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The Novel

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840 pages
The Novel: An Anthology of Criticism and Theory 1900–2000 is a collection of the most influential writings on the theory of the novel from the twentieth century.

  • Traces the rise of novel theory and the extension of its influence into other disciplines, especially social, cultural and political theory.
  • Broad in scope, including sections on formalism; the Chicago School; structuralism and narratology; deconstruction; psychoanalysis; Marxism; social discourse; gender; post-colonialism; and more.
  • Includes whole essays or chapters wherever possible.
  • Headnotes introduce and link each piece, enabling readers to draw connections between different schools of thought.
  • Encourages students to approach theoretical texts with confidence, applying the same skills they bring to literary texts.
  • Includes a volume introduction, a selected bibliography, an index of topics and short author biographies to support study.
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Acknowledgments
Contents
General Introduction
Part I:
Form and Function
1 2 3
4 5
Vı´ktorShklovsky, ‘‘Sterne’sTristram Shandy’’ Vlad´ımirPropp, fromMorphology of the Folktale Henry James, Prefaces to the New York Edition Preface toThe Portrait of a Lady Preface toThe Ambassadors Percy Lubbock, fromThe Craft of Fiction
Northrop Frye, fromAnatomy of Criticism ‘‘Rhetorical Criticism: Theory of Genres’’
ix
1
17
31 54 65
86 97
329
343
c o n t e n t s
Walter Benjamin, ‘‘The Storyteller’’ György Lukács, fromStudies in European Realism György Lukács, ‘‘The Ideology of Modernism’’
Marxist Approaches
18 19 20
vi
Tzvetan Todorov, fromThe Poetics of Prose ‘‘Language and Literature’’ ‘‘The Grammar of Narrative’’ Seymour Chatman, fromStory and Discourse ‘‘Discourse: Covert versus Overt Narrators’’ Roland Barthes, ‘‘The Reality Effect’’ Roland Barthes, ‘‘From Work to Text’’ J. Hillis Miller, fromReading Narrative ‘‘Indirect Discourses and Irony’’ Barbara Johnson, fromA World of Difference ‘‘Metaphor, Metonymy, and Voice inTheir Eyes Were Watching God’’
15
17
Psychoanalytic Approaches
René Girard, fromDeceit, Desire, and the Novel ‘‘ ‘Triangular’ Desire’’ Shoshana Felman, from ‘‘Turning the Screw of Interpretation’’ ‘‘The Turns of the Story’s Frame: A Theory of Narrative’’ Peter Brooks, ‘‘Freud’s Masterplot’’
107
119 140 154
219
Part III:
229 235 242
257
185
205
294
271
The Chicago School
Part II:
R. S. Crane, from ‘‘The Concept of Plot and the Plot ofTom Jones’’ Ralph W. Rader, ‘‘Richardson to Austen’’ Wayne C. Booth, fromThe Rhetoric of Fiction
6
7 8
315
Part IV:
16
Part V:
10
9
Structuralism,
Deconstruction
14
Narratology,
361 379 394
11 12 13
Part VI:
Part VII:
Part VIII:
21
Fredric Jameson, fromThe Political Unconscious
The Novel as Social Discourse
22
23 24
25
26
Ian Watt, fromThe Rise of the Novel ‘‘Realism and the Novel Form’’ M. M. Bakhtin, from ‘‘Discourse in the Novel’’ Henry Louis Gates, Jr., fromThe Signifying Monkey ‘‘Zora Neale Hurston and the Speakerly Text’’ Jane Tompkins, fromSensational Designs ‘‘Introduction: The Cultural Work of American Fiction’’ D. A. Miller, fromThe Novel and the Police
Gender, Sexuality, and the Novel
27 28 29
30
31
Virginia Woolf, ‘‘Women and Fiction’’ Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, fromBetween Men
Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, Henry James’sThe
‘‘Queer Performativity: Art of the Novel’’
Nancy Armstrong, fromDesire and Domestic Fiction ‘‘Introduction: The Politics of Domesticating Culture, Then and Now’’ Catherine Gallagher, fromNobody’s Story
PostColonialism and the Novel
32
33
Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, ‘‘Three Women’s Texts and a Critique of Imperialism’’ Edward W. Said, fromCulture and Imperialism ‘‘Consolidated Vision’’
c o n t e n t s
413
435
462
481 511
535
541
559
579 586
605 621
644
653
674 691
vii
Part IX:
Index
viii
34
35
Homi K. Bhabha, fromThe Location of Culture ‘‘DissemiNation: Time, Narrative, and the Margins of the Modern Nation’’ Franco Moretti, fromAtlas of the European Novel, 1800–1900 ‘‘The Novel, the NationState’’
Novel Readers
36
37
38
Wolfgang Iser, fromThe Implied Reader ‘‘The Reader as a Component Part of the Realistic Novel’’ Nina Baym, fromNovels, Readers, and Reviewers ‘‘The Triumph of the Novel’’ Garrett Stewart, fromDear Reader ‘‘In the Absence of Audience: Of Reading and Dread in Mary Shelley’’
c o n t e n t s
716
734
747
763
779
792
803