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Couverture, maquette întérîeure et mîse en page : Thîerry Gourdîn
ïmprîmé en France
ïSBN : 9782759800247
Tous droîts de traductîon, d’adaptatîon et de reproductîon par tous procédés, réservés pour tous pays. La loî du 11 mars 1957 n’autorîsant, aux termes des alînéas 2 et 3 de l’artîcle 41, d’une part, que les « copîes ou reproductîons strîctement réservées à l’usage prîvé du copîste et non destînées à une utîlîsatîon collectîve », et d’autre part, que les analyses et les courtes cîtatîons dans un but d’exemple et d’îllustratîon, « toute représentatîon întégrale, ou partîelle, aîte sans le consentement er de l’auteur ou de ses ayants droît ou ayants cause est îllîcîte » (alînéa 1 de l’artîcle 40). Cette représentatîon ou reproductîon, par quelque procédé que ce soît, constîtueraît donc une contreaçon sanctîonnée par les artîcles 425 et suîvants du code pénal.
© EDP Scîences 2008
Contents
Foreword. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V ï ï List of authors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ï X
Part I / Primary radiationinduced phenomena1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
An overview of the radiation chemistry of liquids. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 George V. BUXTON
Tools for radiolysis studies17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . James F. WISHART
The solvated electron : a singular chemical species. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Mehran MOSTAFAVI and Isabelle LAMPRE
Water radiolysis under extreme conditions. Application to the nuclear industry53 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gérard BALDACCHINO and Bernard HICKEL
ÄïÄ
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Part II / Radiation chemistry mechanisms and applications65 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Molecular formation in the interstellar medium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67 Nîgel J. MASON, Anîta DAWES and Phîlîp HOLTOM
Water remediation by the electron beam treatment79 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salvatore S. EMMI and Erzsébet TAKÁCS
Metal clusters and nanomaterials97 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jacquelîne BELLONI and Hynd REMITA
Water radiolysis in cementbased materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117 Pascal BOUNIOL
Obtaining high performance polymeric materials by irradiation. . . . . . . . . . . .131 Xavîer COQUERET
Chapter 10 Radiosterilization of drugs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .151 Bernard TILQUIN
Chapter 11 Food irradiation: wholesomeness and treatment control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .165 Jacques RAFFI et Jacky KISTER
III / Radiation damage to biomolecules, radioprotection and radiotherapy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .175 . .
Chapter 12 Radiationinduced damage to DNA : from model compounds to cell. . . . . .177 Thîerry DOUKI and Jean CADET
Chapter 13Mechanisms of direct radiation damage to DNA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191 Mîchael D. SEVILLA and Wîllîam A. BERNHARD
Chapter 14 Charge motion in DNA203 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Yurî A. BERLIN and Laurens D. A. SIEBBELES
Chapter 15maintenance mechanisms in response Genome  to radiationinduced DNA damage219 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Evelyne SAGE and Bertrand CASTAING
Ä>>Ä
# O N T E N T S
Chapter 16radiolysis studies of free radical processes Pulse  in peptides and proteins. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .233 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chantal HOUÉELEVIN and Krzysztof BOBROWSKI
Chapter 17Radiationinduced damage of membrane lipids and lipoproteins. . . . . . . . .249 Monîque GARDESALBERT
Chapter 18radiation damage distribution in biomolecules Predicting Marîe DAVIDKOVA and Melanîe SPOTHEIM-MAURIZOT
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .265
Chapter 19 Chemical protection against ionizing radiation277 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carolîne PROUILLAC, Chrîstîne AMOURETTE and Ghassoub RIMA
Chapter 20in radiotherapy : new principles Advances Nîcolas FORAY and Jacques BALOSSO
. . . . . . . . . . . .291 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index301 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ÄïïïÄ
Foreword
“L’Actualîté Chîmîque” îs a monthly scîentîic journal meant to convey înormatîon on progress în the chemîcal scîences to a publîc endowed wîth a certaîn abîlîty to master scîentîic matters.The artîcles were wrîttenby scîentîsts whotook tîme out o theîr laboratorîes to explaîn theîr studîes and theîr knowledge wîth a pedagogy and an appeal suîtable or nonspecîalîsts. Mostly wrîtten în French, ît creates a bond în the chemîcal communîty în Frenchspeakîng countrîes where ît îs very much apprecîated by scîentîsts, teachers and engîneers.
However, the scope o the journal împlîes some lîmîts that we want to erase wîth thîs new collectîon “L’Actualîté Chîmîque – Lîvres”, whîch wîll be complementary în two dîrectîons: the irst one îs îllustrated by the present book, as ît addresses readers more specîalîzed than the journal usually does, and beîng wrîtten în Englîsh, ît has the ambîtîon o attractîng attentîon worldwîde on a ield o chemîstry where recent progress îs noted. The second dîrectîon that wîll be ound în the new collectîon îs, în contrast, that o dîssemînatîng the progress o chemîstry or the beneit o a large, Frenchspeakîng, not necessarîly proessîonal publîc. The irst trend wîll produce books that we wîll ind în many laboratorîes; books produced accordîng to the second trend wîll înstead be largely ound în publîc lîbrarîes, în schools or even în the homes o scîentîically curîous people.
Thîs irst volume o “L’Actualîté Chîmîque – Lîvres” îs o the irst kînd and devotes îtsel toRadiation Chemistry – From basic science to applications in biology and material science.
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Thîs ield o research îs undergoîng a true and ruîtul rejuvenatîon. Already actîve în the mîd  20th century, the development o thîs scîentîic ield had been somewhat slowed down by the hîgh cost o shortpulse partîcle accelerators and specîalîzed constructîon. Recent progress în înstrumentatîone.g.: the shapîng o pîcosecond radîatîon pulses, aster tîme resolved detectîon technîques, and powerul molecular structure determînatîon technîques, has coîncîded to enhance the capacîty o radîatîon chemîstry suIcîently to warrant new învestments and the start o new laboratorîes. Radîatîon chemîstry today îs responsîble or major progress în the understandîng o the elementary chemîcal event and powerul enough to unravel the mechanîsms o the damage înduced by radîatîon to lîvîng matter (a questîon o great concern în the publîc) or the transormatîons înduced în îrradîated materîals.
These aspects are developed în the book by înternatîonallevel specîalîsts and wîll be o înterest to scîentîsts who are startîng în the ield, to more experîenced ones, and also to students and teachers; ît wîll also be very useul to many proessîonals who apply or deal wîth radîatîon în theîr actîvîtîes to împrove materîals or to avoîd radîatîonînduced damage to them.
ÄK>Ä
Paul RïGNY Chîe Edîtor o “L’Actualîté Chîmîque” March 2008
Preface
Radîatîon chemîstry deals wîth the chemîcal reactîons resultîng rom the înteractîon o hîghenergy photons or partîcles wîth matter. Such radîatîon possesses energy hîgh enough to înduce îonîsatîon o the components o the materîal and the breakîng and buîldîng o chemîcal bonds.
ïn the present volume, our purpose îs to amîlîarîse the larger communîtîes o students and chemîsts în other specîalîtîes wîth thîs relatîvely lîttleknown but essentîal domaîn o chemîstry. The covered topîcs range rom the basîcs (prîmary phenomena and mechanîsms) to the broad ields o theîr applîcatîon. Understandîng radîatîonînduced chemîcal and bîochemîcal reactîons îs essentîal or împrovîng exîstîng processes and developîng new ones.
Thereore we have called upon înternatîonally recognîzed experts who kîndly agreed to contrîbute to thîs volume wîth clear, înstructîve and pedagogîcally presented chapters abundantly îllustrated wîth attractîve colour igures.
The irst chapters o Part ï deal wîth prîmary radîolytîc phenomena and descrîbe recent developments at the acîlîtîes used to create radîatîonînduced specîes, as well as the most advanced methods or theîr detectîon and study. The mechanîsms o radîatîonmatter înteractîons and theîr consequences or the physîcal chemîstry o lîquîds and solutîons are dîscussed.
ÄVïïÄ