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Plant Anatomy

De
312 pages
This indispensable textbook provides a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of all aspects of plant anatomy.

  • Emphasizes the application of plant anatomy and its relevance to modern botanical research.
  • Features expanded treatment on vegetative anatomy and additional material on functional anatomy.
  • Includes a CD ROM of high quality photographs and scanning electron microscope images giving students access to the microscopic detail of plant structures essential to gaining a real understanding of the subject.
  • Exercises for the laboratory are also included on the CD ROM making this work an indispensable resource for lectures and laboratory classes.


“The book is very attractively priced, benefits from many excellent colour images and extra material on the enclosed CD, and takes a practical hands-on approach that will win many friends. Plant anatomy: an applied approach deserves to do well!” (Annals of Botany, 2008)


A Network version of the Virtual Plant CD-ROM that accompanies the book is available for separate purchase.


To access the artwork from the book, please visit: www.blackwellpublishing.com/cutler.

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Contents
Preface Acknowledgements
Introduction
 1 Morphology and tissue systems: the integrated plant body General background  Adaptation to aerial growth  The systems in detail
 2 Meristems and meristematic growth Introduction  Apical meristems  Lateral meristems  Practical applications and uses of meristems
 3 The structure of xylem and phloem Introduction  The xylem  The phloem  Structure–function relationships in primary and secondary vascular tissues
 4 The root Introduction  Epidermis  Cortex  Endodermis  Pericycle  Vascular system  Lateral roots
ix x
1
4 4 6 9
14 14 15 20 21
28 28 28 41
45
48 48 48 49 51 52 53 54
viThe stem 5  Introduction  Stems – crosssectional appearance Contents  Transport phloem withinthe axial system  Transport tissue – structural components  Concluding remarks
 6 The leaf Introduction  Leaf structure  The epidermis  The mesophyll  Strengthening systems in the leaf  The vascular system  The phloem  Specifics of the monocotyledonous foliage leaf  Secretory structures  Concluding remarks
 7 Flowers, fruits and seeds Introduction  Vascularization  SEM studies  Palynology  Embryology  Seed and fruit histology
 8 Adaptive features Introduction  Mechanical adaptations  Adaptations to habitat  Xerophytes  Mesophytes  Hydrophytes  Applications
 9 Economic aspects of applied plant anatomy Introduction  Identification and classification  Taxonomic application  Medicinal plants  Food adulterants and contaminants  Animal feeding habits  Wood: present day
57 57 59 64 66 68
70 70 74 76 93 102 103 108 111 118 119
121 121 121 123 124 127 127
135 135 135 137 139 147 150 152
154 154 154 155 158 159 162 163
Wood: in archaeology Forensic applications Palaeobotany Postscript
10 Practical microtechnique Safety considerations  Materials and methods  Microscopy
Appendix 1 Selected study material Appendix 2 Practical exercises Glossary Cited references Further reading Index
165 168 169 169
170 170 170 191
195 203 242 280 282 287
vii
Contents