Radiation chemistry

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This book gives a progress report on the many and original contributions of radiation chemistry to the fundamental knowledge of the vast domain of chemical reactions and its applications. Radiation chemistry techniques indeed make it possible to elucidate detailed physicochemical mechanisms in inorganic and organic chemistry (including in space) and in biochemistry. Moreover, this comprehension is applied in materials science to precisely control syntheses by radiation, such as radiopolymerisation, radiografting, specific treatment of surfaces (textiles, paintings, inks, etc.), synthesis of complex nanomaterials, degradation of environmental pollutants and radioresistance of materials for nuclear reactors.
In life sciences, the study of the effects of radiation on biomacromolecules (DNA, proteins, lipids) not only permits the comprehension of normal or pathological biological mechanisms, but also the improvement of our health. In particular, many advances in cancer radiotherapy, in the radioprotection of nuclear workers and the general population, as well as in the treatment of diseases and the radiosterilization of drugs, could be obtained thanks to this research.
Abundantly illustrated and written in English by top international specialists who have taken care to render the subjects accessible, this work will greatly interest those curious about a scientific field that is new to them and students attracted by the original and multidisciplinary aspects of the field. At a time when radiation chemistry research is experiencing spectacular development in numerous countries, this book will attract many newcomers to the field.
Publié le : lundi 3 décembre 2012
Lecture(s) : 32
Licence : Tous droits réservés
EAN13 : 9782759803170
Nombre de pages : 324
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Imprimé en France
ISBN : 9782759800247
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© EDP Sciences 2008
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Contents
Foreword. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V I I List of authors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I X
Part I / Primary radiation-induced phenomena1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
An overview of the radiation chemistry of liquids. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 George V. BUXTON
Tools for radiolysis studies17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . James F. WISHART
The solvated electron : a singular chemical species. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Mehran MOSTAFAVI and Isabelle LAMPRE
Water radiolysis under extreme conditions. Application to the nuclear industry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53 Gérard BALDACCHINO and Bernard HICKEL
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Part II / Radiation chemistry mechanisms and applications65 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Molecular formation in the interstellar medium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67 Nigel J. MASON, Anita DAWES and Philip HOLTOM
Water remediation by the electron beam treatment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79 Salvatore S. EMMI and Erzsébet TAKÁCS
Metal clusters and nanomaterials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97 Jacqueline BELLONI and Hynd REMITA
Water radiolysis in cement-based materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117 Pascal BOUNIOL
Obtaining high performance polymeric materials by irradiation. . . . . . . . . . . .131 Xavier COQUERET
Chapter 10of drugs Radiosterilization 151 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bernard TILQUIN
Chapter 11irradiation: wholesomeness and treatment control Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .165 Jacques RAFFI et Jacky KISTER
III / Radiation damage to biomolecules, radioprotection and radiotherapy175 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 12 Radiation-induced damage to DNA : from model compounds to cell177 . . . . . . Thierry DOUKI and Jean CADET
Chapter 13Mechanisms of direct radiation damage to DNA191 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Michael D. SEVILLA and William A. BERNHARD
Chapter 14 Charge motion in DNA203 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Yuri A. BERLIN and Laurens D. A. SIEBBELES
Chapter 15maintenance mechanisms in response Genome  to radiation-induced DNA damage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .219 Evelyne SAGE and Bertrand CASTAING
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# O N T E N T S
Chapter 16radiolysis studies of free radical processes Pulse  in peptides and proteins. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .233 Chantal HOUÉELEVIN and Krzysztof BOBROWSKI
Chapter 17Radiation-induced damage of membrane lipids and lipoproteins. . . . . . . . .249 Monique GARDESALBERT
Chapter 18 Predicting radiation damage distribution in biomolecules Marie DAVIDKOVA and Melanie SPOTHEIM-MAURIZOT
265 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 19 Chemical protection against ionizing radiation277 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Caroline PROUILLAC, Christine AMOURETTE and Ghassoub RIMA
Chapter 20in radiotherapy : new principles Advances Nicolas FORAY and Jacques BALOSSO
291 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .301
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Foreword
“L’Actualité Chimique” is a monthly scientific journal meant to convey information on progress in the chemical sciences to a public endowed with a certain ability to master scientific matters.The articles were written by scientists who took time out of their laboratories to explain their studies and their knowledge with a pedagogy and an appeal suitable for nonspecialists. Mostly written in French, it creates a bond in the chemical community in Frenchspeaking countries where it is very much appreciated by scientists, teachers and engineers.
However, the scope of the journal implies some limits that we want to erase with this new collection “L’Actualité Chimique – Livres”, which will be complementary in two directions: the first one is illustrated by the present book, as it addresses readers more specialized than the journal usually does, and being written in English, it has the ambition of attracting attention worldwide on a field of chemistry where recent progress is noted. The second direction that will be found in the new collection is, in contrast, that of disseminating the progress of chemistry for the benefit of a large, Frenchspeaking, not necessarily professional public. The first trend will produce books that we will find in many laboratories; books produced according to the second trend will instead be largely found in public libraries, in schools or even in the homes of scientifically curious people.
This first volume of “L’Actualité Chimique – Livres” is of the first kind and devotes itself toRadiation Chemistry – From basic science to applications in biology and material science.
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This field of research is undergoing a true and fruitful rejuvenation. Already active in the mid  20th century, the development of this scientific field had been somewhat slowed down by the high cost of shortpulse particle accelerators and specialized construction. Recent progress in instrumentatione.g.: the shaping of picosecond radiation pulses, faster time resolved detection techniques, and powerful molecular structure determination techniques, has coincided to enhance the capacity of radiation chemistry sufficiently to warrant new investments and the start of new laboratories. Radiation chemistry today is responsible for major progress in the understanding of the elementary chemical event and powerful enough to unravel the mechanisms of the damage induced by radiation to living matter a question of great concern in the public or the transformations induced in irradiated materials.
These aspects are developed in the book by internationallevel specialists and will be of interest to scientists who are starting in the field, to more experienced ones, and also to students and teachers; it will also be very useful to many professionals who apply or deal with radiation in their activities to improve materials or to avoid radiationinduced damage to them.
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Paul RIGNY Chief Editor of “L’Actualité Chimique” March 2008
Preface
Radiation chemistry deals with the chemical reactions resulting from the interaction of highenergy photons or particles with matter. Such radiation possesses energy high enough to induce ionisation of the components of the material and the breaking and building of chemical bonds.
In the present volume, our purpose is to familiarise the larger communities of students and chemists in other specialities with this relatively littleknown but essential domain of chemistry. The covered topics range from the basics primary phenomena and mechanisms to the broad fields of their application. Understanding radiationinduced chemical and biochemical reactions is essential for improving existing processes and developing new ones.
Therefore we have called upon internationally recognized experts who kindly agreed to contribute to this volume with clear, instructive and pedagogically presented chapters abundantly illustrated with attractive colour figures.
The first chapters of Part I deal with primary radiolytic phenomena and describe recent developments at the facilities used to create radiationinduced species, as well as the most advanced methods for their detection and study. The mechanisms of radiationmatter interactions and their consequences for the physical chemistry of liquids and solutions are discussed.
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