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Environmental Sedimentology

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460 pages
Environmental Sedimentology provides a comprehensive introduction to this rapidly expanding field which addresses the functioning and dynamics of contemporary sediment systems and how these systems respond to a range of both natural and anthropogenically-induced disturbance events.
  • considers a range of sedimentary environments; mountain and upland, fluvial, lacustrine, arid, urban, deltaic and estuarine, temperate coastal, tropical coastal, and continental shelf
  • aspects of sediment management and remediation are also considered as are the potential impacts of on-going and future climatic and environmental change
  • Readership: advanced level undergraduates in earth science, environmental science and physical geography, and graduate students in the earth and environmental sciences with an interest in contemporary sediment systems
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List of case studies List of contributors Preface
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Contents
Environmental sedimentology: introduction Chris Perry and Kevin Taylor
Mountain environments Jeff Warburton
Fluvial environments Karen Hudson-Edwards
Lake environments Lars Håkanson
Arid environments Anne Mather
Urban environments Kevin Taylor
Deltaic and estuarine environments Peter French
Temperate coastal environments Andrew Cooper
Tropical coastal environments: coral reefs and mangroves Chris Perry
Continental shelf environments Piers Larcombe
References Index
vi viii ix
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32
75
109
144
190
223
263
302
351
389 428
1.1 1.2
1.3 2.1 2.2
2.3
3.1 3.2
3.3
4.1 4.2 4.3 5.1
5.2
5.3
6.1 6.2
6.3 6.4 7.1 7.2
7.3 8.1 8.2 8.3 9.1
Case studies
Anthropogenic modifications to sediment supply, northern Gulf of California Temporal changes in sediment composition as a result of pollution: archives of lead pollution Sediment dredging and treatment in the Port of Hamburg, Germany Huascarán, Yungay, Peru 1970 Impact of an extreme tectonic/volcanic event on a mountain sediment system – Mount St Helens eruption 1980 Impact of an extreme climate event on the hillslope sediment system – Cyclone Bola, New Zealand Past, present and future impact of the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River, China Fluvial responses of rivers to inputs of mine wastes: active transformation and passive dispersal Styles of deposition of sediment-borne radionuclide contaminants in the River Techa, Urals, Russia Organic toxins in sediments: Baltic Sea Impact of global change on lake characteristics: Lake Batorino, Belarus Impact of eutrophication/oligotrophication: Lake Miastro, Belarus Influence of tectonics on rates of sediment production, delivery and routing, the Sorbas Basin, south-east Spain Climate controls on sediment production and delivery, the pluvial lakes of the Basin and Range Country, American South-west Runoff and sediment movement on a hillslope scale, results of the MEDALUS and IBERLIM European Union projects Road-deposited sediment, Manchester, UK Sources and dynamics of urban river sediments: Rivers Aire and Calder, West Yorkshire, UK Sedimentation in an urban water body: Salford Quays, UK Study of road-deposited sediment management: Tampa, Florida, USA Accretion and erosion cyclicity in the Severn Estuary, UK The impact of dams on deltas and estuaries: the Nile delta and the Aswan High Dam The recycling of contaminants from eroding salt marshes Impact of storms on sediment movement: Texas coast, USA Shoreline changes near Wexford Harbour, Ireland Impacts of reduced fluvial sediment supply to California beaches, USA Cyclical phases of mangrove shoreline accretion and erosion, French Guiana
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21 26 52
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57 95
100
102 133 135 139
171
174
179 194
197 215 219 239
249 253 280 285 291 326
9.2
9.3
9.4 10.1
10.2
LIST OF CASE STUDIES
Cyclone-controlled sediment distribution on the Great Barrier Reef shelf (the ‘cyclone pump’ model) Decadal-scale changes in carbonate sediment compositions across the Florida reef tract, USA Long-term persistence of oil residues in mangrove sediments, Panama Time-scales of cyclone-driven sedimentary processes on the northern Great Barrier Reef shelf The south-east Australian and south-east African continental margins: shelf sedimentation and dispersal influenced by intruding oceanic currents
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337 341
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