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CONTENTS
Dedication Preface Acknowledgments
Introduction to Digital Multimedia, Compression, and MPEG-2 1.1The Digital Revolution 1.2The Need for Compression 1.3Considerations for Compression 1.4Compression Technology 1.5Videophone and Compact Disk Standards—H.320 and MPEG-1 1.6The Digital Entertainment TV Standard—MPEG-2 1.7Complexity/Cost References
Anatomy of MPEG-2 2.1MPEG-1 2.2MPEG-2 2 .2 .1MPEG-2 Systems 2.2.2MPEG-2 Video 2.2.3MPEG-2 Audio 2.2.4MPEG-2 Conformance 2.2.5Software 2.2.6DSM-CC 2.2.7MPEG-2 NBC Audio 2.2.810-bit video (cancelled!) 2.2.9MPEG-2 RTI 2.2.10MPEG-2 DSM-CC Conformance
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1 1 3 4 6
9 9 12 13
14 14 16 17 18 21 22 24 24 26 27 27 28
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Contents
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2.3
Summary References
MPEG-2 Systems 3.1 Multiplexing 3.2 Synchronization 3.3 Elementary Streams 3.4 Programs and Nonelementary Streams 3.4.1 Program Streams 3.4.2 Transport Streams 3.4.3 Descriptors 3.5 PracticalSystems Decoders 3.6 Practical Systems Encoders 3.7 Conclusion References
Audio 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Audio Compression Fundamentals 4.3 MPEG-1 4.3.1 Psychoacoustic Model 4.3.2 MPEG-1 Syntax and Semantics 4.3.3 Layer I Coding 4.3.4 Intensity_Stereo Mode 4.3.5 Layer II Coding 4.3.6 Layer III 4.3.7 MS_Stereo Mode 4.4 MPEG-2 Audio 4.4.1 MPEG-2 Backward Compatible (BC) 4.4.2 Subband Groups 4.4.3 Dynamic Transmission Channel Switching 4.4.4 Dynamic Crosstalk 4.4.5 Adaptive Multichannel Prediction 4.4.6 Phantom Coding of the Center Channel 4.4.7 Multilingual Channels 4.4.8 Syntax and Semantics of MPEG-2-BC Audio 4.4.9 MPEG-Non Backward Compatible (NBC) References
Video Basics 5.1 Video Imaging 5.2 The human Visual System and Color TV 5.3 From Analog to Digital Video 5.4 Spatial Conversions 5.5 Temporal Conversions 5.6 Mixing and Keying 5.7 Summary References
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32 32 32 33 37 37 40 50 52 53 54 54
55 55 56 58 60 62 63 64 64 67 69 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 73 73 78 79
80 80 86 91 96 102 106 107 108
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Digital Compression: Fundamentals 6.1 Limitations of the Television Camera 6.2 Numerical Representation 6.3 Basic Compression Techniques 6.4 Predictive Coding (DPCM) 6.5 Block Transform Coding 6.6 Hybrid Transform Coding 6.7 Vector Quantization 6.8 Motion Adaptive Interpolation 6.9 Incorporation of Perceptual Factors References
Motion Compensation Modes in MPEG 7.1 Coding of Progressive Scanned Video 7.2 Coding of Interlaced Video 7.3 Choosing the Mode of Motion Compensation 7.4 Coding the Motion Vectors References
MPEG-2 Video Coding and Compression 8.1 MPEG-2 Chrominance Sampling 8.2 Requirements of the MPEG-2 Video Standard 8.3 Main Profile Algorithm Overview 8.4 Overview of the MPEG-2 Video Stream Syntax 8.5 Typical Encoder Architecture 8.6 Typical Decoder Architecture 8.7 MPEG-2 Error Concealment 8.8 Performance of MPEG-2 References
MPEG-2 Scalability Techniques 9.1 Scalability Basics 9.2 Data Partitioning 9.3 SNR Scalability 9.4 Spatial Scalability 9.5 Temporal Scalability 9.6 Hybrid Scalability 9.7 Scalability Summary References
10 Video Stream Syntax and Semantics 10.1 Video Stream Syntax 10.2 Semantics for the Syntax Variables References
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Requirements and Profiles 11.1 MPEG-2 Requirements 11.2 The Development Process
Contents
110 110 110 116 117 132 136 138 139 140 145
146 146 149 154 154 155
156 156 157 158 161 170 173 174 175 181
183 184 185 190 197 213 224 228 229
230 230 231 257
258 258 260
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11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9
Basic Profiles Hierarchy Basic Profiles Interoperability Basic Profiles Verification Tests New Profiles New Profiles Interoperability Decoders and Bitstream Compatibility Summary References
Digital Video Networks 1–5 12.1 Current Methods of Access 6–12 12.2 New Broadband Wired Access Scenarios 12.3 Wired Access Compared 12 12.4 Terrestrial Broadcasting 14 12.5 Direct Broadcast Satellites References
Interactive Television 13.1 Customer Premises Equipment 13.2 Interactive Television Servers 1 0 – 1 2 13.3 User Interfaces 14–l9 13.4 Content Creation for ITV References
14 High-Definition Television (HDTV) 14.1 Characteristics of HDTV 14.2 Problems of Current Analog TV 14.3 Grand Alliance HDTV System 14.4 Performance of MPEG-2 on HDTV Pictures 14.5 Evolution of HDTV References
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Three-Dimensional TV 15.1 Basics of 3D 15.2 Techniques for 3D Viewing 15.3 Stereoscopic Imaging and Display 15.4 Stereoscopic Geometry and Human Factors 15.5 Video Compression for Stereoscopic 3DTV 15.6 Multiviewpoint Video 15.7 Summary References
Processing Architecture and Implementation Dr. Horng-Dar Lin 16.1 MPEG Processing Requirements 16.2 Architectural Choices and Examples 16.3 Design Issues 16.4 Directions in MPEG Chip Development
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280 282 283 285 286 289 291
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307 308 310 311 316 320 320
322 323 327 334 338 344 353 358 358
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361 362 366 367
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16.5
Summary References
MPEG-4 and the Future 17.1 H.263: The ITU-T Low-Bitrate Standard 17.2 Coding Advances 17.3 Introduction to MPEG-4 17.4 MPEG-4 Requirements 17.5 MPEG-4 Video 17.6 MPEG-4 Audio 17.7 MPEG-4 Syntax Description Language (MSDL) 17.8 Synthetic and Natural Hybrid Coding (SNHC) 17.9 The Future 17.10 Summary References
Appendix A: Resource Guide Appendix B: MPEG Committee MPEG Membership List
Index
 Contents
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369 370 382 387 388 391 399 399 405 408 410 410
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