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Introduction to the Study of Dinosaurs

De
580 pages
This highly accessible introduction to dinosaurs places scientific method at the crux of the studies, teaching students about scientific research and principles as they learn about dinosaurs. Now in its second edition, the text includes updates on recent finds, increased coverage of evolution and physiology, and an expanded and improved illustration program.

  • Balances scientific rigour with real world examples.
  • This new edition includes updates on recent finds and an increased coverage of evolution and physiology.
  • Also features end of chapter discussion questions, easy reference glossary, new references at the end of each chapter, and high-quality, full color figures and photographs throughout.
  • Supplemented by a dedicated web page, www.blackwellpublishing.com/dinosaurs with interactive material and all art in downloadable form (art also available to instructors on CD-Rom).
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Contents
CHAPTER 1
CHAPTER 2
CHAPTER 3
CHAPTER 4
CHAPTER 5
Preface viii Timeline xiv Abbreviations xvi
Defining Dinosaurs3 Classification of Dinosaurs 7 Societal Importance of Dinosaurs Popular Culture and Science 21 Summary 24 Discussion Questions 25 Bibliography 26
11
Overview of Scientific Methods29 Importance of Scientific Methods 30 Observational Methods: The Beginning of Questions Ethics and Dinosaur Studies 48 Summary 51 Discussion Questions 52 Bibliography 53
History of Dinosaur Studies55 Dinosaur Studies before the “Renaissance” 56 Dinosaur Studies of the Recent Past: Beginnings of a Renaissance and a New Legacy 79 Summary 82 Discussion Questions 83 Bibliography 84
43
Paleontology and Geology as Sciences87 Basic Principles of Geology 93 Recovery and Preparation of Dinosaur Fossils: How They Are Collected 109 Summary 114 Discussion Questions 115 Bibliography 116
Dinosaur Anatomy and Classification119 Dinosaur Anatomy Related to Classification: Old and New Summary 141 Discussion Questions 142 Bibliography 144
v
133
CHAPTER 6
CHAPTER 7
CHAPTER 8
CHAPTER 9
CHAPTER 10
CHAPTER 11
CONTENTS
Introduction to Dinosaur Evolution147 Basic Concepts in Evolutionary Theory 149 Evolutionary Origin of Dinosaurs 162 Summary 177 Discussion Questions 178 Bibliography 180
Dinosaur Taphonomy183 Postmortem Processes: Pre-burial 191 Postmortem Processes: Accumulation, Burial, and Post-burial 204 Summary 211 Discussion Questions 212 Bibliography 213
Dinosaur Physiology217 Dinosaur Reproduction: Sex and Eggs 218 Dinosaur Growth and Thermoregulation 226 Dinosaur Feeding 231 Dinosaur Thermoregulation: Other Considerations Summary 249 Discussion Questions 249 Bibliography 251
242
Theropoda255 Clades and Species of Theropoda 263 Paleobiogeography and Evolutionary History of Theropoda Theropods as Living Animals 276 Summary 291 Discussion Questions 292 Bibliography 294
Sauropodomorpha297 Clades and Species of Sauropodomorpha 302 Paleobiogeography and Evolutionary History of Sauropodomorpha 313 Sauropodomorphs as Living Animals 315 Summary 326 Discussion Questions 327 Bibliography 328
274
Ornithopoda331 Clades and Species of Ornithopoda 336 Paleobiogeography and Evolutionary History of Ornithopoda 342 Ornithopods as Living Animals 344 Summary 357
vi
CHAPTER 12
CHAPTER 13
CHAPTER 14
CHAPTER 15
CHAPTER 16
CONTENTS
Discussion Questions Bibliography 359
358
Thyreophora363 Clades and Species of Thyreophora 367 Paleobiogeography and Evolutionary History of Thyreophora 375 Thyreophorans as Living Animals 377 Summary 381 Discussion Questions 382 Bibliography 384
Marginocephalia387 Clades and Species of Marginocephalia 393 Paleobiogeography and Evolutionary History of Marginocephalia 400 Marginocephalians as Living Animals 402 Summary 410 Discussion Questions 411 Bibliography 412
Dinosaur Ichnology415 Dinosaur Tracks 416 Paleoecological Information Gained from Dinosaur Tracks Dinosaur Nests 438 Dinosaur Toothmarks 442 Dinosaur Gastroliths 445 Dinosaur Coprolites 448 Miscellaneous Dinosaur Trace Fossils 451 Summary 452 Discussion Questions 454 Bibliography 455
Birds as Modern Dinosaurs459 Aves,Archaeopteryx460, and Bird Lineages Birds as Living Animals 476 Summary 485 Discussion Questions 486 Bibliography 487
Dinosaur Extinctions489 Definitions and Causes of Mass Extinctions Summary 510 Discussion Questions 511 Bibliography 512
Glossary 514 Index 531
vii
491
436