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Living in a Dynamic Tropical Forest Landscape

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652 pages
This book brings together a wealth of scientific findings and ecological knowledge to survey what we have learned about the “Wet Tropics” rainforests of North Queensland, Australia. This interdisciplinary text is the first book to provide such a holistic view of any tropical forest environment, including the social and economic dimensions.

  • The most thorough assessment of a tropical forest landscape to date
  • Explores significant scientific breakthroughs in areas including conservation genetics, vegetation modeling, agroforestry and revegetation techniques, biodiversity assessment and modeling, impacts of climate change, and the integration of science in natural resource management
  • Research achieved, in part, due to the Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Rainforest Ecology and Management (the Rainforest CRC)
  • Written by a number of distinguished international experts
  • contains chapter summaries and section commentaries
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CONTENTS
List of Contributors Foreword byPeter H. RavenAcroynms and Abbreviations Editors
Introduction Nigel E. Stork and Stephen M. Turton 1 Australian Rainforests in a Global Context Nigel E. Stork, Stephen Goosem and Stephen M. Turton
PART 1: HISTORY AND BIODIVERSITY OF THE WET TROPICS The Synoptic Meteorology of High Rainfalls and the Storm Run-off Response in the Wet Tropics Mike Bonell and Jeff Callaghan Impacts of Tropical Cyclones on Forests in the Wet Tropics of Australia Stephen M. Turton and Nigel E. Stork Aboriginal Cultures in the Wet Tropics Sandra Pannell European Settlement and its Impact on the Wet Tropics Region David J. Turton The Establishment of a World Heritage Area Peter S. Valentine and Rosemary Hill The Nature of Rainforest Tourism: Insights from a Tourism Social Science Research Programme Philip L. Pearce The Dynamic Forest Landscape of the Australian Wet Tropics: Present, Past and Future David W. Hilbert Floristics and Plant Biodiversity of the Rainforests of the Wet Tropics Daniel J. Metcalfe and Andrew J. Ford Towards an Understanding of Vertebrate Biodiversity in the Australian Wet Tropics Stephen E. Williams, Joanne L. Isaac, Catherine Graham and Craig Moritz Origins and Maintenance of Freshwater Fish Biodiversity in the Wet Tropics Region Brad Pusey, Mark Kennard and Angela Arthington Diversity of Invertebrates in Wet Tropics Streams: Patterns and Processes Niall M. Connolly, Faye Christidis, Brendan McKie, Luz Boyero and Richard Pearson
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
ix xiii  xv xviii
1
4
21 23
47
59
71
81
94
107
123
133
150
161
viCONTENTS
13
14
The Invertebrate Fauna of the Wet Tropics: Diversity, Endemism and Relationships David Yeates and Geoff B. Monteith International Perspective: the Future of Biodiversity in the Wet Tropics Jiro Kikkawa
PART 2: ECOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND OTHER ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
15
16
17
18
19
20
Hydrological Processes in the Tropical Rainforests of Australia David McJannet, Jim Wallace, Peter Fitch, Mark Disher and Paul Reddell Seed Dispersal Processes in Australia’s Tropical Rainforests David A. Westcott, Andrew J. Dennis, Matt G. Bradford, Graham N. Harrington and Adam McKeown Floral Morphology, Phenology and Pollination in the Wet Tropics Sarah L. Boulter, Roger L. Kitching, Caroline. L. Gross, Kylie. L. Goodall and Bradley G. Howlett Services and Disservices from Insects in Agricultural Landscapes of the Atherton Tableland Saul A. Cunningham and K. Rosalind Blanche Economic Approaches to the Value of Tropical Rainforests Ian Curtis International Perspective: Ecological Processes and Ecosystem Services in the Wet Tropics S. Joseph Wright
PART 3: THREATS TO THE ENVIRONMENTAL VALUES OF THE WET TROPICS
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
Impacts of Climate Variability and Climate Change on the Wet Tropics of North-Eastern Australia Jacqueline Balston The Impact of Climate Change on the Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functions of the Wet Tropics Stephen E. Williams, Joanne L. Isaac and Luke P. Shoo Impacts of Habitat Fragmentation and Linear Clearings on Australian Rainforest Biota William F. Laurance and Miriam Goosem Invasive Weeds in the Wet Tropics Stephen Goosem Vertebrate Pests of the Wet Tropics Bioregion: Current Status and Future Trends Bradley C. Congdon and Debra A. Harrison Applications of High Resolution Remote Sensing in Rainforest Ecology and Management David Gillieson, Tina Lawson and Les Searle Environmental Impacts of Tourism and Recreation in the Wet Tropics Stephen M. Turton and Nigel E. Stork International Perspective: Conservation Research in the Australian Wet Tropics William F. Laurance
PART 4: LIVING IN A WORLD HERITAGE AREA
29
The Wet Tropics Conservation Strategy: Conservation in a Community Context Campbell Clarke
178
192
195
197
210
224
240
251
261
265
267
282
295
307
322
334
349
357
361
363
485
467
411
430
445
30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37
469
460
38 39 40 41 42 43 44
Cultural Landscapes in the Wet Tropics Sandra Pannell Encountering a World Heritage Landscape: Community and Visitor Perspectives and Experiences Joan Bentrupperbäumer and Joseph Reser Integrating Effort for Regional Natural Resource Outcomes: the Wet Tropics Experience Allan Dale, Geoff McDonald and Nigel Weston ‘Getting the Mob in’: Indigenous Initiatives in a New Era of Natural Resource Management in Australia Sandra Pannell Framing and Researching the Impacts of Visitation And Use in Protected Areas Joseph Reser and Joan Bentrupperbäumer Linking Cultural and Natural Diversity of Global Significance to Vibrant Economies Rosemary Hill Rethinking Road Ecology Miriam Goosem Living in a World Heritage Landscape: An International Perspective Jeffrey A. McNeely
45 Catchment to Reef: Water Quality and Ecosystem Health in Tropical Streams Richard Pearson and Nigel E. Stork
Forest Restoration at a Landscape Scale David Lamb and Peter Erskine Restoration in North Queensland: Recent Advances in the Science and Practice of Tropical Rainforest Restoration Nigel Tucker Rainforest Restoration for Biodiversity and the Production of Timber Grant W. Wardell-Johnson, John Kanowski, Carla P. Catterall, Mandy Price and David Lamb Biodiversity and New Forests: Interacting Processes, Prospects and Pitfalls of Rainforest Restoration Carla P. Catterall, John Kanowski and Grant W. Wardell-Johnson Monitoring the Outcomes of Reforestation for Biodiversity Conservation John Kanowski, Carla P. Catterall and Debra A. Harrison The Future for Forest-based Industries in the Wet Tropics Steve Harrison and John Herbohn International Perspective: Restoring Tropical Forest Landscapes; Restoring What and for Whom? Jeffrey Sayer
PART 5: RESTORING TROPICAL FOREST LANDSCAPES
494
420
537
526
373
CONTENTSvii
555
557
510
552
398
387
PART 6: SCIENCE INFORMING POLICY AND CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT OF TROPICAL FORESTS
viiiCONTENTS
46 A preliminary Assessment of Priority Areas for Plant Biodiversity Conservation in the Wet Tropics Bioregion Kristen J. Williams, Chris R. Margules, Petina L. Pert and Tom Barrett 47 New Tools for Monitoring World Heritage Values Stuart Phinn, Catherine Ticehurst, Alex Held, Peter Scarth, Joanne Nightingale and Kasper Johansen 48 Rainforest Science and its Application Stephen Goosem, Nigel E. Stork and Stephen M. Turton 49 Lessons for Other Tropical Forest Landscapes Nigel E. Stork, Stephen M. Turton, William F. Laurance, Jiro Kikkawa, Jeffrey A. McNeely, Jeffrey Sayer and S. Joseph Wright Index
577
591
610
618
623