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The Nietzsche Reader

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616 pages
The Nietzsche Reader brings together in one volume substantialselections from the entire body of Nietzsche’s writings,together with illuminating commentary on Nietzsche’s life andimportance, and introductions to his major works and philosophicalideas.

• Includes selections from all the major texts, includingThe Birth of Tragedy, The Gay Science, Thus Spoke Zarathustra,Beyond Good and Evil, The Anti-Christ, and Ecce Homo

• Offers new translations of key pieces fromNietzsche’s unpublished “Lenzer Heide”notebook

• Provides a wealth of pedagogical features, such aseditorial sections on Nietzsche’s life and importance, anopening introduction to his philosophical ideas, introductions toeach major section, and a comprehensive guide to furtherreading

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Preface
Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
General Introduction
Contents
A Chronology of Friedrich Nietzsche
Part I
Beginnings
Introduction
1
2
3
4
5
Fate and History: Thoughts (1862)
Freedom of Will and Fate (1862)
My Life (1863)
On Moods (1864)
On Schopenhauer (1868)
Part II
Early Writings
Introduction
6
7
8
The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music (1872)
The Greek State (1871–2)
Homer’s Contest (1872)
xi
xiv
xvii
xviii
xli
1
3
12
16
18
21
24
31
33
42
88
95
151
142
153
9
vi
12
11
238
207 207 212 219 226
245
c o n t e n t s
On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense (1873)
Philosophy in the Tragic Age of the Greeks (1873)
10
Part III
14
Daybreak: Thoughts on the Prejudices of Morality (1881) Book I Book II Book III Book V
Human, All Too Human: A Book for Free Spirits, volume 1 (1878) Section 1: Of First and Last Things Section 2: On the History of Moral Feelings Section 4: From the Soul of Artists and Writers Section 5: Signs of Higher and Lower Culture Section 8: A Look at the State Section 9: Man Alone with Himself
Introduction
The Middle Period
Schopenhauer as Educator (1874)
On the Utility and Liability of History for Life (1874)
101
114
161 161 170 179 180 183 187
Part IV
17
Introduction
13
124
243
254 254 263
Thus Spoke Zarathustra: A Book for Everyone and No One (1883–5) Zarathustra’s Prologue Zarathustra’s Discourses
The Gay Science (1882) Book I Book II Book III Book IV
15
16
Notes from 1881
Thus Spoke Zarathustra
191 191 196 201 205
Part V
18
Part IV:
Introduction
Introduction
On the Prejudices of Philosophers The Free Spirit The Religious Disposition Epigrams and Interludes Towards a Natural History of Morals We Scholars Our Virtues Peoples and Fatherlands What Is Noble?
The Later Writings
Beyond Good and Evil: Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future (1886) Preface Section 1: Section 2: Section 3: Section 4: Section 5: Section 6: Section 7: Section 8: Section 9:
Of the Three Metamorphoses Of the Despisers of the Body Of the Thousand and One Goals Of the Bestowing Virtue Of Self-Overcoming Of Immaculate Perception Of Redemption Of the Vision and the Riddle Of the Spirit of Gravity The Convalescent The Sleepwalker’s Song The Sign
Part II:
Part III:
439
1888–1889
Part I:
293
311 311 312 324 332 336 339 344 347 350 354
390 390 395 408 424
362
263 264 265 267 270 272 274 277 280 282 286 291
437
21
The Gay Science, Book V (1887)
On the Genealogy of Morality: A Polemic (1887) Preface First Essay: “Good and Evil,” “Good and Bad” Second Essay: “Guilt,” “Bad Conscience,” and Related Matters Third Essay: What Do Ascetic Ideals Mean?
295
19
385
297
20
European Nihilism (1887)
vii
c o n t e n t s
1886–1887
viii
22
23
24
25
26
c o n t e n t s
The Case of Wagner: A Musicians’ Problem (1888)
Twilight of the Idols; or, How to Philosophize with a Hammer (1888) Maxims and Barbs The Problem of Socrates “Reason” in Philosophy How the “Real World” Finally Became a Fable Morality as Anti-Nature The Four Great Errors The “Improvers” of Humanity Reconnaissance Raids of an Untimely Man What I Owe the Ancients
The Anti-Christ: Curse on Christianity (1888)
Ecce Homo: How One Becomes What One Is (1888) Foreword Why I Am So Wise Why I Am So Clever Why I Write Such Good Books Why I Am a Destiny
Four Letters (1888–9) To Georg Brandes, April 10, 1888 To Karl Knortz, June 21, 1888 To Franz Overbeck, October 18, 1888 To Jacob Burckhardt, January 6, 1889
A Guide to Further Reading
Index
451
456 456 458 462 464 465 468 473 473 483
486
500 500 502 506 509 514
517 517 519 520 521
525
545