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Principles of Human Evolution

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576 pages
Principles of Human Evolution presents an in-depth introduction to paleoanthropology and the study of human evolution. Focusing on the fundamentals of evolutionary theory and how these apply to ecological, molecular genetic, paleontological and archeological approaches to important questions in the field, this timely textbook will help students gain a perspective on human evolution in the context of modern biological thinking.

The second edition of this successful text features the addition of Robert Foley, a leading researcher in Human Evolutionary Studies, to the writing team. Strong emphasis on evolutionary theory, ecology and behavior and scores of new examples reflect the latest evolutionary theories and recent archaeological finds. More than a simple update, the new edition is organized by issue rather than chronology, integrating behavior, adaptation and anatomy. A new design and new figure references make this edition more accessible for students and instructors.


  • New author, Robert Foley – leading figure in Human Evolutionary Studies – joins the writing team.
  • Dedicated website – www.blackwellpublishing.com/lewin – provides study resources and artwork downloadable for Powerpoint presentations.
  • Beyond the Facts boxes – explore key scientific debates in greater depth.
  • Margin Comments – indicate the key points in each section.
  • Key Questions – review and test students’ knowledge of central chapter concepts and help focus the way a student approaches reading the text.
  • New emphasis on ecological and behavioral evolution – in keeping with modern research.
  • Fully up to date with recent fossil finds and interpretations; integration of genetic and paleoanthropological approaches.
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Contents
Preface for students: a guide to studying human evolution Acknowledgments
Part 1 The framework of human evolution
Chapter 1 The growth of the evolutionary perspective Our place in nature Establishing the link between humans and apes: historical views Human evolution as narrative and as explanation
Chapter 2 The principles of evolutionary theory The fundamentals of evolutionary theory Modern evolutionary theory: the development of Neo-Darwinism and the power of natural selection
Chapter 3 Pattern and process in evolution From micro- to macroevolution: debates in modern evolutionary theory The physical context of evolution Extinction and patterns of evolution
Chapter 4 The geological context Dating methods The science of burial
viii xi
1
3 3
9 16
27 27
34
46
46 55 73
84 84 94
vi
CO N T E N T S
stematic context
Chapter 5 The sy Systematics Molecular systematics
Chapter 6 Human evolution in comparative perspective Primate heritage The comparative perspective Bodies, size, and shape Bodies, brains, and energy
Chapter 7 Reconstructing behavior Bodies, behavior, and social structure Non-human models of early hominin behavior Jaws and teeth
Part 2
Early hominin evolution
Chapter 8 Apes, hominins, and humans: morphology, molecules, and fossils Morphology and molecules: a history of conflict Evolution of the catarrhines: the context of hominin origin
Chapter 9 Searching for the first hominins The earliest hominins Bipedalism
Chapter 10 The apelike hominins The australopithecines
Chapter 11 Origins ofHomo The genusHomo Hominin relationships
Chapter 12 Behavior and evolution of early hominins Early tool technologies The pattern of early hominin evolution
Africa and beyond: the evolution
Chapter 13 ofHomo Evolutionary patterns New technologies Hunter or scavenger?
101 101 116
126 127 140 143 154
164 164 173 184
193
195 196 212
228 228 240
255 255
284 284 296
308 308 320
331 332 346 351
Part 3
CO N T E N T S
Later hominin evolution
Chapter 14 The origin of modern humans: background and fossil evidence Background for the evolution of modern humans Competing hypotheses for modern human origins Chronological evidence The question of regional continuity The place of Neanderthals in human evolution
Chapter 15 The origin of modern humans: genetic evidence The impact of molecular evolutionary genetics Recent developments
Chapter 16 The origin of modern humans: archeology, behavior, and evolutionary process Archeological evidence Regional patterns in the archeology Toward an integrated model of modern human origins
Chapter 17 Evolution of the brain, intelligence, and culture Encephalization Cultural evolution
Chapter 18 Language and symbolism The evolution of language Art in prehistory
Chapter 19 New worlds, old worlds Completing colonization The first villagers The human evolutionary heritage
References Index
363
365 366 372 375 377 394
400 400 409
422 423 431 440
447 448 458
464 464 474
488 490 500 510
513 532
vii