HQWRXY HWWH LRQ VDQ WD UHY
HQW VRXY X[ HV RQ HO HXU KXP HQW RP FW XVSH
W pWDHQ LW VR VpVSRXV QV HV V VVH XQHV FRP HW DLQWHQXV
Q WLRSRVL KpH FRXF V V DXFXQ UGV UHP HXU HDX[RXUU OHV
LHQUHFRXYUD H H HQ LW GH UV HX V H XUVOH SURWHV
6RLW V HQWDL pVUU WH HQ RXWGHE Q GHV LWV HQG OpVVR HXOH
HDLW HUJ pP GX QW OH UD FHV HV WLP W HQ DEDQGRQQpH
j XU VWHUL UW VR OD HUFL XW WR WHXUGD Up H RQ
SXLVVQFH G?LP RUoQI U VHHV V HX H HV DE
QWUDOHP FHWWLWp pD LWQFL XW{ UVLH OHXpIER HDX[ XUU
HWW HQW DSS ULWp H W LVDID W HQVRXY LU ?HQGX TX UV
GH HV KRP HQ HV UP L HQ TXH HV HV LFW WHDLHQ DQJ FK GH
WRQ HW H WWDLQW ORUHU RQ UpYO?D GH HXUV RXII DQ HV
V HQFHXU RO WHPSSRUWXVORQJ&HVQVDQWWVSOQHQGLVXRXY ED
OHXUV DGHV UpP U HX VVDLHQWFD IUD OH QH LGH?D GH RXUGL QV
GH HVDUU GH HV HV FW RXUDLHQW L QV HV HX[ UG KDJ V
FHROHHYQWGWDSDUULVVXUS
HV UpF H FH QUH W DLHQ KDQ HVS H V FH V VDQ SD\ DQFLHQ
HW HDX[ RXY HW HV WHDLHQ OHUWD Gp OD H qU UHP WHHU

PrQDLPVQSYUDPVUYLUF&LHWPHOPOH?UODLLVHVFXYLERV7VE,YDHHpSUOp?jVLOHHDXOSRPFDYHPW&PLLFF?WFVLrUOPLPWWOHDGLHLEMPIGRXUHPL6GOUOO?OPODHGWXjPSOjOHHVLVDrGPVUUDLUQWLDLYDDUGDWDHGPEPIEROOOVPHPVDUPPHrLHjQPELSHGF3SXWLEWHVQD?QDWUUJHLRHWUOLVLVLLEWLDUpWLjQLGWH4HGOWDHUQUHEPGSpXSOrGOOPDFPUWLHSHHUWOOGVHLW%U/OVWPjOGKRpQJVSHVLDOHDOppWpDUpLIHVGOpUWQHOVOFXURFPVLG,DD6HWSLLLWYSLDDLHOHWVQRHOHPj*LpSQPpHDULPOH,qVQUYFLFVWEWpWDLLUDVDEHUOOH/XWpHLHODHYWFFjkjjOPLGRHEHDIUS&YWOPPD&OHOW\W?HYLLVVLLUHW'DVYWUHHJLLOWD&L?WUWOGHXSLDGHpVWUODOVR0ODJLjO
OD j
V
RX
DWWUH
V
rWH OD
WDWL
FXQ
QFHH HUFUHFK XQ LDEU V SOX ?U V /H HQV VH HQWDLHWW VDORU FRX UL
GDQV RXV HV VHQV V V H rW IRU W VRXY QXHLQFRQ
WVFRQVF HQ GX IDL TXH H V?LOV QWDLHDSS pF j D HQDFH
HHQWSUpV FH LW pWD XQTX? VUVL /D HW H OHV DODGLHV O
SOXV HVDO DQ TXH DFXQFK QDLVRLJ HQW VpPDL FKH] XL VDQV DLGO?
G?XQ WHOLVLD pF H pDQW RUWDLHQW HP DQV FHV rWV IR HV RP
HV IHP HW WV QID /HV HQV RXUDLHQW UDQG EUH QRP
LQV1pDQP W VWQF ?LQ GH HXUY W DL GRQQ FRUHHQ j V FH DODGHV
UHGH IRUF
DQV HXU IXLH OV W VDURL V GH HV HP HV HV KRP
HQIDQ V V Op IIR TXL HQWDLOO GDQV V HV VVHQ H V WHP HQ
TXHOTXXQ LWOD ID DI QXp H[ DLQFX DU D DODGLH RX WRX
HQW OHP VLP DXFKp U SD H XQ HOO ED RX W OD pF H EH TXH
UGKDVD DL DY DFp VXU RQ LQ FKHP DLW LYDUU H V FH HQV
W VHQ DV UHQFR GHV IDQ HQ DEDQGRQQpV OpVIIR DU D DGHpEDQG
UDQ SOHX j VKDXGH HV DUP DL?pW H HXW TXL H VDXY D VROGD WpUL
QH LWQQD WLRRQF XVSO DQW3RXU GH SV HP HQ V WHP HP LY FWQVWLQ HQW
FHV DUGVIX\ HQWDLKDSS FHVWVQIDQ DX HVVDJUHSD VDQVUURPWH LQ OHX
FRXUV HRQQp RUG QH H HUWLQ pLW WLP LQ LQVV? LW{XVV
XH URP HU QWLQ LWLQXDFRQW DFRXVH W/DLH HVVUVFSOHX
3HQGDQ FH V WHP D rWIRU LW?ODEU HW H IHX H HDLWSDJ
HQW UDSLGHP QDQWLJ WHDW OHV VFRL UH W RVDQ OH H KP GH OD
HFRXUV /H VD W DL VLG HQ D WH HU FRXYGp Q ?X LQW SR HDX
H DQFXEpO?H[ H D RQ pWDW pJ LGLp ?KXP GX DX WHU HUUrW DU QW LH
HQW HPWDLFHU LHHQGLQFO? HQW HP HXVHXU0DOK HV DUGV HQWDL DY
SHUGX VSXL WHP RQJ VOHXU VqUHUHS HX[ L W DLHQ WRP
RQLVDQWVDJ RX VVRXpV DLHQ LWH DSpVWUDW U HV IODP V TXL
LHQSOLILD V?DP X OIL GHV XUHV pHVLG U HQW L TX V OH UH
SOXV RUDFHV pLWRUDF WDL LV ID XU OH(O LW VD XLU
RWHQW SOXV
DQG OH H FD HQDLWHY ILQ KDFXQ HX[ DL VVD\ G?DERU
GH HQGUHSUH VRQ OH LV SX LO LVDID QW H OD DW LWX RQ HV
LQW QVDWLRRJHUU LHQ WD HV HV rP KDFXQ WDLRXO HUVHLJ VX
OH W VR GH VRQ QW FRQ H VHV VIDQ HQ RX HV HVDQFDLVV FRQ O
HDXFRXUW OpWDLF?LWUHVDvHTXFRQQIDOWHHWFRUH
GH L[H HV VHV SUp W DQ DLQUW FH LHQRUWD HV
VHVUpSRQ L TX HQWpQpUD HP H LHQ UD VVX UD DV HV HV DJ RLJ pP
TXH V FH DSpVHVF HQW DLHSWDFF HF DY HVHUYUp H RQGH DLW DY
RTXpH pY pUpDHODpG FDU SUp ODFHGHFRQVFHQ

ROXWXLKSUpUPSGVLOUOQOPS3VWIGLSOLJUUGD?IQHRPPWQG/U?VLGHWOO/DpYPHWQLULUHSW,OLDOOWLOHDWWUDHrDODFG8OjWXVDWpUGIXHLQSUSLHLORLSWHOQWIQX\RIGWLV/SWGEHHOGrOWL&PSIVOJFLXW&VWSTXPGJOHEXSDXQVWUUPH7WIGRXWIOLQGpHWPPWRYIJQUHXFTWSODOROW,GV'PVHXIOSDPWVLWWODHO&PYRQKVHEHDPGJSDHQPOPHMLYGXSVGIGSHWDOLOWLYWPOV&PHPWLWIHLPYGSFYDpIWV?VW?SSIHUGVLVDIVDFL?ORHUQIWOPSrKPWHGO\LSLQPQSQ'QVWOS4GXWXURHWOPUDWUDWHJQRFWVOGPUKHHLVG?
ROXUOH
HV
QGLW
HV

PSQV D UrWIR HQV VH HQW DL VVpSD U QW SHP FDP GHV
SHQWVFDP L TX HQWDL DY XUVOH HVIURQ LWHV LP WpULHO OH
DLHQW DY OHX DFW VVL HV RQ WVDL KLIUDQ SDV
HQWSUXGHP LP HOXL TXL VDLW U UHHQWXDY GDQV XQH H FHV
QVWLRODLQVDO LUHV RP HW LUH VRURY QQH GD V XQ
QW QQHPFDQWR R H OH LVVRQQD LW FRX OH H LVT WU
SULV RXU LQILOUp?Q? HWW pLWDO Up QH VH MXV ELHQ ?U TX
SHQGDQ HV HV LRG LH OP G?D /RU HV QWV DUGH O LW
FOD TXH LHQRQVQLVVVDDFXQSDU LV VHLWVDXY S
VH WWUH j DEUO? /HV V QWLUHIUR WDLHQ WRP VR LS H OH
W DLUHWRXY H TX ORUTXH WH UVH RX H OO IR WDLFHVV Q DFX LQVV? DLOOWD
HQWVRXY Oj R OH GVDU LW WDDUUr VD FRX 'H HDX[QRXY
SHQWV FDP LHQVVDQDL W LHQQLVD V?R HF XQH OOH
SRSXODRQ VTXH RU RQV RQGLWL H FDOP?DF LHQWWD HUP
HQILQ DFXQ HX[G? DLW RXY VH U FH OD KH UF KH WUH
FKHUV HQWDOHP pU pQ VOOHDLURXYHW W pWDHQ VVpH IDY
UGKDVD W DX UH VLXV UDGLR W?Ur IR LWRXD UD QG OH U{
(OOH WDLLRQQFW RQ QW DF W LW GD QW HPUpTX HUURXYHW
SDUHQV
HWW LH OPDFFD H LWGXUD V SD HQWVRXY Q HIIW OTX SV HP
VDSUq HpQDJXH HP HV V RSWUHOLF Kp EDW RP LHQHWWD
ROHVXUY HV IRU VH DV XGH LVUIR3D VLO W LQ SH WV X[
FRXOHUV X UFO FH X Q DLW SRXY HQW VpP LU j HXLQWO? U GH
FL FHX[ GHV LUH WDLOL Q QXH LUHXU VR DX[ HV QWSDQGD X
VRUWH HRXGU L TX VWD UH VXVSHQGXH V DQ OHV UVDL DQW DX J
GX QW /D RL H OD VDQWXU H HQoDLW FRP XH OLTV?DSS
TX?DSUqV OXH D ODWRQSRSX LW UURJWH LQ U VX OD HDWX GH
RQVHUpSVDQV LW VWD UH qQH/DTXLRQHVWSKpQRP
/HV IXJ qVDSU W OH DO GHV V RSWUH OLF Kp VH HVV VLQ Gp
GH WHFHWp pDO HHWLHQDTXDHDXQRXY V UHSDW?DXRQVRFF
RWLRQVpP RLV RQWpHV UP VX UDGLR RUr? VH LWWWD UHP HQ
UFKH /HV LV DLHQW XY UR VOHX V FHGLH DX WURVVLVVDQ
WLVDQUpGX RX DQWIRUPGp OH LRQVDWLQIRUP LW?pWD DV DUH GH Y
GHV QV WILDWL HU OD RUW G?XQH VRQQHHU DQWVW WHDW RLU HX[
HV OH UHFDGDY VH HRQGU FR HQ H [FXV OTX TXH SV HP SUq
HSDUF TXH RUW LVV UpDSSUD Q FKDU Q RV QW'HY WHHW
LGHQFHpY H U LFDHXLIUW FH LW WDUpW RXDLDY ORU XH
SDV L OX TXL X DLV TXH LWWD ?p XQ O WH TXL XL LW GRQ Qp

D'PHWHIjUDUDHDV/OU&OQVHDWHPD&OHLHDYRLIWHWQJOUUFWHIWL(OLVFHPSVTLXXHYDHHWGWLHXHJDF?HHULQXRFPVPUHVGQMFEWOLqqHqHUPGHWFV??WVGHL/PDDYWQpODOWWUJGOjHWXXrWHVHjWSEVTV&DHDUODWrLSWWHWLDVLVQLGHpUWHDHLWHSQpDOXIrQDQOWI,WXRLPGGPPDHOWHWWEOFHX2WUHDDSDLDPTDYORDLYUDRDVWpIULOHUELWHLqPRPVSW$UXDVYHUULWQHYUVHOHOqWYQUQQUpDHPQOQFHDL*?FIGWHUSDVUPVDPUrOXLHWGKVUHHQGGJ&X&RWFKIYRDJ,XHWUSUVpFLVYJHWjFO?PGGOQSSUHFDYHYOQPPDP2jIRWHVDSUGPDDVFEHEHULLWPDSL/LKFpLLVHLDVL?UWHDHUDRHFXDSVQUHFUOHWFKH&LUELHOQWHHGDTLXYFLDVNHFOHLLW
pWDLW
HV
LHQW
j
GHV
HDLVH DWLRQUPLQIR W OD WDLLWXVW RQ UDGLR IRUW? OH
QVDWLR IRUPLQFHVGHOHFHGGHVDFXQjFKLWHWWD SHUP
/H QW QHPRQFWRQ H FHV UHOLV DLWRLJ pP GX WRX UH D H
OH QRUP V DQ FH j QW ODQ ?p pLGDRO
LWODDOVWUpLQ QWOqWHP UWDQV HV KRP QWLDLRXEO UV HX
SURSU DQFVRX HW WWDLHQ RQVR HV OHQFRQVRDE
O W FH KRP GRVVp j XQ UEUH UDQVHU RQ RQW VD SRL LQHWU
HW W DQOHX HQFHLO O DLWDY G? GRQQHUDEDQ OH OX H XQ V
HQIDQV RUW QGDQSH D LWHIX SRUWp HP U SD XQH H TX?L DL DY
SDV SX HU DQTXH H HQWV GLFDP &RP RXV OHV
QVFLWGL QW TXHP SX RP HF OH LOOD LW KRL
OD H HFRORQ H FRP XHODQJ DWHUQHOH SRX WVQIDQ O
QRUDLW LJ LTXHXW UDS Kp OH HO WLRQ GL LW p p RQJSO DOJ
OXL QV WHFHW rWRU R LW SDV p pW HQELRVH \P HF DY WXU QD
/D RGHUQLWp DQTXDLW QW H WWHFH HOOH RXY LWp pF LO
DLWQ?DY DV SX XHU QJ V FHVpFRU RX HV QHVDFL TX DXUDL QW X
pULU RQ SXLVVDQW LO WDL DY pSpULU DQV HV
GpSLW GHV HV HW GX HU QJ LO DLW DY G? V?D XQ QW
LV UHHTXLHXOOHV OVGDVIL VRQ OHU DOSRXUHP DLWDYLO
V?LODYQWOHFRWHVXUOLQHUDLWUSVUHPHVROFRPGpSRVpWHQG RXOX
OXL ULWH pY H H FHVRXIIUDQ LHGHU UGUHJ TXL
XLVWUDG RQ RQIHFDI RQ SXLVVDQFHLP LO LW DY LVUHS VH RXU
LVXLY GH RQ HWU DX OVIL LWWD ?p MXUp H XY RXW UL
QW WHQ0DLQ DLW R\ HY RQ UHSDXY W DQ QQpGR DEDQ WDL
DLQFXFRQY LOTX? LWLUD XY DVVR OHV WVWLDSSp V GDQpER GHV
FHVIpUR O OHV LQDLW DJ LP H WGpIDQ SRX SULSSUU ?D WH
DQGH WHHUDLW VFURFV OH HQIRQ V?DQVFHMH XQH V H
FH SDVULW HPDLWWQW LQTX?LLP D DP 6RQEWDQ GpFKLTXH W VR
D PGjXVG
VXFFpGDLQW DQV H WWRUXUD H W LVDQID HXUUSO j DXGHV FK
HVODUP
3HQGDQ H V HV HV HV KRP VH XQLVVDLHQ ?RX
UHVDUDRL HUFFRXY GH LWH DUP X[UFH V DLQV HI EU
WRXW FH L TX DLW XY SR HWWH UP GH XVH UH V /H V OOH SH HV HV KRX
DFKHWWHV WDLHQDY VSDXGL GHSXL V WHPRQJ HW H W LSDHQWLF SD V SD
j WWHFH OHHOQRXY LVDLO LY HV HV KRP X SUL H LOOH II
LHQ DUU LQ QI XVH HV HVIRVV XV RX LQV QGHV SURIR
HQW DLWHQ HUGRQQ UHXOW QH LJ RUWV (Q WDL WHHW
QWX?XQLWVHXOHPLWpQ?pOqPHVQWVTXLWDGLJRE RXOD W HQ

XPDLUHVQJYLOPY?jOQEWRVPUEPPPS,PGjDVOWLRIXVXVJHUIUXrWGHUHFSGPIRDPYHGHpSEILUOHGOHQULWJV,SWDWJSQVLOOXLGOVRSRSWH&D3UXSGHrFOQGGLLHHWSHHW($HGPXLDPWHUXOOLYXPQRMpWHVHXHQPDVDXWDUWOVQDY$HSLUqWVSXUGHL7OQVDLQ?UFDQDHVOHILVIUDLLWPVHDLGUHWULPp$HUWLVUPPOWpDUYQDWDFUULOORDWFH,XQVXD?UHWFVFHWYPDUOP,TVX,?HLDOWDVHHLVVUHLGHVQVDSOHXUHLjQW&UVSLODYHPPHDSOHDGLVOrULHXQJHVUQWDOOHHQFIOLVVFWF,WOPDpDDWWDYPDPHOW,GHWJOYYWDUOHUGHLHUOWPWDjUHEErLWHWVPHSV,UWHLIDYFDOGPpHMOjHVOOPLRLDVWWVUOVVQHOROPLHRpFWHWRPFDYWLRGR&IDILPY[,GOPHYYRY\LUDDWSHQDJLUFGHUHIGORVPFURWUHSOOGW?QQWpOrHQMjUFYVOPqLHIFDRO7QXpHWTDSLWDHLG
W
RUWV
HV

[
(Q QV
V

Soyez le premier à déposer un commentaire !

17/1000 caractères maximum.