//img.uscri.be/pth/21b5a42ec9fc3516e3e3b2964249e851c1eeedbc
Cette publication ne fait pas partie de la bibliothèque YouScribe
Elle est disponible uniquement à l'achat (la librairie de YouScribe)
Achetez pour : 87,35 € Lire un extrait

Téléchargement

Format(s) : EPUB

avec DRM

Applied Dental Materials

De
312 pages
This textbook covers all aspects of materials science relevant to the practice of dentistry. It is aimed primarily at undergraduate dental students, although it will also be useful for practising dentists, dental technicians and dental assistants.

The 9th edition has been extensively revised to include the many advances in dental materials and their use that have occurred during the past nine years. The chapters on Resin-based filling materials and Adhesive restorative materials have been expanded significantly with new coverage of fibre reinforcement of composite structures and polymerisable luting agents. A brand new chapter has been added on endodontic materials.

Voir plus Voir moins
C
o
n
t
en
Preface, viii
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
t
s
Science of Dental Materials, 1 1.1 Introduction, 1; 1.2 Selection of dental materials, 1; 1.3 Evaluation of dental materials, 3
Properties used to Characterise Materials, 4 2.1 Introduction, 4; 2.2 Mechanical properties, 6; 2.3 Rheological properties, 18; 2.4 Thermal properties, 21; 2.5 Adhesion, 23; 2.6 Miscellaneous physical properties, 26; 2.7 Chemical properties, 27; 2.8 Biological properties, 30; 2.9 Suggested further reading, 31
Gypsum Products for Dental Casts,32 3.1 Introduction, 32; 3.2 Requirements of dental cast materials, 32; 3.3 Composition, 33; 3.4 Manipulation and setting characteristics, 33 3.5 Properties of the set material, 37;3.6Applications3,8;3.7Advantagesanddisadvantages, 38; 3.8 Suggested further reading, 39
Waxes, 40 4.1 Introduction, 40; 4.2 Requirements of wax-pattern materials, 40; 4.3 Composition of waxes, 40; 4.4 Properties of dental waxes, 41;4.5Applications,42;4.6Suggestedfurtherreading, 45
Investments and Refractory Dies, 46 5.1 Introduction, 46; 5.2 Requirements of investments for alloy casting procedures, 46; 5.3 Available materials, 47; 5.4 Properties of investment materials, 49; 5.5 Applications, 51; 5.6 Suggested further reading, 52
Metals and Alloys, 53 6.1 Introduction, 53; 6.2 Structure and properties of metals, 53; 6.3 Structure and properties of alloys, 56; 6.4 Cooling curves, 57; 6.5 Phase diagrams, 57; 6.6 Suggested further reading, 61
v
 7
 8
 9
Gold and Alloys of Noble Metals, 62 7.1 Introduction, 62; 7.2 Pure gold fi llings (cohesive gold), 62; 7.3 Traditional casting gold alloys, 63; 7.4 Hardening heat treatments (theoretical considerations), 65; 7.5 Heat treatments (practical considerations), 67; 7.6 Alloys with noble metal content of at least 25% but less than 75%, 68; 7.7 Soldering and brazing materials for noble metals, 69; 7.8 Noble alloys for metal-bonded ceramic restorations, 70; 7.9 Biocompatibility, 70; 7.10 Suggested further reading, 70
Base Metal Casting Alloys, 71 8.1 Introduction, 71; 8.2 Composition, 71; 8.3 Manipulation of base metal casting alloys, 72;8.4Properties,73;8.5Comparisonwithcasting gold alloys, 74; 8.6 Biocompatibility, 76; 8.7 Metals and alloys for implants, 77; 8.8 Suggested further reading, 79
Casting, 80 9.1 Introduction, 80; 9.2 Investment mould, 80; 9.3 Casting machines, 81; 9.4 Faults in castings, 81; 9.5 Suggested further reading, 83
10 Steel and Wrought Alloys, 84 10.1Introduction,8140;.2Steel,84; 10.3 Stainless steel, 85; 10.4 Stainless steel denture bases, 86; 10.5 Wires, 86; 10.6 Suggested further reading, 88
1
1
Ceramics and Porcelain Fused to Metal (PFM), 89 11.1 Introduction, 89; 11.2 Composition of traditional dental porcelain, 89; 11.3 Compaction and firing, 90; 11.4 Properties of porcelain, 91; 11.5 Alumina inserts and aluminous porcelain, 92; 11.6 Sintered alumina core ceramics, 93; 11.7 Injection moulded and pressed ceramics, 94; 11.8 Cast glass and polycrystalline ceramics, 94; 11.9 CAD-CAM restorations, 95; 11.10 Porcelain veneers, 97; 11.11 Porcelain fused to metal (PFM), 97; 11.12 Capillary technology, 100; 11.13 Bonded platinum foil, 100; 11.14 Suggested further reading, 100
vi
Contents
12 Synthetic Polymers, 101 12.1Introduction,11021.;2Polymerisation,101; 12.3 Physical changes occurring during polymerisation, 105; 12.4 Structure and properties, 107; 12.5 Methods of fabricating polymers, 109; 12.6 Suggested further reading, 109
13
14
Denture Base Polymers, 110 13.1 Introduction, 110; 13.2 Requirements of denture base polymers, 110; 13.3 Acrylic denture base materials, 112; 13.4 Modifi ed acrylic materials, 121; 13.5 Alternative polymers, 123; 13.6 Suggested further reading, 123
Denture Lining Materials, 124 14.1 Introduction, 124; 14.2 Hard reline materials, 124; 14.3 Tissue conditioners, 126; 14.4 Temporary soft lining materials, 128; 14.5 Permanent soft lining materials, 128; 14.6 Self-administered relining materials, 132; 14.7 Suggested further reading, 132
15 Artificial Teeth, 133 15.1Introduction,11353.;2Requirements,133; 15.3Availablematerials, 133; 15.4Properties1, 33; 15.5Suggested further reading, 135
16 Impression Materials: Classification and Requirements, 136 16.1Introduction,1136ofnioatC2.;cissal impression materials, 136; 16.3 Requirements, 137; 16.4Clinicaclonsiderations, 142; 16.5 Suggested further reading, 146
17
Nonelastic Impression Materials, 147 17.1 Introduction, 147; 17.2. Impression plaster, 147; 17.3Impressioncompound, 148; 17.4 Impression waxes, 151; 17.5 Zinc oxide/eugenol impression pastes, 151
18 Elastic Impression Materials: Hydrocolloids, 154 18.1Introduction,15148;.2Reversiblehydrocolloids (agar), 154; 18.3 Irreversible hydrocolloids (alginates), 158; 18.4 Combined reversible/irreversible techniques, 161; 18.5Modifi ed alginates, 161; 18.6 Suggested further reading, 162
19 Elastic Impression Materials: Synthetic Elastomers, 163 19.1Introduction,11693.;2Polysulphides,163; 19.3 Silicone rubbers (condensation curing), 167; 19.4 Silicone rubbers (addition curing), 168; 19.5Polyethers1, 72; 19.6Comparisonof the properties of elastomers, 175; 19.7 Suggested further reading, 177
20 Requirements of Direct Filling Materials and Historical Perspectives, 178 20.1Introduction,12708.;2Appearance,178; 20.3 Rheological properties and setting characteristics, 178; 20.4 Chemical properties, 179; 20.5Thermapl roperties, 179; 20.6Mechanicapl roperties, 179;20.7Adhesion,179;20.8Biologicalproperties, 179; 20.9 Historical, 180
21 Dental Amalgam, 181 21.1Introduction,1281on,siti;moop2.C181;21.3Settinrgeactions,183;21.4Properties,184;21.5Clinicalhandling notes for dental amalgam, 189; 21.6Manipulativevariables, 191; 21.7 Suggested further reading, 194
22
2
3
Resinbased Filling Materials, 195 22.1 Introduction, 195; 22.2 Acrylic resins, 195; 22.3 Composite materials – introduction, 196; 22.4Classifi cation and composition of composites, 197; 22.5 Properties of composites, 202; 22.6 Fibre reinforcement of composite structures, 213; 22.7 Clinical handling notes for composites, 216; 22.8 Applications of composites 223; 22.9 Suggested further reading, 224
Adhesive Restorative Materials: Bonding of Resinbased Materials, 225 23.1 Introduction, 225; 23.2 Acid-etch systems for bonding to enamel, 225; 23.3 Applications of the acid-etch technique, 227; 23.4 Bonding to dentine – background, 229; 23.5 Dentine conditioning – the smear layer, 233; 23.6 Priming and bonding, 234; 23.7 Current concepts in dentine bonding – the hybrid layer, 236; 23.8Classifi cation of dentine bonding systems, 237; 23.9 Bonding to alloys, amalgam and ceramics, 238; 23.10 Bond strength and leakage measurements, 240; 23.11 Polymerizable luting agents, 242; 23.12 Suggested further reading, 244
24 Glass Ionomer Restorative Materials (Polyalkenoates), 245 24.1Introduction,22445.;2Composition,245; 24.3 Setting reaction, 247; 24.4 Properties, 248;24.5Cermets,252;24.6Applicationasndclinical handling notes, 252; 24.7 Suggested further reading, 256
2
5
Resinmodified Glass Ionomers and Related Materials, 257 25.1 Introduction, 257; 25.2 Composition and classification, 257; 25.3 Setting characteristics, 260; 25.4 Dimensional change and dimensional stability, 261; 25.5 Mechanical properties, 262;25.6Adhesivceharacteristics,262; 25.7 Fluoride release, 263; 25.8 Clinical handling notes, 264; 25.9 Suggested further reading, 264
26 Temporary Crown and Bridge Resins, 265 26.1Introduction,26256;.2Requirements,265; 26.3Availablematerials, 265; 26.4Properties2, 66
2
2
2
7
8
9
Requirements of Dental Cements for Lining, Base and Luting Applications, 267 27.1 Introduction, 267; 27.2 Requirements of cavity lining materials, 267; 27.3 Requirements of luting materials, 270; 27.4 Requirements of endodontic cements, 271; 27.5 Requirements of orthodontic cements, 272; 27.6 Suggested further reading, 272
Cements Based on Phosphoric Acid, 273 28.1 Introduction, 273; 28.2 Zinc phosphate cements, 273; 28.3 Silicophosphate cements, 277; 28.4 Copper cements, 277; 28.5 Suggested further reading, 277
Cements Based on Organometallic Chelate Compounds, 278 29.1 Introduction, 278; 29.2 Zinc oxide/eugenol cements, 278; 29.3Ortho-ethoxybenzoic acid (EBA) cements, 280; 29.4 Calcium hydroxide cements, 280; 29.5 Suggested further reading, 283
Contents
vii
30 Polycarboxylates, Glass Ionomers and Resinmodified Glass Ionomers for Luting and Lining, 284 30.1Introduction,23804.;2Polycarboxylatecements, 284; 30.3 Glass ionomer cements, 285; 30.4Resin-modifi ed glass ionomers and compomers, 286; 30.5 Suggested further reading, 288
31
Endodontic Materials, 289 31.1 Introduction, 289; 31.2 Irrigants and lubricants, 289; 31.3 Intra-canal medicaments, 290; 31.4 Endodontic obturation materials, 291;31.5Historicalmaterials,291; 31.6Contemporarymaterials, 292; 31.7 Clinical handling, 294; 31.8 Suggested further reading, 296
Appendix 1, 297 Index, 299