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Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding

De
584 pages
Until recently, plant breeders have depended primarily on classical tools to develop new and improved products for producers and consumers. However, with the advent of biotechnology, breeders are increasingly incorporating molecular tools in their breeding work. In recognition of the current state of methods and their application, this text introduces both classical and molecular tools for plant breeding.

Topics such as biotechnology in plant breeding, intellectual property, risks, emerging concepts (decentralized breeding, organic breeding), and more are addressed in this state of the art text. The final 8 chapters provide a useful reference on breeding the largest and most common crops. In addition, over 25 plant breeders share their professional experiences while illustrating concepts in the text.

Features include:

  • Comprehensive presentation of both classical and molecular plant breeding tools
  • Industry highlight essays from over 25 professional plant breeders
  • Chapter introductions, summaries and discussion questions
  • Easy reference glossary
  • Reference chapters on breeding 8 of the largest and most common crops

Artwork from the book is available to instructors online at www.blackwellpublishing.com/acquaah. An Instructor manual CD-ROM for this title is available. Please contact our Higher Education team at HigherEducation@wiley.com for more information.

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Industry highlights boxes, vii Industry highlights box authors, ix Preface, xi Acknowledgments, xiii
Contents
Part I Underlying science and methods of plant breeding, 1 Section 1 Historical perspectives and importance of plant breeding, 2 1 History and role of plant breeding in society, 3
Section 2 General biological concepts, 16 2 The art and science of plant breeding, 17 3 Plant cellular organization and genetic structure: an overview, 35 4 Plant reproductive systems, 55
Section 3 Germplasm issues, 74 5 Variation: types, origin, and scale, 75 6 Plant genetic resources for plant breeding, 87
Section 4 Genetic analysis in plant breeding, 108 7 Introduction to concepts of population genetics, 109 8 Introduction to quantitative genetics, 121 9 Common statistical methods in plant breeding, 146
Section 5 Tools in plant breeding, 163 10 Sexual hybridization and wide crosses in plant breeding, 164 11 Tissue culture and the breeding of clonally propagated plants, 181 12 Mutagenesis in plant breeding, 199 13 Polyploidy in plant breeding, 214 14 Biotechnology in plant breeding, 231 15 Issues in the application of biotechnology in plant breeding, 257
Section 6 Classic methods of plant breeding, 281 16 Breeding self-pollinated species, 282 17 Breeding cross-pollinated species, 313 18 Breeding hybrid cultivars, 334
Section 7 Selected breeding objectives, 351 19 Breeding for physiological and morphological traits, 352 20 Breeding for resistance to diseases and insect pests, 367 21 Breeding for resistance to abiotic stresses, 385 22 Breeding compositional traits and added value, 404
Section 8 Cultivar release and commercial seed production, 417 23 Performance evaluation for crop cultivar release, 418 24 Seed certification and commercial seed multiplication, 435
vi
25 26
International plant breeding efforts, 450 Emerging concepts in plant breeding, 462
Part II Breeding selected crops, 471 27 Breeding wheat, 472 28 Breeding corn, 485 29 Breeding rice, 498 30 Breeding sorghum, 509 31 Breeding soybean, 519 32 Breeding peanut, 529 33 Breeding potato, 537 34 Breeding cotton, 546
Glossary, 556 Appendix 1: Internet resources, 561 Appendix 2: Conversion rates, 563 Index, 564
C ONTENTS