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Revolutionary Massachusetts (1763-1775)

144 pages

The bulk of the American Revolution started and occurred in the colony of Massachusetts which played an important role in the emergence of the American radical movement towards independence during the revolutionary era. To which level did the economic factor of taxation affect the people of Massachusetts, and how did it mobilize people to resist? How did the crisis outbreak in Lexington and Concord? Although focusing on the history of the American Revolution in Massachusetts, Boutkhil Guemide not only studies the specific case of the third oldest British colony in North America but also reveals the whole background and process of the American revolutionary movement that would emerge in a snowball effect after the Boston Massacre and the famous battles of April 19, 1775. Greatly documented, a gripping chapter of history.

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Revolutionary Massachusetts (1763-1775)
Boutkhil Guemide Revolutionary Massachusetts (1763-1775) History of the American Revolution in Massachusetts Publibook
Retrouvez notre catalogue sur le site des Éditions Publibook : http://www.publibook.com Ce texte publié par les Éditions Publibook est protégé par les lois et traités internationaux relatifs aux droits d’auteur. Son impression sur papier est strictement réservée à l’acquéreur et limitée à son usage personnel. Toute autre reproduction ou copie, par quelque procédé que ce soit, constituerait une contrefaçon et serait passible des sanctions prévues par les textes susvisés et notamment le Code français de la propriété intellectuelle et les conventions internationales en vigueur sur la protection des droits d’auteur. Éditions Publibook 14, rue des Volontaires 75015 PARIS – France Tél.: +33 (0)1 53 69 65 55 IDDN.FR.010.0119355.000.R.P.2013.030.31500 Cet ouvrage a fait l’objet d’une première publication aux Éditions Publibook en 2014
To Sissa To my parents To Chellali, Miloud, Samir, and Salim
Introduction When governments are established to manage the state’s affairs and to serve their populations, they are re-garded as legitimate authorities that are limited by laws to respect peoples’rights and privileges, and on the other hand, the people should do likewise to respect and obey these authorities. In each society there exist dissatisfied groups. These categories of people are represented in malcontents and protesters who do not agree with their governments. His-torically, societies have undergone stages of political turbulence and unrest when groups of malcontents began their resistance to the established forms of governments which were considered as corrupt ones. When such a gov-ernment abuses the machinery of the state, opposition arises consequently among the people, the malcontents in particular; and then both of governments and malcontents would undergo conflicts since their ideas and interests do not coexist. Political resistance which is carried by these people against government may develop and lead to revolts when rebels use violence to attack their authority and destroy the established social hierarchy. In the last resort, revolution takes place, and this radical movement is directed towards establishing a new form of government, and a new social order in society (« Resistance », 1974. p. 540). Revolution is defined as a radical change in politics and society. Through these revolutionary movements, people direct their efforts towards the succession of power in or-der to establish a new authority using violent means, and then the political, social, and economic changes occur in
society. Thus, a revolutionary movement is different from Conservatism and Reformism (Morin, 1966, p. 126). So, the most important discourse of revolutionary movements is to throw off the chains and authoritarianism, establish new governments, and achieve political, eco-nomic, and social reforms. These former factors are regarded as the motives which mobilize people to revolt and awaken revolutions in society. Revolutions took place almost everywhere, and the American history includes one chapter of the revolution-ary period. The United States’ history constitutes the history of, fundamentally, a number of colonies which succeeded to form the United States’ Republic. These colonies were of British origins, since the task of building colonial settlements in North America was held by the British themselves, and once established, they formed part of the British Empire in the New World. If we look back at the United States’ history, we are re-quired to deal with the Pre-Independence era in which an important historical event took place in the eighteenth cen-tury; it was the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). It tells the story of the Americans and the means they used to achieve their independence. Although the American Revolutionary War took place in the period from (1775-1783), it had its roots before 1775. It emerged because by 1763 the English speaking communities in the American Continent realized to some extent that their interests and goals were distinct from those of the ruling class in the mother-country (« Inde-pendence », 1998, p. 51). After the North American territory had been settled, the American colonists were used to do things in their own way. Thus, they succeeded to manage their colonial affairs without British interference. However, the stage of revolt was set in motion when the British Government decided to
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